Yasm± panettha idameva catukka½ ±dikammikassa kammaµµh±navasena vutta½, itar±ni pana t²ŗi catukk±ni ettha pattajjh±nassa vedan±cittadhamm±nupassan±vasena, tasm± ima½ kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± ±n±p±nacatukkajjh±napadaµµh±n±ya vipassan±ya saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puŗituk±mena ±dikammikena kulaputtena visuddhimagge vuttanayena s²laparisodhan±d²ni sabbakicc±ni katv± sattaŖgasamann±gatassa ±cariyassa santike pańcasandhika½ kammaµµh±na½ uggahetabba½. Tatrime pańca sandhayo uggaho paripucch± upaµµh±na½ appan± lakkhaŗanti. Tattha uggaho n±ma kammaµµh±nassa uggaŗhana½. Paripucch± n±ma kammaµµh±nassa paripucchana½. Upaµµh±na½ n±ma kammaµµh±nassa upaµµh±na½. Appan± n±ma kammaµµh±nassa appan±. Lakkhaŗa½ n±ma kammaµµh±nassa lakkhaŗa½, “eva½ lakkhaŗamida½ kammaµµh±nan”ti kammaµµh±nasabh±v³padh±raŗanti vutta½ hoti.
Eva½ pańcasandhika½ kammaµµh±na½ uggaŗhanto attan±pi na kilamati, ±cariyampi na viheseti. Tasm± thoka½ uddis±petv± bahu½ k±la½ sajjh±yitv± eva½ pańcasandhika½ kammaµµh±na½ uggahetv± ±cariyassa santike v± ańńattha v± aµµh±rasa dosayutte vih±re vajjetv± pańcaŖgasamann±gate sen±sane vasantena upacchinnakhuddakapalibodhena katabhattakiccena bhattasammada½ paµivinodetv± sukhanisinnena ratanattayaguŗ±nussaraŗena citta½ sampaha½setv± ±cariyuggahato ekapadampi aparih±pentena ida½ ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ manasi k±tabba½. Tatr±ya½ manasik±ravidhi–
“Gaŗan± anubandhan±, phusan± µhapan± sallakkhaŗ±;
vivaµµan± p±risuddhi, tesańca paµipassan±”ti.
Tattha gaŗan±ti gaŗan±yeva. Anubandhan±ti anugaman±. Phusan±ti phuµµhaµµh±na½. Żhapan±ti appan±. Sallakkhaŗ±ti vipassan±. Vivaµµan±ti maggo. P±risuddh²ti phala½. Tesańca paµipassan±ti paccavekkhaŗ±. Tattha imin± ±dikammikena kulaputtena paµhama½ gaŗan±ya ida½ kammaµµh±na½ manasi k±tabba½. Gaŗentena pana pańcanna½ heµµh± na µhapetabba½, dasanna½ upari na netabba½, antar± khaŗ¹a½ na dassetabba½. Pańcanna½ heµµh± µhapentassa hi samb±dhe ok±se cittupp±do vipphandati samb±dhe vaje sanniruddhagogaŗo viya. Dasanna½ upari nentassa gaŗananissitova cittupp±do hoti. Antar± khaŗ¹a½ dassentassa “sikh±ppatta½ nu kho me kammaµµh±na½, no”ti citta½ vikampati, tasm± ete dose vajjetv± gaŗetabba½.
Gaŗentena ca paµhama½ dandhagaŗan±ya dhańńam±pakagaŗan±ya gaŗetabba½. Dhańńam±pako hi n±¼i½ p³retv± “ekan”ti vatv± okirati, puna p³rento kińci kacavara½ disv± cha¹¹ento “eka½ ekan”ti vadati. Eseva nayo dve dveti-±d²su. Evameva½ imin±pi ass±sapass±sesu yo upaµµh±ti, ta½ gahetv± “eka½ ekan”ti-±di½ katv± y±va “dasa das±”ti pavattam±na½ pavattam±na½ upalakkhetv±va gaŗetabba½. Tassa eva½ gaŗayato nikkhamant± ca pavisant± ca ass±sapass±s± p±kaµ± honti.
Ath±nena ta½ dandhagaŗana½ dhańńam±pakagaŗana½ pah±ya s²ghagaŗan±ya gop±lakagaŗan±ya gaŗetabba½. Cheko hi gop±lako sakkhar±dayo ucchaŖgena gahetv± rajjudaŗ¹ahattho p±tova vaja½ gantv± g±vo piµµhiya½ paharitv± palighatthambhamatthake nisinno dv±ra½ patta½ patta½yeva g±va½ “eko dve”ti sakkhara½ khipitv± khipitv± gaŗeti. Tiy±maratti½ samb±dhe ok±se dukkha½ vutthagogaŗo nikkhamanto ańńamańńa½ upanigha½santo vegena vegena puńjapuńjo hutv± nikkhamati. So vegena vegena “t²ŗi catt±ri pańca das±”ti gaŗetiyeva, evamass±pi purimanayena gaŗayato ass±sapass±s± p±kaµ± hutv± s²gha½ s²gha½ punappuna½ sańcaranti. Tato tena “punappuna½ sańcarant²”ti ńatv± anto ca bahi ca aggahetv± dv±rappatta½ dv±rappatta½yeva gahetv± “eko dve t²ŗi catt±ri pańca, eko dve t²ŗi catt±ri pańca cha, eko dve t²ŗi catt±ri pańca cha satta…pe… aµµha nava das±”ti s²gha½ s²gha½ gaŗetabbameva. Gaŗan±paµibaddhe hi kammaµµh±ne gaŗanabaleneva citta½ ekagga½ hoti arittupatthambhanavasena caŗ¹asote n±v±µhapanamiva.
Tasseva½ s²gha½ s²gha½ gaŗayato kammaµµh±na½ nirantara½ pavatta½ viya hutv± upaµµh±ti. Atha “nirantara½ pavattat²”ti ńatv± anto ca bahi ca v±ta½ apariggahetv± purimanayeneva vegena vegena gaŗetabba½. Antopavisanav±tena hi saddhi½ citta½ pavesayato abbhantara½ v±tabbh±hata½ medap³rita½ viya hoti. Bahinikkhamanav±tena saddhi½ citta½ n²harato bahiddh± puthutt±rammaŗe citta½ vikkhipati. Phuµµhaphuµµhok±se pana sati½ µhapetv± bh±ventasseva bh±van± sampajjati. Tena vutta½– “anto ca bahi ca v±ta½ apariggahetv± purimanayeneva vegena vegena gaŗetabban”ti.
K²vacira½ paneta½ gaŗetabbanti? Y±va vin± gaŗan±ya ass±sapass±s±rammaŗe sati santiµµhati. Bahi visaµavitakkaviccheda½ katv± ass±sapass±s±rammaŗe sati saŗµh±panattha½yeva hi gaŗan±ti.
Eva½ gaŗan±ya manasi katv± anubandhan±ya manasi k±tabba½. Anubandhan± n±ma gaŗana½ paµisa½haritv± satiy± nirantara½ ass±sapass±s±na½ anugamana½. Tańca kho na ±dimajjhapariyos±n±nugamanavasena. ¾dimajjhapariyos±n±ni tass±nugamane ±d²nav± ca heµµh± vutt±yeva.
Tasm± anubandhan±ya manasikarontena na ±dimajjhapariyos±navasena manasi k±tabba½, apica kho phusan±vasena ca µhapan±vasena ca manasi k±tabba½. Gaŗan±nubandhan±vasena viya hi phusan±µhapan±vasena visu½ manasik±ro natthi, phuµµhaphuµµhaµµh±neyeva pana gaŗento gaŗan±ya ca phusan±ya ca manasi karoti, tattheva gaŗana½ paµisa½haritv± te satiy± anubandhanto, appan±vasena ca citta½ µhapento “anubandhan±ya ca phusan±ya ca µhapan±ya ca manasi karot²”ti vuccati. Sv±yamattho aµµhakath±su vuttapaŖgu¼adov±rikopam±hi idheva p±¼iya½ vuttakakac³pam±ya ca veditabbo.
Tatr±ya½ paŖgu¼opam±– seyyath±pi paŖgu¼o dol±ya k²¼ata½ m±t±putt±na½ dola½ khipitv± tattheva dol±thambham³le nisinno kamena ±gacchantassa ca gacchantassa ca dol±phalakassa ubho koµiyo majjhańca passati, na ca ubhokoµimajjh±na½ dassanattha½ by±vaµo hoti, evameva bhikkhu sativasena upanibandhanatthambham³le µhatv± ass±sapass±sadola½ khipitv± tattheva nimitte satiy± nis²danto kamena ±gacchant±nańca gacchant±nańca phuµµhaµµh±ne ass±sapass±s±na½ ±dimajjhapariyos±na½ satiy± anugacchanto tattheva (visuddhi. 1.225) citta½ µhapetv± passati, na ca tesa½ dassanattha½ by±vaµo hoti. Aya½ paŖgu¼opam±.
Aya½ pana dov±rikopam±– seyyath±pi dov±riko nagarassa anto ca bahi ca purise “ko tva½, kuto v± ±gato, kuhi½ v± gacchasi, ki½ v± te hatthe”ti na v²ma½sati. Na hi tassa te bh±r±, dv±rappatta½ dv±rappatta½yeva pana v²ma½sati, evameva imassa bhikkhuno antopaviµµhav±t± ca bahinikkhantav±t± ca na bh±r± honti, dv±rappatt± dv±rappatt±yeva bh±r±ti aya½ dov±rikopam±.
Kakac³pam± pana “nimitta½ ass±sapass±s±”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.159) nayena idha vutt±yeva. Idha panassa ±gat±gatavasena amanasik±ramattameva payojananti veditabba½.
Ida½ kammaµµh±na½ manasikaroto kassaci na cireneva nimittańca uppajjati, avasesajh±naŖgapaµimaŗ¹it± appan±saŖkh±t± µhapan± ca sampajjati. Kassaci pana gaŗan±vaseneva manasik±rak±lato pabhuti yath± s±raddhak±yassa mańce v± p²µhe v± nis²dato mańcap²µha½ onamati vik³jati, paccattharaŗa½ vali½ gaŗh±ti, as±raddhak±yassa pana nis²dato neva mańcap²µha½ onamati na vik³jati, na paccattharaŗa½ vali½ gaŗh±ti, t³lapicup³rita½ viya mańcap²µha½ hoti Kasm±? Yasm± as±raddho k±yo lahuko hoti, evameva½ gaŗan±vasena manasik±rak±lato pabhuti anukkamato o¼±rika-ass±sapass±sanirodhavasena k±yadarathe v³pasante k±yopi cittampi lahuka½ hoti, sar²ra½ ±k±se laŖghan±k±rappatta½ viya hoti.
Tassa o¼±rike ass±sapass±se niruddhe sukhuma-ass±sapass±sanimitt±rammaŗa½ citta½ pavattati Tasmimpi niruddhe apar±para½ tato sukhumatara½ sukhumatara½ ass±sapass±sanimitt±rammaŗa½ pavattatiyeva. Sv±yamattho upari vuttaka½sath±lopam±ya veditabbo.
Yath± hi ańń±ni kammaµµh±n±ni upar³pari vibh³t±ni honti, na tath± ida½. Ida½ pana upar³pari bh±ventassa sukhumatta½ gacchati, upaµµh±nampi na upagacchati. Eva½ anupaµµhahante pana tasmi½ tena bhikkhun± “±cariya½ pucchiss±m²”ti v± “naµµha½ d±ni me kammaµµh±nan”ti v± uµµh±y±san± na gantabba½. Iriy±patha½ vikopetv± gacchato hi kammaµµh±na½ navanavameva hoti. Tasm± yath±nisinneneva desato ±haritabba½.
Tatr±ya½ ±haraŗ³p±yo– tena bhikkhun± kammaµµh±nassa anupaµµh±nabh±va½ ńatv± iti paµisańcikkhitabba½ “ime ass±sapass±s± n±ma kattha atthi, kattha natthi. Kassa v± atthi, kassa v± natth²”ti. Atheva½ paµisańcikkhato “ime antom±tukucchiya½ natthi, udake nimugg±na½ natthi, tath± asańń²bh³t±na½ mat±na½ catutthajjh±nasam±pann±na½ r³p±r³pabhavasamaŖg²na½ nirodhasam±pann±nan”ti ńatv± eva½ attan±va att± paµicodetabbo “nanu, tva½ paŗ¹ita, neva m±tukucchigato, na udake nimuggo, na asańń²bh³to, na mato, na catutthajjh±nasam±panno, na r³p±r³pabhavasamaŖg², na nirodhasam±panno. Atthiyeva te ass±sapass±s±, mandapańńat±ya pana pariggahetu½ na sakkos²”ti. Ath±nena pakatiphuµµhavasena citta½ µhapetv± manasik±ro pavattetabbo. Ime hi d²ghan±sikassa n±s±puµa½ ghaµµent± pavattanti, rassan±sikassa uttaroµµha½. Tasm±nena ima½ n±ma µh±na½ ghaµµent²ti nimitta½ µhapetabba½. Imameva hi atthavasa½ paµicca vutta½ bhagavat±– “n±ha½, bhikkhave, muµµhassatissa asampaj±nassa ±n±p±nassatibh±vana½ vad±m²”ti (ma. ni. 3.149; sa½. ni. 5.992). Kińc±pi hi ya½kińci kammaµµh±na½ satassa sampaj±nasseva sampajjati, ito ańńa½ pana manasikarontassa p±kaµa½ hoti. Ida½ pana ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ garuka½ garukabh±vana½ buddhapaccekabuddhabuddhaputt±na½ mah±puris±na½yeva manasik±rabh³mibh³ta½, na ceva ittara½, na ca ittarasattasam±sevita½. Yath± yath± manasi kar²yati, tath± tath± santańceva hoti sukhumańca. Tasm± ettha balavat² sati ca pańń± ca icchitabb±.
Yath± hi maµµhas±µakassa tunnakaraŗak±le s³cipi sukhum± icchitabb±, s³cip±savedhanampi tato sukhumatara½, evameva½ maµµhas±µakasadisassa imassa kammaµµh±nassa bh±van±k±le s³cipaµibh±g± satipi s³cip±savedhanapaµibh±g± ta½sampayutt± pańń±pi balavat² icchitabb±. T±hi ca pana satipańń±hi samann±gatena bhikkhun± na te ass±sapass±s± ańńatra pakatiphuµµhok±s± pariyesitabb±.
Yath± hi kassako khetta½ kasitv± bal²badde muńcitv± gocaramukhe katv± ch±y±ya nisinno vissameyya, athassa te bal²badd± vegena aµavi½ paviseyyu½. Yo hoti cheko kassako, so puna te gahetv± yojetuk±mo na tesa½ anupada½ gantv± aµavi½ ±hiŗ¹ati. Atha kho rasmińca patodańca gahetv± ujukameva tesa½ nip±tanatittha½ gantv± nis²dati v± nipajjati v±. Atha te goŗe divasabh±ga½ caritv± nip±tanatittha½ otaritv± nhatv± ca pivitv± ca paccuttaritv± µhite disv± rasmiy± bandhitv± patodena vijjhanto ±netv± yojetv± puna kamma½ karoti. Evameva½ tena bhikkhun± na te ass±sapass±s± ańńatra pakatiphuµµhok±s± pariyesitabb±. Satirasmi½ pana pańń±patodańca gahetv± pakatiphuµµhok±se citta½ µhapetv± manasik±ro pavattetabbo. Eva½ hissa manasikaroto na cirasseva te upaµµhahanti nip±tanatitthe viya goŗ±. Tato tena satirasmiy± bandhitv± tasmi½yeva µh±ne yojetv± pańń±patodena vijjhantena punappuna½ kammaµµh±na½ anuyuńjitabba½. Tassevamanuyuńjato na cirasseva nimitta½ upaµµh±ti. Ta½ paneta½ na sabbesa½ ekasadisa½ hoti, apica kho kassaci sukhasamphassa½ upp±dayam±no t³lapicu viya kapp±sapicu viya v±tadh±r± viya ca upaµµh±t²ti ekacce ±hu.