4. Mettag³m±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan±

18. Catutthe mettag³sutte– maññ±mi ta½ vedag³ bh±vitattanti “aya½ vedag³”ti ca “bh±vitatto”ti ca eva½ ta½ maññ±mi.
Aparittoti na appo. Mahantoti na khuddako. Gambh²roti na utt±no. Appameyyoti minitu½ na sakkuºeyyo. Duppariyog±¼hoti avag±hitu½ otaritu½ dukkho. Bahuratano s±gar³pamoti bah³na½ dhammaratan±na½ ±karatt± anekavidharatanasampanno mah±samuddo viya bahuratano s±garasadiso.
Na maªku hot²ti na vikuºitamukho hoti. Appatiµµhitacittoti dosavasena na ghan²bh³tacitto. Al²namanasoti na saªkucitacitto. Aby±pannacetasoti na p³ticitto.
Diµµhe diµµhamattoti cakkhuvisaye r³p±rammaºe diµµhamattoyeva ta½ ±rammaºa½ bhavissati, katt± v± k±ret± v± natthi. Ya½ cakkhun± diµµha½ vaºº±yatanameva. Sut±d²supi eseva nayo. Api ca diµµheti dassanayogena vaºº±yatana½, savanayogena sadd±yatana½, mutayogena gh±najivh±k±y±yatan±ni dasseti. Gh±nassa gandh±yatana½, jivh±ya ras±yatana½, k±yassa pathav² tejo v±y³ti phoµµhabb±yatana½, viññ±tayogena dhamm±yatana½ dasseti. Diµµhe an³payoti cakkhuviññ±ºena diµµhe r±g³payavirahito. Anap±yoti kodhavirahito appaµigho Anissitoti taºh±ya anall²no. Appaµibaddhoti m±nena na baddho. Vippamuttoti sabb±rammaºato mutto. Visaññuttoti kilesehi viyutto hutv± µhito.
Sa½vijjati bhagavato cakkh³ti buddhassa bhagavato pakatima½sacakkhu upalabbhati. Passat²ti dakkhati oloketi. Cakkhun± r³panti cakkhuviññ±ºena r³p±rammaºa½. Chandar±goti taºh±chando.
Danta½ nayanti samitinti uyy±nak²¼±maº¹al±d²su hi mah±janamajjha½ gacchant± dantameva goºa½ v± danta½ ass±j±n²ya½ v± y±ne yojetv± nayanti. R±j±ti tath±r³p±neva µh±n±ni gacchanto r±j±pi dantameva abhiruhati. Manusses³ti manussesupi cat³hi ariyamaggehi danto nibbisevanova seµµho. Yotiv±kyanti evar³pa½ atikkammavacana½ punappuna½ vuccam±nampi titikkhati nappatippharati na vihaññati, evar³po danto seµµhoti attho.
Assatar±ti va¼av±ya gadrabhena j±t±. ¾j±n²y±ti ya½ assadammas±rathi k±raºa½ k±reti, tassa khippa½ j±nanasamatth±. Sindhav±ti sindhavaraµµhe j±t± ass±. Mah±n±g±ti kuñjarasaªkh±t± mah±hatthino. Attadantoti ete assatar± v± sindhav± v± kuñjar± v± dant±va, na adant±. Yo pana catumaggasaªkh±tena attano dantat±ya attadanto nibbisevano, aya½ tatopi vara½, sabbehipi etehi uttaritaroti attho.
Na hi etehi y±neh²ti y±ni et±ni hatthiy±n±d²ni uttamay±n±ni, etehi y±nehi koci puggalo supinantenapi agatapubbatt± “agatan”ti saªkh±ta½ nibb±nadisa½ tath± na gaccheyya. Yath± pubbabh±ge indriyadamena dantena, aparabh±ge ariyamaggabh±van±ya sudantena danto nibbisevano sappañño puggalo ta½ agatapubba½ disa½ gacchati, dantabh³mi½ p±puº±ti, tasm± attadamanameva varataranti attho (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.322; mah±ni. aµµha. 90).
Vidh±su na vikampant²ti navavidham±nakoµµh±sesu na calanti na vedhenti. Vippamutt± punabbhav±ti kammakilesato samucchedavimuttiy± suµµhu mutt±. Dantabh³mi½ anuppatt±ti arahattaphala½ p±puºitv± µhit±. Te loke vijit±vinoti te vuttappak±r± kh²º±sav± sattaloke vijitavijay± n±ma (sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.3.76; mah±ni. aµµha. 90).
Yassindriy±ni bh±vit±n²ti yassa kh²º±savassa saddh±dipañcindriy±ni arahattaphala½ p±petv± va¹¹hit±ni. Ajjhattañca bahiddh± c±ti cakkh±di-ajjhatt±yatan±ni ca r³p±dibahiddh±yatan±ni ca nibbisevan±ni kat±ni. Sabbaloketi sakalatedh±tuke loke ca. Nibbijjha ima½ parañca lokanti imañca attabh±va½ paraloke ca attabh±va½ atikkamitv± µhito kh²º±savo K±la½ kaªkhati bh±vito sa dantoti so kh²º±savo cakkh±dito danto va¹¹hitacitto maraºak±la½ pattheti (su. ni. aµµha. 2.522; mah±ni. aµµha. 90).
Yesa½ dhamm±na½ ±dito samud±gamana½ paññ±yat²ti yesa½ khandh±didhamm±na½ uppatti paññ±yati. Atthaªgamato nirodhoti atthaªgamanavasena tesa½yeva abh±vo paññ±yati. Kammasannissito vip±koti kusal±kusalakammanissito vip±ko kamma½ amuñcitv± pavattanato vip±kopi kammasannissitova n±ma. N±masannissita½ r³panti sabbar³pa½ n±ma½ gahetv± pavattanato n±masannissita½ n±ma j±ta½. J±tiy± anugatanti sabba½ kamm±dika½ j±tiy± anupaviµµha½. Jar±ya anusaµanti jar±ya patthaµa½. By±dhin± abhibh³tanti by±dhidukkhena abhimaddita½. Maraºena abbh±hatanti maccun± abhihaµa½ pahaµa½. At±ºanti putt±d²hipi t±yanassa abh±vato at±yana½ an±rakkha½ alabbhaºeyya½ khema½ v±. Aleºanti all²yitu½ nissayitu½ anaraha½, all²n±nampi na leºakiccakaraºa½. Asaraºanti nissit±na½ na bhayah±raka½, na bhayavin±saka½. Asaraº²bh³tanti pure uppattiy± attano abh±veneva asaraºa½, uppattisamak±lameva asaraºabh³tanti attho.
19. Apucchas²ti ettha a-iti padap³raºamatte nip±to, pucchasitveva attho. Pavakkh±mi yath± paj±nanti yath± paj±nanto ±cikkhati, eva½ ±cikkhiss±mi. Upadhinid±n± pabhavanti dukkh±ti taºh±di-upadhinid±n± j±ti-±didukkhavises± pabhavanti.
Taºh³padh²ti taºh± eva taºh³padhi. Sassatucchedadiµµhi eva diµµh³padhi. R±g±dikiles± eva kiles³padhi. Puññ±dikamm±ni eva kamm³padhi. Tividhaduccarit±niyeva duccarit³padhi. Kaba¼²k±r±dayo ±h±r± eva ±h±r³padhi. Dosapaµigho eva paµigh³padhi. Kammasamuµµh±n± kammeneva gahit± pathav±dayo catasso dh±tuyova catasso up±dinnadh±tuyo upadh². Cakkh±dicha-ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni eva cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni upadh². Cakkhuviññ±º±dichaviññ±ºak±y±va cha viññ±ºak±y± upadh². Sabbampi dukkha½ dukkhamanaµµhen±ti sabbatebh³maka½ dukkha½ dussahanaµµhena upadhi.
20. Eva½ upadhinid±nato pabhavantesu dukkhesu– yo ve avidv±ti g±th±. Tattha paj±nanti saªkh±re anicc±divasena j±nanto. Dukkhassa j±tippabhav±nupass²ti vaµµadukkhassa j±tik±raºa½ “upadh²”ti anupassanto. Imiss± g±th±ya niddese vattabba½ natthi.
21. Sokapariddavañc±ti sokañca paridevañca. Tath± hi te vidito esa dhammoti yath± yath± satt± j±nanti, tath± tath± ñ±panavasena vidito esa tay± dhammoti.
Tattha tarant²ti paµhamamaggena diµµhogha½ taranti. Uttarant²ti dutiyamaggena k±mogha½ tanukaraºavasena uggantv± taranti. Patarant²ti tameva niravasesappah±navasena tatiyamaggena visesena taranti. Samatikkamant²ti bhavogha-avijjoghappah±navasena catutthamaggena samm± atikkamanti. V²tivattant²ti phala½ p±puºitv± tiµµhanti.
22. Kittayiss±mi te dhammanti nibb±nadhamma½ nibb±nag±minipaµipad±dhammañca te desayiss±mi. Diµµhe dhammeti diµµheva dukkh±didhamme, imasmi½yeva v± attabh±ve. An²tihanti attapaccakkha½. Ya½ viditv±ti ya½ dhamma½ “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 277; therag±. 676; kath±. 753) nayena sammasanto viditv±.
Tattha ±dikaly±ºanti hitv±pi anuttara½ vivekasukha½ dhamma½ tava kittayiss±mi, tañca kho appa½ v± bahu½ v± kittayanto ±dikaly±º±dippak±rameva kittayiss±mi. ¾dimhi kaly±ºa½ bhaddaka½ anavajjameva katv± kittayiss±mi Majjhepi. Pariyos±nepi bhaddaka½ anavajjameva katv± kittayiss±m²ti vutta½ hoti. Yasmiñhi bhagav± ekag±thampi desesi, s± samantabhaddakatt± dhammassa paµhamap±dena ±dikaly±º±, dutiyatatiyap±dehi majjhekaly±º±, pacchimap±dena pariyos±nakaly±º±. Ek±nusandhika½ sutta½ nid±nena ±dikaly±ºa½, nigamanena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesena majjhekaly±ºa½. N±n±nusandhika½ sutta½ paµham±nusandhin± ±dikaly±ºa½, pacchimena pariyos±nakaly±ºa½, sesehi majjhekaly±ºa½.
Api ca sanid±na-uppattitt± ±dikaly±ºa½, veneyy±na½ anur³pato atthassa avipar²tat±ya ca hetud±haraºayuttato ca majjhekaly±ºa½, sot³na½ saddh±paµil±bhajananena nigamanena ca pariyos±nakaly±ºa½.
Sakalo hi s±sanadhammo attano atthabh³tena s²lena ±dikaly±ºo, samathavipassan±maggaphalehi majjhekaly±ºo, nibb±nena pariyos±nakaly±ºo. S²lasam±dh²hi v± ±dikaly±ºo, vipassan±maggehi majjhekaly±ºo, phalanibb±nehi pariyos±nakaly±ºo. Buddhasubodhit±ya v± ±dikaly±ºo, dhammasudhammat±ya majjhekaly±ºo, saªghasuppaµipattiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo Ta½ sutv± tathatt±ya paµipannena adhigantabb±ya abhisambodhiy± v± ±dikaly±ºo, paccekabodhiy± majjhekaly±ºo, s±vakabodhiy± pariyos±nakaly±ºo.
Suyyam±no cesa n²varaºavikkhambhanato bhavanenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti ±dikaly±ºo, paµipajjiyam±no samathavipassan±sukh±vahanato paµipattiy±pi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti majjhekaly±ºo, tath±paµipanno (p±r±. aµµha. 1.1) ca paµipattiphale niµµhite t±dibh±v±vahanato paµipattiphalenapi kaly±ºameva ±vahat²ti pariyos±nakaly±ºoti.
Ya½ panesa bhagav± dhamma½ desento s±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca pak±seti, n±n±nayehi d²peti. Ta½ yath±nur³pa½ atthasampattiy± s±ttha½. Byañjanasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Saªk±sanapak±sanavivaraºavibhajana-utt±n²karaºapaññatti-atthapadasam±yogato s±ttha½. Akkharapadabyañjan±k±raniruttiniddesasampattiy± sabyañjana½. Atthagambh²rat±paµivedhagambh²rat±hi s±ttha½ Dhammagambh²rat±desan±gambh²rat±hi sabyañjana½. Atthapaµibh±napaµisambhid±visayato s±ttha½. Dhammaniruttipaµisambhid±visayato sabyañjana½. Paº¹itavedan²yato sarikkhakajanappas±dakanti s±ttha½. Saddheyyato lokiyajanappas±dakanti sabyañjana½. Gambh²r±dhipp±yato s±ttha½. Utt±napadato sabyañjana½. Upanetabbassa abh±vato sakalaparipuººabh±vena kevalaparipuººa½. Apanetabbassa abh±vato niddosabh±vena parisuddha½.
Api ca– paµipattiy± adhigamabyattito s±ttha½. Pariyattiy± ±gamabyattito sabyañjana½. S²l±dipañcadhammakkhandhayuttato kevalaparipuººa½. Nirupakkilesato nittharaºatth±ya pavattito lok±misanirapekkhato ca parisuddha½. Sikkhattayapariggahitatt± brahmabh³tehi seµµhehi caritabbato, tesañca cariyabh±vato brahmacariya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.1).
Eva½ pariyattidhamma½ dassetv± id±ni lokuttaradhamma½ dassetu½ “catt±ro satipaµµh±ne”ti ±ha. Sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamme dassetv± nibbattitalokuttara½ dassetu½ “nibb±nañc±”ti ±ha. Nibb±nag±miniñca paµipadanti pubbabh±gas²lasam±dhivipassan±dhammañca kittayiss±mi.
Dukkhe diµµheti dukkhasacce sarasalakkhaºena diµµhe dukkhasacca½ pak±sess±mi. Samuday±d²supi eseva nayo.
23. Tañc±ha½ abhinand±m²ti ta½ vuttappak±radhammajotaka½ tava vacana½ aha½ patthay±mi. Dhammamuttamanti tañca dhammamuttama½ abhinand±mi.
Tattha mahato tamok±yassa pad±lananti mahato avijj±r±sissa chedana½. Aniccalakkhaºavasena es². Dukkhalakkhaºavasena gaves². Anattalakkhaºavasena samantato pariyes². Mahato vipall±sassa pabhedananti mahantassa asubhe subhanti-±didv±dasavidhassa vipall±sassa bhedana½. Mahato taºh±sallassa abbahananti mahantassa antotudanaµµhena taºh±kaºµakassa luñcana½. Diµµhisaªgh±µassa viniveµhananti diµµhiyeva abbocchinnappavattito saªghaµitaµµhena saªgh±µo, tassa diµµhisaªgh±µassa nivattana½. M±nadhajassa p±tananti ussitaµµhena unnatilakkhaºassa m±naddhajassa p±tana½. Abhisaªkh±rassa v³pasamanti puññ±di-abhisaªkh±rassa upasamana½. Oghassa nittharaºanti vaµµe os²d±panassa k±mogh±di-oghassa nittharaºa½ nikkhamana½. Bh±rassa nikkhepananti r³p±dipañcakkhandhabh±rassa khipana½ cha¹¹ana½. Sa½s±ravaµµassa upacchedanti khandh±dipaµip±µisa½s±ravaµµassa hetunassanena ucchijjana½. Sant±passa nibb±pananti kilesasant±passa nibbuti½. Pari¼±hassa paµipassaddhanti kilesapari¼±hassa v³pasama½ paµipassambhana½. Dhammadhajassa uss±pananti navavidhalokuttaradhammassa uss±petv± µhapana½. Paramattha½ amata½ nibb±nanti uttamaµµhena paramattha½. Natthi etassa maraºasaªkh±ta½ matanti amata½. Kilesavisapaµipakkhatt± agadantipi amata½. Sa½s±radukkhapaµipakkhabh³tatt± nibbutanti nibb±na½. Natthettha taºh±saªkh±ta½ v±nantipi nibb±na½.
Mahesakkhehi satteh²ti mah±nubh±vehi sakk±d²hi sattehi. Pariyesitoti pariyiµµho. Kaha½ devadevoti dev±na½ atidevo kuhi½. Kaha½ nar±sabhoti uttamapuriso.
24. Uddha½ adho tiriyañc±pi majjheti ettha uddhanti an±gataddh± vuccati. Adhoti at²taddh±. Tiriyañc±pi majjheti paccuppannaddh±. Etesu nandiñca nivesanañca, panujja viññ±ºanti etesu uddh±d²su taºhañca diµµhinivesanañca abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºañca panudehi. Panuditv± ca bhave na tiµµheti eva½ sante duvidhepi bhave na tiµµheyya. Eva½ t±va panujjasaddassa panudeh²ti imasmi½ atthavikappe sambandho. Panuditv±ti etasmi½ pana atthavikappe bhave na tiµµheti ayameva sambandho. Et±ni nand²nivesanaviññ±º±ni panuditv± duvidhepi bhave na tiµµheyy±ti.
Sahok±savasena devaloko uddha½. Ap±yaloko adho. Manussaloko majjhe. Tattha kusal± dhamm±ti ap±ya½ muñcitv± upari paµisandhid±nato kusal± dhamm± uddhanti vuccanti. Akusal± dhamm± ap±yesu paµisandhid±nato adhoti. Tadubhayavimuttatt± aby±kat± dhamm± tiriyañc±pi majjheti vuccanti. Sabboparivasena ar³padh±tu uddha½. Sabba-adhovasena k±madh±tu adho. Tadubhayantaravasena r³padh±tu majjhe. K±yacitt±b±dhakhananavasena sukh± vedan± uddha½ Dukkhamanavasena dukkh± vedan± adho. Adukkhamasukh± vedan± majjhe. Attabh±vavasena pariccheda½ dassento “uddhanti uddha½ p±datal±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha uddha½ p±datal±ti p±datalato upari. Adho kesamatthak±ti kesamatthakato adho. Majjheti dvinna½ antara½.
Puññ±bhisaªkh±rasahagata½ viññ±ºanti terasavidhapuññ±bhisaªkh±rasampayutta½ kammaviññ±ºa½. Apuññ±bhisaªkh±rasahagata½ viññ±ºanti dv±dasavidha-apuññ±bhisaªkh±rasampayutta½ kammaviññ±ºa½. ¾neñj±bhisaªkh±rasahagata½ viññ±ºanti catubbidha½ ±neñj±bhisaªkh±rasahagata½ kammaviññ±ºa½. Nujj±ti khipa. Panujj±ti at²va khipa. Nud±ti luñca. Panud±ti at²va luñca. Pajah±ti cha¹¹ehi. Vinodeh²ti d³ra½ karohi.
Kammabhavañc±ti puññ±bhisaªkh±racetan±va. Paµisandhikañca punabbhavanti paµisandhiy± r³p±dipunabbhavañca. Pajahanto paµhamamaggena, vinodento dutiyamaggena, byant² karonto tatiyamaggena, anabh±va½ gamento catutthamaggena. Kammabhave na tiµµheyy±ti puññ±di-abhisaªkh±re na tiµµheyya.
25. Et±ni vinodetv± bhave atiµµhanto eso– eva½ vih±r²ti g±th±. Tattha idhev±ti imasmi½yeva s±sane, imasmi½yeva v± attabh±ve. Imiss± g±th±ya niddeso utt±natthova.
26. Sukittita½ gotaman³padh²kanti ettha an³padh²kanti nibb±na½, ta½ sandh±ya bhagavanta½ ±lapanto ±ha– “sukittita½ gotaman³padh²kan”ti.
Niddese kiles± c±ti upat±panaµµhena r±g±dayo kiles± ca r±saµµhena vip±kabh³t± pañcakkhandh± ca kusal±di-abhisaªkh±r± cetan± ca “upadh²”ti vuccanti kath²yanti. Upadhippah±na½ tadaªgappah±nena, upadhiv³pasama½ vikkhambhanappah±nena, upadhipaµinissagga½ samucchedappah±nena upadhipaµipassaddha½ phalen±ti.
27. Na kevala½ dukkhameva pah±si– te c±p²ti g±th±. Tattha aµµhitanti sakkacca½, sad± v±. Ta½ ta½ namass±m²ti tasm± ta½ namass±mi. Samecc±ti upagantv±. N±g±ti bhagavanta½ ±lapanto ±ha.
Niddese samecc±ti j±nitv±, ekato hutv± v±. Abhisamecc±ti paµivijjhitv±. Sam±gantv±ti sammukh± hutv±. Abhisam±gantv±ti sam²pa½ gantv±. Sammukh±ti sammukhe. ¾gu½ na karot²ti p±pa½ na karoti.
28. Id±ni na½ bhagav± “addh± hi bhagav± pah±si dukkhan”ti eva½ tena br±hmaºena viditopi att±na½ anupanetv±va pah²nadukkhena puggalena ovadanto “ya½ br±hmaºan”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– ya½ ta½ abhij±nanto “aya½ b±hitap±patt± br±hmaºo, vedehi gatatt± vedag³, kiñcan±bh±v± akiñcano, k±mesu ca bhavesu ca asattatt± k±mabhave asatto”ti jaññ± j±neyy±si. Addh± hi so oghamima½ at±ri, tiººo ca p±ra½ akhilo akaªkho.
Niddese r±gakiñcananti r±gapalibodha½. Dosakiñcananti-±dipi eseva nayo. K±mogha½ tiººo an±g±mimaggena. Bhavogha½ tiººo arahattamaggena. Diµµhogha½ tiººo sot±pattimaggena. Avijjogha½ tiººo arahattamaggena. Sa½s±rapatha½ tiººo kusal±kusalakammappabheden±ti. Uttiººo paµhamamaggena. Nittiººo dutiyamaggena. Atikkanto tatiyamaggena. Samatikkanto catutthamaggena.V²tivatto phalena.
29. Kiñca bhiyyo– vidv± ca yoti g±th±. Tattha idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane, attabh±ve v±. Visajj±ti vosajjitv±.
Niddese sajjanti muñcana½. Visajjanti vosajjana½. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva. Eva½ bhagav± idampi sutta½ arahattanik³µeneva desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne ca vuttasadiso eva dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya c³¼aniddesa-aµµhakath±ya

Mettag³m±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.