1. Sutamayañ±ºaniddesavaººan±

Vissajjanuddesavaººan±

1. Id±ni yath±nikkhittena uddesena saªgahite dhamme pabhedato dassetu½ katha½ sot±vadh±ne paññ± sutamaye ñ±ºanti-±di niddesav±ro ±raddho. Tattha ya½ vutta½, “sot±vadh±ne paññ± sutamaye ñ±ºan”ti ta½ katha½ hot²ti? Aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±. Pañcavidh± hi pucch±– adiµµhajotan±pucch±, diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±, vimaticchedan±pucch±, anumatipucch±, kathetukamyat±pucch±ti. T±sa½ ida½ n±natta½–
Katam± adiµµhajotan±pucch±? (Mah±ni. 150; c³¼ani. puººakam±ºavapucch±niddesa 12) pakatiy± lakkhaºa½ aññ±ta½ hoti adiµµha½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½, tassa ñ±º±ya dassan±ya tulan±ya t²raº±ya vibh³t±ya vibh±vanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ adiµµhajotan±pucch±.
Katam± diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±? (Mah±ni. 150; c³¼ani. puººakam±ºavapucch±niddesa 12) pakatiy± lakkhaºa½ ñ±ta½ hoti diµµha½ tulita½ t²rita½ vibh³ta½ vibh±vita½, so aññehi paº¹itehi saddhi½ sa½sandanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ diµµhasa½sandan±pucch±.
Katam± vimaticchedan±pucch±? (Mah±ni. 150; c³¼ani. puººakam±ºavapucch±niddesa 12) pakatiy± sa½sayapakkhando hoti vimatipakkhando dve¼hakaj±to “eva½ nu kho, nanu kho, ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho”ti? So vimaticchedanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ vimaticchedan±pucch±.
Katam± anumatipucch±? Bhagav± bhikkh³na½ anumatiy± pañha½ pucchati– “ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½, dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”ti (mah±va. 21), aya½ anumatipucch±.
Katam± kathetukamyat±pucch±? Bhagav± bhikkh³na½ kathetukamyat±ya pañha½ pucchati– “catt±rome bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±. Katame catt±ro”ti (sa½. ni. 5.390)? Aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±ti. T±su aya½ therassa kathetukamyat±pucch±ti veditabb±.
Id±ni sam±tikuddes±ya kathetukamyat±pucch±ya “ime dhamm± abhiññeyy±ti sot±vadh±na½, ta½paj±nan± paññ± sutamaye ñ±ºan”ti-±dayo so¼asa vissajjanuddes±. Tattha ime dhamm± abhiññeyy±ti “desayantass±”ti p±µhaseso. Ime dhamm± abhij±nitabb±ti satthuno, aññatarassa v± garuµµh±niyassa sabrahmac±rissa dhamma½ desayantassa pubbe vuttanayena sot±vadh±na½ suta½ sot±vadh±na½ n±ma. Ta½paj±nan± paññ± tassa sutassa paj±nan± pariy±yaparicchindakapaññ± sutamaye ñ±ºa½ n±m±ti attho. Tassa paj±nan± ta½paj±nan±ti s±mivacanasam±so. Ta½ paj±nan±ti vibhattivipall±savasena upayogavacana½ v±. Abhiññeyy±ti ca sabh±valakkhaº±vabodhavasena sobhanen±k±rena j±nitabb±. Pariññeyy±ti s±maññalakkhaº±vabodhavasena kiccasam±panavasena ca by±pitv± j±nitabb±. Bh±vetabb±ti va¹¹hetabb±. Sacchik±tabb±ti paccakkha½ k±tabb±. Duvidh± hi sacchikiriy± paµil±bhasacchikiriy± ±rammaºasacchikiriy± ca. Paccan²kasamud±c±ravasena parih±niyasaªkh±ta½ h±na½ bhajant²ti h±nabh±giy±. Tadanudhammat±ya satiy± saºµh±navasena µh±nasaªkh±ta½ µhiti½ bhajant²ti µhitibh±giy±. Uparivises±dhigamavasena visesa½ bhajant²ti visesabh±giy±. Anibbiddhapubba½ appad±litapubba½ lobhakkhandha½ dosakkhandha½ mohakkhandha½ nibbijjhati pad±let²ti ariyamaggo nibbedho n±ma, nibbid±sahagat±na½ saññ±manasik±r±na½ samud±c±ravasena ta½ nibbedha½ bhajant²ti nibbedhabh±giy±.
Sabbe saªkh±r±ti sabbe sappaccay± dhamm±. Te hi saªkhatasaªkh±r± n±ma. Paccayehi saªgamma kar²yant²ti saªkh±r±, te eva paccayehi saªgamma katatt± saªkhat±ti visesetv± vutt±. Kammanibbatt± tebh³makar³p±r³padhamm± abhisaªkhatasaªkh±r±ti aµµhakath±su (visuddhi. 2.587; vibha. aµµha. 226 saªkh±rapadaniddesa) vutt±. Tepi “anicc± va saªkh±r±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.186; 2.143; d². ni. 2.221, 272) saªkhatasaªkh±resu saªgaha½ gacchanti. “Avijj±gato aya½, bhikkhave, purisapuggalo puññañceva saªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharot²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.51) avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±va ±gat± tebh³mikakusal±kusalacetan± abhisaªkharaºakasaªkh±r± n±ma. “Y±vatik± abhisaªkh±rassa gati, t±vatika½ gantv± akkh±hata½ maññe aµµh±s²”ti-±d²su ±gata½ k±yika½ cetasika½ v²riya½ payog±bhisaªkh±ro n±ma. “Saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±pannassa kho, ±vuso vis±kha, bhikkhuno paµhama½ nirujjhati vac²saªkh±ro, tato k±yasaªkh±ro, tato cittasaªkh±ro”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.464) ±gat± vitakkavic±r±. V±ca½ saªkharont²ti vac²saªkh±r±. Ass±sapass±s± k±yena saªkhar²yant²ti k±yasaªkh±r±. Saññ± ca vedan± ca cittena saªkhar²yant²ti cittasaªkh±r±. Idha pana saªkhatasaªkh±r± adhippet±.
Anicc±ti hutv± abh±vaµµhena. Dukkh±ti p²¼anaµµhena. Sabbe dhamm±ti nibb±nampi antokatv± vutt±. Anatt±ti avasavattanaµµhena. Ida½ dukkha½ ariyasaccanti-±d²su “dukkhasamudayo dukkhanirodho”ti vattabbe “dukkhasamudaya½ dukkhanirodhan”ti liªgavipall±so kato. Yasm± pana buddh±dayo ariy± paµivijjhanti, tasm± ariyasacc±n²ti vuccanti. Yath±ha “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, ariyasacc±ni…pe… im±ni kho, bhikkhave, catt±ri ariyasacc±ni. Ariy± im±ni paµivijjhanti, tasm± ariyasacc±n²ti vuccant²”ti. Ariyassa sacc±n²tipi ariyasacc±ni. Yath±ha “sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya tath±gato ariyo, tasm± ariyasacc±n²ti vuccant²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1098). Etesa½ abhisambuddhatt± ariyabh±vasiddhitopi ariyasacc±ni. Yath±ha “imesa½ kho, bhikkhave, catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ yath±bh³ta½ abhisambuddhatt± tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddho ariyoti vuccat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1093). Ariy±ni sacc±n²tipi ariyasacc±ni. Ariy±n²ti avitath±ni, avisa½v±dak±n²ti attho. Yath±ha “im±ni kho, bhikkhave, catt±ri ariyasacc±ni tath±ni avitath±ni anaññath±ni, tasm± ariyasacc±n²ti vuccant²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1097). Sacc±n²ti ko saccaµµhoti ce? Yo paññ±cakkhun± upaparikkham±n±na½ m±y±va vipar²to, mar²c²va visa½v±dako, titthiy±na½ parikappita-att±va anupalabbhasabh±vo ca na hoti, atha kho b±dhanapabhavasantiniyy±nappak±rena tacch±vipar²tabh³tabh±vena ariyañ±ºassa gocaro hotiyeva. Esa aggilakkhaºa½ viya lokapakati viya ca tacch±vipar²tabh³tabh±vo saccaµµhoti veditabbo. Yath±ha “ida½ dukkhanti, bhikkhave, tathameta½ avitathameta½ anaññathametan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1090) vitth±ro. Apica–
N±b±dhaka½ yato dukkha½, dukkh± añña½ na b±dhaka½;
b±dhakattaniy±mena, tato saccamida½ mata½.
Ta½ vin± n±ññato dukkha½, na hoti na ca ta½ tato;
dukkhahetu niy±mena, iti sacca½ visattik±.
N±ññ± nibb±nato santi, santa½ na ca na ta½ yato;
santabh±vaniy±mena, tato saccamida½ mata½.
Magg± añña½ na niyy±na½, aniyy±no na c±pi so;
tacchaniyy±nabh±vena, iti so saccasammato.
Iti tacch±vipall±sa-bh³tabh±va½ cat³svapi;
dukkh±d²svavisesena, saccaµµha½ ±hu paº¹it±ti.
So pan±ya½ saccasaddo anekesu atthesu dissati. Seyyathida½– “sacca½ bhaºe na kujjheyy±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 224) v±c±sacce. “Sacce µhit± samaºabr±hmaº± c±”ti-±d²su (j±. 2.21.433) viratisacce. “Kasm± nu sacc±ni vadanti n±n±, pav±diy±se kusal±vad±n±”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 891) diµµhisacce. “Ekañhi sacca½ na dut²yamatthi, yasmi½ paj± no vivade paj±nan”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 890; mah±ni. 119) paramatthasacce nibb±ne ceva magge ca. “Catunna½ sacc±na½ kati kusal± kati akusal±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 216) ariyasacce. Sv±yamidh±pi ariyasacce pavattat²ti.

Niddesav±rasaªgahitassa vissajjanuddesassa

Atthavaººan± niµµhit±.