Katam± r³pasaññ±ti ettha r³pasaññ±ti saññ±s²sena vuttar³p±vacarajh±nañceva tad±rammaºañca. R³p±vacarajh±nampi hi r³panti vuccati “r³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 248; paµi. ma. 1.209). Tassa ±rammaºampi “bahiddh± r³p±ni passati suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 223). Tasm± idha r³pe saññ± r³pasaññ±ti eva½ saññ±s²sena r³p±vacarajh±nasseta½ adhivacana½. R³pa½ saññ± ass±ti r³pasaññ±, r³pamassa n±manti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ pathav²kasiº±dibhedassa tad±rammaºassa ceta½ adhivacananti veditabba½. Idha pana kusalavip±kakiriyavasena pañcadasajh±nasaªkh±t± r³pasaññ± eva adhippet± R³p±vacarasam±patti½ sam±pannassa v±ti r³p±vacarakusalajjh±nasam±patti½ sam±pannassa. Upapannassa v±ti vip±kajjh±navasena tasmi½ bhave upapannassa. Diµµhadhammasukhavih±rissa v±ti imasmi½yeva attabh±ve kiriy±jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± sukha½ upp±detv± viharantassa. Ar³pasam±pattiyoti ±k±s±nañc±yatan±d²ni. Paµiladdhass±ti upp±detv± µhitassa. R³pasaññ± vibh³t± hont²ti r³pasaññ± apagat± honti. Vigat±ti vin±sit±. “Abh±vit±”tipi p±µho, sundaro.
Tadaªgasamatikkam±ti tadaªgappah±navasena atikkamena. Vikkhambhanappah±nena pah²noti ar³pajjh±napaµil±bhena vikkhambhanena pah²no. Tassa r³pak±yoti tassa ar³pasam±pattipaµil±bhino ar³papuggalassa r³p±vacarak±yo.
¾kiñcaññ±yatananti ettha n±ssa kiñcananti akiñcana½, antamaso saªgamattampi assa avasiµµha½ natth²ti vutta½ hoti. Akiñcanassa bh±vo ±kiñcañña½, ±k±s±nañc±yatanaviññ±º±pagamasseta½ adhivacana½, ta½ ±kiñcañña½ adhiµµh±naµµhena imiss± saññ±ya ±yatananti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½, ±k±se pavattitaviññ±º±pagam±rammaºassa jh±nasseta½ adhivacana½. Viññ±ºañc±yatanasam±patti½ sato sam±pajjitv±ti ta½ viññ±ºañc±yatana½ satok±r² hutv± sam±pajjitv±. Tato vuµµhahitv±ti satok±r² hutv± t±ya sam±pattiy± vuµµh±ya. Taññeva viññ±ºanti ta½ ±k±se pavattita½ mahaggataviññ±ºa½. Abh±vet²ti vin±seti. Vibh±vet²ti vividh± n±seti. Antaradh±pet²ti adassana½ gameti.
Katha½ so netabboti so puggalo kenappak±rena j±nitabbo. Vinetabboti n±n±vidhena j±nitabbo. Anunetabboti punappuna½ cittena katha½ gamayitabbo.
83. Athassa bhagav± t±dise puggale attano appaµihatañ±ºata½ pak±setv± ta½ ñ±ºa½ by±k±tu½ g±tham±ha. Tattha viññ±ºaµµhitiyo sabb±, abhij±na½ tath±gatoti abhisaªkh±ravasena catasso paµisandhivasena satt±ti eva½ sabb± viññ±ºaµµhitiyo abhij±nanto tath±gato. Tiµµhantamena½ j±n±t²ti kamm±bhisaªkh±ravasena tiµµhameta½ puggala½ j±n±ti “±yati½ aya½ eva½gatiko bhavissat²”ti. Dhimuttanti ±kiñcaññ±yatan±d²su adhimutta½. Tappar±yaºanti tammaya½.
Viññ±ºaµµhitiyoti paµisandhiviññ±ºassa µh±n±ni saviññ±ºak± khandh± eva. Tattha seyyath±p²ti nidassanatthe nip±to yath± manuss±ti attho. Aparim±ºesupi hi cakkav±¼esu aparim±º±na½ manuss±na½ vaººasaºµh±n±divasena dvepi ekasadis± natthi. Yepi hi katthaci yamakabh±taro vaººena v± saºµh±nena v± sadis± honti. Tepi ±lokitavilokit±d²hi visadis±va honti. Tasm± “n±nattak±y±”ti vutt±. Paµisandhisaññ± pana nesa½ tihetuk±pi duhetuk±pi ahetuk±pi hoti. Tasm± “n±nattasaññino”ti vutt±. Ekacce ca dev±ti cha k±m±vacaradev±. Tesu hi kesañci k±yo n²lo hoti, kesañci p²tak±divaººo. Saññ± pana nesa½ tihetuk±pi duhetuk±pi hoti, ahetuk± na hoti. Ekacce ca vinip±tik±ti catu-ap±yavinimutt± punabbasum±t± yakkhin² piyaªkaram±t± phussamitt± dhammagutt±ti evam±dayo aññe ca vem±nik± pet±. Etesañhi od±tak±¼amaªguracchavis±mavaºº±divasena ceva kisath³larassad²ghavasena ca k±yo n±n± hoti, manuss±na½ viya tihetukaduhetuk±hetukavasena saññ±pi. Te pana dev± viya na mahesakkh±, kapaºamanuss± viya appesakkh± dullabhagh±sacch±dan± dukkhap²¼it± viharanti. Ekacce k±¼apakkhe dukkhit± juºhapakkhe sukhit± honti, tasm± sukhasamussayato vinipatitatt± vinip±tik±ti vutt±. Ye panettha tihetuk±, tesa½ dhamm±bhisamayopi hoti piyaªkaram±t±d²na½ viya.
Brahmak±yik±ti brahmap±risajjabrahmapurohitamah±brahm±no. Paµham±bhinibbatt±ti te sabbepi paµhamajjh±nena nibbatt±. Brahmap±risajj± pana parittena, brahmapurohit± majjhimena, k±yova nesa½ vipph±rikataro hoti. Mah±brahm±no paº²tena, k±yo pana nesa½ ativipph±rikataro hoti. Iti te k±yassa n±natt±, paµhamajjh±navasena saññ±ya ekatt± n±nattak±y± ekattasaññinoti vutt±. Yath± ca te, eva½ cat³su ap±yesu satt±. Nirayesu hi kesañci g±vuta½, kesañci a¹¹hayojana½, kesañci tig±vuta½ attabh±vo hoti, devadattassa pana yojanasatiko j±to. Tiracch±nesupi keci khuddak± honti, keci mahant±. Pettivisayesupi keci saµµhihatth±, keci as²tihatth± honti, keci suvaºº±, keci dubbaºº±. Tath± k±lakañcik± asur±. Api cettha d²ghapiµµhikapet± n±ma saµµhiyojanik±pi honti. Saññ± pana sabbesampi akusalavip±k±hetuk±va hoti. Iti ±p±yik±pi n±nattak±y± ekattasaññinoti saªkha½ gacchanti.
¾bhassar±ti daº¹a-ukk±ya acci viya etesa½ sar²rato ±bh± chijjitv± chijjitv± patant² viya sarati visarat²ti ±bhassar±. Tesu pañcakanaye dutiyatatiyajjh±nadvaya½ paritta½ bh±vetv± upapann± paritt±bh± n±ma honti. Majjhima½ bh±vetv± upapann± appam±º±bh± n±ma honti. Paº²ta½ bh±vetv± upapann± ±bhassar± n±ma honti. Idha pana ukkaµµhaparicchedavasena sabbe gahit±. Sabbesañhi tesa½ k±yo ekavipph±rova hoti, saññ± pana avitakkavic±ramatt± ca avitakka-avic±r± c±ti n±n±.
Subhakiºh±ti subhena vokiºº±, subhena sar²rappabh±vaººena ekagghan±ti attho. Etesañhi na ±bhassar±na½ viya chijjitv± chijjitv± pabh± gacchat²ti. Catukkanaye tatiyassa pañcakanaye catukkassa parittamajjhimapaº²tassa jh±nassa vasena parittasubha-appam±ºasubhasubhakiºh± n±ma hutv± nibbattanti. Iti sabbepi te ekattak±y± ceva catutthajjh±nasaññ±ya ekattasaññino c±ti veditabb±. Vehapphal±pi catutthaviññ±ºaµµhitimeva bhajanti. Asaññasatt± viññ±º±bh±v± ettha saªgaha½ na gacchanti, satt±v±sesu gacchanti.
Suddh±v±s± vivaµµapakkhe µhit±, na sabbak±lik±, kappasatasahassampi asaªkhyeyyampi buddhasuññe loke na uppajjanti. So¼asakappasahassabbhantare buddhesu uppannesuyeva uppajjanti. Dhammacakkapavattissa (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 13; paµi. ma. 2.30) bhagavato khandh±v±rasadis± honti. Tasm± neva viññ±ºaµµhiti½, na ca satt±v±sa½ bhajanti. Mah±s²vatthero pana “na kho pana so, s±riputta, ±v±so sulabhar³po, yo may± an±vuµµhapubbo imin± d²ghena addhun± aññatra suddh±v±sehi deveh²ti imin± suttena (ma. ni. 1.160) suddh±v±s±pi catutthaviññ±ºaµµhiti½ catutthasatt±v±sañca bhajant²”ti vadati, ta½ appaµib±hitatt± suttassa anuññ±ta½ (a. ni. aµµha. 3.7.44-45; paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.21).
Sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±ti ettha sabbasoti sabb±k±rena, sabb±sa½ v± anavases±nanti attho. R³pasaññ±nanti saññ±s²sena vuttar³p±vacarajjh±n±nañceva tad±rammaº±nañca. R³p±vacarajjh±nampi hi r³panti vuccati “r³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 248; paµi. ma. 1.209), tassa ±rammaºampi “bahiddh± r³p±ni passati suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 223). Tasm± idha “r³pe saññ± r³pasaññ±”ti eva½ saññ±s²sena vuttar³p±vacarajjh±nasseta½ adhivacana½. R³pa½ saññ± ass±ti r³pasaññ±, r³pamassa n±manti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ pathav²kasiº±dibhedassa tad±rammaºassa ceta½ adhivacananti veditabba½.
Samatikkam±ti vir±g± nirodh± ca. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Et±sa½ kusalavip±kakiriyavasena pañcadasanna½ jh±nasaªkh±t±na½ r³pasaññ±na½ etesañca pathav²kasiº±divasena aµµhanna½ ±rammaºasaªkh±t±na½ r³pasaññ±na½ sabb±k±rena anavases±na½ v± vir±g± ca nirodh± ca vir±gahetu ceva nirodhahetu ca ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Na hi sakk± sabbaso anatikkantar³pasaññena eta½ upasampajja viharitunti. Tattha yasm± ±rammaºe avirattassa saññ±samatikkamo na hoti, samatikkant±su ca saññ±su ±rammaºa½ samatikkantameva hoti. Tasm± ±rammaºasamatikkama½ avatv±–
“Tattha katam± r³pasaññ±? R³p±vacarasam±patti½ sam±pannassa v± upapannassa v± diµµhadhammasukhavih±rissa v± saññ± sañj±nan± sañj±nitatta½, im± vuccanti r³pasaññ±yo. Im± r³pasaññ±yo atikkanto hoti v²tikkanto samatikkanto, tena vuccati sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±”ti–

Eva½ vibhaªge (vibha. 602) saññ±na½yeva samatikkamo vutto. Yasm± pana ±rammaºasamatikkamena pattabb± et± sam±pattiyo, na ekasmi½yeva ±rammaºe paµhamajjh±n±d²ni viya, tasm± aya½ ±rammaºasamatikkamavasen±pi atthavaººan± kat±ti veditabb±.

Paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam±ti cakkh±d²na½ vatth³na½ r³p±d²na½ ±rammaº±nañca paµigh±tena uppann± saññ± paµighasaññ±, r³pasaññ±d²na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Yath±ha– “tattha katam± paµighasaññ±? R³pasaññ± saddasaññ± gandhasaññ± rasasaññ± phoµµhabbasaññ±, im± vuccanti paµighasaññ±yo”ti (vibha. 603). T±sa½ kusalavip±k±na½ pañcanna½ akusalavip±k±na½ pañcannanti sabbaso dasanna½ paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± pah±n± asamupp±d±, appavatti½ katv±ti vutta½ hoti.
K±mañcet± paµhamajjh±n±d²ni sam±pannass±pi na santi, na hi tasmi½ samaye pañcadv±ravasena citta½ pavattati, eva½ santepi aññattha pah²n±na½ sukhadukkh±na½ catutthajjh±ne viya sakk±yadiµµh±d²na½ tatiyamagge viya ca imasmi½yeva jh±ne uss±hajananattha½ imassa jh±nassa pasa½s±vasena et±sa½ ettha vacana½ veditabba½. Atha v±– kiñc±pi t± r³p±vacara½ sam±pannassa na santi, atha kho na pah²natt± na santi, na hi r³pavir±g±ya r³p±vacarabh±van± sa½vattati, r³p±yatt± ca et±sa½ pavatti, aya½ pana bh±van± r³pavir±g±ya sa½vattati Tasm± t± ettha “pah²n±”ti vattu½ vaµµati. Na kevalañca vattu½, eka½seneva eva½ dh±retumpi vaµµati. T±sañhi ito pubbe appah²natt±yeva “paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pannassa saddo kaºµako”ti (a. ni. 10.72) vutto bhagavat±. Idha ca pah²natt±yeva ar³pasam±patt²na½ ±neñjat± santavimokkhat± ca vutt±– “±¼±ro ca k±l±mo ar³pa½ sam±panno pañcamatt±ni sakaµasat±ni niss±ya niss±ya atikkant±ni neva addasa, na pana sadda½ assos²”ti (d². ni. 2.192).
N±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r±ti n±natte gocare pavatt±na½ saññ±na½, n±natt±na½ v± saññ±na½. Yasm± hi et±–
“Tattha katam± n±nattasaññ±? Asam±pannassa manodh±tusamaªgissa v± manoviññ±ºadh±tusamaªgissa v± saññ± sañj±nan± sañj±nitatta½, im± vuccanti n±nattasaññ±yo”ti (vibha. 604)–