4. Catutthavaggavaŗŗan±

151. Catutthavaggassa paµhame rases³ti ambilamadhuratittakakaµukaloŗikakh±rikakas±v±dibhedesu s±yan²yesu. Gedha½ akaranti giddhi½ akaronto, taŗha½ anupp±dentoti vutta½ hoti. Aloloti “ida½ s±yiss±mi, ida½ s±yiss±m²”ti eva½ rasavisesesu an±kulo. Anańńapos²ti posetabbakasaddhivih±rik±divirahito, k±yasandh±raŗamattena santuµµhoti vutta½ hoti. Yath± v± pubbe uyy±ne rasesu gedhakaraŗalolo hutv± ańńapos² ±si½, eva½ ahutv± y±ya taŗh±ya lolo hutv± rasesu gedha½ karoti, ta½ taŗha½ hitv± ±yati½ taŗh±m³lakassa ańńassa attabh±vassa anibbattanena anańńapos²ti dasseti. Atha v± atthabhańjanakaµµhena kiles± “ańńe”ti vuccanti, tesa½ aposanena anańńapos²ti ayamettha attho. Sapad±nac±r²ti avokkammac±r² anupubbac±r², gharapaµip±µi½ acha¹¹etv± a¹¹hakulańca daliddakulańca nirantara½ piŗ¹±ya pavisam±noti attho. Kule kule appaµibaddhacittoti khattiyakul±d²su yattha katthaci kilesavasena alaggacitto, cand³pamo niccanavako hutv±ti attho. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.65; apa. aµµha. 1.1.121).

Paµhama½.

152. Dutiye ±varaŗ±n²ti n²varaŗ±neva, t±ni atthato uragasutte (su. ni. 1 ±dayo) vutt±ni. T±ni pana yasm± abbh±dayo viya canda½ s³riya½ v± ceto ±varanti, tasm± “±varaŗ±ni cetaso”ti vutt±ni. T±ni upac±rena v± appan±ya v± pah±ya. Upakkileseti upagamma citta½ vib±dhente akusale dhamme, vatthopam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.70 ±dayo) vutte abhijjh±dayo v±. Byapanujj±ti panuditv± vin±setv±, vipassan±maggena pajahitv±ti attho Sabbeti anavasese. Eva½ samathavipassan±sampanno paµhamamaggena diµµhinissayassa pah²natt± anissito. Sesamaggehi chetv± tedh±tukagata½ sinehadosa½, taŗh±r±ganti vutta½ hoti. Sineho eva hi guŗapaµipakkhato sinehadosoti vutto. Sesa½ vuttanayameva (su. ni. aµµha. 1.66).

Dutiya½.

153. Tatiye vipiµµhikatv±n±ti piµµhito katv±, cha¹¹etv± jahitv±ti attho. Sukha½ dukhańc±ti k±yika½ s±t±s±ta½. Somanassadomanassanti cetasika½ s±t±s±ta½. Upekkhanti catutthajjh±nupekkha½. Samathanti catutthajjh±nasamathameva. Visuddhanti pańcan²varaŗavitakkavic±rap²tisukhasaŖkh±tehi navahi paccan²kadhammehi vimuttatt± atisuddha½, niddhantasuvaŗŗamiva vigat³pakkilesanti attho.
Aya½ pana yojan±– vipiµµhikatv±na sukha½ dukkhańca pubbeva, paµhamajjh±n³pac±rabh³miya½yeva dukkha½, tatiyajjh±n³pac±rabh³miyańca sukhanti adhipp±yo. Puna ±dito vutta½ ca-k±ra½ parato netv± “somanassa½ domanassańca vipiµµhikatv±na pubbev±”ti adhik±ro. Tena somanassa½ catutthajjh±n³pac±re, domanassańca dutiyajjh±n³pac±reyev±ti d²peti. Et±ni hi etesa½ pariy±yato pah±naµµh±n±ni. Nippariy±yato pana dukkhassa paµhamajjh±na½, domanassassa dutiyajjh±na½, sukhassa tatiyajjh±na½, somanassassa catutthajjh±na½ pah±naµµh±na½. Yath±ha– “paµhamajjh±na½ upasampajja viharati etthuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.510). Ta½ sabba½ heµµh± vuttanayena gahetabba½. Parato pubbev±ti t²su paµhamajjh±nad²su dukkhadomanassasukh±ni vipiµµhikatv± ettheva ca catutthajjh±ne somanassa½ vipiµµhikatv± im±ya paµipad±ya laddh±nupekkha½ samatha½ visuddha½ eko care iti. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.67; apa. aµµha. 1.1.123).

Tatiya½.

154. Catutthe ±raddha½ v²riya½ ass±ti ±raddhaviriyo. Etena attano v²riy±rambha½ ±div²riya½ dasseti. Paramattho vuccati nibb±na½, tattha pattiy± paramatthapattiy±. Etena v²riy±rambhena pattabbaphala½ dasseti. Al²nacittoti etena v²riyupatthambh±na½ cittacetasik±na½ al²nata½ dasseti. Akus²tavutt²ti etena µh±n±sanacaŖkam±d²su k±yassa anavas²dana½. Da¼hanikkamoti etena “k±ma½ taco ca nh±ru c±”ti (ma. ni. 1.184; sa½. ni. 2.22; a. ni. 2.5; mah±ni. 196) eva½ pavatta½ padahanav²riya½ dasseti. Ya½ ta½ anupubbasikkh±d²su padahanto “k±yena ceva paramatthasacca½ sacchikaroti, pańń±ya ca na½ ativijjha passat²”ti vuccati. Atha v± etena maggasampayuttav²riya½ dasseti. Tańhi da¼hańca bh±van±p±rip³rigatatt±, nikkamo ca sabbaso paµipakkh± nikkhantatt±, tasm± ta½samaŖg²puggalopi da¼ho nikkamo ass±ti “da¼hanikkamo”ti vuccati. Th±mabal³papannoti maggakkhaŗe k±yath±mena ń±ŗabalena ca upapanno. Atha v± th±mabh³tena balena upapannoti th±mabal³papanno, thirań±ŗabal³papannoti vutta½ hoti. Etena tassa v²riyassa vipassan±ń±ŗasampayoga½ d²pento yoniso padahanabh±va½ s±dheti. Pubbabh±gamajjhima-ukkaµµhav²riyavasena v± tayopi p±d± yojetabb±. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.68).

Catuttha½.

155. Pańcame paµisall±nanti tehi tehi sattasaŖkh±rehi paµinivattitv± sall²na½, ekattasevit± ek²bh±vo k±yavivekoti attho. Jh±nanti paccan²kajh±panato ±rammaŗalakkhaŗ³panijjh±nato ca cittaviveko vuccati. Tattha aµµha sam±pattiyo n²varaŗ±dipaccan²kajh±panato kasiŗ±di-±rammaŗ³panijjh±nato ca “jh±nan”ti vuccati. Vipassan±maggaphal±ni sattasańń±dipaccan²kajh±panato lakkhaŗ³panijjh±nato ca “jh±nan”ti vuccati. Idha pana ±rammaŗ³panijjh±nameva adhippeta½ Evameta½ paµisall±nańca jh±nańca arińcam±noti ajaham±no anissajjam±no. Dhammes³ti vipassanupagesu pańcakkhandh±didhammesu. Niccanti satata½ samita½ abbokiŗŗa½. Anudhammac±r²ti te dhamme ±rabbha pavattam±nena anugata½ vipassan±dhamma½ caram±no. Atha v± dhammes³ti ettha dhamm±ti nava lokuttaradhamm±, tesa½ dhamm±na½ anulomo dhammoti anudhammo, vipassan±yeta½ adhivacana½. Tattha “dhamm±na½ nicca½ anudhammac±r²”ti vattabbe g±th±bandhasukhattha½ vibhattibyattayena “dhammes³”ti vutta½ siy±. ¾d²nava½ sammasit± bhaves³ti t±ya anudhammac±rit±saŖkh±t±ya vipassan±ya anicc±k±r±didosa½ t²su bhavesu samanupassanto eva½ im±ya k±yavivekacittaviveka½ arińcam±no sikh±ppattavipassan±saŖkh±t±ya paµipad±ya adhigatoti vattabbo eko careti eva½ yojan± veditabb± (su. ni. aµµha. 1.69; apa. aµµha. 1.1.125).

Pańcama½.

156. Chaµµhe taŗhakkhayanti nibb±na½, eva½ diµµh±d²nav±ya taŗh±ya eva appavatti½. Appamattoti s±taccak±r². Ane¼am³goti al±l±mukho. Atha v± ane¼o ca am³go ca, paŗ¹ito byattoti vutta½ hoti. Hitasukhasamp±paka½ sutamassa atth²ti sutav±, ±gamasampannoti vutta½ hoti. Sat²m±ti cirakat±d²na½ anussarit±. SaŖkh±tadhammoti dhamm³paparikkh±ya parińń±tadhammo. Niyatoti ariyamaggena niy±ma½ patto. Padh±nav±ti sammappadh±nav²riyasampanno. Uppaµip±µiy± esa p±µho yojetabbo. Evametehi appam±d±d²hi samann±gato niy±masamp±pakena padh±nena padh±nav±, tena padh±nena pattaniy±matt± niyato, tato arahattappattiy± saŖkh±tadhammo. Arah± hi puna saŖkh±tabb±bh±vato “saŖkh±tadhammo”ti vuccati. Yath±ha– “ye ca saŖkh±tadhamm±se, ye ca sekkh± puth³ idh±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.31; su. ni. 1044; c³¼ani. ajitam±ŗavapucch± 63, ajitam±ŗavapucch±niddesa 7; netti. 14; peµako. 45). Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.70).

Chaµµha½.

157. Sattame s²hoti catt±ro s²h±– tiŗas²ho, paŗ¹us²ho, k±¼as²ho, kesaras²hoti. Tesa½ kesaras²ho aggamakkh±yati, eso idha adhippeto. V±to puratthim±divasena anekavidho. Paduma½ rattaset±divasena. Tesu yo koci v±to ya½ kińci paduma½ vaµµatiyeva. Tattha yasm± sant±so attasinehena hoti, attasineho ca taŗh±lepo, sopi diµµhisampayuttena v± diµµhivippayuttena v± lobhena hoti, sopi ca taŗh±yeva. Sajjana½ pana tattha upaparikkh±virahitassa mohena hoti, moho ca avijj±. Tattha samathena taŗh±ya pah±na½ hoti, vipassan±ya avijj±ya. Tasm± samathena attasineha½ pah±ya s²ho viya saddesu aniccadukkh±d²suasantasanto, vipassan±ya moha½ pah±ya v±tova j±lamhi khandh±yatan±d²su asajjam±no, samatheneva lobha½, lobhasampayutta½ eva diµµhińca pah±ya, paduma½va toyena sabbabhavabhogalobhena alippam±no.
Ettha ca samathassa s²la½ padaµµh±na½, samatho sam±dhi, vipassan± pańń±ti eva½ tesu dv²su dhammesu siddhesu tayopi khandh± siddh± honti. Tattha s²lakkhandhena surato hoti, so s²hova saddhesu ±gh±tavatth³su akujjhituk±mat±ya na santasati, pańń±kkhandhena paµividdhasabh±vo v±tova j±lamhi khandh±didhammabhede na sajjati, sam±dhikkhandhena v²tar±go paduma½va toyena r±gena na lippati. Eva½ samathavipassan±hi s²lasam±dhipańń±kkhandhehi ca yath±sambhava½ avijj±taŗh±na½, tiŗŗańca akusalam³l±na½ pah±navasena asantasanto asajjam±no alippam±no ca veditabbo. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.71; apa. aµµha. 1.1.127).

Sattama½.

158. Aµµhame sahan± ca hanan± ca s²ghajavatt± ca s²ho. Kesaras²hova idha adhippeto. D±µh± balamassa atth²ti d±µhabal². Pasayha abhibhuyy±ti ubhaya½ c±r²saddena saha yojetabba½ pasayhac±r² abhibhuyyac±r²ti. Tattha pasayha niggayha pav±hetv± caraŗena pasayhac±r² Abhibhavitv± sant±setv± vas²katv± caraŗena abhibhuyhac±r². Sv±ya½ k±yabalena pasayhac±r², tejas± abhibhuyyac±r². Tattha sace koci vadeyya “ki½ pasayha abhibhuyyac±r²”ti. Tato mig±nanti s±mivacana½ upayogatthe katv± “mige pasayha abhibhuyyac±r²”ti paµivattabba½. Pant±n²ti d³r±ni. Sen±san±n²ti vasanaµµh±n±ni. Sesa½ pubbe vuttanayeneva sakk± j±nitunti na vitth±rita½ (su. ni. aµµha. 1.72).

Aµµhama½.

159. Navame “sabbe satt± sukhit± bhavant³”ti-±din± nayena hitasukh³panayanak±mat± mett±. “Aho vata imamh± dukkh± vimucceyyun”ti-±din± nayena ahitadukkh±panayanak±mat± karuŗ±. “Modanti vata bhonto satt±, modanti s±dhu suµµh³”ti-±din± nayena hitasukh±vippayogak±mat± mudit±. “Pańń±yissanti sakena kammen±”ti sukhadukkhesu ajjhupekkhanat± upekkh±. G±th±bandhasukhattha½ pana uppaµip±µiy± metta½ vatv± upekkh± vutt±, mudit± ca pacch±. Vimuttinti catassopi hi vimutt². Et± attano paccan²kadhammehi vimuttatt± vimuttiyo. Tena vutta½– “metta½ upekkha½ karuŗa½ vimutti½, ±sevam±no muditańca k±le”ti.
Tattha ±sevam±noti tisso tikacatukkajjh±navasena bh±vayam±no, upekkha½ catutthajjh±navasena bh±vayam±no. K±leti metta½ ±sevitv± tato vuµµh±ya karuŗa½, tato vuµµh±ya mudita½, tato itarato v± nipp²tikajjh±nato vuµµh±ya upekkha½ ±sevam±nova “k±le ±sevam±no”ti vuccati, ±sevitu½ ph±suk±le v±. Sabbena lokena avirujjham±noti dasasu dis±su sabbena sattalokena avirujjham±no. Mett±d²nańhi bh±vitatt± satt± appaµikk³l± honti, sattesupi virodhabh³to paµigho v³pasammati. Tena vutta½– “sabbena lokena avirujjham±no”ti. Sesa½ vuttasadisamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.73).

Navama½.

160. Dasame sa½yojan±n²ti dasa sa½yojan±ni, t±ni ca tena tena maggena sand±layitv±na. Asantasa½ j²vitasaŖkhayamh²ti j²vitasaŖkhayo vuccati cuticittassa paribhedo, tasmińca j²vitasaŖkhaye j²vitanikantiy± pah²natt± asantasanti. Ett±vat± sa-up±disesanibb±nadh±tu½ attano dassetv± g±th±pariyos±ne anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±y²ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.74).

Dasama½.

161. Ek±dasame bhajant²ti sar²rena all²yitv± payirup±santi. Sevant²ti ańjalikamm±d²hi ki½k±rapaµiss±vit±ya ca paricaranti. K±raŗa½ attho etesanti k±raŗatth±, bhajan±ya sevan±ya ca n±ńńa½ k±raŗamatthi, attho eva tesa½ k±raŗa½, atthahetu sevant²ti vutta½ hoti. Nikk±raŗ± dullabh± ajja mitt±ti “ito kińci lacch±m±”ti eva½ attapaµil±bhak±raŗena nikk±raŗ±, kevala½–
“Upak±ro ca yo mitto, sukhe dukkhe ca yo sakh±;
atthakkh±y² ca yo mitto, yo ca mitt±nukampako”ti. (Su. ni. aµµha. 1.75; apa. aµµha. 1.1.131; d². ni. 3.265)–

Eva½ vuttena ariyena mittabh±vena samann±gat± dullabh± ajja mitt±. Attani µhit± etesa½ pańń±, att±na½yeva olokenti, na ańńanti attaµµhapańń±. “Diµµhatthapańń±”ti ayampi kira por±ŗap±µho Sampati diµµheyeva atthe etesa½ pańń±, ±yati½ na pekkhant²ti vutta½ hoti. Asuc²ti asucin± anariyena k±yavac²manokammena samann±gat±ti. Sesa½ pubbe vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Ya½ antarantar± ativitth±rabhayena na vutta½, ta½ sabba½ p±µh±nus±reneva veditabba½ (su. ni. aµµha. 1.75; apa. aµµha. 1.1.131). Ek±dasama½.

Catutthavaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya c³¼aniddesa-aµµhakath±ya

Khaggavis±ŗasuttaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.