11. Jatukaººim±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan±

65. Ek±dasame jatukaººisutte– sutv±naha½ v²ra ak±mak±minti aha½ “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± (p±r±. 1; d². ni. 1.157, 255, 301; a. ni. 6.10; sa½. ni. 5.997) nayena v²ra k±m±na½ ak±manato ak±mak±mi½ buddha½ sutv±. Ak±mam±gamanti nikk±ma½ bhagavanta½ pucchitu½ ±gatomhi. Sahajanett±ti sahaj±tasabbaññutaññ±ºacakkhu Yath±tacchanti yath±tatha½. Br³hi meti puna y±canto bhaºati. Y±canto hi sahassakkhattumpi bhaºeyya, ko pana v±do dvikkhattu½.
Itipi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddhoti imesa½ pad±na½ attho heµµh± vuttova. Vijj±hi pana caraºena ca sampannatt± vijj±caraºasampanno. Tattha vijj±ti tissopi vijj± aµµhapi vijj±. Tisso vijj± bhayabheravasutte (ma. ni. 1.34 ±dayo) vuttanayena veditabb±, aµµha ambaµµhasutte (d². ni. 1.254 ±dayo). Tattha hi vipassan±ñ±ºena manomayiddhiy± ca saha cha abhiññ± pariggahetv± aµµha vijj± vutt±. Caraºanti s²lasa½varo indriyesu guttadv±rat± bhojane mattaññut± j±gariy±nuyogo satta saddhamm± catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±n²ti ime pannarasa dhamm± veditabb±. Imeyeva hi pannarasa dhamm± yasm± etehi carati ariyas±vako gacchati amata½ disa½, tasm± “caraºan”ti vutt±. Yath±ha– “idha, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako s²lav± hot²”ti (ma. ni. 2.24) sabba½ majjhimapaºº±sake vuttanayena veditabba½. Bhagav± im±hi vijj±hi imin± ca caraºena samann±gato, tena vuccati vijj±caraºasampannoti. Tattha vijj±sampad± bhagavato sabbaññuta½ p³retv± µhit±, caraºasampad± mah±k±ruºikata½. So sabbaññut±ya sabbasatt±na½ atth±nattha½ ñatv± mah±k±ruºikat±ya anattha½ parivajjetv± atthe niyojeti, yath± ta½ vijj±caraºasampanno. Tenassa s±vak± suppaµipann± honti, no duppaµipann±, vijj±caraºavipann±nañhi s±vak± attantap±dayo viya (p±r±. aµµha. 1.1).
Sobhanagamanatt± sundara½ µh±na½ gatatt± samm± gatatt± samm± ca gadatt± sugato. Gamanampi hi gatanti vuccati. Tañca bhagavato sobhana½ parisuddhamanavajja½. Ki½ pana tanti? Ariyamaggo. Tena hesa gamanena khema½ disa½ asajjam±no gatoti sobhanagamanatt± sugato. Sundarañcesa µh±na½ gato amata½ nibb±nanti sundara½ µh±na½ gatatt±pi sugato. Samm± ca gato tena tena maggena pah²ne kilese puna apacc±gacchanto. Vuttañheta½–
“Sot±pattimaggena ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese na puneti na pacceti na pacc±gacchat²ti sugato…pe… arahattamaggena ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese na puneti na pacceti na pacc±gacchat²ti sugato”ti (mah±ni. 38; c³¼ani. mettag³m±ºavapucch±niddesa 27).
Samm± v± gato d²paªkarap±dam³lato pabhuti y±va bodhimaº¹± t±va samati½sap±ram²p³rik±ya samm± paµipattiy± sabbalokassa hitasukhameva karonto sassata½ uccheda½ k±masukha½ attakilamathanti ime ca ante anupagacchanto gatoti samm± gatatt±pi sugato. Samm± cesa gadati yuttaµµh±nesu yuttameva v±ca½ bh±sat²ti samm± gadatt±pi sugato.
Tatrida½ s±dhakasutta½–
“Ya½ tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ appiy± aman±p±, na ta½ tath±gato v±ca½ bh±sati. Yampi tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ appiy± aman±p±, tampi tath±gato v±ca½ na bh±sati. Yañca kho tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ appiy± aman±p±, tatra k±laññ³ tath±gato hoti tass± v±c±ya veyy±karaº±ya. Ya½ tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ anatthasa½hita½. S± ca paresa½ piy± man±p±, na ta½ tath±gato v±ca½ bh±sati. Yampi tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ piy± man±p±, tampi tath±gato v±ca½ na bh±sati. Yañca kho tath±gato v±ca½ j±n±ti bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½, s± ca paresa½ piy± man±p±, tatra k±laññ³ tath±gato hoti tass± v±c±ya veyy±karaº±y±”ti (ma. ni. 2.86).

Eva½ samm± gadatt±pi sugatoti veditabbo.

Sabbath± viditalokatt± pana lokavid³. So hi bhagav± sabh±vato samudayato nirodhato nirodh³p±yatoti sabbath± loka½ avedi aññ±si paµivijjhi. Yath±ha–
“Yattha kho, ±vuso, na j±yati na j²yati na m²yati na cavati na upapajjati, n±ha½ ta½ gamanena lokassa anta½ ñ±teyya½ daµµheyya½ patteyyanti vad±mi. Na c±ha½, ±vuso, appatv±va lokassa anta½ dukkhassa antakiriya½ vad±mi. Api c±ha½, ±vuso, imasmi½yeva by±mamatte ka¼evare sasaññimhi samanake lokañca paññapemi lokasamudayañca lokanirodhañca lokanirodhag±miniñca paµipada½ (sa½. ni. 1.107; a. ni. 4.45).
“Gamanena na pattabbo, lokassanto kud±cana½;
na ca appatv± lokanta½, dukkh± atthi pamocana½.
“Tasm± have lokavid³ sumedho, lokantag³ vusitabrahmacariyo;
lokassa anta½ samit±vi ñatv±, n±s²sat² lokamima½ parañc±”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.107; a. ni. 4.45).
Api ca– tayo lok± saªkh±raloko sattaloko ok±salokoti. Tattha “eko loko sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.112) ±gataµµh±ne saªkh±raloko veditabbo. “Sassato lokoti v± asassato lokoti v±”ti (d². ni. 1.421; ma. ni. 1.269; sa½. ni. 4.416; vibha. 937) ±gataµµh±ne sattaloko.
“Y±vat± candimas³riy± pariharanti, dis± bhanti virocam±n±;
t±va sahassadh± loko, ettha te vattat² vaso”ti. (Ma. ni. 1.503)–

¾gataµµh±ne ok±saloko. Tampi bhagav± sabbath± avedi. Tath± hissa “eko loko sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±. Dve lok± n±mañca r³pañca. Tayo lok± tisso vedan±. Catt±ro lok± catt±ro ±h±r±. Pañca lok± pañcup±d±nakkhandh±. Cha lok± cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni. Satta lok± satta viññ±ºaµµhitiyo. Aµµha lok± aµµha lokadhamm±. Nava lok± nava satt±v±s±. Dasa lok± das±yatan±ni. Dv±dasa lok± dv±das±yatan±ni. Aµµh±rasalok± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.112) aya½ saªkh±ralokopi sabbath± vidito.

Yasm± panesa sabbesampi satt±na½ ±saya½ j±n±ti, anusaya½ j±n±ti, carita½ j±n±ti, adhimutti½ j±n±ti, apparajakkhe mah±rajakkhe tikkhindriye mudindriye, sv±k±re dv±k±re, suviññ±paye duviññ±paye, bhabbe abhabbe satte j±n±ti. Tasm±ssa sattalokopi sabbath± vidito. Yath± ca sattaloko, eva½ ok±salokopi. Tath± hesa eka½ cakkav±¼a½ ±y±mato ca vitth±rato ca yojan±na½ dv±dasa satasahass±ni catuti½sa sat±ni ca paññ±sañca yojan±ni. Parikkhepato–
Sabba½ satasahass±ni, chatti½sa parimaº¹ala½;
dasa ceva sahass±ni, a¹¹hu¹¹h±ni sat±ni ca.
Tattha
Duve satasahass±ni, catt±ri nahut±ni ca;
ettaka½ bahalattena, saªkh±t±ya½ vasundhar±.
Tass±yeva sandh±raka½–
Catt±ri satasahass±ni, aµµheva nahut±ni ca;
ettaka½ bahalattena, jala½ v±te patiµµhita½.
Tass±pi sandh±rako–
Nava satasahass±ni, m±luto nabhamuggato;
saµµhi ceva sahass±ni, es± lokassa saºµhiti.
Eva½ saºµhite cettha yojan±na½–
Catur±s²ti sahass±ni, ajjhog±¼ho mahaººave;
accuggato t±vadeva, sineru pabbatuttamo.
Tato upa¹¹hupa¹¹hena, pam±ºena yath±kkama½;
ajjhog±¼huggat± dibb±, n±n±ratanacittit±.
Yugandharo ²sadharo, karav²ko sudassano;
nemindharo vinatako, assakaººo giri brah±.
Ete satta mah±sel±, sinerussa samantato;
mah±r±j±nam±v±s±, devayakkhanisevit±.
Yojan±na½ sat±nucco, himav± pañca pabbato;
yojan±na½ sahass±ni, t²ºi ±yatavitthato.
Catur±s²tisahassehi, k³µehi paµimaº¹ito;
tipañcayojanakkhandha-parikkhep± nagavhay±.
Paññ±sayojanakkhandha-s±kh±y±m± samantato.
Satayojanavitthiºº±, t±vadeva ca uggat±.
Jamb³ yass±nubh±vena, jambud²po pak±sito. (Visuddhi. 1.137; dha. sa. aµµha. 584).
Yañceta½ jambuy± pam±ºa½, etadeva asur±na½ cittap±µaliy±, garu¼±na½ simbalirukkhassa, aparagoy±ne kadambassa, uttarakur³su kapparukkhassa, pubbavidehe sir²sassa, t±vati½sesu p±ricchattakass±ti. Ten±hu por±º±–
“P±µal² simbal² jamb³, dev±na½ p±ricchattako;
kadambo kapparukkho ca, sir²sena bhavati sattama½.
“Dve as²ti sahass±ni, ajjhog±¼ho mahaººave;
accuggato t±vadeva, cakkav±¼asiluccayo;
parikkhipitv± ta½ sabba½, lokadh±tumaya½ µhito”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.137; dha. sa. aµµha. 584).
Tattha candamaº¹ala½ ek³napaññ±sayojana½, s³riyamaº¹ala½ paññ±sayojana½, t±vati½sabhavana½ dasasahassayojana½, tath± asurabhavana½ av²cimah±nirayo jambud²po ca. Aparagoy±na½ sattasahassayojana½. Tath± pubbavideho. Uttarakuru aµµhasahassayojano. Ekameko cettha mah±d²po pañcasatapañcasataparittad²papariv±ro. Ta½ sabbampi eka½ cakkav±¼a½ ek± lokadh±tu. Tadantaresu lokantarikaniray± Eva½ anant±ni cakkav±¼±ni anant± lokadh±tuyo bhagav± anantena buddhañ±ºena avedi aññ±si paµivijjhi. Evamassa ok±salokopi sabbath± vidito. Evampi sabbath± viditalokatt± lokavid³.
Attano pana guºehi visiµµhatarassa kassaci abh±vato natthi etassa uttaroti anuttaro. Tath± hesa s²laguºenapi sabba½ loka½ abhibhavati sam±dhi…pe… paññ±… vimutti… vimuttiñ±ºadassanaguºenapi. S²laguºenapi asamo asamasamo appaµimo appaµibh±go appaµipuggalo…pe… vimuttiñ±ºadassanaguºenapi. Yath±ha– “na kho pan±ha½ pass±mi sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya attan± s²lasampannataran”ti (sa½. ni. 1.173; a. ni. 4.21) vitth±ro.
Eva½ aggapas±dasutt±d²ni (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) “na me ±cariyo atth²”ti-±dik± (ma. ni. 1.285; mah±va. 11; kath±. 405; mi. pa. 4.5.11) g±th±yo ca vitth±retabb±.
Purisadamme s±ret²ti purisadammas±rathi, dameti vinet²ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha purisadamm±ti adant± dametu½ yutt± tiracch±napuris±pi manussapuris±pi amanussapuris±pi Tath± hi bhagavat± tiracch±napuris±pi apal±lo n±gar±j± c³¼odaro mahodaro aggisikho dh³masikho arav±¼o n±gar±j± dhanap±lako hatth²ti evam±dayo damit± nibbis± kat±, saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµh±pit±. Manussapuris±pi saccakanigaºµhaputta-ambaµµham±ºavapokkharas±tisoºadantak³µadant±dayo. Amanussapuris±pi ±¼avakas³cilomakharalomayakkhasakkadevar±j±dayo damit± vin²t± vicitrehi vinayan³p±yehi. “Aha½ kho kesi purisadamme saºhenapi vinemi, pharusenapi vinemi, saºhapharusenapi vinem²”ti (a. ni. 4.111) idañcettha sutta½ vitth±retabba½. Api ca bhagav± visuddhas²l±d²na½ paµhamajjh±n±d²ni sot±pann±d²nañca uttarimaggapaµipada½ ±cikkhanto dantepi dametiyeva.
Atha v± anuttaro purisadammas±rath²ti ekamevida½ atthapada½. Bhagav± hi tath± purisadamme s±reti, yath± ekapallaªkeneva nisinn± aµµha dis± asajjam±n± dh±vanti. Tasm± “anuttaro purisadammas±rath²”ti vuccati. “Hatthidamakena, bhikkhave, hatthi dammo s±rito eka½yeva disa½ dh±vat²”ti idañcettha sutta½ (ma. ni. 3.312) vitth±retabba½.
V²riyav±ti ariyamaggena sabbap±pakehi virato. Pah³ti pabh³. Visav²ti parasant±ne v²riyupp±dako. Alamattoti samatthacitto.
Viratoti ariyamaggena viratatt± ±yati½ appaµisandhiko. Sabbap±pakehi nirayadukkha½ aticc±ti ±yati½ appaµisandhit±ya nirayadukkha½ aticca µhito. V²riyav±soti v²riyaniketo. So v²riyav±ti so kh²º±savo “v²riyav±”ti vattabbata½ arahati. Padh±nav± v²ro t±d²ti im±ni panassa thutivacan±ni. So hi padh±nav± maggajjh±napadh±nena, v²ro kiles±rividdha½sanasamatthat±ya, t±di nibbik±rat±ya pavuccate tathatt±ti tath±r³po “v²riyav±”ti pavuccati.
Te k±mak±minoti ete r³p±divatthuk±me icchant±. R±gar±ginoti r±gena rañjit±. Saññ±saññinoti r±gasaññ±ya saññino. Na k±me k±met²ti r³p±divatthuk±me na pattheti. Ak±moti k±mehi virahito. Nikk±moti nikkantak±mo.
Sabbaññutaññ±ºanti tiyaddhagata½ sabbaneyyapatha½ j±n±t²ti sabbaññ³, tassa bh±vo sabbaññut±, sabbaññut± eva ñ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, sabbaññutaññ±ºasaªkh±ta½ nettañca v±san±ya saha kilese par±jetv± jitatt± jinabh±vo ca apubba½ acarima½ apure apacch± ekasmi½ khaºe ekasmi½ k±le uppanno pubbantato uddha½ pannoti uppanno.
66. Tej² tejas±ti tejena samann±gato tejas± abhibhuyya. Yamaha½ vijañña½ j±tijar±ya idha vippah±nanti ya½ aha½ j±tijar±ya pah±nabh³ta½ dhamma½ idheva j±neyya½.
Jagat²ti pathav². Sabba½ ±k±sagatanti sakala½ ±k±se pavatta½ patthaµa½. Tamagatanti tamameva tamagata½ andhak±ra½ yath± g³thagata½ muttagatanti. Abhivihacc±ti n±setv±. Andhak±ra½ vidhamitv±ti cakkhuviññ±ºuppattiniv±raka½ andhak±ra½ pal±petv±. ¾loka½ dassayitv±ti s³riy±loka½ dassayitv±. ¾k±seti ajaµ±k±se. Antalikkheti antaradh±tusamatthatucchok±se. Gaganapatheti devat±na½ gamanamagge gacchati. Sabba½ abhisaªkh±rasamudayanti sakala½ kamma½ samudaya½ upp±da½, taºhanti attho. Kilesatama½ avijjandhak±ra½ vidhamitv±ti kilesatamasaªkh±ta½ aññ±ºa½ avijjandhak±ra½ n²haritv± n±setv±. ѱº±loka½ paññ±loka½ dassayitv±. Vatthuk±me parij±nitv±ti r³p±divatthuk±me ñ±tat²raºapariññ±ya j±nitv±. Kilesak±me pah±y±ti upat±panasaªkh±te kilesak±me pah±napariññ±ya pajahitv±.
67. Athassa bhagav± ta½ dhamma½ ±cikkhanto upar³parig±th±yo abh±si. Tattha nekkhamma½ daµµhu khematoti nibb±nañca nibb±nag±miniñca paµipada½ “kheman”ti disv±. Uggahitanti taºh±vasena diµµhivasena gahita½. Niratta½ v±ti nirassitabba½ v±, muñcitabbanti vutta½ hoti. M± te vijjitth±ti m± te ahosi. Kiñcananti r±g±dikiñcana½, tampi te m± vijjittha.
Muñcitabbanti muñcitv± na puna gahetabba½. Vijahitabbanti cajitabba½. Vinodetabbanti khipitabba½. Byant²k±tabbanti vigatanta½ k±tabba½ Anabh±va½ gametabbanti anu anu abh±va½ gametabba½.
68-9. Pubbeti at²te saªkh±re ±rabbha uppannakiles±. Br±hmaº±ti bhagav± jatukaººi½ ±lapati. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva.
Eva½ bhagav± idampi sutta½ arahattanik³µeneva desesi, desan±pariyos±ne ca pubbasadiso eva dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya c³¼aniddesa-aµµhakath±ya

Jatukaººim±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.