5. Satok±riń±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan±

163. Satok±riń±ŗaniddese m±tik±ya½ idha bhikkh³ti imasmi½ s±sane bhikkhu. Ayańhi ettha idha-saddo sabbappak±ra-±n±p±nassatisam±dhinibbattakassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pano, ańńas±sanassa tath±bh±vapaµisedhano ca. Vuttańheta½– “idheva, bhikkhave, samaŗo…pe… suńń± parappav±d± samaŗebhi ańńeh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241).
Arańńagato v± rukkham³lagato v± suńń±g±ragato v±ti idamassa ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi bh±van±nur³pasen±sanapariggahaparid²pana½. Imassa hi bhikkhuno d²gharatta½ r³p±d²su ±rammaŗesu anuvisaµa½ citta½ ±n±p±nassatisam±dhi-±rammaŗa½ abhiruhitu½ na icchati, k³µagoŗayuttaratho viya uppathameva dh±vati. Tasm± seyyath±pi n±ma gopo k³µadhenuy± sabba½ kh²ra½ pivitv± va¹¹hita½ k³µavaccha½ dametuk±mo dhenuto apanetv± ekamante mahanta½ thambha½ nikhaŗitv± tattha yottena bandheyya, athassa so vaccho ito cito ca vipphanditv± pal±yitu½ asakkonto tameva thambha½ upanis²deyya v± upanipajjeyya v±, evameva imin±pi bhikkhun± d²gharatta½ r³p±rammaŗ±dirasap±nava¹¹hita½ duµµhacitta½ dametuk±mena r³p±di-±rammaŗato apanetv± arańńa½ v± rukkham³la½ v± suńń±g±ra½ v± pavesetv± tattha ass±sapass±sathambhe satiyottena bandhitabba½. Evamassa ta½ citta½ ito cito ca vipphanditv±pi pubbe ±ciŗŗ±rammaŗa½ alabham±na½ satiyotta½ chinditv± pal±yitu½ asakkonta½ tamev±rammaŗa½ upac±rappan±vasena upanis²dati ceva upanipajjati ca. Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“Yath± thambhe nibandheyya, vaccha½ dama½ naro idha;
bandheyyeva½ saka½ citta½, satiy±rammaŗe da¼han”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.217; p±r±. aµµha. 2.165; d². ni. aµµha. 2.374; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.107)–

Evamassa ta½ sen±sana½ bh±van±nur³pa½ hoti. Atha v± yasm± ida½ kammaµµh±nappabhede muddhabh³ta½ sabbabuddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½ vises±dhigamadiµµhadhammasukhavih±rapadaµµh±na½ ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ itthipurisahatthi-ass±disaddasam±kula½ g±manta½ apariccajitv± na sukara½ bh±vetu½ saddakaŗµakatt± jh±nassa. Ag±make pana arańńe sukara½ yog±vacarena ida½ kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± ±n±p±nacatukkajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tadeva p±daka½ katv± saŖkh±re sammasitv± aggaphala½ arahatta½ p±puŗitu½. Tasm± tassa anur³pa½ sen±sana½ upadisanto bhagav± “arańńagato v±”ti-±dim±ha, tatheva thero.

Vatthuvijj±cariyo viya hi bhagav±, so yath± vatthuvijj±cariyo nagarabh³mi½ passitv± suµµhu upaparikkhitv± “ettha nagara½ m±peth±”ti upadisati, sotthin± ca nagare niµµhite r±jakulato mah±sakk±ra½ labhati, evameva½ yog±vacarassa anur³pa½ sen±sana½ upaparikkhitv± “ettha kammaµµh±na½ anuyuńjitabban”ti upadisati, tato tattha kammaµµh±namanuyuttena yogin± kamena arahatte patte “samm±sambuddho vata so bhagav±”ti mahanta½ sakk±ra½ labhati. Aya½ pana bhikkhu “d²pisadiso”ti vuccati. Yath± hi mah±d²pir±j± arańńe tiŗagahana½ v± vanagahana½ v± pabbatagahana½ v± niss±ya nil²yitv± vanamahi½sagokaŗŗas³kar±dayo mige gaŗh±ti, evameva½ aya½ arańń±d²su kammaµµh±namanuyuńjanto bhikkhu yath±kkamena sot±pattisakad±g±mi-an±g±mi-arahattamagge ceva ariyaphal±ni ca gaŗh±t²ti veditabbo. Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“Yath±pi d²piko n±ma, nil²yitv± gaŗhate mige;
tathev±ya½ buddhaputto, yuttayogo vipassako;
arańńa½ pavisitv±na, gaŗh±ti phalamuttaman”ti. (Mi. pa. 6.1.5).
Tenassa parakkamajavayoggabh³mi½ arańńasen±sana½ dassento “arańńagato v±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha arańńagatoti upari vuttalakkhaŗa½ ya½kińci pavivekasukha½ arańńa½ gato. Rukkham³lagatoti rukkhasam²pa½ gato. Suńń±g±ragatoti suńńa½ vivittok±sa½ gato. Ettha ca µhapetv± arańńańca rukkham³lańca avasesasattavidhasen±sana½ gatopi “suńń±g±ragato”ti vattu½ vaµµati. Navavidhańhi sen±sana½. Yath±ha– “so vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arańńa½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuńjan”ti (vibha. 508). Evamassa ututtay±nuk³la½ dh±tucariy±nuk³lańca ±n±p±nassatibh±van±nur³pa½ sen±sana½ upadisitv± al²n±nuddhaccapakkhika½ santamiriy±patha½ upadisanto nis²dat²ti ±ha. Athassa nisajj±ya da¼habh±va½ ass±sapass±s±na½ pavattanasamatthata½ ±rammaŗapariggah³p±yańca dassento pallaŖka½ ±bhujitv±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pallaŖkanti samantato ³rubaddh±sana½. ¾bhujitv±ti bandhitv±. Uju½ k±ya½ paŗidh±y±ti uparimasar²ra½ ujuka½ µhapetv± aµµh±rasa piµµhikaŗµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±. Evańhi nisinnassa dhammama½sanh±r³ni na paŗamanti. Athassa y± tesa½ paŗamanapaccay± khaŗe khaŗe vedan± uppajjeyyu½, t± na uppajjanti. T±su anuppajjam±n±su citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ na paripatati, vuddhi½ ph±ti½ upagacchati.
Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±ti kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ µhapayitv±. So satova assasati sato passasat²ti so bhikkhu eva½ nis²ditv± evańca sati½ upaµµhapetv± ta½ sati½ avijahanto sato eva assasati sato passasati, satok±r² hot²ti vutta½ hoti.
Id±ni yehi pak±rehi satok±r² hoti, te pak±re dassetu½ d²gha½ v± assasantoti-±dim±ha. Tattha d²gha½ v± assasantoti d²gha½ v± ass±sa½ pavattayanto. Tath± rassa½. Y± pana nesa½ d²gharassat±, s± k±lavasena veditabb±. Kad±ci hi manuss± hatthi-ahi-±dayo viya k±lavasena d²gha½ assasanti ca passasanti ca, kad±ci sunakhasas±dayo viya rassa½. Ańńath± hi cuŗŗavicuŗŗ± ass±sapass±s± d²gharass± n±ma na honti Tasm± te d²gha½ k±la½ pavisant± ca nikkhamant± ca d²gh±, rassa½ k±la½ pavisant± ca nikkhamant± ca rass±ti veditabb±. Tatr±ya½ bhikkhu upari vuttehi navah±k±rehi d²gha½ assasanto ca passasanto ca d²gha½ assas±mi, passas±m²ti paj±n±ti, tath± rassa½.
Eva½ paj±nato ca–
“D²gho rasso ca ass±so, pass±sopi ca t±diso;
catt±ro vaŗŗ± vattanti, n±sikaggeva bhikkhuno”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.219; p±r±. aµµha. 2.165).
Navannańcassa ±k±r±na½ eken±k±rena k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nabh±van± sampajjat²ti veditabb±. Sabbak±yapaµisa½ved² assasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Sabbak±yapaµisa½ved² passasiss±m²ti sikkhat²ti sakalassa ass±sak±yass±dimajjhapariyos±na½ vidita½ karonto p±kaµa½ karonto assasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Sakalassa pass±sak±yass±dimajjhapariyos±na½ vidita½ karonto p±kaµa½ karonto passasiss±m²ti sikkhati. Eva½ vidita½ karonto p±kaµa½ karonto ń±ŗasampayuttacittena assasati ceva passasati ca. Tasm± “assasiss±mi passasiss±m²ti sikkhat²”ti vuccati. Ekassa hi bhikkhuno cuŗŗavicuŗŗavisaµe (visuddhi. 1.219; p±r±. 2.165) ass±sak±ye, pass±sak±ye v± ±di p±kaµo hoti, na majjhapariyos±na½. So ±dimeva pariggahetu½ sakkoti, majjhapariyos±ne kilamati. Ekassa majjha½ p±kaµa½ hoti, na ±dipariyos±na½. So majjhameva pariggahetu½ sakkoti, ±dipariyos±ne kilamati. Ekassa pariyos±na½ p±kaµa½ hoti, na ±dimajjha½. So pariyos±na½yeva pariggahetu½ sakkoti, ±dimajjhe kilamati. Ekassa sabba½ p±kaµa½ hoti, so sabbampi pariggahetu½ sakkoti na katthaci kilamati. T±disena bhavitabbanti dassento ±ha– “sabbak±yapaµisa½ved²”ti-±di.
Tattha sikkhat²ti eva½ ghaµati v±yamati. Yo v± tath±bh³tassa sa½varo, ayamettha adhis²lasikkh±. Yo tath±bh³tassa sam±dhi, aya½ adhicittasikkh±. Y± tath±bh³tassa pańń±, aya½ adhipańń±sikkh±ti im± tisso sikkh±yo tasmi½ ±rammaŗe t±ya satiy± tena manasik±rena sikkhati ±sevati bh±veti bahul²karot²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Tattha yasm± purimanayena kevala½ assasitabba½ passasitabbameva ca, na ańńa½ kińci k±tabba½, ito paµµh±ya pana ń±ŗupp±dan±d²su yogo karaŗ²yo. Tasm± tattha “assas±m²ti paj±n±ti passas±m²ti paj±n±ti”cceva vattam±nak±lavasena p±¼i½ vatv± ito paµµh±ya kattabbassa ń±ŗupp±dan±dino ±-k±rassa dassanattha½ “sabbak±yapaµisa½ved² assasiss±m²”ti-±din± nayena an±gatak±lavasena p±¼i ±ropit±ti veditabb±.
Passambhaya½ k±yasaŖkh±ra½…pe… sikkhat²ti o¼±rika½ ass±sapass±sasaŖkh±ta½ k±yasaŖkh±ra½ passambhento paµippassambhento nirodhento v³pasamento assasiss±mi passasiss±m²ti sikkhati.
Tatreva½ o¼±rikasukhumat± ca passaddhi ca veditabb±– imassa hi bhikkhuno pubbe apariggahitak±le k±yo ca cittańca sadarath± honti o¼±rik±. K±yacitt±na½ o¼±rikatte av³pasante ass±sapass±s±pi o¼±rik± honti, balavatar± hutv± pavattanti, n±sik± nappahoti, mukhena assasantopi passasantopi tiµµhati. Yad± panassa k±yopi cittampi pariggahit± honti, tad± te sant± honti v³pasant±. Tesu v³pasantesu ass±sapass±s± sukhum± hutv± pavattanti, “atthi nu kho, natth²”ti vicetabb±k±rappatt± honti. Seyyath±pi purisassa dh±vitv± pabbat± v± orohitv± mah±bh±ra½ v± s²sato oropetv± µhitassa o¼±rik± ass±sapass±s± honti, n±sik± nappahoti, mukhena assasantopi passasantopi tiµµhati. Yad± panesa ta½ parissama½ vinodetv± nhatv± ca pivitv± ca allas±µaka½ hadaye katv± s²t±ya ch±y±ya nipanno hoti, athassa te ass±sapass±s± sukhum± honti “atthi nu kho, natth²”ti vicetabb±k±rappatt±, evameva½ imassa bhikkhuno apariggahitak±leti vitth±retabba½. Tath± hissa pubbe apariggahitak±le “o¼±riko¼±rike k±yasaŖkh±re passambhem²”ti ±bhogasamann±h±ramanasik±ro natthi, pariggahitak±le pana atthi. Tenassa apariggahitak±lato pariggahitak±le k±yasaŖkh±ro sukhumo hoti. Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“S±raddhe k±ye citte ca, adhimatta½ pavattati;
as±raddhamhi k±yamhi, sukhuma½ sampavattat²”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.220; p±r±. aµµha. 2.165).
Pariggahepi o¼±riko, paµhamajjh±n³pac±re sukhumo. Tasmimpi o¼±riko, paµhamajjh±ne sukhumo. Paµhamajjh±ne ca dutiyajjh±n³pac±re ca o¼±riko, dutiyajjh±ne sukhumo. Dutiyajjh±ne ca tatiyajjh±n³pac±re ca o¼±riko, tatiyajjh±ne sukhumo. Tatiyajjh±ne ca catutthajjh±n³pac±re ca o¼±riko, catutthajjh±ne atisukhumo appavattimeva p±puŗ±ti. Ida½ t±va d²ghabh±ŗakasa½yuttabh±ŗak±na½ mata½.
Majjhimabh±ŗak± pana “paµhamajjh±ne o¼±riko, dutiyajjh±n³pac±re sukhumo”ti eva½ heµµhimaheµµhimajjh±nato upar³parijjh±n³pac±repi sukhumatara½ icchanti. Sabbesa½yeva pana matena apariggahitak±le pavattak±yasaŖkh±ro pariggahitak±le paµippassambhati, pariggahitak±le pavattak±yasaŖkh±ro paµhamajjh±n³pac±re…pe… catutthajjh±n³pac±re pavattak±yasaŖkh±ro catutthajjh±ne paµippassambhati. Aya½ t±va samathe nayo.
Vipassan±ya½ pana apariggahitak±le pavattak±yasaŖkh±ro o¼±riko, mah±bh³tapariggahe sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, up±d±r³papariggahe sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, sakalar³papariggahe sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, ar³papariggahe sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, r³p±r³papariggahe sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, paccayapariggahe sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, sappaccayan±mar³padassane sukhumo. Sopi o¼±riko, lakkhaŗ±rammaŗika vipassan±ya sukhumo. Sopi dubbalavipassan±ya o¼±riko, balavavipassan±ya sukhumo. Tattha pubbe vuttanayeneva purimassa purimassa pacchimena pacchimena paµippassaddhi veditabb±. Evamettha o¼±rikasukhumat± paµippassaddhi ca veditabb±. Aya½ t±vettha k±y±nupassan±vasena vuttassa paµhamacatukkassa anupubbapadavaŗŗan±.