Abhińńeyyaniddesavaŗŗan±

2. Id±ni vissajjanuddesasaŖgahite dhamme pabhedato dassetu½ katha½ ime dhamm± abhińńeyy±ti-±di niddesav±ro ±raddho. Tattha abhińńeyyaniddes±d²su pańcasu ±dito ekak±divasena dasa dasa vissajjan±ni dasuttarapariy±yena sa½sandetv± uddiµµh±ni. Tesu abhińńeyyaniddese t±va sabbe satt±ti k±mabhav±d²su sańń±bhav±d²su ekavok±rabhav±d²su ca sabbabhavesu sabbe satt±. ¾h±raµµhitik±ti ±h±rato µhiti etesanti ±h±raµµhitik±. Żhit²ti cettha sakakkhaŗe atthit± adhippet±. Iti sabbasatt±na½ µhitihetu ±h±ro n± eko dhammo adhikena ń±ŗena j±nitabbo. Paccaye hi abhińń±te paccayuppann±pi abhińń±t± honti ubhinnampi ańńamańń±pekkhatt±. Etena ń±taparińń± vutt± hoti. Nanu ca eva½ sante ya½ vutta½ “asańńasatt± dev± ahetuk± an±h±r± aphassak±”ti-±di (vibha. 1017), ta½ virujjhat²ti. Tańca na virujjhati. Tesańhi jh±na½ ±h±roti. Eva½ santepi “catt±rome, bhikkhave, ±h±r± bh³t±na½ v± satt±na½ µhitiy±, sambhaves²na½ v± anuggah±ya. Katame catt±ro? Kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro o¼±riko v± sukhumo v±, phasso dutiyo, manosańcetan± tatiy±, vińń±ŗa½ catutthan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.11) ida½ virujjhat²ti. Idampi na virujjhati. Etasmińhi sutte nippariy±yena ±h±ralakkhaŗ±va dhamm± ±h±r±ti vutt±. Idha pana pariy±yena paccayo ±h±roti vutto. SabbasaŖkhatadhamm±nańhi paccayo laddhu½ vaµµati, so ca ya½ ya½ phala½ janeti, ta½ ta½ ±harati n±ma. Tasm± ±h±roti vuccati. Tenev±ha–
“Avijjamp±ha½, bhikkhave, s±h±ra½ vad±mi, no an±h±ra½. Ko ca, bhikkhave, avijj±ya ±h±ro? ‘Pańca n²varaŗ±’tissa vacan²ya½. Pańca n²varaŗep±ha½, bhikkhave, s±h±re vad±mi, no an±h±re. Ko ca, bhikkhave, pańcanna½ n²varaŗ±na½ ±h±ro. ‘Ayoniso manasik±ro’tissa vacan²yan”ti-±di (a. ni. 10.61). Aya½ idha adhippeto.

Etasmińhi paccay±h±re gahite pariy±y±h±ropi nippariy±y±h±ropi sabbo gahitova hoti.

Tattha asańńabhave paccay±h±ro labbhati. Anuppanne hi buddhe titth±yatane pabbajitv± v±yokasiŗe parikamma½ katv± catutthajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tato vuµµh±ya “dh² citta½, dh² citta½, cittassa n±ma abh±voyeva s±dhu. Cittańhi niss±ya vadhabandhan±dipaccaya½ dukkha½ uppajjati, citte asati natthetan”ti khanti½ ruci½ upp±detv± aparih²najjh±n± k±la½katv± asańńabhave nibbattanti. Yo yassa iriy±patho manussaloke paŗihito ahosi, so tena iriy±pathena nibbattitv± pańca kappasat±ni tiµµhati. Ettaka½ addh±na½ nipanno viya nisinno viya µhito viya hoti. Evar³p±nańca satt±na½ paccay±h±ro labbhati. Te hi ya½ jh±na½ bh±vetv± nibbatt± tade nesa½ paccayo hoti. Yath± jiy±vegena khittasaro y±va jiy±vego atthi, t±va gacchati, eva½ y±va jh±napaccayo atthi, t±va tiµµhanti. Tasmi½ niµµhite kh²ŗavego saro viya patanti.
Ye pana te nerayik± “nevuµµh±naphal³paj²vino na puńńaphal³paj²vino”ti vutt±, tesa½ ko ±h±roti? Tesa½ kammameva ±h±roti. Ki½ pańca ±h±r± atth²ti? “Pańca, na pańc±”ti ida½ na vattabba½. Nanu “paccayo ±h±ro”ti vutto, tasm± yena kammena te niraye nibbatt±, tadeva tesa½ µhitipaccayatt± ±h±ro. Ya½ sandh±ya ida½ vutta½ “na t±va k±la½ karoti, y±va na ta½ p±pakamma½ byant² hot²”ti (a. ni. 3.36; ma. ni. 3.250). Tasm± ±h±raµµhitik±ti paccayaµµhitik±ti attho. Kaba¼²k±ra½ ±h±ra½ ±rabbh±ti cettha viv±do na k±tabbo. Mukhe uppannakhe¼opi hi tesa½ ±h±rakicca½ s±dheti. Khe¼o hi niraye dukkhavedan²yo hutv± paccayo hoti, sagge sukhavedan²yo. Iti k±mabhave nippariy±yena catt±ro ±h±r±, r³p±r³pabhavesu µhapetv± asańńabhava½ ses±na½ tayo asańń±nańceva avases±nańca paccay±h±roti imin± ±h±rena sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±.
Sabbe satt±ti ca puggal±dhiµµh±n± dhammadesan±, sabbe saŖkh±r±ti adhipp±yo. Bhagavatopi hi dhammapuggal±na½ vasena catubbidh± desan±– dhamm±dhiµµh±n± dhammadesan±, dhamm±dhiµµh±n± puggaladesan±, puggal±dhiµµh±n± puggaladesan±, puggal±dhiµµh±n± dhammadesan±ti. “N±ha½, bhikkhave, ańńa½ ekadhammampi samanupass±mi, ya½ eva½ bh±vita½ kammaniya½ hoti, yathayida½ citta½. Citta½, bhikkhave, bh±vita½ kammaniya½ hot²”ti (a. ni. 1.22) evar³p² dhamm±dhiµµh±n± dhammadesan±. “Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo kańci saŖkh±ra½ niccato upagaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti (a. ni. 1.268) evar³p² dhamm±dhiµµh±n± puggaladesan±. “Ekapuggalo, bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjati bahujanahit±ya bahujanasukh±ya lok±nukamp±ya atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya devamanuss±nan”ti (a. ni. 1.170, 309), evar³p² puggal±dhiµµh±n± puggaladesan±. “Ekapuggalassa bhikkhave, p±tubh±v± mahato cakkhussa p±tubh±vo hot²”ti (a. ni. 1.175-186) evar³p² puggal±dhiµµh±n± dhammadesan±. T±su idha puggal±dhiµµh±n± dhammadesan± Upari y±va dasak± dhamm±na½yeva gahitatt± sattaggahaŗena dhammaggahaŗa½ katanti veditabba½, visesena v± sattasant±napariy±pannadhamm±na½yeva adhikena ń±ŗena sabh±vato upaparikkhitabbatt± sattaggahaŗa½ katanti veditabba½, saŖkh±re up±d±ya sattoti pańńattimattasambhavato v± phalopac±rena saŖkh±r± “satt±”ti vutt±ti veditabba½. Na hi koci satto paccayaµµhitiko atthi ańńatra saŖkh±rehi, voh±ravasena pana eva½ vuccati. Evametena ń±taparińń± vutt± hoti.
Dve dh±tuyoti saŖkhat± ca dh±tu asaŖkhat± ca dh±tu. Tattha anekehi paccayehi saŖgamma kat± pańcakkhandh± saŖkhat± dh±tu, kehici paccayehi akata½ nibb±na½ asaŖkhat± dh±tu.
Tisso dh±tuyoti k±madh±tu r³padh±tu ar³padh±tu (vibha. 181-182). Tattha katam± k±madh±tu? Heµµhato av²ciniraya½ pariyanta½ karitv± uparito paranimmitavasavatt² deve antokaritv± ya½ etasmi½ antare etth±vacar± ettha pariy±pann± khandh± dh±t³ ±yatan± r³p± vedan± sańń± saŖkh±r± vińń±ŗa½. Aya½ vuccati k±madh±tu (vibha. 182; dha. sa. 1287). Tattha katam± r³padh±tu? Heµµhato brahmaloka½ pariyanta½ karitv± uparito akaniµµhe deve antokaritv± ya½ etasmi½ antare etth±vacar± ettha pariy±pann± sam±pannassa v± upapannassa v± diµµhadhammasukhavih±rissa v± cittacetasik± dhamm±. Aya½ vuccati r³padh±tu. Tattha katam± ar³padh±tu? Heµµhato ±k±s±nańc±yatan³page deve pariyanta½ karitv± uparito nevasańń±n±sańń±yatan³page deve antokaritv± ya½ etasmi½ antare etth±vacar± ettha pariy±pann± sam±pannassa v± upapannassa v± diµµhadhammasukhavih±rissa v± cittacetasik± dhamm±. Aya½ vuccati ar³padh±tu. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “k±madh±t³ti k±mabhavo pańcakkhandh± labbhanti, r³padh±t³ti r³pabhavo pańcakkhandh± labbhanti. Ar³padh±t³ti ar³pabhavo catt±ro khandh± labbhant²”ti vutta½. Aya½ dasuttarapariy±yena yojan±.
SaŖg²tipariy±yena pana “tisso kusaladh±tuyo– nekkhammadh±tu aby±p±dadh±tu avihi½s±dh±tu. Apar±pi tisso dh±tuyo– r³padh±tu ar³padh±tu nirodhadh±tu. Apar±pi tisso dh±tuyo– h²n± dh±tu majjhim± dh±tu paŗ²t± dh±t³”ti (d². ni. 1.3.305) vutt± dh±tuyopi ettha yujjanti (vibha. 181-182). Nekkhammapaµisa½yutto takko vitakko…pe… samm±saŖkappo. Aya½ vuccati nekkhammadh±tu. Sabbepi kusal± dhamm± nekkhammadh±tu. Aby±p±dapaµisa½yutto takko vitakko…pe… samm±saŖkappo aby±p±dadh±tu. Y± sattesu metti mett±yan± mett±yitatta½ mett±cetovimutti. Aya½ vuccati aby±p±dadh±tu. Avihi½s±paµisa½yutto takko vitakko…pe… samm±saŖkappo avihi½s±dh±tu. Y± sattesu karuŗ± karuŗ±yan± karuŗ±yitatta½ karuŗ±cetovimutti. Aya½ vuccati avihi½s±dh±tu (vibha. 182). R³p±r³padh±tuyo vutt±yeva. Nirodhadh±tu nibb±na½. H²n± dh±tu dv±das±kusalacittupp±d±, majjhim± dh±tu avases± tebh³makadhamm±. Paŗ²t± dh±tu nava lokuttaradhamm±. Sabb±pi ca nijj²vaµµhena dh±tu.
Catt±ri ariyasacc±n²ti dukkha½ ariyasacca½, dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasacca½, dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½. Imesa½ vaŗŗan± saccavissajjanesuyeva bhavissati.
Pańca vimutt±yatan±n²ti attano hitatth±ya parehi pavattitadhammadesan±savana½, paresa½ hitatth±ya attano yath±sutadhammadesan±, yath±sutassa dhammassa sajjh±yakaraŗa½, yath±sutassa dhammassa cetas± anuvitakkana½, kasiŗ±subh±d²su anuk³la½ ±rammaŗanti, im±ni pańca vimuccanak±raŗ±ni. Yath±ha–
“Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno satth± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r², yath± yath± kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno satth± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r², tath± tath± so tasmi½ dhamme atthapaµisa½ved² ca hoti dhammapaµisa½ved² ca, tassa atthapaµisa½vedino dhammapaµisa½vedino p±mojja½ j±yati, pamuditassa p²ti j±yati, p²timanassa k±yo passambhati, passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedeti, sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati, ida½ paµhama½ vimutt±yatana½.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno na heva kho satth± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r², api ca kho yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena paresa½ deseti. Yath± yath± kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno…pe… sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati. Ida½ dutiya½ vimutt±yatana½.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno naheva kho satth± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r², n±pi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena paresa½ deseti, api ca kho yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena sajjh±ya½ karoti. Yath± yath± kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno…pe… sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati. Ida½ tatiya½ vimutt±yatana½.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno naheva kho satth± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r², n±pi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena paresa½ deseti, n±pi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena sajjh±ya½ karoti, api ca kho yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ cetas± anuvitakketi anuvic±reti manas±nupekkhati. Yath± yath± kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno…pe… sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati. Ida½ catuttha½ vimutt±yatana½.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno naheva kho satth± dhamma½ deseti ańńataro v± garuµµh±niyo sabrahmac±r², n±pi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena paresa½ deseti, n±pi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena sajjh±ya½ karoti, n±pi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ cetas± anuvitakketi anuvic±reti manas±nupekkhati, api ca khvassa ańńatara½ sam±dhinimitta½ suggahita½ hoti sumanasikata½ s³padh±rita½ suppaµividdha½ pańń±ya, yath± yath± kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ańńatara½ sam±dhinimitta½ suggahita½ hoti sumanasikata½ s³padh±rita½ suppaµividdha½ pańń±ya tath± tath± so tasmi½ dhamme atthapaµisa½ved² ca hoti dhammapaµisa½ved² ca. Tassa atthapaµisa½vedino dhammapaµisa½vedino p±mojja½ j±yati pamuditassa p²ti j±yati, p²timanassa k±yo passambhati, passaddhak±yo sukha½ vedeti, sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyati. Ida½ pańcama½ vimutt±yatanan”ti (a. ni. 5.26; d². ni. 3.322).