4. Mettag³m±ŗavapucch±niddeso

18. Pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi meta½, [icc±yasm± mettag³]
mańń±mi ta½ vedag³ bh±vitatta½;
kuto nu dukkh± samud±gat± ime, ye keci lokasmimanekar³p±.
Pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi metanti. Pucch±m²ti tisso pucch±– adiµµhajotan± pucch±, diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±, vimaticchedan± pucch±. Katam± adiµµhajotan± pucch±? Pakatiy± lakkhaŗa½ ańń±ta½ hoti adiµµha½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½. Tassa ń±ŗ±ya dassan±ya tulan±ya t²raŗ±ya vibh³tatth±ya vibh±vanatth±ya pańha½ pucchati– aya½ adiµµhajotan± pucch±.
Katam± diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±? Pakatiy± lakkhaŗa½ ń±ta½ hoti diµµha½ tulita½ t²rita½ vibh³ta½ vibh±vita½. Ańńehi paŗ¹itehi saddhi½ sa½sandanatth±ya pańha½ pucchati– aya½ diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±.
Katam± vimaticchedan± pucch±? Pakatiy± sa½sayapakkhando hoti vimatipakkhando dve¼hakaj±to– “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho, ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho”ti? So vimaticchedanatth±ya pańha½ pucchati– aya½ vimaticchedan± pucch±. Im± tisso pucch±.
Apar±pi tisso pucch±– manussapucch±, amanussapucch±, nimmitapucch±. Katam± manussapucch±? Manuss± buddha½ bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± pańha½ pucchanti, bhikkh³ pucchanti, bhikkhuniyo pucchanti, up±sak± pucchanti, up±sik±yo pucchanti, r±j±no pucchanti khattiy± pucchanti, br±hmaŗ± pucchanti, vess± pucchanti, sudd± pucchanti, gahaµµh± pucchanti, pabbajit± pucchanti– aya½ manussapucch±.
Katam± amanussapucch±? Amanuss± buddha½ bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± pańha½ pucchanti, n±g± pucchanti, supaŗŗ± pucchanti, yakkh± pucchanti, asur± pucchanti, gandhabb± pucchanti, mah±r±j±no pucchanti, ind± pucchanti, brahm± pucchanti, dev± pucchanti– aya½ amanussapucch±.
Katam± nimmitapucch±? Bhagav± r³pa½ abhinimmin±ti manomaya½ sabbaŖgapaccaŖga½ ah²nindriya½. So nimmito buddha½ bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± pańha½ pucchati. Bhagav± visajjeti. Aya½ nimmitapucch±. Im± tisso pucch±.
Apar±pi tisso pucch±– attatthapucch±, paratthapucch±, ubhayatthapucch±…pe… apar±pi tisso pucch±– diµµhadhammikatthapucch±, sampar±yikatthapucch± paramatthapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– anavajjatthapucch±, nikkilesatthapucch±, vod±natthapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– at²tapucch±, an±gatapucch±, paccuppannapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– ajjhattapucch±, bahiddh±pucch±, ajjhattabahiddh±pucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– kusalapucch±, akusalapucch±, aby±katapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– khandhapucch±, dh±tupucch± ±yatanapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– satipaµµh±napucch±, sammappadh±napucch±, iddhip±dapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– indriyapucch±, balapucch±, bojjhaŖgapucch±… apar±pi tisso pucch±– maggapucch±, phalapucch±, nibb±napucch±….
Pucch±mi tanti pucch±mi ta½ y±c±mi ta½ ajjhes±mi ta½ pas±demi ta½ “kathayassu me”ti pucch±mi ta½. Bhagav±ti g±rav±dhivacanameta½…pe… sacchik± pańńatti– yadida½ bhagav±ti. Br³hi metanti br³hi ±cikkh±hi desehi pańńapehi paµµhapehi vivar±hi vibhaj±hi utt±n²karohi pak±seh²ti– pucch±mi ta½ bhagav± br³hi meta½.
Icc±yasm± mettag³ti icc±ti padasandhi…pe… icc±yasm± mettag³.
Mańń±mi ta½ vedag³ bh±vitattanti. Vedag³ti ta½ mańń±mi, bh±vitattoti ta½ mańń±mi, eva½ j±n±mi, eva½ ±j±n±mi eva½ paµij±n±mi eva½ paµivijjh±mi. Vedag³ bh±vitattoti kathańca bhagav± vedag³? Ved± vuccanti cat³su maggesu ń±ŗa½ pańń± pańńindriya½ pańń±bala½…pe… dhammavicayasambojjhaŖgo v²ma½s± vipassan± samm±diµµhi. Bhagav± tehi vedehi j±tijar±maraŗassa antagato antappatto koµigato koµippatto pariyantagato pariyantappatto vos±nagato vos±nappatto t±ŗagato t±ŗappatto leŗagato leŗappatto saraŗagato saraŗappatto abhayagato abhayappatto accutagato accutappatto amatagato amatappatto nibb±nagato nibb±nappatto. Ved±na½ v± antagatoti vedag³; vedehi v± antagatoti vedag³; sattanna½ v± dhamm±na½ viditatt± vedag³; sakk±yadiµµhi vidit± hoti, vicikicch± vidit± hoti, s²labbatapar±m±so vidito hoti, r±go doso moho m±no vidito hoti, vidit±ssa honti p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sa½kilesik± ponobhavik± sadar± dukkhavip±k± ±yati½ j±tijar±maraŗiy±.
Ved±ni viceyya keval±ni, [sabhiy±ti bhagav±]
samaŗ±na½ y±n²dhatthi [y±ni patthi (sy±.), y±ni atthi (ka.) su. ni. 534] br±hmaŗ±na½;
sabbavedan±su v²tar±go;
sabba½ vedamaticca vedag³ soti.
Eva½ bhagav± vedag³.
Katha½ bhagav± bh±vitatto? Bhagav± bh±vitak±yo bh±vitas²lo bh±vitacitto bh±vitapańńo bh±vitasatipaµµh±no bh±vitasammappadh±no bh±vita-iddhip±do bh±vita-indriyo bh±vitabalo bh±vitabojjhaŖgo bh±vitamaggo, pah²nakileso paµividdh±kuppo sacchikatanirodho. Dukkha½ tassa parińń±ta½, samudayo pah²no, maggo bh±vito, nirodho sacchikato, abhińńeyya½ abhińń±ta½, parińńeyya½ parińń±ta½, pah±tabba½ pah²na½, bh±vetabba½ bh±vita½, sacchik±tabba½ sacchikata½, aparitto mahanto gambh²ro appameyyo duppariyog±¼ho bahuratano s±gar³pamo [s±garasamo (ka.)] cha¼aŖgupekkh±ya samann±gato hoti.
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti na dummano; upekkhako viharati sato sampaj±no. Sotena sadda½ sutv±, gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±, jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±, k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±, manas± dhamma½ vińń±ya neva sumano hoti na dummano; upekkhako viharati sato sampaj±no.
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± man±pa½ r³pa½ n±bhigijjhati n±bhiha½sati [n±bhipihayati (sy±.) mah±ni. 90] na r±ga½ janeti. Tassa µhitova k±yo hoti, µhita½ citta½ ajjhatta½ susaŗµhita½ suvimutta½. Cakkhun± kho paneva r³pa½ disv± aman±pa½ na maŖku hoti appatiµµhitacitto [appatiµµh²nacitto (sy±.)] al²namanaso [±dinamanaso (sy±.) mah±ni. 90] aby±pannacetaso. Tassa µhitova k±yo hoti µhita½ citta½ ajjhatta½ susaŗµhita½ suvimutta½. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ vińń±ya man±pa½ n±bhigijjhati n±bhiha½sati na r±ga½ janeti. Tassa µhitova k±yo hoti µhita½ citta½ ajjhatta½ susaŗµhita½ suvimutta½. Manas±yeva kho pana dhamma½ vińń±ya aman±pa½ na maŖku hoti. Appatiµµhitacitto al²namanaso aby±pannacetaso tassa µhitova k±yo hoti µhita½ citta½ ajjhatta½ susaŗµhita½ suvimutta½.
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± man±p±man±pesu r³pesu µhitova k±yo hoti µhita½ citta½ ajjhatta½ susaŗµhita½ suvimutta½. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ vińń±ya man±p±man±pesu dhammesu µhitova k±yo hoti µhita½ citta½ ajjhatta½ susaŗµhita½ suvimutta½.
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± rajan²ye na rajjati, dussan²ye [dosan²ye (sy±. ka.) mah±ni. 90] na dussati, mohan²ye na muyhati, kopan²ye na kuppati, madan²ye na majjati, kilesan²ye na kilissati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ vińń±ya rajan²ye na rajjati, dussan²ye na dussati, mohan²ye na muyhati, kopan²ye na kuppati, madan²ye na majjati, kilesan²ye na kilissati.
Diµµhe diµµhamatto, sute sutamatto, mute mutamatto, vińń±te vińń±tamatto. Diµµhe na limpati, sute na limpati, mute na limpati, vińń±te na limpati. Diµµhe an³payo [anupayo (sy±.), anusayo (ka.) mah±ni. 90] anap±yo anissito appaµibaddho vippamutto visańńutto vimariy±dikatena cetas± viharati. Sute…pe… mute vińń±te an³payo [anupayo (sy±.), anusayo (ka.) mah±ni. 90] anap±yo anissito appaµibaddho vippamutto visańńutto vimariy±dikatena cetas± viharati.
Sa½vijjati bhagavato cakkhu, passati bhagav± cakkhun± r³pa½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto bhagav±. Sa½vijjati bhagavato sota½, suŗ±ti bhagav± sotena sadda½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto bhagav±. Sa½vijjati bhagavato gh±na½, gh±yati bhagav± gh±nena gandha½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto bhagav±. Sa½vijjati bhagavato jivh±, s±yati bhagav± jivh±ya rasa½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto bhagav±. Sa½vijjati bhagavato k±yo, phusati bhagav± k±yena phoµµhabba½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto bhagav±. Sa½vijjati bhagavato mano, vij±n±ti bhagav± manas± dhamma½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto bhagav±.
Cakkhu r³p±r±ma½ r³parata½ r³pasammudita½, ta½ bhagavato [bhagavat± (sy±.) mah±ni. 90] danta½ gutta½ rakkhita½ sa½vuta½; tassa ca sa½var±ya dhamma½ deseti. Sota½ sadd±r±ma½ saddarata½…pe… gh±na½ gandh±r±ma½ gandharata½… jivh± ras±r±m± rasarat± rasasammudit±, s± bhagavato dant± gutt± rakkhit± sa½vut±; tassa ca sa½var±ya dhamma½ deseti. K±yo phoµµhabb±r±mo phoµµhabbarato phoµµhabbasammudito… mano dhamm±r±mo dhammarato dhammasammudito, so bhagavato danto gutto rakkhito sa½vuto; tassa ca sa½var±ya dhamma½ deseti–
“Danta½ nayanti samiti½, danta½ r±j±bhir³hati;
danto seµµho manussesu, yotiv±kya½ titikkhati.
“Varamassatar± dant±, ±j±n²y± ca [±j±niy±va (sy±.) dha. pa. 322] sindhav±;
kuńjar± ca [kuńjar±va (sy±.)] mah±n±g±, attadanto tato vara½.
“Na hi etehi y±nehi, gaccheyya agata½ disa½;
yath±ttan± sudantena, danto dantena gacchati.
“Vidh±su na vikampanti, vippamutt± punabbhav±;
dantabh³mi½ anuppatt±, te loke vijit±vino.
“Yassindriy±ni bh±vit±ni, ajjhattańca bahiddh± ca sabbaloke;
nibbijjha ima½ parańca loka½, k±la½ kaŖkhati bh±vito sa danto”ti [sudantoti (sy±.) su. ni. 521; mah±ni. 90].
Eva½ bhagav± bh±vitattoti.
Mańń±mi ta½ vedag³ bh±vitatta½, kuto nu dukkh± samud±gat± imeti. Kuto n³ti sa½sayapucch± vimatipucch± dve¼hakapucch± aneka½sapucch±– “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho, ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho”ti– kuto nu. Dukkh±ti j±tidukkha½, jar±dukkha½, by±dhidukkha½, maraŗadukkha½, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±sadukkha½, byasana½ dukkha½, nerayika½ dukkha½, tiracch±nayonika½ dukkha½, pettivisayika½ dukkha½, m±nusika½ dukkha½, gabbhokkantim³laka½ dukkha½, gabbhaµµhitim³laka½ dukkha½, gabbhavuµµh±nam³laka½ dukkha½, j±tass³panibandhaka½ dukkha½, j±tassa par±dheyyaka½ dukkha½, att³pakkama½ dukkha½, par³pakkama½ dukkha½, dukkhadukkha½, saŖkh±radukkha½, vipariŗ±madukkha½ cakkhurogo sotarogo gh±narogo jivh±rogo k±yarogo s²sarogo kaŗŗarogo mukharogo dantarogo k±so s±so pin±so ¹±ho jaro kucchirogo mucch± pakkhandik± s³l± vis³cik± kuµµha½ gaŗ¹o kil±so soso apam±ro daddu kaŗ¹u kacchu rakhas± vitacchik± lohitapitta½ madhumeho a½s± pi¼ak± bhagandal± pittasamuµµh±n± ±b±dh± semhasamuµµh±n± ±b±dh± v±tasamuµµh±n± ±b±dh± sannip±tik± ±b±dh± utupariŗ±maj± ±b±dh± visamaparih±raj± ±b±dh± opakkamik± ±b±dh± kammavip±kaj± ±b±dh± s²ta½ uŗha½ jighacch± pip±s± ucc±ro pass±vo ¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassa½ dukkha½, m±tumaraŗa½ dukkha½ pitumaraŗa½ dukkha½, bh±tumaraŗa½ dukkha½, bhaginimaraŗa½ dukkha½, puttamaraŗa½ dukkha½, dh²tumaraŗa½ dukkha½, ń±tibyasana½ dukkha½, rogabyasana½ dukkha½, bhogabyasana½ dukkha½, s²labyasana½ dukkha½, diµµhibyasana½ dukkha½; yesa½ dhamm±na½ ±dito samud±gamana½ pańń±yati, atthaŖgamato nirodho pańń±yati, kammasannissito vip±ko, vip±kasannissita½ kamma½, n±masannissita½ r³pa½, r³pasannissita½ n±ma½, j±tiy± anugata½, jar±ya anusaµa½, by±dhin± abhibh³ta½, maraŗena abbh±hata½, dukkhe patiµµhita½, at±ŗa½ aleŗa½ asaraŗa½ asaraŗ²bh³ta½– ime vuccanti dukkh±. Ime dukkh± kuto samud±gat± kuto j±t± kuto sańj±t± kuto nibbatt± kuto abhinibbatt± kuto p±tubh³t± ki½nid±n± ki½samuday± ki½j±tik± ki½pabhav±ti, imesa½ dukkh±na½ m³la½ pucchati hetu½ pucchati nid±na½ pucchati sambhava½ pucchati pabhava½ pucchati samuµµh±na½ pucchati ±h±ra½ pucchati ±rammaŗa½ pucchati paccaya½ pucchati samudaya½ pucchati papucchati y±cati ajjhesati pas±det²ti– kuto nu dukkh± samud±gat± ime.