Takkappoti tena kappo, evar³poti attho. Tassadisoti tena sadiso, “tassadiko”ti v± p±µho. Tappaµibh±goti tena paµibh±go tappaµibh±go, edisoti attho. S±durasa½ atikkanta½ loºa½ atiloºa½. Loºakappoti loºasadisoti vuccati. Atitittakanti atikkantatittaka½, pucimand±dikappo tittakasadisoti vuccati. Atimadhuranti kh²rap±y±s±dika½. Himakappoti himodakasadiso. Satthukappoti satthun± buddhena sadiso. Evamev±ti opammasampaµip±dana½.
Tatr±ya½ etassa paccekabuddhassa saªkhepena vipassan±-±cikkhanavidhi½ dassetv± gamiss±ma. Tattha n±mar³papariggaha½ k±tuk±mo paccekabodhisatto r³p±r³pa-aµµhasam±patt²su ya½ kiñci jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya vitakk±d²ni jh±naªg±ni ca ta½sampayutte ca phass±dayo dhamme lakkhaºarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±navasena paricchinditv± “sabbampeta½ ±rammaº±bhimukha½ namanato namanaµµhena n±man”ti vavatthapeti. Tato tassa paccaya½ pariyesanto “hadayavatthu½ niss±ya pavattat²”ti passati. Puna vatthussa paccayabh³t±ni ca up±d±r³p±ni ca passitv± “ida½ sabba½ ruppanato r³pan”ti pariggaºh±ti. Puna tadubhaya½ “namanalakkhaºa½ n±ma½, ruppanalakkhaºa½ r³pan”ti eva½ saªkhepato n±mar³pa½ vavatthapeti. Samathay±nikavaseneta½ vutta½. Vipassan±y±niko pana catudh±tuvavatth±namukhena bh³tup±d±yar³p±ni paricchinditv± “sabbampeta½ ruppanato r³pan”ti passati. Tato eva½ paricchinnar³passa cakkh±d²ni niss±ya pavattam±n± ar³padhamm± ±p±tham±gacchanti. Tato sabbepi te ar³padhamme namanalakkhaºena ekato katv± “ida½ n±man”ti passati, so “ida½ n±ma½, ida½ r³pan”ti dvedh± vavatthapeti. Eva½ vavatthapetv± “n±mar³pato uddha½ añño satto v± puggalo v± devo v± brahm± v± natth²”ti passati.
Yath± hi aªgasambh±r±, hoti saddo ratho iti;
eva½ khandhesu santesu, hoti “satto”ti sammuti. (Sa½. ni. 1.171; mi. pa. 2.1.1; kath±. 233).
Evameva pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu santesu “satto puggalo”ti voh±ramatta½ hot²ti evam±din± nayena n±mar³p±na½ y±th±vadassanasaªkh±tena diµµhivisuddhibh³tena ñ±ºena n±mar³pa½ pariggahetv± puna tassa paccayampi pariggaºhanto vuttanayena n±mar³pa½ pariggahetv± “ko nu kho imassa het³”ti pariyesanto ahetuv±davisamahetuv±desu dosa½ disv± roga½ disv± tassa nid±na½ samuµµh±nampi pariyesanto vejjo viya tassa hetuñca paccayañca pariyesanto avijj± taºh± up±d±na½ kammanti ime catt±ro dhamme n±mar³passa upp±dapaccayatt± “het³”ti ¾h±ra½ upatthambhanapaccayatt± “paccayo”ti ca passati. Imassa hi k±yassa avijj±dayo tayo dhamm± m±t± viya d±rakassa upanissay± honti, kamma½ pit± viya puttassa janaka½, ±h±ro dh±ti viya d±rakassa sandh±rakoti. Eva½ r³pak±yassa paccayapariggaha½ katv± puna “cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 4.60; kath±. 465) nayena n±mak±yassapi paccaya½ pariggaºh±ti, eva½ pariggaºhanto “at²t±n±gat±pi dhamm± evameva vattant²”ti sanniµµh±na½ karoti.
Tassa y± s± pubbanta½ ±rabbha “ahosi½ nu kho aha½ at²tamaddh±na½, na nu kho ahosi½, ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho, ki½ hutv± ki½ ahosi½ nu kho aha½ at²tamaddh±nan”ti pañcavidh± vicikicch± vutt±.
Y±pi aparanta½ ±rabbha “bhaviss±mi nu kho aha½ an±gatamaddh±na½, na nu kho bhaviss±mi, ki½ nu kho bhaviss±mi, katha½ nu kho bhaviss±mi, ki½ hutv± ki½ bhaviss±mi nu kho aha½ an±gatamaddh±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) pañcavidh± vicikicch± vutt±.
Y±pi etarahi v± pana paccuppanna½ addh±na½ ±rabbha katha½kath² hoti “aha½ nu khosmi, no nu khosmi, ki½ nu khosmi, katha½ nu khosmi, aya½ nu kho satto kuto ±gato, so kuhi½ g±m² bhavissat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) chabbidh± vicikicch± vutt±, s± sabb±pi pahiyyati. Eva½ paccayapariggahaºena t²su addh±su kaªkha½ vitaritv± µhita½ ñ±ºa½ “kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddh²”tipi “dhammaµµhitiñ±ºan”tipi “yath±bh³tañ±ºan”tipi “samm±dassanan”tipi vuccati.
Ettha pana tisso hi lokiyapariññ± ñ±tapariññ± t²raºapariññ± pah±napariññ±ti. Tattha “ruppanalakkhaºa½ r³pa½, vedayitalakkhaº± vedan±”ti eva½ tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ paccattalakkhaºasallakkhaºavasena pavatt± paññ± ñ±tapariññ± n±ma. “R³pa½ anicca½, vedan± anicc±”ti-±din± pana nayena tesa½yeva dhamm±na½ s±maññalakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± pavatt± lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±paññ± t²raºapariññ± n±ma. Tesu eva pana dhammesu niccasaññ±dipajahanavasena pavatt± lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±va paññ± pah±napariññ± n±ma.
Tattha saªkh±raparicchedato paµµh±ya y±va paccayapariggah± ñ±tapariññ±ya bh³mi. Etasmiñhi antare dhamm±na½ paccattalakkhaºapaµivedhasseva ±dhipacca½ hoti. Kal±pasammasanato paµµh±ya y±va udayabbay±nupassan± t²raºapariññ±ya bh³mi. Etasmiñhi antare s±maññalakkhaºapaµivedhasseva ±dhipacca½ hoti. Bhaªg±nupassanato paµµh±ya upari pah±napariññ±ya bh³mi. Tato ca paµµh±ya hi aniccato anupassanto niccasañña½ pajahati, dukkhato anupassanto sukhasañña½, anattato anupassanto attasañña½, nibbindanto nandi½, virajjanto r±ga½, nirodhento samudaya½, paµinissajjanto ±d±na½ pajahat²ti eva½ niccasaññ±dipah±nas±dhik±na½ sattanna½ anupassan±na½ ±dhipacca½. Iti im±su t²su pariññ±su saªkh±raparicchedassa ceva paccayapariggahassa ca s±dhitatt± imin± yogin± ñ±tapariññ±va adhigat±.
Puna “ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v±…pe… ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ r³pa½ hutv± abh±vato anicca½, udayabbayapaµip²¼itatt± dukkha½, avasavattitt± anatt±. Y± k±ci vedan±… saññ±… ye keci saªkh±r± ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ viññ±ºa½ hutv± abh±vato anicca½, udayabbayapaµip²¼itatt± dukkha½, avasavattitt± anatt±”ti evam±din± (sa½. ni. 3.48; paµi. ma. 1.48) nayena kal±pasammasana½ karoti. Ida½ sandh±ya vutta½ “tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv±”ti.
Eva½ saªkh±re aniccadukkh±nattavasena kal±pasammasana½ katv± puna saªkh±r±na½ udayabbayameva passati. Katha½ “Avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayo, taºh±kamma-±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50). Eva½ r³pakkhandhassa paccay±yattat±dassanena r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati, nibbattilakkhaºa½ passantopi r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati. Eva½ pañcah±k±rehi r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati. “Avijj±nirodh± r³panirodho, taºh±kamma-±h±ranirodh± r³panirodho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayanirodhadassanena r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati, vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passantopi r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passat²ti eva½ pañcah±k±rehi r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati.
Tath± “avijj±samuday± vedan±samudayo, taºh±kammaphassasamuday± vedan±samudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccay±yattat±dassanena vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati, nibbattilakkhaºa½ passantopi vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati. “Avijj±nirodh± vedan±nirodho, taºh±kammaphassanirodh± vedan±nirodho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50) paccayanirodhadassanena vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passati, vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passantopi vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passati. Eva½ saññ±kkhandh±d²supi.
Aya½ pana viseso– viññ±ºakkhandhassa phassaµµh±ne “n±mar³pasamuday±, n±mar³panirodh±”ti yojetabba½. Eva½ ekekasmi½ khandhe paccayasamudayavasena ca nibbattilakkhaºavasena ca paccayanirodhavasena ca vipariº±malakkhaºavasena ca udayabbayadassanena ca dasa dasa katv± paññ±sa lakkhaº±ni vutt±ni. Tesa½ vasena “evampi r³passa udayo, evampi r³passa vayo”ti paccayato ceva khaºato ca vitth±rena manasik±ra½ karoti.
Tasseva½ karoto “iti kira ime dhamm± ahutv± sambhonti, hutv± paµivent²”ti ñ±ºa½ visada½ hoti. “Eva½ kira ime dhamm± anuppann± uppajjanti, uppann± nirujjhant²”ti niccanav± hutv± saªkh±r± upaµµhahanti. Na kevalañca niccanav±, s³riyuggamane uss±vabindu viya udakabubbu¼o viya udake daº¹ar±ji viya ±ragge s±sapo viya vijjupp±do viya ca parittaµµh±yino, m±y±mar²cisupin±l±tacakkagandhabbanagarapheºakadali-±dayo viya as±r± niss±r± viya hutv± upaµµhahanti. Ett±vat± ca pana anena “vayadhammameva uppajjati, uppannañca vaya½ upet²”ti imin± ±k±rena sammasanapaññ±ya lakkhaº±ni paµivijjhitv± µhita½ udayabbay±nupassana½ n±ma paµhama½ taruºavipassan±ñ±ºa½ adhigata½ hoti. Yass±dhigam± “±raddhavipassako”ti saªkha½ gacchati.
Athassa ±raddhavipassakassa kulaputtassa obh±so ñ±ºa½ p²ti passaddhi sukha½ adhimokkho paggaho upaµµh±na½ upekkh± nikant²ti dasa vipassanupakkiles± uppajjanti. Ettha obh±so n±ma vipassanakkhaºe ñ±ºassa balavatt± lohita½ sannis²dati, tena ca cittobh±so nibbattati. Ta½ disv± akusalo yog² “maggo me patto”ti tameva obh±sa½ ass±deti. ѱºampi vipassan±ñ±ºameva. Ta½ saªkh±re sammasantassa suddha½ pasanna½ hutv± pavattati. Ta½ disv± pubbe viya “maggo”ti ass±deti. P²tipi vipassan±p²ti eva. Tassa hi tasmi½ khaºe pañcavidh± p²ti uppajjati. Passaddh²ti vipassan±passaddhi. Tasmi½ samaye neva k±yacitt±na½ daratho, na g±rava½, na kakkha¼at±, na akammaññat±, na gelaññat±, na vaªkat± hoti. Sukhampi vipassan±sukhameva. Tassa kira tasmi½ samaye sakalasar²ra½ abhisandayam±na½ atipaº²ta½ sukha½ uppajjati.
Adhimokkho n±ma vipassanakkhaºe pavatt± saddh±. Tasmiñhi khaºe cittacetasik±na½ ativiya pas±dabh³t± balavat² saddh± uppajjati. Paggaho n±ma vipassan±sampayutta½ v²riya½. Tasmiñhi khaºe asithila½ anacc±raddha½ supaggahita½ v²riya½ uppajjati. Upaµµh±nanti vipassan±sampayutt± sati. Tasmiñhi khaºe supaµµhit± sati uppajjati. Upekkh± duvidh± vipassan±vajjanavasena. Tasmiñhi khaºe sabbasaªkh±ragahaºe majjhattabh³ta½ vipassanupekkh±saªkh±ta½ ñ±ºa½ balavanta½ hutv± uppajjati manodv±r±vajjanupekkh± ca. S± ca ta½ ta½ µh±na½ ±vajjantassa s³r± tikhiº± hutv± vahati. Nikant²ti vipassan±nikanti. Obh±s±d²su hi ±laya½ kurum±n± sukhum± sant±k±r± nikanti uppajjati. Ettha obh±s±dayo kilesavatthut±ya “upakkiles±”ti vutt± na akusalatt±. Nikanti pana upakkileso ceva kilesavatthu ca.
Paº¹ito pana bhikkhu obh±s±d²su uppannesu vikkhepa½ agacchanto “obh±s±dayo dhamm± na maggo, upakkilesavimutta½ pana v²thipaµipanna½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½ maggo”ti maggañca amaggañca vavatthapeti. Tasseva½ “aya½ maggo, aya½ na maggo”ti ñatv± µhita½ ñ±ºa½ magg±maggañ±ºadassanavisuddh²ti vuccati. Ito paµµh±ya aµµhanna½ vipassan±ñ±º±na½ vasena sikh±pattavipassan±ñ±ºa½ navamañca sacc±nulomika½ ñ±ºanti aya½ paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi n±ma hoti. Udayabbay±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ bhayatupaµµh±nañ±ºa½ ±d²nav±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ nibbid±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ muñcitukamyat±ñ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºanti im±ni aµµha ñ±º±ni n±ma. Navama½ sacc±nulomika½ ñ±ºanti anulomasseta½ n±ma½.