5. Dhotakam±ºavapucch±niddeso

30. Pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi meta½, [icc±yasm± dhotako]
v±c±bhikaªkh±mi mahesi tuyha½;
tava sutv±na nigghosa½, sikkhe nibb±namattano.
Pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi metanti. Pucch±m²ti tisso pucch±– adiµµhajotan± pucch±, diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±, vimaticchedan± pucch±…pe… im± tisso pucch±…pe… nibb±napucch±. Pucch±mi tanti pucch±mi ta½ y±c±mi ta½ ajjhes±mi ta½ pas±demi ta½, kathayassu meti– pucch±mi ta½. Bhagav±ti g±rav±dhivacanameta½…pe… sacchik± paññatti, yadida½ bhagav±ti. Br³hi metanti br³hi ±cikkh±hi desehi paññapehi paµµhapehi vivar±hi vibhaj±hi utt±n²karohi pak±seh²ti– pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi meta½.
Icc±yasm± dhotakoti. Icc±ti padasandhi…pe… ±yasm±ti piyavacana½ garuvacana½ sag±ravasappatiss±dhivacanameta½ ±yasm±ti. Dhotakoti tassa br±hmaºassa n±ma½ saªkh± samaññ± paññatti voh±ro n±ma½ n±makamma½ n±madheyya½ nirutti byañjana½ abhil±poti– icc±yasm± dhotako.
V±c±bhikaªkh±mi mahesi tuyhanti tuyha½ vacana½ byappatha½ desana½ anus±sana½ anusiµµha½ kaªkh±mi abhikaªkh±mi icch±mi s±diy±mi patthay±mi pihay±mi abhijapp±mi. Mahes²ti ki½ mahesi bhagav±? Mahanta½ s²lakkhandha½ es² gaves² pariyes²ti mahesi…pe… kaha½ nar±sabhoti mahes²ti– v±c±bhikaªkh±mi mahesi tuyha½.
Tava sutv±na nigghosanti tuyha½ vacana½ byappatha½ desana½ anus±sana½ anusiµµha½ sutv± suºitv± uggahetv± upadh±rayitv± upalakkhayitv±ti– tava sutv±na nigghosa½.
Sikkhe nibb±namattanoti. Sikkh±ti tisso sikkh±– adhis²lasikkh±, adhicittasikkh±, adhipaññ±sikkh±…pe… aya½ adhipaññ±sikkh±. Nibb±namattanoti attano r±gassa nibb±pan±ya, dosassa nibb±pan±ya, mohassa nibb±pan±ya, kodhassa nibb±pan±ya upan±hassa nibb±pan±ya…pe… sabb±kusal±bhisaªkh±r±na½ sam±ya upasam±ya v³pasam±ya nibb±pan±ya paµinissagg±ya paµipassaddhiy± adhis²lampi sikkheyya, adhicittampi sikkheyya, adhipaññampi sikkheyya. Im± tisso sikkh±yo ±vajjanto sikkheyya, j±nanto sikkheyya, passanto sikkheyya, paccavekkhanto sikkheyya, citta½ padahanto sikkheyya, saddh±ya adhimuccanto sikkheyya, v²riya½ paggaºhanto sikkheyya, sati½ upaµµhapento sikkheyya, citta½ sam±dahanto sikkheyya, paññ±ya paj±nanto sikkheyya, abhiññeyya½ abhij±nanto sikkheyya, pariññeyya½ parij±nanto sikkheyya, pah±tabba½ pajahanto sikkheyya, bh±vetabba½ bh±vento sikkheyya, sacchik±tabba½ sacchikaronto sikkheyya, ±careyya sam±careyya sam±d±ya vatteyy±ti– sikkhe nibb±namattano. Ten±ha so br±hmaºo–
“Pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi meta½, [icc±yasm± dhotako]
v±c±bhikaªkh±mi mahesi tuyha½;
tava sutv±na nigghosa½, sikkhe nibb±namattano”ti.
31. Tenah±tappa½ karohi, [dhotak±ti bhagav±]
idheva nipako sato;
ito sutv±na nigghosa½, sikkhe nibb±namattano.
Tenah±tappa½ karoh²ti ±tappa½ karohi, uss±ha½ karohi, usso¼hi½ karohi, th±ma½ karohi, dhiti½ karohi, v²riya½ karohi, chanda½ janehi sañjanehi upaµµhapehi samuµµhapehi nibbattehi abhinibbatteh²ti– tenah±tappa½ karohi.
Dhotak±ti bhagav± ta½ br±hmaºa½ n±mena ±lapati. Bhagav±ti g±rav±dhivacanameta½…pe… sacchik± paññatti, yadida½ bhagav±ti– dhotak±ti bhagav±.
Idheva nipako satoti. Idh±ti imiss± diµµhiy± imiss± khantiy± imiss± ruciy± imasmi½ ±d±ye imasmi½ dhamme imasmi½ vinaye imasmi½ dhammavinaye imasmi½ p±vacane imasmi½ brahmacariye imasmi½ satthus±sane imasmi½ attabh±ve imasmi½ manussaloke. Nipakoti nipako paº¹ito paññav± buddhim± ñ±º² vibh±v² medh±v². Satoti cat³hi k±raºehi sato– k±ye k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ bh±vento sato…pe… so vuccati satoti– idheva nipako sato.
Ito sutv±na nigghosanti ito mayha½ vacana½ byappatha½ desana½ anus±sana½ anusiµµha½ sutv± suºitv± uggaºhitv± upadh±rayitv± upalakkhayitv±ti– ito sutv±na nigghosa½.
Sikkhe nibb±namattanoti. Sikkh±ti tisso sikkh±– adhis²lasikkh±, adhicittasikkh±, adhipaññ±sikkh±…pe… aya½ adhipaññ±sikkh±. Nibb±namattanoti attano r±gassa nibb±pan±ya, dosassa nibb±pan±ya, mohassa nibb±pan±ya, kodhassa nibb±pan±ya, upan±hassa nibb±pan±ya…pe… sabb±kusal±bhisaªkh±r±na½ sam±ya upasam±ya v³pasam±ya nibb±pan±ya paµinissagg±ya paµipassaddhiy± adhis²lampi sikkheyya, adhicittampi sikkheyya, adhipaññampi sikkheyya. Im± tisso sikkh±yo ±vajjanto sikkheyya, j±nanto sikkheyya…pe… sacchik±tabba½ sacchikaronto sikkheyya, ±careyya sam±careyya sam±d±ya vatteyy±ti– sikkhe nibb±namattano. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Tenah±tappa½ karohi, [dhotak±ti bhagav±]
idheva nipako sato;
ito sutv±na nigghosa½, sikkhe nibb±namattano”ti.
32. Pass±maha½ devamanussaloke, akiñcana½ br±hmaºamiriyam±na½;
ta½ ta½ namass±mi samantacakkhu, pamuñca ma½ sakka katha½kath±hi.
Pass±maha½ devamanussaloketi. Dev±ti tayo dev±– sammutidev±, upapattidev±, visuddhidev±. Katame sammutidev±? Sammutidev± vuccanti r±j±no ca r±jakum±r± ca deviyo ca. Ime vuccanti sammutidev±. Katame upapattidev±? Upapattidev± vuccanti c±tumah±r±jik± dev± t±vati½s± dev± y±m± dev± tusit± dev± nimm±narat² dev± paranimmitavasavatt² dev± brahmak±yik± dev± ye ca dev± taduttari [tatrupari (sy±.)]. Ime vuccanti upapattidev±. Katame visuddhidev±? Visuddhidev± vuccanti tath±gatas±vak± arahanto kh²º±sav± ye ca paccekabuddh±. Ime vuccanti visuddhidev±. Bhagav± sammutidev±nañca upapattidev±nañca visuddhidev±nañca devo ca atidevo ca dev±tidevo ca s²has²ho n±gan±go gaºigaº² munimun² r±jar±j±. Pass±maha½ devamanussaloketi manussaloke deva½ pass±mi atideva½ pass±mi dev±tideva½ pass±mi dakkh±mi olokemi nijjh±y±mi upaparikkh±m²ti– pass±maha½ devamanussaloke.
¾kiñcana½ br±hmaºamiriyam±nanti. Akiñcananti r±gakiñcana½ dosakiñcana½ mohakiñcana½ m±nakiñcana½ diµµhikiñcana½ kilesakiñcana½ duccaritakiñcana½, te kiñcan± buddhassa bhagavato pah²n± ucchinnam³l± t±l±vatthukat± anabh±va½kat± ±yati½ anupp±dadhamm±, tasm± buddho akiñcano. Br±hmaºoti bhagav± sattanna½ dhamm±na½ b±hitatt± br±hmaºo– sakk±yadiµµhi b±hit± hoti, vicikicch± b±hit± hoti, s²labbatapar±m±so b±hito hoti, r±go b±hito hoti, doso b±hito hoti, moho b±hito hoti, m±no b±hito hoti, b±hit±ssa honti p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sa½kilesik± ponobhavik± sadar± dukkhavip±k± ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºiy±.
B±hitv± sabbap±pak±ni, [sabhiy±ti bhagav±]
vimalo s±dhusam±hito µhitatto;
sa½s±ramaticca keval² so, asito t±di pavuccate sa brahm±ti.
Iriyam±nanti caranta½ viharanta½ iriyanta½ vattenta½ p±lenta½ yapenta½ y±pentanti– akiñcana½ br±hmaºamiriyam±na½.
Ta½ ta½ namass±mi samantacakkh³ti. Tanti bhagavanta½ bhaºati. Namass±m²ti k±yena v± namass±mi, v±c±ya v± namass±mi, cittena v± namass±mi, anvatthapaµipattiy± v± namass±mi, dhamm±nudhammapaµipattiy± v± namass±mi sakkaromi garu½ karomi m±nemi p³jemi. Samantacakkh³ti samantacakkhu vuccati sabbaññutañ±ºa½. Bhagav± sabbaññutañ±ºena upeto samupeto up±gato samup±gato upapanno samupapanno samann±gato.
“Na tassa addiµµhamidhatthi [adiµµhamidhatthi (sy±. ka.) mah±ni. 156] kiñci, atho aviññ±tamaj±nitabba½;
sabba½ abhiññ±si yadatthi neyya½, tath±gato tena samantacakkh³”ti.
Ta½ ta½ namass±mi samantacakkhu.
Pamuñca ma½ sakka katha½kath±h²ti. Sakk±ti sakko bhagav± sakyakul± pabbajitotipi sakko. Atha v±, a¹¹ho [addho (sy±. ka.)] mahaddhano dhanav±tipi sakko. Tassim±ni dhan±ni, seyyathida½– saddh±dhana½ s²ladhana½ hiridhana½ ottappadhana½ sutadhana½ c±gadhana½ paññ±dhana½ satipaµµh±nadhana½ sammappadh±nadhana½ iddhip±dadhana½ indriyadhana½ baladhana½ bojjhaªgadhana½ maggadhana½ phaladhana½ nibb±nadhana½. Imehi anekavidhehi dhanaratanehi a¹¹ho mahaddhano dhanav±tipi sakko. Atha v±, sakko pahu visav² alamatto s³ro v²ro vikkanto abh²r³ acchambh² anutr±s² apal±y² pah²nabhayabheravo vigatalomaha½sotipi sakko Katha½kath± vuccati vicikicch±. Dukkhe kaªkh±, dukkhasamudaye kaªkh±, dukkhanirodhe kaªkh±, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya kaªkh±, pubbante kaªkh±, aparante kaªkh±, pubbant±parante kaªkh±, idappaccayat±paµiccasamuppannesu dhammesu kaªkh±. Y± evar³p± kaªkh± kaªkh±yan± kaªkh±yitatta½ vimati vicikicch± dve¼haka½ dvedh±patho sa½sayo aneka½sagg±ho ±sappan± parisappan± apariyog±han± chambhitatta½ cittassa manovilekho. Pamuñca ma½ sakka katha½kath±h²ti muñca ma½ pamuñca ma½ mocehi ma½ pamocehi ma½ uddhara ma½ samuddhara ma½ vuµµh±pehi ma½ katha½kath±sallatoti– pamuñca ma½ sakka katha½kath±hi. Ten±ha so br±hmaºo–
“Pass±maha½ devamanussaloke, akiñcana½ br±hmaºamiriyam±na½;
ta½ ta½ namass±mi samantacakkhu, pamuñca ma½ sakka katha½kath±h²”ti.
33. N±ha½ sahiss±mi pamocan±ya, katha½kathi½ dhotaka kañci loke;
dhammañca seµµha½ ±j±nam±no, eva½ tuva½ oghamima½ taresi.
N±ha½ sahiss±mi [sam²h±mi (ka.)] pamocan±y±ti n±ha½ ta½ sakkomi muñcitu½ pamuñcitu½ mocetu½ pamocetu½ uddharitu½ samuddharitu½ uµµh±petu½ samuµµh±petu½ katha½kath±sallatoti. Evampi n±ha½ sahiss±mi pamocan±ya. Atha v±, na ²h±mi na sam²h±mi na ussah±mi na v±yam±mi na uss±ha½ karomi na usso¼hi½ karomi na th±ma½ karomi na dhiti½ karomi na v²riya½ karomi na chanda½ janemi na sañjanemi na nibbattemi na abhinibbattemi assaddhe puggale acchandike kus²te h²nav²riye appaµipajjam±ne dhammadesan±y±ti. Evampi n±ha½ sahiss±mi pamocan±ya. Atha v±, natthañño koci mocet±. Te yadi moceyyu½ sakena th±mena sakena balena sakena v²riyena sakena parakkamena sakena purisath±mena sakena purisabalena sakena purisav²riyena sakena purisaparakkamena attan± samm±paµipada½ anulomapaµipada½ apaccan²kapaµipada½ anvatthapaµipada½ dhamm±nudhammapaµipada½ paµipajjam±n± moceyyunti. Evampi n±ha½ sahiss±mi pamocan±ya.
Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “so vata, cunda, attan± palipapalipanno para½ palipapalipanna½ uddharissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. So vata, cunda, attan± adanto avin²to aparinibbuto para½ damessati vinessati parinibb±pessat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti. Evampi n±ha½ sahiss±mi pamocan±ya.