4. Vod±nań±ŗaniddesavaŗŗan±

158. Vod±ne ń±ŗ±n²ti visuddhań±ŗ±ni. Ta½ vivajjayitv±ti ya½ pubbe vutta½ at²t±nudh±vana½ citta½ vikkhep±nupatita½, ta½ vivajjayitv±ti sambandhitabba½. Ekaµµh±ne sam±dahat²ti ass±sapass±s±na½ phusanaµµh±ne sama½ ±dahati patiµµh±peti. Tattheva adhimocet²ti ekaµµh±neti vutte ass±sapass±s±na½ phusanaµµh±neyeva sanniµµhapeti sanniµµh±na½ karoti. Paggaŗhitv±ti dhammavicayap²tisambojjhaŖgabh±van±ya paggahetv±. Viniggaŗhitv±ti passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaŖgabh±van±ya viniggaŗhitv±. “Satindriyav²riyindriyehi paggahetv±, satindriyasam±dhindriyehi viniggahetv±”tipi vadanti. Sampaj±no hutv±ti asubhabh±van±d²hi. Puna sampaj±no hutv±ti mett±bh±van±d²hi. Yena r±gena anupatita½, yena by±p±dena anupatita½, ta½ pajahat²ti sambandho. Ta½ citta½ ²disanti sampaj±nanto tappaµipakkhena r±ga½ pajahati, by±p±da½ pajahat²ti v± attho. Parisuddhanti nirupakkilesa½. Pariyod±tanti pabhassara½. Ekattagata½ hot²ti ta½ ta½ visesa½ pattassa ta½ ta½ ekatta½ gata½ hoti.
Katame te ekatt±ti idha yujjam±n±yujjam±nepi ekatte ekato katv± pucchati. D±n³pasaggupaµµh±nekattanti d±navatthusaŖkh±tassa d±nassa upasaggo vosajjana½ d±n³pasaggo, d±navatthuparicc±gacetan±. Tassa upaµµh±na½ ±rammaŗakaraŗavasena upagantv± µh±na½ d±n³pasaggupaµµh±na½, tadeva ekatta½, tena v± ekatta½ ekaggabh±vo d±n³pasaggupaµµh±nekatta½. D±navosaggupaµµh±nekattanti p±µho sundarataro, so evattho. Etena paduddh±ravasena c±g±nussatisam±dhi vutto. Paduddh±ravasena vuttopi cesa itaresa½ tiŗŗampi ekatt±na½ upanissayapaccayo hoti, tasm± idha niddiµµhanti vadanti. Vis±kh±pi hi mah±-up±sik± ±ha– “idha, bhante, dis±su vassa½vuµµh± bhikkh³ s±vatthi½ ±gacchissanti bhagavanta½ dassan±ya, te bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± pucchissanti ‘itthann±mo, bhante, bhikkhu k±laŖkato, tassa k± gati, ko abhisampar±yo’ti? Ta½ bhagav± by±karissati sot±pattiphale v± sakad±g±miphale v± an±g±miphale v± arahatte v±. Ty±ha½ upasaŖkamitv± pucchiss±mi ‘±gatapubb± nu kho, bhante, tena ayyena s±vatth²’ti? Sace me vakkhanti ‘±gatapubb± tena bhikkhun± s±vatth²’ti. Niµµhamettha gacchiss±mi nissa½saya½ paribhutta½ tena ayyena vassikas±µik± v± ±gantukabhatta½ v± gamikabhatta½ v± gil±nabhatta½ v± gil±nupaµµh±kabhatta½ v± gil±nabhesajja½ v± dhuvay±gu v±ti. Tass± me tadanussarantiy± p±mojja½ j±yissati, pamudit±ya p²ti j±yissati, p²timan±ya k±yo passambhissati, passaddhak±y± sukha½ vedayiss±mi, sukhiniy± citta½ sam±dhiyissati, s± me bhavissati indriyabh±van± balabh±van± bojjhaŖgabh±van±”ti (mah±va. 351). Atha v± ekattesu paµhama½ upac±rasam±dhivasena vutta½, dutiya½ appan±sam±dhivasena, tatiya½ vipassan±vasena, catuttha½ maggaphalavasen±ti veditabba½. Samathassa nimitta½ samathanimitta½. Vayo bhaŖgo eva lakkhaŗa½ vayalakkhaŗa½. Nirodho nibb±na½. Sesametesu t²su vuttanayeneva yojetabba½.
C±g±dhimutt±nanti d±ne adhimutt±na½. Adhicittanti vipassan±p±dakasam±dhi. Vipassak±nanti bhaŖg±nupassanato paµµh±ya t²hi anupassan±hi saŖkh±re vipassant±na½. Ariyapuggal±nanti aµµhanna½. Dutiy±d²ni t²ŗi ekatt±ni ±n±p±nassativasena sesakammaµµh±navasena ca yujjanti. Cat³hi µh±neh²ti cat³hi k±raŗehi. Sam±dhivipassan±maggaphal±na½ vasena “ekattagata½ citta½ paµipad±visuddhipakkhandańceva hoti upekkh±nubr³hitańca ń±ŗena ca sampaha½sitan”ti uddesapad±ni. “Paµhamassa jh±nassa ko ±d²”ti-±d²ni tesa½ uddesapad±na½ vitth±retukamyat±pucch±pubbaŖgam±ni niddesapad±ni. Tattha paµipad±visuddhipakkhandanti paµipad± eva n²varaŗamalavisodhanato visuddhi, ta½ paµipad±visuddhi½ pakkhanda½ paviµµha½. Upekkh±nubr³hitanti tatramajjhattupekkh±ya br³hita½ va¹¹hita½. ѱŗena ca sampaha½sitanti pariyod±pakena ń±ŗena sampaha½sita½ pariyod±pita½ visodhita½. Paµipad±visuddhi n±ma sasambh±riko upac±ro, upekkh±nubr³han± n±ma appan±, sampaha½san± n±ma paccavekkhaŗ±ti evameke vaŗŗayanti. Yasm± pana “ekattagata½ citta½ paµipad±visuddhipakkhandańceva hot²”ti-±di vutta½, tasm± anto-appan±yameva ±gamanavasena paµipad±visuddhi, tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena upekkh±nubr³han±, dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanena pariyod±pakassa ń±ŗassa kiccanipphattivasena sampaha½san± veditabb±. Katha½? Yasmińhi v±re appan± uppajjati, tasmi½ yo n²varaŗasaŖkh±to kilesagaŗo tassa jh±nassa paripantho, tato citta½ visujjhati, visuddhatt± ±varaŗavirahita½ hutv± majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati. Majjhima½ samathanimitta½ n±ma samappavatto appan±sam±dhiyeva. Tadanantara½ pana purimacitta½ ekasantatipariŗ±manayena tathatta½ upagaccham±na½ majjhima½ samathanimitta½ paµipajjati n±ma. Eva½ paµipannatt± tathattupagamanena tattha pakkhandati n±ma. Eva½ t±va purimacitte vijjam±n±k±ranipph±dik± paµhamassa jh±nassa upp±dakkhaŗeyeva ±gamanavasena paµipad±visuddhi veditabb±. Eva½ visuddhassa pana tassa puna visodhetabb±bh±vato visodhane by±p±ra½ akaronto visuddha½ citta½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Samathabh±v³pagamanena samathapaµipannassa puna sam±d±ne by±p±ra½ akaronto samathapaµipanna½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Samathapaµipannabh±vato eva cassa kilesasa½sagga½ pah±ya ekattena upaµµhitassa puna ekattupaµµh±ne by±p±ra½ akaronto ekattupaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Eva½ tatramajjhattupekkh±ya kiccavasena upekkh±nubr³han± veditabb±.
Ye panete eva½ upekkh±nubr³hite tattha j±t± sam±dhipańń±saŖkh±t± yuganaddhadhamm± ańńamańńa½ anativattam±n± hutv± pavatt±, y±ni ca saddh±d²ni indriy±ni n±n±kilesehi vimuttatt± vimuttirasena ekaras±ni hutv± pavatt±ni, ya½ cesa tadupaga½ tesa½ anativattana-ekarasabh±v±na½ anucchavika½ v²riya½ v±hayati, y± cassa tasmi½ khaŗe pavatt± ±sevan±, sabbepi te ±k±r± yasm± ń±ŗena sa½kilesavod±nesu ta½ ta½ ±d²navańca ±nisa½sańca disv± tath± tath± sampaha½sitatt± visodhitatt± pariyod±pitatt± nipphann±, tasm± dhamm±na½ anativattan±dibh±vas±dhanena pariyod±pakassa ń±ŗassa kiccanipphattivasena sampaha½san± veditabb±ti vutta½. Tattha yasm± upekkh±vasena ń±ŗa½ p±kaµa½ hoti, yath±ha– “tath±paggahita½ citta½ s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhati, upekkh±vasena pańń±vasena pańńindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti. Upekkh±vasena n±nattakilesehi citta½ vimuccati, vimokkhavasena pańń±vasena pańńindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti. Vimuttatt± te dhamm± ekaras± honti, ekarasaµµhena bh±van±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.201). Tasm± ń±ŗakiccabh³t± sampaha½san± pariyos±nanti vutt±.
Eva½ tivattagatanti-±d²ni tasseva cittassa thomanavacan±ni. Tattha eva½ tivattagatanti eva½ yath±vuttena vidhin± paµipad±visuddhipakkhandana-upekkh±nubr³han±ń±ŗasampaha½san±vasena tividhabh±va½ gata½. Vitakkasampannanti kilesakkhobhavirahitatt± vitakkena sundarabh±va½ panna½ gata½. Cittassa adhiµµh±nasampannanti tasmi½yeva ±rammaŗe cittassa nirantarappavattisaŖkh±tena adhiµµh±nena sampanna½ an³na½. Yath± adhiµµh±navasiya½ adhiµµh±nanti jh±nappavatti, tath± idh±pi cittassa adhiµµh±nanti cittekaggat±pi yujjati. Tena hi ekasmi½yeva ±rammaŗe citta½ adhiµµh±ti, na ettha vikkhipat²ti. “Sam±dhisampannan”ti visu½ vuttatt± pana vuttanayeneva gahetabba½. Atha v± sam±dhisseva jh±nasaŖgahitatt± cittassa adhiµµh±nasampannanti jh±naŖgapańcakavasena vutta½. Sam±dhisampannanti indriyasaŖgahitatt± indriyapańcakavasena, dutiyajjh±n±d²su pana alabbham±n±ni pad±ni pah±ya labbham±nakavasena p²tisampannanti-±di vutta½.
Anicc±nupassan±d²su aµµh±rasasu mah±vipassan±su vitakk±dayo paripuŗŗ±yeva t±sa½ k±m±vacaratt±. Et±su ca appan±ya abh±vato paµipad±visuddhi-±dayo khaŗikasam±dhivasena yojetabb±. Cat³su maggesu paµhamajjh±nikavasena vitakk±d²na½ labbhanato labbham±nakavaseneva vitakk±dayo paripuŗŗ± vutt±. Dutiyajjh±nik±d²su hi maggesu vitakk±dayo jh±nesu viya parih±yant²ti. Ett±vat± terasa vod±nań±ŗ±ni vitth±rato niddiµµh±ni honti. Katha½? Ekaµµh±ne sam±dahanena tattheva adhimuccanena kosajjappajahanena uddhaccappajahanena r±gappajahanena by±p±dappajahanena sampayutt±ni cha ń±ŗ±ni, cat³hi ekattehi sampayutt±ni catt±ri ń±ŗ±ni, paµipad±visuddhi-upekkh±nubr³han±sampaha½san±hi sampayutt±ni t²ŗi ń±ŗ±n²ti eva½ terasa ń±ŗ±ni niddiµµh±ni.
159. Eva½ santepi ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±van±vasena tesa½ nipphatti½ dassetuk±mo t±ni ń±ŗ±ni anigametv±va nimitta½ ass±sapass±s±ti-±din± nayena codan±pubbaŖgama½ ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±van±vidhi½ dassetv± ante t±ni ń±ŗ±ni nigametv± dassesi. Tattha nimitta½ vuttameva. An±rammaŗ±mekacittass±ti an±rammaŗ± ekacittassa. Ma-k±ro panettha padasandhikaro. An±rammaŗamekacittass±tipi p±µho, ekassa cittassa ±rammaŗa½ na bhavant²ti attho. Tayo dhammeti nimitt±dayo tayo dhamme. Bh±van±ti ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±van±. Kathanti paµhama½ vutt±ya codan±g±th±ya anantara½ vutt±ya parih±rag±th±ya attha½ kathetukamyat±pucch±. Na cimeti na ca ime. Na cametipi p±µho, soyeva padacchedo. Katha½ na ca avidit± honti, katha½ na ca citta½ vikkhepa½ gacchat²ti eva½ katha½ saddo sesehi pańcahi yojetabbo. Padh±nańca pańń±yat²ti ±n±p±nassatisam±dhibh±van±rambhaka½ v²riya½ sandissati. V²riyańhi padahanti ten±ti padh±nanti vuccati. Payogańca s±dhet²ti n²varaŗavikkhambhaka½ jh±nańca yog² nipph±deti. Jh±nańhi n²varaŗavikkhambhan±ya payuńj²yat²ti payogoti vutta½. Visesamadhigacchat²ti sa½yojanappah±nakara½ maggańca paµilabhati. Maggo hi samathavipassan±na½ ±nisa½satt± visesoti vutto. Visesassa ca pamukhabh³tatt± ca-k±rena samuccayo na kato.
Id±ni ta½ pucchitamattha½ upam±ya s±dhento seyyath±pi rukkhoti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– yath± n±ma kakacena ph±lanattha½ v±siy± tacchitv± rukkho ph±lanak±le niccalabh±vattha½ same bh³mipadese payogakkhama½ katv± µhapito. Kakacen±ti hatthakakacena. ¾gateti rukkha½ phusitv± attano sam²pabh±ga½ ±gate. Gateti rukkha½ phusitv± parabh±ga½ gate. V±-saddo samuccayattho. Na avidit± hont²ti rukkhe kakacadantehi phuµµha½ purisena pekkham±na½ µh±na½ appatv± tesa½ ±gamanagaman±bh±vato sabbepi kakacadant± vidit±va honti. Padh±nanti rukkhacchedanav²riya½. Payoganti rukkhacchedanakiriya½. “Visesamadhigacchat²”ti vacana½ upam±ya natthi. Upanibandhan± nimittanti upanibandhan±ya satiy± nimittabh³ta½ k±raŗabh³ta½ n±sikagga½ v± mukhanimitta½ v±. Upanibandhati et±ya ±rammaŗe cittanti upanibandhan± n±ma sati. N±sikagge v±ti d²ghan±siko n±sikagge. Mukhanimitte v±ti rassan±siko uttaroµµhe. Uttaroµµho hi mukhe satiy± nimittanti mukhanimittanti vutto. ¾gateti phuµµhaµµh±nato abbhantara½ ±gate. Gateti phuµµhaµµh±nato bahiddh± gate. Na avidit± hont²ti phusanaµµh±na½ appatv± ass±sapass±s±na½ ±gamanagaman±bh±vato sabbepi te vidit± eva honti. Kammaniya½ hot²ti yena v²riyena k±yopi cittampi kammaniya½ bh±van±kammakkhama½ bh±van±kammayogga½ hoti. Ida½ v²riya½ padh±na½ n±m±ti phalena k±raŗa½ vutta½ hoti. Upakkiles± pah²yant²ti vikkhambhanavasena n²varaŗ±ni pah²yanti. Vitakk± v³pasammant²ti n±n±rammaŗac±rino anavaµµhit± vitakk± upasama½ gacchanti. Yena jh±nena upakkiles± pah²yanti, vitakk± v³pasammanti. Aya½ payogoti payogamapekkhitv± pulliŖganiddeso kato. Sańńojan± pah²yant²ti ta½ta½maggavajjh± sańńojan± samucchedappah±nena pah²yanti. Anusay± byant²hont²ti pah²n±na½ puna anuppattidhammakatt± vigato upp±danto v± vayanto v± etesanti byant±, pubbe abyant± byant± hont²ti byant²honti, vinassant²ti attho. Sańńojanappah±na½ anusayappah±nena hoti, na ańńath±ti dassanattha½ anusayappah±nam±ha. Yena maggena sańńojan± pah²yanti anusay± byant²honti, aya½ visesoti attho. Catutthacatukke ariyamaggass±pi niddiµµhatt± idha ariyamaggo vutto. Ekacittassa ±rammaŗadvay±bh±vassa avuttepi siddhatt± ta½ avissajjetv±va eva½ ime tayo dhamm± ekacittassa ±rammaŗ± na hont²ti nigamana½ kata½.