18. P±r±yan±nug²tig±th±niddesavaººan±

102. P±r±yanamanug±yissanti assa aya½ sambandho– bhagavat± hi p±r±yane desite so¼asasahassajaµil± arahatta½ p±puºi½su, avases±nañca cuddasakoµisaªkh±na½ devamanuss±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahosi. Vuttañheta½ por±ºehi–
“Tato p±s±ºake ramme, p±r±yanasam±game;
amata½ p±pay² buddho, cuddasa p±ºakoµiyo”ti. (Su. ni. aµµha. 2.1138).
Niµµhit±ya pana dhammadesan±ya tato tato ±gat± manuss± bhagavato ±nubh±vena attano attano g±manigam±d²sveva p±turahesu½. Bhagav±pi s±vatthimeva agam±si paric±rakaso¼as±d²hi anekehi bhikkhusahassehi parivuto. Tattha piªgiyo bhagavanta½ vanditv± ±ha– “gacch±maha½, bhante, b±varissa buddhupp±da½ ±rocetu½, paµissutañhi tasseva may±”ti. Atha bhagavat± anuññ±to ñ±ºagamaneneva godh±var²t²ra½ gantv± p±dagamanena assam±bhimukho agam±si. Tamena½ b±var² br±hmaºo magga½ olokento nisinno d³ratova ta½ kh±rijaµ±divirahita½ bhikkhuvesen±gacchanta½ disv± “buddho loke uppanno”ti niµµhamagam±si. Sampattañc±pi na½ pucchi– “ki½, piªgiya, buddho loke uppanno”ti? “¾ma, br±hmaºa, uppanno, p±s±ºake cetiye nisinno amh±ka½ dhamma½ desesi, tamaha½ tuyha½ desess±m²”ti. Tato b±var² mahat± sakk±rena sapariso ta½ p³jetv± ±sana½ paññ±pesi. Tattha nis²ditv± piªgiyo “p±r±yanamanug±yissan”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha anug±yissanti bhagavato g²ta½ anug±yissa½. Yath±ddakkh²ti yath± s±ma½ sacc±bhisambodhena as±dh±raºañ±ºena ca addakkhi. Nikk±moti pah²nak±mo. “Nikkamo”tipi p±µho, v²riyav±ti attho. Nikkhanto v± akusalapakkh±. Nibbanoti kilesavanavirahito, taºh±virahito eva v±. Kissa hetu mus± bhaºeti yehi kilesehi mus± bhaºeyya, ete tassa pah²n±ti dasseti. Etena br±hmaºassa savane uss±ha½ janeti (su. ni. aµµha. 2.1138).
Amaloti kilesamalavirahito. Vimaloti vigatakilesamalo. Nimmaloti kilesamalasuddho. Mal±pagatoti kilesamal± d³r²bh³to hutv± carati. Malavippah²noti kilesamalappah²no. Malavimuttoti kilesehi vimutto. Sabbamalav²tivattoti v±san±disabbakilesamala½ atikkanto. Te van±ti ete vuttappak±r± kiles±.
103. Vaºº³pasa½hitanti guº³pasa½hita½.
104. Saccavhayoti buddho hi sacceneva avh±nena n±mena yutto. Brahmeti ta½ br±hmaºa½ ±lapati.
Tattha lokoti lujjanaµµhena loko. Eko loko bhavalokoti tebh³makavip±ko. So hi bhavat²ti bhavo, bhavo eva loko bhavaloko. Bhavaloko ca sambhavaloko c±ti ettha ekeko dve dve hoti. Bhavaloko hi sampattibhavavipattibhavavasena duvidho. Sambhavalokopi sampattisambhavavipattisambhavavasena duvidho. Tattha sampattibhavalokoti sugatiloko. So hi iµµhaphalatt± sundaro lokoti sampatti, bhavat²ti bhavo, sampatti eva bhavo sampattibhavo, so eva loko sampattibhavaloko. Sampattisambhavalokoti sugat³paga½ kamma½. Tañhi sambhavati etasm± phalanti sambhavo, sampattiy± sambhavo sampattisambhavo, sampattisambhavo eva loko sampattisambhavalokoti.
Vipattibhavalokoti ap±yaloko. So hi aniµµhaphalatt± vir³po lokoti vipatti, bhavat²ti bhavo, vipatti eva bhavo vipattibhavo, vipattibhavo eva loko vipattibhavaloko. Vipattisambhavalokoti ap±y³paga½ kamma½. Tañhi sambhavati etasm± phalanti sambhavo, vipattiy± sambhavo vipattisambhavo, vipattisambhavo eva loko vipattisambhavalokoti. Tisso vedan±ti sukh± vedan±, dukkh± vedan±, adukkhamasukh± vedan± lokiy± eva. ¾h±r±ti paccay±. Paccay± hi attano phala½ ±harant²ti ±h±r±. Kaba¼²k±r±h±ro phass±h±ro manosañcetan±h±ro viññ±º±h±roti catt±ro. Vatthuvasena kaba¼²kattabbatt± kaba¼²k±ro, ajjhoharitabbatt± ±h±ro, odanakumm±s±divatthuk±ya oj±yeta½ n±ma½. S± hi ojaµµhamakar³p±ni ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Cakkhusamphass±diko chabbidho phasso tisso vedan± ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Manaso sañcetan± na sattass±ti manosañcetan± yath± cittekaggat±, manas± v± sampayutt± sañcetan± manosañcetan± yath± ±jaññaratho, tebh³makakusal±kusalacetan±. S± hi tayo bhave ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Viññ±ºanti ek³nav²satibheda½ paµisandhiviññ±ºa½. Tañhi paµisandhin±mar³pa½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro.
Up±d±nakkhandh±ti up±d±nagocar± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh±, majjhe padalopo daµµhabbo. Up±d±nasambh³t± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh± yath± tiºaggi, thusaggi. Up±d±navidheyy± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh± yath± r±japuriso. Up±d±nappabhav± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh± yath± puppharukkho, phalarukkho. Up±d±n±ni pana k±mup±d±na½ diµµhup±d±na½ s²labbatup±d±na½ attav±dup±d±nanti catt±ri. Atthato pana bhusa½ ±d±nanti up±d±na½. R³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, saññup±d±nakkhandho, saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandhoti pañca. Cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±n²ti cakkh±yatana½, sot±yatana½, gh±n±yatana½, jivh±yatana½, k±y±yatana½, man±yatana½. Satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo vuttanay± eva. Tath± aµµha lokadhamm±. Api ca– l±bho, al±bho, yaso, ayaso, nind±, pasa½s±, sukha½, dukkhanti ime aµµha lokappavattiy± sati anuparivattanadhammakatt± lokassa dhamm±ti lokadhamm±. Etehi mutto satto n±ma natthi, buddh±nampi hontiyeva. Yath±ha–
“Aµµhime, bhikkhave, lokadhamm± loka½ anuparivattanti, loko ca aµµha lokadhamme anuparivattati. Katame aµµha? L±bho ca al±bho ca…pe… sukhañca dukkhañca. Ime kho, bhikkhave, aµµha lokadhamm± loka½ anuparivattanti, loko ca ime aµµha lokadhamme anuparivattat²”ti (a. ni. 8.6).
Tattha anuparivattant²ti anubandhanti nappajahanti, lokato na nivattant²ti attho. L±bhoti pabbajitassa c²var±di, gahaµµhassa dhanadhaññ±dil±bho. Soyeva alabbham±no l±bho al±bho na l±bho al±bhoti vuccati, no ca att±bh±vappattito pariññeyyo siy±. Yasoti pariv±ro. Soyeva alabbham±no yaso ayaso. Nind±ti avaººabhaºana½. Pasa½s±ti vaººabhaºana½. Sukhanti k±m±vacarak±yikacetasika½. Dukkhanti puthujjanasot±pannasakad±g±m²na½ k±yikacetasika½, an±g±mi-arahant±na½ k±yikameva. Satt±v±s±ti satt±na½ ±v±s±, vasanaµµh±n±n²ti attho. T±ni pana tath± pak±sit± khandh± eva. Sattasu viññ±ºaµµhit²su asaññasattena ca nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanena ca saddhi½ nava satt±v±s±. Das±yatan±n²ti cakkh±yatana½, r³p±yatana½, sot±yatana½, sadd±yatana½, gh±n±yatana½, gandh±yatana½, jivh±yatana½, ras±yatana½, k±y±yatana½, phoµµhabb±yatananti eva½ dasa. Dv±das±yatan±n²ti man±yatanadhamm±yatanehi saddhi½ eva½ dv±dasa. Aµµh±rasa dh±tuyoti cakkhudh±tu, r³padh±tu, cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu…pe… manodh±tu, dhammadh±tu, manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti ekekasmi½ t²ºi t²ºi katv± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo.
Sadisan±moti tesa½ sadisan±mo ekaguºavaººan±mo. Sadisavhayoti ekaguºavaººan±mena avh±yano. Saccasadisavhayoti avitatha-ekaguºavaººan±mena avipar²tena avh±yano.
¾sitoti upasaªkamito. Up±sitoti upagantv± sevito. Payirup±sitoti bhattivasena at²va sevito.
105. Kubbanakanti parittavana½. Bahupphala½ k±nanam±vaseyy±ti anekaphal±divikatibharitak±nana½ ±gamma vaseyya. Appadasseti b±varippabhutike parittapaññe. Mahodadhinti anotatt±di½ mahanta½ udakar±si½.
Appadass±ti mandadassino. Parittadass±ti atimandadassino. Thokadass±ti parittatopi atiparittadassino. Omakadass±ti heµµhimadassino. L±makadass±ti appadh±nadassino. Chatukkadass±ti na uttamadassino. Appam±ºadassanti pam±ºa½ atikkamitv± appam±ºa½ nibb±nadassa½. Aggadassanti “aggato ve pasann±nan”ti-±din± (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) nayena aggadhammadassa½. Seµµhadassanti sambuddho dvipadaseµµhoti seµµhadassa½. Viseµµhadassanti-±d²ni catt±ri upasaggena va¹¹hit±ni. Asamanti na sama½ asama½ sabbaññu½. Asamasamanti asamehi at²tabuddhehi sama½ asamasama½. Appaµisamanti attano sadisavirahita½. Appaµibh±ganti attano paµibimbavirahita½. Appaµipuggalanti paµimallapuggalavirahita½. Dev±tidevanti visuddhidev±nampi atideva½. Abhimaªgalasammataµµhena usabha½. Achambhitaµµhena purisas²ha½. Niddosaµµhena purisan±ga½. Uttamaµµhena puris±jañña½. Aµµhaparisapathavi½ upp²¼etv± sadevake loke kenaci paccatthikena pacc±mittena akampiye acalaµµh±ne tiµµhanaµµhena purisanisabha½. Dhammadesan±dhuravahanaµµhena purisadhorayha½.
M±nasaka½ v± saranti manas± cintetv± kata½ palla½ v± n±mameva v±. Anotatta½ v± dahanti candimas³riy± dakkhiºena v± uttarena v± gacchant± pabbatantarena ta½ obh±senti, uju½ gacchant± na obh±senti, tenevassa “anotattan”ti saªkh± udap±di. Evar³pa½ anotatta½ v± daha½. Akkhobha½ amitodakanti c±letu½ asakkuºeyya½ aparimita½ udakajalar±si½. Evamev±ti opammasa½sandana½, buddha½ bhagavanta½ akkhobha½ ±sabha½ µh±naµµh±nena c±letu½ asakkuºeyya½. Amitatejanti aparimitañ±ºateja½. Pabhinnañ±ºanti dasabalañ±º±divasena pabhedagatañ±ºa½. Vivaµacakkhunti samantacakkhu½.
Paññ±pabhedakusalanti “y± paññ± paj±nan± vicayo pavicayo”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 16; vibha. 525) nayena paññ±ya pabhedaj±nane cheka½. Adhigatapaµisambhidanti paµiladdhacatupaµisambhida½. Catuves±rajjappattanti “samm±sambuddhassa te paµij±nato ime dhamm± anabhisambuddh±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150; a. ni. 4.8) nayena vuttesu cat³su µh±nesu vis±radabh±vappatta½. Saddh±dhimuttanti parisuddhe phalasam±patticitte adhimutta½, tattha paviµµha½. Setapaccattanti v±san±ya vippah²natt± parisuddha½ ±veºika-attabh±va½. Advayabh±ºinti paricchinnavacanatt± dvivacanavirahita½. T±dinti t±disa½, iµµh±niµµhesu akampana½ v±. Tath± paµiññ± ass±ti tath±paµiñño, ta½. Aparittanti na khuddaka½. Mahantanti tedh±tu½ atikkamitv± mahantappatta½.
Gambh²ranti aññesa½ duppavesa½. Appameyyanti atulaµµhena appameyya½. Duppariyog±hanti pariyog±hitu½ dukkhappavesa½. Pah³taratananti saddh±diratanehi pah³taratana½. S±garasamanti ratan±karato samuddasadisa½. Cha¼aªgupekkh±ya samann±gatanti “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti na dummano”ti (a. ni. 6.1) vuttanayena cha¼aªgupekkh±ya paripuººa½. Atulanti tulavirahita½, tulayitu½ asakkuºeyya½. Vipulanti atimahanta½. Appameyyanti pametu½ asakkuºeyya½. Ta½ t±disanti ta½ bhagavanta½ t±diguºasampanna½. Pavadata½ maggav±dinanti pavadant±na½ kathent±na½ uttama½ kathayanta½ vadanta½ adhigacchinti sambandho. Merumiva nag±nanti pabbat±na½ antare sineru½ viya. Garu¼amiva dij±nanti pakkhij±t±na½ antare supaººa½ viya. S²hamiva mig±nanti catuppad±namantare s²ha½ viya. Udadhimiva aººav±nanti vitthiººa-aººav±na½ antare samudda½ viya adhigacchi½. Jinapavaranti buddhuttama½.
106. Yeme pubbeti ye ime pubbe.
107. Tamonud±s²noti tamonudo ±s²no. Bh³ripaññ±ºoti ñ±ºaddhajo. Bh³rimedhasoti vipulapañño.
Niddese pabhaªkaroti teja½karo. ¾lokakaroti anandhak±rakaro. Obh±sakaroti obh±sa½ joti½ karot²ti obh±sakaro. D²pasadisa½ ±loka½ karot²ti d²paªkaro. Pad²pasadisa½ ±loka½ karot²ti pad²pakaro. Ujjotakaroti pat±pakaro. Pajjotakaroti dis±vidis± pat±pakaro.
Bh³ripaññ±ºoti puthulañ±ºo. ѱºapaññ±ºoti ñ±ºena p±kaµo. Paññ±dhajoti ussitaµµhena paññ±va dhajo ass±ti paññ±dhajo, dhajo rathassa paññ±ºanti-±d²su (j±. 2.22.1841; c³¼ani. p±r±yan±nug²tig±th±niddesa 107) viya. Vibh³tavih±r²ti p±kaµavih±ro.
108. Sandiµµhikamak±likanti s±ma½ passitabba½ phala½, na ca k±lantare pattabbaphala½. An²tikanti kiles±di-²tivirahita½.
Sandiµµhikanti lokuttaradhammo yena adhigato hoti, tena parasaddh±ya gantabbata½ hitv± paccavekkhaºañ±ºena saya½ daµµhabboti sandiµµhiko, ta½ sandiµµhika½. Attano phala½d±na½ sandh±ya n±ssa k±loti ak±lo, ak±loyeva ak±liko. Yo ettha ariyamaggadhammo, so attano samanantarameva phala½ det²ti attho, ta½ ak±lika½. Ehi passa ima½ dhammanti eva½ pavatta½ ehipassavidhi½ arahat²ti ehipassiko, ta½ ehipassika½. ¾ditta½ cela½ v± s²sa½ v± ajjhupekkhitv±pi attano citte upanaya½ arahat²ti opaneyyiko, ta½ opaneyyika½. Sabbehipi ugghaµitaññ³-±d²hi “bh±vito me maggo, adhigata½ phala½, sacchikato nirodho”ti attani attani veditabbanti paccatta½ veditabba½ viññ³hi.
109. Atha na½ b±var² ±ha “ki½ nu tamh±”ti dve g±th±.
Muhuttamp²ti thokampi. Khaºamp²ti na bahukampi. Layamp²ti manampi. Vayamp²ti koµµh±sampi. Addhamp²ti divasampi.
111-113. Tato piªgiyo bhagavato santik± avippav±sameva d²pento “n±ha½ tamh±”ti-±dim±ha. N±ha½ yo me…pe… pass±mi na½ manas± cakkhun±v±ti ta½ buddha½ ma½sacakkhun± viya manas± pass±mi. Namassam±no vivasemi rattinti namassam±nova ratti½ atin±memi.
114. Tena teneva natoti yena yena dis±bh±gena buddho, tena tenev±hampi nato, tanninno tappoºoti dasseti.
115. Dubbalath±makass±ti appath±makassa. Atha v± dubbalassa dutth±makassa ca, balav²riyah²nass±p²ti vutta½ hoti. Teneva k±yo na palet²ti teneva dubbalatth±makattena k±yo na gacchati, yena buddho, na tena gacchati. “Na paret²”tipi p±µho, so evattho. Tatth±ti buddhassa santike. Saªkappayant±y±ti saªkappagamanena. Tena yuttoti yena buddho, tena yutto payutto anuyuttoti dasseti.
Yena buddhoti yena dis±bh±gena buddho upasaªkamitabbo, tena dis±bh±gena na paleti. Atha v± bhummatthe karaºavacana½. Yattha buddho tattha na paleti na gacchati. Na vajat²ti purato na y±ti. Na gacchat²ti nivattati. N±tikkamat²ti na upasaªkamati.
116. Paªke say±noti k±makaddame sayam±no. D²p± d²pa½ upallavinti satth±r±dito satth±r±di½ adhigacchi½. Athaddas±si½ sambuddhanti soha½ eva½ dudiµµhi½ gahetv± anv±hiº¹anto atha p±s±ºakacetiye buddhamaddakkhi½.
Tattha sem±noti nisajjam±no. Sayam±noti seyya½ kappayam±no. ¾vasam±noti vasam±no. Parivasam±noti nicca½ vasam±no.
Pallavinti uggami½. Upallavinti uttari½ sampallavinti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Addasanti niddesassa uddesapada½. Addasanti passi½. Addakkhinti olokesi½. Apassinti esi½. Paµivijjhinti vinivijjhi½.
117. Imiss± g±th±ya avas±ne piªgiyassa ca b±varissa ca indriyaparip±ka½ viditv± bhagav± s±vatthiya½ µhitoyeva suvaººobh±sa½ muñci. Piªgiyo b±varissa buddhaguºe vaººayanto nisinno eva ta½ obh±sa½ disv± “ki½ idan”ti olokento bhagavanta½ attano purato µhita½ viya disv± b±varibr±hmaºassa “buddho ±gato”ti ±rocesi. Br±hmaºo uµµh±y±san± añjali½ paggahetv± aµµh±si. Bhagav±pi obh±sa½ pharitv± br±hmaºassa att±na½ dassento ubhinnampi sapp±ya½ viditv± piªgiyameva ±lapam±no “yath± ah³, vakkal²”ti ima½ g±thamabh±si.
Tassattho– yath± vakkalitthero saddh±dhimutto ahosi, saddh±dhureneva arahatta½ p±puºi, yath± ca so¼asanna½ eko bhadr±vudho n±ma, yath± ca ±¼avigotamo ca. Evameva tvampi pamuñcassu saddha½ tato saddh±ya adhimuccanto “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 277; therag±. 676; paµi. ma. 1.31; kath±. 753) nayena vipassana½ ±rabhitv± maccudheyyassa p±ra½ nibb±na½ gamissas²ti arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi, desan±pariyos±ne piªgiyo arahatte, b±var² an±g±miphale patiµµhahi, b±varibr±hmaºassa siss± pana pañcasat± sot±pann± ahesu½.
Tattha muñcass³ti mocassu. Pamuñcass³ti mocehi. Adhimuñcass³ti tattha adhimokkha½ karassu. Okappeh²ti bahum±na½ upp±deh²ti. Sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±ti hutv± abh±vaµµhena. Sabbe saªkh±r± dukkh±ti dukkhamaµµhena. Sabbe dhamm± anatt±ti avasavattanaµµhena.
118. Id±ni piªgiyo attano pas±da½ nivedento “esa bhiyyoti-±dim±ha. Tattha paµibh±nav±ti paµibh±nappaµisambhid±ya upeto.
Bhiyyo bhiyyoti upar³pari.
119. Adhideve abhiññ±y±ti adhidevakare dhamme ñatv±. Paroparanti h²napaº²ta½, attano ca parassa ca adhidevattakara½ sabbadhammaj±ta½ aved²ti vutta½ hoti. Kaªkh²na½ paµij±natanti kaªkh²na½yeva sata½ “nikkaªkhamh±”ti paµij±nant±na½.
Niddese p±r±yanikapañh±nanti p±r±yanikabr±hmaº±na½ pucch±na½. Avas±na½ karot²ti antakaro. Koµi½ karot²ti pariyantakaro. S²ma½ mariy±da½ karot²ti paricchedakaro. Nigama½ karot²ti parivaµumakaro. Sabhiyapañh±nanti na kevala½ p±r±yanikabr±hmaº±na½ pañh±na½ eva, atha kho sabhiyaparibb±jak±d²nampi pañh±na½ anta½ karot²ti dassetu½ “sabhiyapañh±nan”ti-±dim±ha.
120. Asa½h²ranti r±g±d²hi asa½h±riya½. Asaªkuppanti asaªkuppa½ avipariº±madhamma½. Dv²hipi padehi nibb±na½ bhaºati. Addh± gamiss±m²ti eka½seneva ta½ anup±disesanibb±nadh±tu½ gamiss±mi. Na mettha kaªkh±ti natthi me ettha nibb±ne kaªkh±. Eva½ ma½ dh±rehi adhimuttacittanti piªgiyo “evameva tvampi pamuñcassu saddhan”ti imin± bhagavato ov±dena attani saddha½ upp±detv± saddh±dhureneva ca vimuñcitv± ta½ saddh±dhimutti½ pak±sento bhagavanta½ ±ha– “eva½ ma½ dh±rehi adhimuttacittan”ti. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo “yath± ma½ tva½ avaca, evameva ma½ adhimuttacitta½ dh±reh²”ti.
Na sa½hariyat²ti gahetv± sa½haritu½ na sakk±. Niyogavacananti yuttavacana½. Avatth±panavacananti sanniµµh±navacana½. Imasmi½ p±r±yanavagge ya½ antarantar± na vutta½, ta½ heµµh± vuttanayena gahetabba½. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya c³¼aniddesa-aµµhakath±ya

P±r±yan±nug²tig±th±niddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

P±r±yanavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.