Eva½ vibhaªge vibhajitv± vutt±va idha adhippet± asam±pannassa manodh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±tusaªgahit± saññ± r³pasadd±dibhede n±natte n±n±sabh±ve gocare pavattanti. Yasm± cet± aµµha k±m±vacarakusalasaññ± dv±dasa akusalasaññ± ek±dasa k±m±vacarakusalavip±kasaññ± dve akusalavip±kasaññ± ek±dasa k±m±vacarakiriyasaññ±ti eva½ catucatt±l²sampi saññ± n±natt± n±n±sabh±v± aññamañña½ asadis±, tasm± “n±nattasaññ±”ti vutt±. T±sa½ sabbaso n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± an±vajjan± asamann±h±r± apaccavekkhaº±. Yasm± t± n±vajjati na manasikaroti na paccavekkhati, tasm±ti vutta½ hoti.

Yasm± cettha purim± r³pasaññ± paµighasaññ± ca imin± jh±nena nibbatte bhavepi na vijjanti, pageva tasmi½ bhave ima½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharaºak±le, tasm± t±sa½ “samatikkam± atthaªgam±”ti dvedh±pi abh±voyeva vutto. N±nattasaññ±su pana yasm± aµµha k±m±vacarakusalasaññ± nava kiriyasaññ± dasa akusalasaññ±ti, im± sattav²sati saññ± imin± jh±nena nibbatte bhave vijjanti, tasm± t±sa½ “amanasik±r±”ti vuttanti veditabba½. Tatr±pi hi ima½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharanto t±sa½ amanasik±r±yeva upasampajja viharati, t± pana manasikaronto asam±panno hot²ti. Saªkhepato cettha “r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±”ti imin± sabbar³p±vacaradhamm±na½ pah±na½ vutta½. “Paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r±”ti imin± sabbesa½ k±m±vacaracittacetasik±nañca pah±na½ amanasik±ro ca vuttoti veditabbo (paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.1.213).
Iti bhagav± pannarasanna½ r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkamena dasanna½ paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgamena catucatt±l²s±ya n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±ren±ti t²hi padehi ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattiy± vaººa½ kathesi. Ki½ k±raº±ti ce? Sot³na½ uss±hajananatthañceva palobhanatthañca. Sace hi keci apaº¹it± vadeyyu½– “satth± ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ nibbatteth±ti vadati, ko nu kho et±ya nibbattit±ya attho, ko ±nisa½so”ti. “Te eva½ vattu½ m± labhant³”ti imehi ±k±rehi sam±pattiy± vaººa½ kathesi. Tañhi nesa½ sutv± eva½ bhavissati– “eva½ sant± kira aya½ sam±patti eva½ paº²t±, nibbattess±ma nan”ti, athass± nibbattanatth±ya uss±ha½ karissant²ti.
Palobhanatthañc±pi tesa½ etiss± vaººa½ kathesi visakaºµakav±ºijoviya, visakaºµakav±ºijo n±ma gu¼av±ºijo vuccati. So kira gu¼aph±ºitakhaº¹asakkar±d²ni sakaµena ±d±ya paccantag±ma½ gantv± “visakaºµaka½ gaºhatha, visakaºµaka½ gaºhath±”ti ugghosesi. Ta½ sutv± g±mik± “visa½ n±ma kakkha¼a½, yo na½ kh±dati, so marati, kaºµakopi vijjhitv± m±reti, ubhopete kakkha¼±, ko ettha ±nisa½so”ti gehadv±r±ni thakesu½, d±rake ca pal±pesu½. Ta½ disv± v±ºijo “avoh±rakusal± ime g±mik±, handa ne up±yena gaºh±pem²”ti “atimadhura½ gaºhatha, atis±du½ gaºhatha, gu¼a½ ph±ºita½ sakkara½ samaggha½ labbhati, k³µam±sakak³µakah±paº±d²hipi labbhat²”ti ugghosesi. Ta½ sutv± g±mik± haµµhapahaµµh± nikkhant± bahumpi m³la½ datv± gahesu½.
Tattha v±ºijassa “visakaºµaka½ gaºhath±”ti ugghosana½ viya bhagavato “±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ nibbatteth±”ti vacana½. “Ubhopete kakkha¼±, ko ettha ±nisa½so”ti g±mik±na½ cintana½ viya “bhagav± ‘±k±s±nañc±yatana½ nibbatteth±’ti ±ha, ko nu kho ettha ±nisa½so, n±ssa guºa½ j±n±m±”ti sot³na½ cintana½. Athassa v±ºijassa “atimadhura½ gaºhath±”ti-±divacana½ viya bhagavato r³pasaññ±samatikkaman±dika½ ±nisa½sappak±sana½. Idañhi sutv± te bahumpi m³la½ datv± g±mik± viya gu¼a½ “imin± ±nisa½sena palobhitacitt± mahantampi uss±ha½ katv± ima½ sam±patti½ nibbattessant²”ti uss±hajananattha½ palobhanatthañca kathesi.
¾k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±ti ettha n±ssa antoti ananta½, ±k±sa½ ananta½ ±k±s±nanta½, ±k±s±nanta½ eva ±k±s±nañca½, ta½ ±k±s±nañca½ adhiµµh±naµµhena ±yatanamassa sasampayuttadhammassa jh±nassa dev±na½ dev±yatanamiv±ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½. Kasiºuggh±µim±k±sasseta½ adhivacana½. Tattha jh±na½ nibbattetv± paµisandhivasena ±k±s±nañc±yatanabhava½ upagat± ±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±. Ito paresu visesamattameva vaººayiss±ma (dha. sa. aµµha. 265, 1436-7).
¾k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamm±ti ettha t±va pubbe vuttanayena ±k±s±nañca½ ±yatanamassa adhiµµh±naµµhen±ti jh±nampi ±k±s±nañc±yatana½, vuttanayeneva ±rammaºampi. Evameta½ jh±nañca ±rammaºañc±ti ubhayampi appavattikaraºena ca amanasikaraºena ca samatikkamitv±va yasm± ida½ viññ±ºañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharitabba½, tasm± ubhayampeta½ ekajjha½ katv± “±k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamm±”ti ida½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Viññ±ºañc±yatan³pag±ti ettha pana “anantan”ti manasik±tabbavasena n±ssa antoti ananta½, anantameva ±nañca½, viññ±ºa½ ±nañca½ “viññ±º±nañcan”ti avatv± “viññ±ºañcan”ti vutta½. Ayañhettha ru¼h²saddo. Tadeva viññ±ºañca½ adhiµµh±naµµhena ±yatananti viññ±ºañc±yatana½. Tattha jh±na½ nibbattetv± viññ±ºañc±yatanabhava½ upagat± viññ±ºañc±yatan³pag±.
Viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamm±ti etthapi pubbe vuttanayeneva viññ±ºañca½ ±yatanamassa adhiµµh±naµµhen±ti jh±nampi viññ±ºañc±yatana½, vuttanayeneva ca ±rammaºampi. Evameta½ jh±nañca ±rammaºañc±ti ubhayampi appavattikaraºena ca amanasikaraºena ca samatikkamitv±va yasm± ida½ ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharitabba½, tasm± ubhayampeta½ ekajjha½ katv± “viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamm±”ti ida½ vuttanti veditabba½.
¾kiñcaññ±yatan³pag±ti ettha pana n±ssa kiñcananti akiñcana½, antamaso bhaªgamattampi assa avasiµµha½ natth²ti vutta½ hoti. Akiñcanassa bh±vo ±kiñcañña½, ±k±s±nañc±yatanaviññ±º±pagamasseta½ adhivacana½. Ta½ ±kiñcañña½ adhiµµh±naµµhena ±yatananti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½. Tattha jh±na½ nibbattetv± ±kiñcaññ±yatanabhava½ upagat± ±kiñcaññ±yatan³pag±. Aya½ sattamaviññ±ºaµµhit²ti ima½ sattama½ paµisandhiviññ±ºassa µh±na½ j±n±ti Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ yatheva saññ±ya, eva½ viññ±ºass±pi sukhumatt± neva viññ±ºa½ n±viññ±ºa½, tasm± viññ±ºaµµhit²su na vutta½.
Abh³tanti abh³tattha½ “r³pa½ att±”ti-±divacana½. Ta½ vipall±sabh±vato ataccha½. Diµµhinissayato anatthasañhita½. Atha v± abh³tanti asanta½ avijjam±na½. Acorasseva “ida½ te corik±ya ±bhata½, na ida½ tuyha½ ghare dhanan”ti-±divacana½. Atacchanti atath±k±ra½ aññath± santa½. Anatthasañhitanti na idhalokattha½ v± paralokattha½ v± nissita½. Na ta½ tath±gato by±karot²ti ta½ aniyy±nikakatha½ tath±gato na katheti. Bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasañhitanti r±jakath±ditiracch±nakatha½. Bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasañhitanti ariyasaccasannissita½. Tatra k±laññ³ tath±gato hot²ti tasmi½ tatiyaby±karaºe tassa pañhassa by±karaºatth±ya tath±gato k±laññ³ hoti. Mah±janassa ±d±nak±la½ gahaºak±la½ j±nitv± sahetuka½ sak±raºa½ katv± yuttapattak±leyeva by±karot²ti attho.
Yuttapattak±le vadat²ti k±lav±d². Bh³ta½ sabh±va½ vadat²ti bh³tav±d². Paramattha½ nibb±na½ vadat²ti atthav±d². Maggaphaladhamma½ vadat²ti dhammav±d². Sa½var±divinaya½ vadat²ti vinayav±d². Tattha diµµhanti aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ cakkhudv±resu ±p±tha½ ±gacchanta½ r³p±rammaºa½ n±ma atthi, ta½ sabb±k±rato j±n±ti passati. Eva½ j±nat± passat± ca tena ta½ iµµh±niµµh±divasena v± diµµhasutamutaviññ±tesu labbham±nakapadavasena v± “katama½ ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½? Ya½ r³pa½ catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 617-618) nayena anekehi n±mehi terasahi v±rehi dvipaññ±s±ya nayehi vibhajjam±na½ tathameva hoti vitatha½ natthi. Esa nayo sotadv±r±d²supi. ¾p±tham±gacchantesu sadd±d²su tesa½ vividha½ dassetu½ “diµµha½ sutan”ti ±ha. Tattha diµµhanti r³p±yatana½. Sutanti sadd±yatana½. Mutanti patv± gahetabbato gandh±yatana½ ras±yatana½ phoµµhabb±yatana½. Viññ±tanti sukhadukkh±didhamm±rammaºa½. Pattanti pariyesitv± v± apariyesitv± v± patta½. Pariyesitanti patta½ v± apatta½ v± pariyesita½. Anuvicarita½ manas±ti cittena anusañcarita½.
Tath±gatena abhisambuddhanti imin± eta½ dasseti– yañhi aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su imassa sadevakassa lokassa n²la½ p²takanti-±di r³p±rammaºa½ cakkhudv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, “aya½ satto imasmi½ khaºe ima½ n±ma r³p±rammaºa½ disv± sumano v± dummano v± majjhatto v± j±to”ti sabba½ ta½ tath±gatassa eva½ abhisambuddha½. Tath± ya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su imassa sadevakassa lokassa bherisaddo mudiªgasaddoti-±di sadd±rammaºa½ sotadv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, m³lagandho tacagandhoti-±di gandh±rammaºa½ gh±nadv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, m³laraso khandharasoti-±di ras±rammaºa½ jivh±dv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, kakkha¼a½ mudukanti-±di pathav²dh±tutejodh±tuv±yodh±tubheda½ phoµµhabb±rammaºa½ k±yadv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, “aya½ satto imasmi½ khaºe ima½ n±ma phoµµhabb±rammaºa½ phusitv± sumano v± dummano v± majjhatto v± j±to”ti sabba½ ta½ tath±gatassa eva½ abhisambuddha½. Tath± ya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su imassa sadevakassa lokassa sukhadukkh±dibheda½ dhamm±rammaºa½ manodv±rassa ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, “aya½ satto imasmi½ khaºe ima½ n±ma dhamm±rammaºa½ vij±nitv± sumano v± dummano v± majjhatto v± j±to”ti sabba½ ta½ tath±gatassa eva½ abhisambuddha½.
Yañhi, cunda, imesa½ satt±na½ diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½, tattha tath±gatena adiµµha½ v± asuta½ v± amuta½ v± aviññ±ta½ v± natthi, imassa pana mah±janassa pariyesitv± apattampi atthi, apariyesitv± apattampi atthi, pariyesitv± pattampi atthi, apariyesitv± pattampi atthi, sabbampi tath±gatassa asampatta½ n±ma natthi ñ±ºena asacchikata½. Tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²ti ya½ tath± lokena gata½, tassa tatheva gatatt± tath±gatoti vuccat²ti. P±¼iya½ pana “abhisambuddhan”ti vutta½, ta½ gatasaddena ekattha½. Imin± nayena sabbav±resu tath±gatoti nigamassa attho veditabbo (d². ni. aµµha. 3.188; a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.23).
“Yañca, cunda, ratti½ tath±gato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhati, yañca ratti½ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati, ya½ etasmi½ antare bh±sati lapati niddisati, sabba½ ta½ tatheva hoti, no aññath±, tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²”ti–
Ettha ya½ ratti½ bhagav± bodhimaº¹e appar±jitapallaªke nisinno tiººa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± anuttarasamm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, yañca ratti½ yamakas±l±namantare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi, etthantare pañcacatt±l²savassaparim±ºe k±le paµhamabodhiy±pi majjhimabodhiy±pi pacchimabodhiy±pi ya½ bhagavat± bh±sita½ sutta½ geyya½…pe… vedalla½, ta½ sabba½ atthato ca byañjanato ca anupavajja½ an³namanadhika½ sabb±k±raparipuººa½ r±gamadanimmadana½ dosamohamadanimmadana½ natthi, tattha v±¼aggamattampi avakkhalita½, sabba½ ta½ ekamuddik±ya lañchita½ viya, ekan±¼iy± mita½ viya, ekatul±ya tulita½ viya ca tathameva hoti vitatha½ natthi. Ten±ha– “yañca, cunda, ratti½ tath±gato…pe… sabba½ ta½ tathameva hoti, no aññath± tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²”ti. Gada-attho hi ettha gatasaddo.
Api ca– ±gadana½ ±gado, vacananti attho. Tatho avipar²to ±gado ass±ti da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv± gatoti evametasmi½ atthe padasiddhi veditabb±.
“Yath±v±d², cunda…pe… vuccat²”ti ettha bhagavato v±c±ya k±yo anulometi k±yassapi v±c±, tasm± bhagav± yath±v±d² tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d² ca hoti, eva½bh³tassa cassa yath± v±c±, k±yopi tath± gato pavattoti attho. Yath± ca k±yo, v±c±pi tath± gat± pavatt±ti tath±gatoti evamettha padasiddhi veditabb±.
Abhibh³ anabhibh³toti upari bhavagga½ heµµh± av²cipariyanta½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su sabbasatte abhibhavati s²lenapi sam±dhin±pi paññ±yapi vimuttiy±pi na tassa tul± v± pam±ºa½ v± atthi. Atulo appameyyo anuttaro r±jar±j± devadevo sakk±na½ atisakko brahm±na½ atibrahm±. Aññadatth³ti eka½satthe nip±to. Dakkhat²ti daso. Vasa½ vattet²ti vasavatt².
Tatr±ya½ padasiddhi veditabb±– agado viya agado, ko panesa? Desan±vil±so ceva puññussayo ca. Tena hesa mah±nubh±vo bhisakko dibb±gadena sappe viya sabbaparappav±dino sadevakañca loka½ abhibhavati. Iti sabbalok±bhibhavane tatho avipar²to desan±vil±samayo ceva puññussayo ca agado ass±ti da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti veditabbo (d². ni. aµµha. 1.7).
Idhatthaññeva j±n±ti kamm±bhisaªkh±ravasen±ti apuññ±bhisaªkh±ravasena idhatthaññeva j±n±ti. K±yassa bhed± para½ maraº±ti up±dinnakhandhabhed± maraºato para½. Ap±yanti-±d²su vu¹¹hisaªkh±tasukhas±tato ay± apetatt± ap±yo. Dukkhassa gati paµisaraºanti duggati. Dukkarak±rino ettha vinipatant²ti vinip±to. Nirati-aµµhena nirass±daµµhena nirayo. Ta½ ap±ya½…pe… niraya½. Upapajjissat²ti paµisandhivasena uppajjissati. Tiracch±nayoninti tiriya½ añcant²ti tiracch±n±, tesa½ yoni tiracch±nayoni, ta½ tiracch±nayoni½. Pettivisayanti paccabh±va½ patt±na½ visayoti pettivisayo, ta½ pettivisaya½. Manaso ussannat±ya manuss± tesu manussesu. Ito para½ kamm±bhisaªkh±ravasen±ti ettha puññ±bhisaªkh±ravasena attho gahetabbo.
¾sav±na½ khay±ti ±sav±na½ vin±sena. An±sava½ cetovimuttinti ±savavirahita½ arahattaphalasam±dhi½. Paññ±vimuttinti arahattaphalapañña½. Arahattaphalasam±dhi r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, arahattaphalapaññ± avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutt²ti veditabb±. Taºh±caritena v± appan±jh±nabalena kilese vikkhambhetv± adhigata½ arahattaphala½ r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, diµµhicaritena upac±rajjh±namatta½ nibbattetv± vipassitv± adhigata½ arahattaphala½ avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti. An±g±miphala½ v± k±mar±ga½ sandh±ya r±gavir±g± cetovimutti, arahattaphala½ sabbappak±rato avijj±vir±g± paññ±vimutti.
¾kiñcaññ±yatana½ dhimuttanti vimokkhen±ti kenaµµhena vimokkho veditabboti? Adhimuccanaµµhena. Ko aya½ adhimuccanaµµho n±ma? Paccan²kadhammehi ca suµµhu vimuccanaµµho, ±rammaºe ca abhirativasena suµµhu vimuccanaµµho, pitu aªke vissaµµha-aªgapaccaªgassa d±rakassa sayana½ viya aniggahitabh±vena nir±saªkat±ya ±rammaºe pavatt²ti vutta½ hoti. Evar³pena vimokkhena dhimuttanti. Viññ±ºañc±yatana½ muñcitv± ±kiñcaññ±yatane nir±saªkavasena dhimutta½ all²na½. Tatr±dhimuttanti tasmi½ sam±dhimhi all²na½. Tadadhimuttanti tasmi½ jh±ne adhimutta½. Tad±dhipateyyanti ta½ jh±na½ jeµµhaka½. R³p±dhimuttoti-±d²ni pañca k±maguºagarukavasena vutt±ni. Kul±dhimuttoti-±d²ni t²ºi khattiy±dikulagarukavasena vutt±ni. L±bh±dhimuttoti-±d²ni aµµha lokadhammavasena vutt±ni. Dh²var±dhimuttoti-±d²ni catt±ri paccayavasena vutt±ni. Suttant±dhimuttoti-±d²ni piµakattayavasena vutt±ni. ¾raññakaªg±dhimuttoti-±d²ni dhutaªgasam±d±navasena vutt±ni. Paµhamajjh±n±dhimuttoti-±d²ni paµil±bhavasena vutt±ni.
Kammapar±yaºanti abhisaªkh±ravasena. Vip±kapar±yaºanti pavattivasena. Kammagarukanti cetan±garuka½. Paµisandhigarukanti upapattigaruka½.
84. ¾kiñcaññ±sambhava½ ñatv±ti ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±pattito vuµµhahitv± ±kiñcaññ±yatanajanakakamm±bhisaªkh±ra½ ñatv± “kinti palibodho ayan”ti. Nandisa½yojana½ it²ti y± catuttha-ar³par±gasaªkh±t± nand² tañca sa½yojana½ ñatv±. Tato tattha vipassat²ti atha tattha ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±pattito vuµµhahitv± ta½ sam±patti½ anicc±divasena vipassati. Eta½ ñ±ºa½ tatha½ tass±ti eta½ tassa puggalassa eva½ vipassato anukkamena uppanna½ arahattañ±ºa½ avipar²ta½. Vus²matoti vusitavantassa. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva.
Eva½ bhagav± idampi sutta½ arahattanik³µeneva desesi, desan±pariyos±ne ca pubbasadiso eva dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

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Pos±lam±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.