Tasm± ta½ samp±detuk±mena upakkilesavimutta½ udayabbayañ±ºa½ ±di½katv± etesu ñ±ºesu yogo karaº²yo. Udayabbaya½ passantassa hi aniccalakkhaºa½ yath±bh³ta½ upaµµh±ti, udayabbayapaµip²¼ana½ passato dukkhalakkhaºañca, “dukkhameva hi sambhoti, dukkha½ tiµµhati veti c±”ti (sa½. ni. 1.171; kath±. 233) passato anattalakkhaºañca.
Ettha ca anicca½ aniccalakkhaºa½ dukkha½ dukkhalakkhaºa½ anatt± anattalakkhaºanti aya½ vibh±go veditabbo. Tattha aniccanti khandhapañcaka½. Kasm±? Upp±davayaññathattabh±v±, hutv± abh±vato v±. Aññathatta½ n±ma jar±. Upp±davayaññathatta½ aniccalakkhaºa½, hutv± abh±vasaªkh±to v± ±k±ravik±ro. “Yadanicca½, ta½ dukkhan”ti vacanato tadeva khandhapañcaka½ dukkha½. Kasm±? Abhiºha½ paµip²¼anato. Abhiºha½ paµip²¼an±k±ro dukkhalakkhaºa½. “Ya½ dukkha½, tadanatt±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15-16) vacanato tadeva khandhapañcaka½ anatt±. Kasm±? Avasavattanato Avasavattan±k±ro anattalakkhaºa½. Im±ni t²ºipi lakkhaº±ni udayabbaya½ passantasseva ±rammaº±ni honti.
Punapi so r³p±r³padhamme “eva½ anicc±”ti-±din± vipassati, tassa saªkh±r± lahu½ lahu½ ±p±tha½ ±gacchanti, tato upp±da½ v± µhiti½ v± pavatta½ v± nimitta½ v± ±rammaºa½ akatv± tesa½ khayavayanirodhe eva sati santiµµhati, ida½ bhaªgañ±ºa½ n±ma. Imassa upp±dato paµµh±ya aya½ yog² “yath± ime saªkh±r± bhijjanti nirujjhanti, eva½ at²tepi saªkh±ragata½ bhijji, an±gatepi bhijjissat²”ti nirodhameva passanto tiµµhati. Tassa bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ ±sevantassa bahul²karontassa sabbabhavayoni gatiµµhiti satt±v±sesu pabhedak± saªkh±r± jalita-aªg±rak±su-±dayo viya mah±bhaya½ hutv± upaµµhahanti. Eta½ bhayatupaµµh±nañ±ºa½ n±ma.
Tassa ta½ bhayatupaµµh±nañ±ºa½ ±sevantassa sabbe bhav±dayo ±ditta-aªg±ra½ viya samussitakhaggo viya paccatthiko appaµisaraº± s±d²nav± hutv± upaµµhahanti. Ida½ ±d²nav±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ n±ma. Tassa eva½ saªkh±re ±d²navato passantassa bhav±d²supi saªkh±r±na½ ±d²navatt± saªkh±resu ukkaºµhan± anabhirati uppajjati, ida½ nibbid±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ n±ma.
Sabbasaªkh±resu nibbindantassa ukkaºµhantassa tasm± saªkh±ragat± muñcituk±mat± nissarituk±mat± hoti. Ida½ muñcitukamyat±ñ±ºa½ n±ma. Puna tasm± saªkh±ragat± muñcitu½ pana te eva saªkh±re paµisaªkh±nupassan±ñ±ºena tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± t²raºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ n±ma.
So eva½ tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± saªkh±re pariggaºhanto tesu anattalakkhaºassa sudiµµhatt± “att±”ti v± “attaniyan”ti v± agaºhanto saªkh±resu bhayañca nandiñca pah±ya saªkh±resu ud±s²no hoti majjhatto, “ahan”ti v± “maman”ti v± na gaºh±ti, t²su bhavesu upekkhako, ida½ saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºa½ n±ma.
Ta½ panesa ce santipada½ nibb±na½ santato passati, sabbasaªkh±rapavatta½ vissajjetv± nibb±naninna½ pakkhanda½ hoti. No ce nibb±na½ santato passati, punappuna½ “aniccan”ti v± “dukkhan”ti v± “anatt±”ti v± tividh±nupassan±vasena saªkh±r±rammaºameva hutv± pavattati. Eva½ tiµµham±nañca eta½ tividhavimokkhamukhabh±va½ ±pajjitv± tiµµhati. Tisso hi anupassan± “t²ºi vimokkhamukh±n²”ti vuccanti. Eva½ aniccato manasikaronto adhimokkhabahulo animitta½ vimokkha½ paµilabhati, dukkhato manasikaronto passaddhibahulo appaºihita½ vimokkha½ paµilabhati, anattato manasikaronto vedabahulo suññata½ vimokkha½ paµilabhati.
Ettha ca animitto vimokkhoti animitt±k±rena nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavatto ariyamaggo. So hi animitt±ya dh±tuy± uppannatt± animitto, kilesehi ca vimuttatt± vimokkho. Eteneva nayena appaºihit±k±rena nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavatto appaºihito, suññat±k±rena nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavatto suññatoti veditabbo.
Eva½ adhigatasaªkh±rupekkhassa kulaputtassa vipassan± sikh±ppatt± hoti. Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±ti etadeva. Assa ta½ saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºa½ ±sevantassa tikkhatar± saªkh±rupekkh± uppajjati. Tassa “id±ni maggo uppajjissat²”ti saªkh±re “anicc±”ti v± “dukkh±”ti v± “anatt±”ti v± sammasitv± bhavaªga½ otarati, bhavaªg±nantara½ saªkh±rupekkh±ya kathitanayeneva anicc±di-±k±rena manasikaritv± uppajjati manodv±r±vajjana½, tatheva manasikaroto paµhama½ javanacitta½ uppajjati. Ya½ parikammanti vuccati, tadanantara½ tadeva dutiyajavanacitta½ uppajjati. Ya½ upac±ranti vuccati, tadanantarampi tadeva uppajjati tatiya½ javanacitta½. Ya½ anulomanti vuccati, ida½ tesa½ p±µi-ekka½ n±ma.
Avisesena pana tividhampeta½ “±sevanan”tipi “parikamman”tipi “upac±ran”tipi “anuloman”tipi vuccati. Ida½ pana anulomañ±ºa½ saªkh±r±rammaº±ya vuµµh±nag±miniy± vipassan±ya pariyos±na½ hoti, nippariy±yena pana gotrabhuñ±ºameva vipassan±ya pariyos±nanti vuccati. Tato para½ nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ kurum±na½ puthujjanagotta½ atikkamam±na½ ariyagotta½ okkamam±na½ nibb±n±rammaºe paµhamasamann±h±rabh³ta½ apunar±vaµµaka½ gotrabhuñ±ºa½ uppajjati. Ida½ pana ñ±ºa½ paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhiñca ñ±ºadassanavisuddhiñca na bhajati. Antar± abboh±rikameva hoti. Vipassan±sote patitatt± “paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddh²”ti v± “vipassan±”ti v± saªkha½ gacchati. Nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± gotrabhuñ±ºe niruddhe tena dinnasaññ±ya nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± diµµhisa½yojana½ s²labbatapar±m±sasa½yojana½ vicikicch±sa½yojananti t²ºi sa½yojan±ni viddha½sento sot±pattimaggo uppajjati, tadanantara½ tasseva vip±kabh³t±ni dve t²ºi v± phalacitt±ni uppajjanti anantaravip±katt± lokuttarakusal±na½, phalapariyos±ne panassa uppannabhavaªga½ vicchinditv± paccavekkhaºatth±ya manodv±r±vajjana½ uppajjati. So hi “imin± vat±ha½ maggena ±gato”ti magga½ paccavekkhati. Tato “me aya½ ±nisa½so laddho”ti phala½ paccavekkhati. Tato “ime n±ma kiles± pah²n±”ti pah²nakilese paccavekkhati. Tato “ime n±ma kiles± avasiµµh±”ti uparimaggattayavajjhakilese paccavekkhati. Avas±ne ca “aya½ dhammo may± paµividdho”ti amata½ nibb±na½ paccavekkhati. Iti sot±pannassa ariyas±vakassa pañca paccavekkhaº±ni honti. Tath± sakad±g±mi-an±g±miphal±vas±ne. Arahattaphal±vas±ne avasiµµhakilesapaccavekkhaºa½ n±ma natthi. Eva½ sabb±nipi ek³nav²satipaccavekkhaº±ni honti.
Eva½ paccavekkhitv± so yog±vacaro tasmi½yeva ±sane nisinno vuttanayena vipassitv± k±mar±gaby±p±d±na½ tanubh±va½ karonto dutiyamagga½ p±puº±ti, tadanantara½ vuttanayeneva phalañca. Tato vuttanayena vipassitv± k±mar±gaby±p±d±na½ anavasesappah±na½ karonto tatiyamagga½ p±puº±ti, vuttanayena phalañca. Tato tasmi½yev±sane vuttanayena vipassitv± r³par±g±r³par±gam±nuddhacc±vijj±na½ anavasesappah±na½ karonto catutthamagga½ p±puº±ti, vuttanayena phalañca. Ett±vat± cesa hoti arah± mah±kh²º±savo paccekabuddho. Iti imesu cat³su maggesu ñ±ºa½ ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma.
Ett±vat± “sabbesu bh³tesu nidh±ya daº¹a½ aviheµhaya½ aññatarampi tesan”ti etena p±timokkhasa½var±dis²lassa vuttatt± s²lavisuddhi. “Na puttamiccheyya kuto sah±yan”ti etena paµigh±nunayavivajjanavasena mett±d²na½ vuttatt± cittavisuddhi. “Eko care khaggavis±ºakappo”ti imin± pana n±mar³papariggah±d²na½ vuttatt± diµµhivisuddhi kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhi magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddhi paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi ñ±ºadassanavisuddh²ti satta visuddhiyo vutt± honti. Ayamettha mukhamattanidassana½, vitth±ra½ pana icchantena visuddhimagga½ (visuddhi. 2.662, 678, 692, 737, 806 ±dayo) oloketv± gahetabba½. Ett±vat± ceso paccekabuddho–
“C±tuddiso appaµigho ca hoti, santussam±no itar²tarena;
parissay±na½ sahit± achambh², eko care khaggavis±ºakappo”ti. (Su. ni. 42; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 128)–

Pasa½siy±dibh±va½ ±pajjitv± gandham±danapabbata½ upasobhayam±no vih±sinti eva½ sabbattha.

Paµhamag±th±niddesavaººan±.

122. Dutiye sa½saggaj±tass±ti j±tasa½saggassa. Tattha dassanasavanak±yasamullapanasambhogavasena pañcavidho sa½saggo. Tattha aññamañña½ disv± cakkhuviññ±ºav²thivasena uppannar±go dassanasa½saggo n±ma. Tattha s²ha¼ad²pe k±¼ad²ghav±p²g±me piº¹±ya caranta½ kaly±ºavih±rav±si½ daharabhikkhu½ disv± paµibaddhacitt± kenaci up±yena ta½ alabhitv± k±lakat± kuµumbiyadh²t± tass± niv±sanaco¼akkhaº¹a½ disv± “evar³p±ya vatthadh±riniy± n±ma saddhi½ sa½v±sa½ n±latthan”ti hadaya½ ph±letv± k±lakato so eva ca daharo nidassana½.
Parehi pana kathiyam±na½ r³p±disampatti½ attan± v± hasitalapitag²tasadda½ sutv± sotaviññ±ºav²thivasena uppanno r±go savanasa½saggo n±ma. Tatr±pi girig±mav±s²kamm±radh²t±ya pañcahi kum±r²hi saddhi½ padumassara½ gantv± nh±yitv± m±la½ s²se ±ropetv± ucc±saddena g±yantiy± ±k±sena gacchanto sadda½ sutv± k±mar±gena jh±n± parih±yitv± anayabyasana½ patto pañcagga¼aleºav±s² tissadaharo nidassana½.
Aññamañña½ aªgapar±masanena uppannar±go k±yasa½saggo n±ma. Dhammag±yanadaharabhikkhu cettha nidassana½. Mah±vih±re kira daharabhikkhu dhamma½ bh±sati, tattha mah±jane ±gate r±j±pi agam±si saddhi½ antepurena. Tato r±jadh²t±ya tassa r³pañca saddañca ±gamma balavar±go uppanno tassa ca daharass±pi. Ta½ disv± r±j± sallakkhetv± s±ºip±k±rena parikkhip±pesi, te aññamañña½ par±masitv± ±liªgisu. Puna s±ºip±k±ra½ apanetv± passant± dvepi k±lakateyeva addasa½s³ti.
Aññamañña½ ±lapanasamullapane uppannar±go pana samullapanasa½saggo n±ma. Bhikkhubhikkhun²hi saddhi½ paribhogakaraºe uppannar±go sambhogasa½saggo n±ma. Dv²supi ca etesu maricavaµµivih±re bhikkhu ca bhikkhun² ca nidassana½. Maricavaµµimah±vih±ramahe kira duµµhag±maºi abhayamah±r±j± mah±d±na½ paµiy±detv± ubhatosaªgha½ parivisati. Tattha uºhay±guy± dinn±ya saªghanavakas±maºer² an±dh±rakassa sattavassikasaªghanavakas±maºerassa dantavalaya½ datv± samull±pa½ ak±si, te ubhopi upasampajjitv± saµµhivass± hutv± parat²ra½ gat± aññamañña½ samull±pena pubbasañña½ paµilabhitv± t±vadeva j±tasineh± sikkh±pad±ni v²tikkamitv± p±r±jik± ahesunti.
Eva½ pañcavidhe sa½sagge yena kenaci sa½saggena j±tasa½saggassa bhavanti sneh±, purimar±gapaccay± balavar±go uppajjati. Tato snehanvaya½ dukkhamida½ pahot²ti tameva sneha½ anugacchanta½ sandiµµhikasampar±yikasokaparidev±din±nappak±raka½ dukkhamida½ pahoti nibbattati bhavati j±yati. Apare pana “±rammaºe cittavosaggo sa½saggo”ti bhaºanti. Tato sneho snehadukkhanti.