3. Tatiyavaggavaŗŗan±

141. Tatiyavaggassa paµhame diµµh²vis³k±n²ti dv±saµµhidiµµhigat±ni. T±ni hi maggasamm±diµµhiy± vis³kaµµhena vijjhanaµµhena vilomaµµhena ca vis³k±ni. Eva½ diµµhiy± vis³k±n²ti diµµhivis³k±ni, diµµhiyo eva v± vis³k±ni diµµhivis³k±ni. Up±tivattoti dassanamaggena atikkanto. Patto niy±manti avinip±tadhammat±ya sambodhipar±yanat±ya ca niyatabh±va½ adhigato, sammattaniy±masaŖkh±ta½ v± paµhamamagganti. Ett±vat± paµhamamaggakiccanipphatti ca tassa paµil±bho ca vutto. Id±ni paµiladdhamaggoti imin± sesamaggapaµil±bha½ dasseti. Uppannań±ŗomh²ti uppannapaccekabodhiń±ŗo amhi. Etena phala½ dasseti. Anańńaneyyoti ańńehi “ida½ sacca½ ida½ saccan”ti nanetabbo. Etena sayambhuta½ d²peti. Patte v± paccekabodhiń±ŗe ańńaneyyat±ya abh±v± saya½vasita½. Samathavipassan±ya v± diµµhivis³k±ni up±tivatto, ±dimaggena patto niy±ma½, sesehi paµiladdhamaggo, phalań±ŗena uppannań±ŗo, ta½ sabba½ attan±va adhigatoti anańńaneyyo. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½ (su. ni. aµµha. 1.54; apa. aµµha. 1.1.111).
Na paraneyyoti na ańńehi netabbo. Na parappattiyoti paccakkhadhammatt± na ańńehi saddah±petabbo. Na parappaccayoti na assa paro paccayo, na parassa saddh±ya vattat²ti na parappaccayo. Na parapaµibaddhag³ti na ańńesa½ paµibaddhań±ŗagamano.

Paµhama½.

142. Dutiye nillolupoti alolupo. Yo hi rasataŗh±bhibh³to hoti, so bhusa½ luppati punappunańca luppati, tena “lolupo”ti vuccati. Tasm± esa ta½ paµikkhipanto ±ha “nillolupo”ti. Nikkuhoti ettha kińc±pi yassa tividhakuhanavatthu natthi, so “nikkuho”ti vuccati, imiss± pana g±th±ya manuńńabhojan±d²su vimhayaman±pajjanato nikkuhoti ayamadhipp±yo. Nippip±soti ettha p±tumicch± pip±s±, tass± abh±vena nippip±so, s±durasalobhena bhottukamyat±virahitoti attho. Nimmakkhoti ettha paraguŗavin±sanalakkhaŗo makkho, tassa abh±vena nimmakkho. Attano gahaµµhak±le s³dassa guŗamakkhan±bh±va½ sandh±ya ±ha. Niddhantakas±vamohoti ettha r±g±dayo tayo k±yaduccarit±d²ni ca t²ŗ²ti cha dhamm± yath±sambhava½ appasannaµµhena sakabh±va½ vijah±petv± parabh±va½ gaŗh±panaµµhena kasaµaµµhena ca “kas±v±”ti veditabb±. Yath±ha–
“Tattha katame tayo kas±v±? R±gakas±vo dosakas±vo mohakas±vo, ime tayo kas±v±. Tattha katame aparepi tayo kas±v±? K±yakas±vo vac²kas±vo manokas±vo”ti (vibha. 924).
Tesu moha½ µhapetv± pańcanna½ kas±v±na½ tesańca sabbesa½ m³labh³tassa mohassa niddhantatt± niddhantakas±vamoho, tiŗŗa½ eva v± k±yavac²manokas±v±na½ mohassa ca niddhantatt± niddhantakas±vamoho. Itaresu nillolupat±d²hi r±gakas±vassa, nimmakkhat±ya dosakas±vassa niddhantabh±vo siddho eva. Nir±sasoti nittaŗho. Sabbaloketi sakalaloke, t²su bhavesu dv±dasasu v± ±yatanesu bhavavibhavataŗh±virahito hutv±ti attho. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½ Atha v± tayopi p±de vatv± eko careti eko caritu½ sakkuŗeyy±ti evampi ettha sambandho k±tabbo (su. ni. aµµha. 1.96).

Dutiya½.

143. Tatiye aya½ saŖkhepattho– yv±ya½ dasavatthuk±ya p±padiµµhiy± samann±gatatt± p±po. Paresampi anattha½ dasset²ti anatthadass². K±yaduccarit±dimhi ca visame niviµµho. Ta½ atthak±mo kulaputto p±pa½ sah±ya½ parivajjayetha, anatthadassi½ visame niviµµha½. Saya½ na seveti attano vasena ta½ na seveyya. Yadi pana paravaso hoti, ki½ sakk± k±tunti vutta½ hoti. Pasutanti pasaµa½, diµµhivasena tattha tattha lagganti attho. Pamattanti k±maguŗesu vossaµµhacitta½, kusalabh±van±rahita½ v±. Ta½ evar³pa½ na seve na bhaje na payirup±se, ańńadatthu eko care khaggavis±ŗakappoti.
Niddese saya½ na seveyy±ti s±ma½ na upasaŖkameyya. S±ma½ na seveyy±ti cittenapi na upasaŖkameyya. Na seveyy±ti na bhajeyya. Na niseveyy±ti sam²pampi na gaccheyya. Na sa½seveyy±ti d³re bhaveyya. Na parisa½seveyy±ti paµikkameyya.

Tatiya½.

144. Catutthe aya½ saŖkhepattho– bahussutanti duvidho bahussuto t²su piµakesu atthato nikhilo pariyattibahussuto ca maggaphalavijj±bhińń±na½ paµividdhatt± paµivedhabahussuto ca. ¾gat±gamo dhammadharo. U¼±rehi pana k±yavac²manokammehi samann±gato u¼±ro. Yuttapaµibh±no ca muttapaµibh±no ca yuttamuttapaµibh±no ca paµibh±nav±. Pariyattiparipucch±dhigamavasena v± tidh± paµibh±nav± veditabbo. Yassa hi pariyatti paµibh±ti, so pariyattipaµibh±nav±. Yassa atthańca ń±yańca lakkhaŗańca µh±n±µµh±nańca paripucchantassa paripucch± paµibh±ti, so paripucch±paµibh±nav±. Yena magg±dayo paµividdh± honti, so adhigamapaµibh±nav±. Ta½ evar³pa½ bahussuta½ dhammadhara½ bhajetha, mitta½ u¼±ra½ paµibh±navanta½. Tato tass±nubh±vena attatthaparattha-ubhayatthabhedato v± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthabhedato v± anekappak±r±ni ańń±ya atth±ni, tato “ahosi½ nu kho aha½ at²tamaddh±nan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20; mah±ni. 174) kaŖkh±µµh±nesu vineyya kaŖkha½ vicikiccha½ vinetv± vin±setv± eva½ katasabbakicco eko care khaggavis±ŗakappoti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.58).

Catuttha½.

145. Pańcame khi¹¹± ca rati ca pubbe vutt±va. K±masukhanti vatthuk±masukha½. Vatthuk±m±pi hi sukhassa visay±dibh±vena sukhanti vuccanti. Yath±ha– “atthi r³pa½ sukha½ sukh±nupatitan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.60). Evameta½ khi¹¹a½ rati½ k±masukhańca imasmi½ ok±saloke analaŖkaritv± alanti akatv± “eta½ tappakan”ti v± “s±rabh³tan”ti v± eva½ aggahetv±. Anapekkham±noti tena analaŖkaraŗena anapekkhanas²lo apih±luko nittaŗho. Vibh³saµµh±n±virato saccav±d² eko careti. Tattha vibh³s± duvidh± ag±rikavibh³s± ca anag±rikavibh³s± ca. Tattha ag±rikavibh³s± s±kaµaveµhanam±l±gandh±di, anag±rikavibh³s± ca pattamaŗ¹an±di. Vibh³s± eva vibh³saµµh±na½, tasm± vibh³saµµh±n± tividh±yapi viratiy± virato. Avitathavacanato saccav±d²ti evamattho daµµhabbo (su. ni. aµµha. 1.59).

Pańcama½.

146. Chaµµhe dhan±n²ti mutt±maŗive¼uriyasaŖkhasil±pav±¼arajataj±tar³p±d²ni ratan±ni. Dhańń±n²ti s±liv²hiyavagodhumakaŖkuvarakakudr³sakappabhed±ni satta ses±paraŗŗ±ni ca. Bandhav±n²ti ń±tibandhu, gottabandhu, mittabandhu, sippabandhuvasena catubbidhabandhave. Yathodhik±n²ti sakasaka-odhivasena µhit±niyeva. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.60).

Chaµµha½.

147. Sattame saŖgo esoti attano upabhoga½ niddisati. So hi sajjanti tattha p±ŗino kaddame paviµµho hatth² viy±ti saŖgo. Parittamettha sokhyanti ettha pańcak±maguŗ³pabhogak±le vipar²tasańń±ya upp±detabbato k±m±vacaradhammapariy±pannato v± l±makaµµhena sokhya½ paritta½, vijjuppabh±ya obh±sitanaccadassanasukha½ viya ittara½, t±vak±likanti vutta½ hoti. Appass±do dukkhamettha bhiyyoti ettha ca yv±ya½ “ya½ kho, bhikkhave, ime pańca k±maguŗe paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½, aya½ k±m±na½ ass±do”ti vutto, so yamida½ “ko ca, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo, idha, bhikkhave, kulaputto yena sippaµµh±nena j²vika½ kappeti yadi mudd±ya yadi gaŗan±y±”ti (ma. ni. 1.162) evam±din± nayenettha dukkha½ vutta½, ta½ upanidh±ya appodakabindumatto hoti, atha kho dukkhameva bhiyyo bahu, cat³su samuddesu udakasadiso hoti. Tena vutta½– “appass±do dukkhamettha bhiyyo”ti. Ga¼o esoti ass±da½ dassetv± ±ka¹¹hanavasena ba¼iso viya eso, yadida½ pańca k±maguŗ±. Iti ńatv± matim±ti eva½ ńatv± buddhim± paŗ¹ito puriso sabbampeta½ pah±ya eko care khaggavis±ŗakappoti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.61).

Sattama½.

148. Aµµhamag±th±ya dutiyap±de j±lanti suttamaya½ vuccati. Amb³ti udaka½, tattha carat²ti ambuc±r², macchasseta½ adhivacana½. Salile ambuc±r² salilambuc±r². Tasmi½ nad²salile j±la½ bhetv± gata-ambuc±r²v±ti vutta½ hoti. Tatiyap±de da¹¹hanti da¹¹haµµh±na½ vuccati. Yath± aggi da¹¹haµµh±na½ puna na nivattati, na tattha bhiyyo ±gacchati, eva½ maggań±ŗaggin± da¹¹ha½ k±maguŗaµµh±na½ anivattam±no, tattha bhiyyo an±gacchantoti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti.
Sa½yojan±n²ti yassa sa½vijjanti, ta½ puggala½ vaµµasmi½ sa½yojenti bandhant²ti sa½yojan±ni. Im±ni pana sa½yojan±ni kilesapaµip±µiy±pi ±haritu½ vaµµati maggapaµip±µiy±pi. K±mar±gapaµighasa½yojan±ni an±g±mimaggena pah²yanti, m±nasa½yojana½ arahattamaggena, diµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±s± sot±pattimaggena, bhavar±gasa½yojana½ arahattamaggena, iss±macchariy±ni sot±pattimaggena, avijj± arahattamaggena. Maggapaµip±µiy± diµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±sa-iss±macchariy± sot±pattimaggena pah²yanti, k±mar±gapaµigh± an±g±mimaggena, m±nabhavar±ga-avijj± arahattamaggen±ti. Bhinditv±ti bheda½ p±petv±. Pabhinditv±ti chinda½ katv±. D±layitv±ti ph±letv±. Pad±layitv±ti h²retv±. Sampad±layitv±ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½.

Aµµhama½.

149. Navame okkhittacakkh³ti heµµh±khittacakkhu, satta g²vaµµh²ni paµip±µiy± µhapetv± parivajjanapah±tabbadassanattha½ yugamatta½ pekkham±noti vutta½ hoti. Na tu hanukaµµhin± hadayaµµhi½ saŖghaµµento. Evańhi okkhittacakkhut± na samaŗas±r³pp± hoti. Na ca p±daloloti ekassa dutiyo dvinna½ tatiyoti eva½ gaŗamajjha½, pavisituk±mat±ya kaŗ¹³yam±nap±do viya abhavanto, d²ghac±rika-anavaµµhitac±rikavirato v±. Guttindriyoti chasu indriyesu idha manindriyassa visu½ vuttatt± vutt±vasesavasena gopitindriyo. Rakkhitam±nas±noti m±nasa½yeva m±nas±na½, ta½ rakkhitamass±ti rakkhitam±nas±no. Yath± kileseti na viluppati, eva½ rakkhitacittoti vutta½ hoti. Anavassutoti im±ya paµipattiy± tesu tesu ±rammaŗesu kilesa-anv±ssavavirahito. Apari¹ayham±noti eva½ anv±ssavavirahit± eva kilesagg²hi apari¹ayham±no, bahiddh± v± anavassuto, ajjhatta½ apari¹ayham±no. Sesa½ vuttanayamev±ti (su. ni. aµµha. 1.63).
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±ti k±raŗavasena “cakkh³”ti laddhavoh±rena r³padassanasamatthena cakkhuvińń±ŗena r³pa½ disv±. Por±ŗ± pan±hu–
“Cakkhu r³pa½ na passati acittakatt±, citta½ na passati acakkhukatt±, dv±r±rammaŗasaŖghaµµane pana pas±davatthukena cittena passati. ædis² panes± ‘dhanun± vijjhat²’ti-±d²su viya sasambh±rakath± n±ma hoti, tasm± cakkhuvińń±ŗena r³pa½ disv±ti ayamevettha attho”ti (visuddhi. 1.15; dha. sa. aµµha. 1352).
Nimittagg±h²ti itthipurisanimitta½ v± subhanimitt±dika½ v± kilesavatthubh³ta½ nimitta½ chandar±gavasena gaŗh±ti, diµµhamattavasena na saŗµh±ti. Anubyańjanagg±h²ti kiles±na½ anubyańjanato p±kaµabh±vakaraŗato “anubyańjanan”ti laddhavoh±ra½ hatthap±dahasitalapitavilokit±dibheda½ ±k±ra½ gaŗh±ti.
Yatv±dhikaraŗamenanti-±dimhi ya½k±raŗ± yassa cakkhundriy±sa½varassa hetu. Eta½ puggala½ satikav±µena cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ apihitacakkhudv±ra½ hutv± viharanta½ ete abhijjh±dayo dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½. Tassa sa½var±ya na paµipajjat²ti tassa cakkhundriyassa satikav±µena pidahanatth±ya na paµipajjati. Eva½bh³toyeva ca “na rakkhati cakkhundriya½. Na cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”tipi vuccati.
Tattha kińc±pi cakkhundriye sa½varo v± asa½varo v± natthi. Na hi cakkhupas±da½ niss±ya sati v± muµµhassacca½ v± uppajjati, api ca yad± r³p±rammaŗa½ cakkhussa ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, tad± bhavaŖge dvikkhattu½ uppajjitv± niruddhe kiriyamanodh±tu ±vajjanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± uppajjitv± nirujjhati, tato cakkhuvińń±ŗa½ dassanakicca½ tato vip±kamanodh±tu sampaµicchanakicca½ tato vip±k±hetukamanovińń±ŗadh±tu sant²raŗakicca½ tato kiriy±hetukamanovińń±ŗadh±tu voµµhapanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± uppajjitv± nirujjhati, tadanantara½ javana½ javati. Tatr±pi neva bhavaŖgasamaye, na ±vajjan±d²na½ ańńatarasamaye sa½varo v± asa½varo v± atthi, javanakkhaŗe pana sace duss²lya½ v± muµµhassacca½ v± ańń±ŗa½ v± akkhanti v± kosajja½ v± uppajjati, asa½varo hoti. Eva½ honto pana so cakkhundriye asa½varoti vuccati. Kasm±? Yasm± tasmi½ sati dv±rampi agutta½ hoti bhavaŖgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nipi. Yath± ki½? Yath± nagare cat³su dv±resu asa½vutesu kińc±pi antogharadv±rakoµµhakagabbh±dayo susa½vut±, tath±pi antonagare sabba½ bhaŗ¹a½ arakkhita½ agopitameva hoti. Nagaradv±rena hi pavisitv± cor± yadicchanti, ta½ hareyyu½. Evameva javane duss²ly±d²su uppannesu tasmi½ asa½vare sati dv±rampi agutta½ hoti bhavaŖgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nip²ti.
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² hot²ti-±d²su na nimittagg±h² hot²ti chandar±gavasena vuttappak±ra½ nimitta½ na gaŗh±ti. Eva½ sesapad±nipi vuttapaµikkhepena veditabb±ni. Yath± ca heµµh± “javane duss²ly±d²su uppannesu tasmi½ asa½vare sati dv±rampi agutta½ hoti bhavaŖgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nip²”ti vutta½, evamidha tasmi½ s²l±d²su uppannesu dv±rampi gutta½ hoti bhavaŖgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nipi. Yath± ki½? Yath± nagaradv±resu sa½vutesu kińc±pi antoghar±dayo asa½vut± honti. Tath±pi antonagare sabba½ bhaŗ¹a½ surakkhita½ sugopitameva hoti. Nagaradv±resu pihitesu cor±na½ paveso natthi. Evameva javane s²l±d²su uppannesu dv±rampi gutta½ hoti bhavaŖgampi ±vajjan±d²ni v²thicitt±nipi. Tasm± javanakkhaŗe uppajjam±nopi cakkhundriye sa½varoti vutto (dha. sa. aµµha. 1352; visuddhi. 1.15).
Avassutapariy±yańc±ti kilesehi tintak±raŗańca. Anavassutapariy±yańc±ti kilesehi atintak±raŗańca.
Piyar³pe r³peti iµµhaj±tike r³p±rammaŗe. Appiyar³pe r³peti aniµµhasabh±ve r³p±rammaŗe. By±pajjat²ti dosavasena p³tibh±vam±pajjati. Ot±ranti chidda½ antara½. ¾rammaŗanti paccaya½.
Adhibha½s³ti madda½su. Na adhibhos²ti na maddi. Bahalamattik±ti punappuna½ d±navasena uddham±yik± bahalamattik±. Add±valepan±ti asukkhamattikad±n±. Sesamettha utt±na½.

Navama½.

150. Dasame k±s±yavattho abhinikkhamitv±ti imassa p±dassa geh± abhinikkhamitv± k±s±yavattho hutv±ti evamattho veditabbo. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva sakk± j±nitunti na vitth±ritanti.

Dasama½.

Tatiyavaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.