Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Khuddakanik±ye

C³¼aniddesa-aµµhakath±

P±r±yanavagganiddeso

1. Ajitam±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan±

P±r±yanavaggassa paµhame ajitasuttaniddese–
1. “Kenassu nivuto loko, (icc±yasm± ajito,)
Kenassu nappak±sati.
Kiss±bhilepana½ br³si, ki½su tassa mahabbhayan”ti.–

Ajitam±ºavassa pucchite paµhamapañhe ca upar³paripañhe ca niddesesu ca vuttañca utt±nañca vajjetv± visesameva vakkh±ma. Tattha nivutoti paµicch±dito. Kiss±bhilepana½ br³s²ti ki½ assa lokassa abhilepana½ vadesi?

¾vutoti ±varito. Nivutoti paµicch±dito. Ovutoti heµµh± paµicch±dito. Pihitoti uparibh±gena ch±dito. Paµicchannoti avivaµo. Paµikujjitoti adhomukha½ ch±dito.
Nappak±sat²ti nappak±so hoti. Nappabh±sat²ti ñ±ºappabh±sa½ na karoti. Na tapat²ti ñ±ºatapa½ na karoti. Na virocat²ti ñ±ºavirocana½ na karoti. Na ñ±yat²ti na j±n²yati. Na paññ±yat²ti nappaññ±yate.
Kena littoti kena limpito. Sa½litto upalittoti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. ¾cikkhasi niddesavasena. Desesi paµiniddesavasena Paññapesi tena tena pak±rena. Attha½ bodhento paµµhapesi. Tassatthassa k±raºa½ dassento vivarasi. Byañjanabh±va½ dassento vibhajasi. Nikujjitabh±va½ gambh²rabh±vañca haritv± sot³na½ ñ±ºassa patiµµha½ janayanto utt±n²karosi. Sabbehipi imehi ±k±rehi sot³na½ aññ±ºandhak±ra½ vidhamento pak±ses²ti eva½ attho daµµhabbo.
2. Vevicch± pam±d± nappak±sat²ti macchariyahetu ca pam±dahetu ca nappak±sati. Macchariya½ hissa d±n±d²hi guºehi pak±situ½ na deti, pam±do s²l±d²hi. Japp±bhilepananti taºh± assa lokassa makkaµalepo viya makkaµassa abhilepana½. Dukkhanti j±ti-±dika½ dukkha½.
Yesa½ dhamm±nanti yesa½ r³p±didhamm±na½. ¾dito samud±gamana½ paññ±yat²ti paµhamato upp±do paññ±yati. Atthaªgamato nirodho paññ±yat²ti bhaªgato nirujjhana½ paññ±yati. Kammasannissito vip±koti kusal±kusalavip±ko kamma½ amuñcitv± pavattanato kammasannissito vip±koti vuccati. Vip±kasannissita½ kammanti kusal±kusala½ kamma½ vip±kassa ok±sa½ katv± µhitatt± vip±kasannissita½ kammanti vuccati. N±masannissita½ r³panti pañcavok±re r³pa½ n±ma½ amuñcitv± pavattanato n±masannissita½ r³panti vuccati. R³pasannissita½ n±manti pañcavok±re n±ma½ r³pa½ amuñcitv± pavattanato r³pasannissita½ n±manti vuccati.
3. Savanti sabbadhi sot±ti sabbesu r³p±di-±yatanesu taºh±dik± sot± sandanti. Ki½ niv±raºanti tesa½ ki½ ±varaºa½ k± rakkh±. Sa½vara½ br³h²ti ta½ tesa½ niv±raºasaªkh±ta½ sa½vara½ br³hi. Etena s±vasesappah±na½ pucchati. Kena sot± pidh²yareti kena dhammena ete sot± pidh²yanti pacchijjanti. Etena anavasesappah±na½ pucchati.
Savant²ti uppajjanti. ¾savant²ti adhog±mino hutv± savanti. Sandant²ti nirantarag±mino hutv± sandam±n± pavattanti. Pavattant²ti punappuna½ vattanti.
4. Sati tesa½ niv±raºanti vipassan±yutt± kusal±kusaladhamm±na½ gatiyo samanvesam±n± sati tesa½ sot±na½ niv±raºa½ Sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²ti tamev±ha½ sati½ sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²ti adhipp±yo. Paññ±yete pidh²yareti r³p±d²su pana aniccat±dipaµivedhas±dhik±ya maggapaññ±ya ete sot± sabbaso pidh²yanti.
Pacchijjant²ti ucchijjanti. Samudayañc±ti paccayañca. Atthaªgamañc±ti uppann±na½ abh±vagamanañca, anuppann±na½ anupp±da½ v±. Ass±dañc±ti ±nisa½sañca. ¾d²navañc±ti dosañca. Nissaraºañc±ti nikkhamanañca.
5. Paññ± cev±ti pañh±g±th±ya y± c±ya½ tay± vutt± paññ±, y± ca sati, yañca tadavasesa½ n±mar³pa½, eta½ sabbampi kattha nirujjhati. Eta½ me pañha½ puµµho pabr³h²ti eva½ saªkhepattho veditabbo.
Kattheta½ uparujjhat²ti eta½ n±mar³pa½ kattha na bhavati. V³pasammat²ti nibb±ti. Attha½ gacchat²ti abh±va½ gacchati. Paµippassambhat²ti sannis²dati.
6. Vissajjanag±th±ya panassa yasm± paññ±satiyo n±meneva saªgaha½ gacchanti, tasm± t± visu½ na vutt±. Ayamettha saªkhepattho– ya½ ma½ tva½, ajita, eta½ pañha½ apucchi– “kattheta½ uparujjhat²”ti, tadeta½ yattha n±mañca r³pañca asesa½ uparujjhati, ta½ te vad±mi. Tassa tassa hi viññ±ºassa nirodhena saheva apubba½ acarima½ ettheta½ uparujjhati, ettheva viññ±ºanirodhena nirujjhati eta½, viññ±ºanirodh± tassa tassa nirodho hoti, ta½ n±tivattat²ti vutta½ hoti.
Sot±pattimaggañ±ºena abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºassa nirodhen±ti sot±pattimaggasampayuttapaññ±ya kusal±kusalacetan±sampayuttacittassa abhabbuppattikavasena nirujjhanena. Tattha duvidho nirodho anup±dinnakanirodho up±dinnakanirodhoti. Sot±pattimaggena hi catt±ri diµµhisampayutt±ni vicikicch±sahagatanti pañca citt±ni nirujjhanti, t±ni r³pa½ samuµµh±penti Ta½ anup±dinnakar³pakkhandho t±ni citt±ni viññ±ºakkhandho, ta½sampayutt± vedan± saññ± saªkh±r± tayo ar³pakkhandh±. Tattha sace sot±pannassa sot±pattimaggo abh±vito abhaviss±, t±ni pañca citt±ni chasu ±rammaºesu pariyuµµh±na½ p±puºeyyu½. Sot±pattimaggo pana nesa½ pariyuµµh±nuppatti½ v±rayam±no setusamuggh±ta½ abhabbuppattikabh±va½ kurum±no anup±dinnaka½ nirodheti n±ma. Sakad±g±mimaggena catt±ri diµµhivippayutt±ni dve domanassasahagat±n²ti o¼±rikak±mar±gaby±p±davasena cha citt±ni nirujjhanti. An±g±mimaggena aºusahagatak±mar±gaby±p±davasena t±ni eva cha citt±ni nirujjhanti. Arahattamaggena catt±ri diµµhivippayutt±ni uddhaccasahagatañc±ti pañca akusalacitt±ni nirujjhanti. Tattha sace tesa½ ariy±na½ te magg± abh±vit± assu, t±ni citt±ni chasu ±rammaºesu pariyuµµh±na½ p±puºeyyu½. Te pana tesa½ magg± pariyuµµh±nuppatti½ v±rayam±n± setusamuggh±ta½ abhabbuppattikabh±va½ kurum±n± anup±dinnaka½ nirodhenti n±ma. Eva½ anup±dinnakanirodho veditabbo.
Sace pana sot±pannassa sot±pattimaggo abh±vito abhaviss±, µhapetv± satta bhave anamatagge sa½s±ravaµµe up±dinnakakkhandhappavatta½ pavatteyya. Kasm±? Tassa pavattiy± het³na½ atthit±ya. T²ºi sa½yojan±ni diµµh±nusayo vicikicch±nusayoti ime pana pañca kilese so maggo uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti. Id±ni kuto sot±pannassa satta bhave µhapetv± anamatagge sa½s±ravaµµe up±dinnakappavatta½ pavattissati. Eva½ sot±pattimaggo up±dinnakappavatta½ appavatta½ kurum±no up±dinnaka½ nirodheti n±ma.
Sace sakad±g±missa sakad±g±mimaggo abh±vito abhaviss±, µhapetv± dve bhave pañcasu bhavesu up±dinnakappavatta½ pavatteyya. Kasm±? Tassa pavattiy± het³na½ atthit±ya. O¼±rik±ni k±mar±gapaµighasa½yojan±ni o¼±riko k±mar±g±nusayo paµigh±nusayoti ime pana catt±ro kilese so maggo uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti. Id±ni kuto sakad±g±missa dve bhave µhapetv± pañcasu bhavesu up±dinnakappavatta½ pavattissati Eva½ sakad±g±mimaggo up±dinnakappavatta½ appavatta½ kurum±no up±dinnaka½ nirodheti n±ma.
Sace an±g±missa an±g±mimaggo abh±vito abhaviss±, µhapetv± eka½ bhava½ dutiyabhave up±dinnakappavatta½ pavatteyya. Kasm±? Tassa pavattiy± het³na½ atthit±ya. Aºusahagat±ni k±mar±gapaµighasaññojan±ni aºusahagato k±mar±g±nusayo paµigh±nusayoti ime pana catt±ro kilese so maggo uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti. Id±ni kuto an±g±missa eka½ bhava½ µhapetv± dutiyabhave up±dinnakappavatta½ pavattissati. Eva½ an±g±mimaggo up±dinnakappavatta½ appavatta½ kurum±no up±dinnaka½ nirodheti n±ma.
Sace arahato arahattamaggo abh±vito abhaviss±, r³p±r³pabhavesu up±dinnakappavatta½ pavatteyya. Kasm±? Tassa pavattiy± het³na½ atthit±ya. R³par±go ar³par±go m±no uddhacca½ avijj± m±n±nusayo bhavar±g±nusayo avijj±nusayoti ime pana aµµha kilese so maggo uppajjam±nova samuggh±teti. Id±ni kuto kh²º±savassa punabbhave up±dinnakappavatta½ pavattissati? Eva½ arahattamaggo up±dinnakappavatta½ appavatta½ kurum±no up±dinnaka½ nirodheti n±ma.
Sot±pattimaggo cettha ap±yabhava½ nirodheti. Sakad±g±mimaggo sugatik±mabhavekadesa½. An±g±mimaggo k±mabhava½. Arahattamaggo r³p±r³pabhava½, sabbabhavepi nirodheti ev±ti vadanti. Eva½ up±dinnakanirodho veditabbo.
Tattha “abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºassa nirodhen±”ti etena anup±dinnakanirodha½ dasseti. “Ye uppajjeyyu½ n±mañca r³pañca, etthete nirujjhant²”ti imin± pana up±dinnakanirodha½ dasseti.
Tattha satta bhave µhapetv±ti k±mabhavato k±mabhava½ sa½sarantassa satta bhave vajjetv±. Anamatagge sa½s±reti–
“Khandh±nañca paµip±µi, dh±tu-±yatan±na ca;
abbocchinna½ vattam±n±, ‘sa½s±ro’ti pavuccat²”ti. (Visuddhi. 2.619; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±; a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.199; paµi. ma. aµµha. 2.1.117; itivu. aµµha. 14, 58; ud±. aµµha. 39)–

Eva½ vaººite sa½s±ravaµµe. Ye uppajjeyyu½ n±mañca r³pañc±ti namanalakkhaºa½ catukkhandhasaªkh±ta½ n±mañca ruppanalakkhaºa½ bh³top±d±yasaªkh±ta½ r³pañca ete dhamm± uppajjeyyu½. Etthete nirujjhant²ti etasmi½ sot±pattimagge ete n±mar³padhamm± abhabbuppattikavasena nirodha½ gacchanti. Sakad±g±mimaggañ±ºen±ti ettha paµisandhivasena saki½yeva ima½ loka½ ±gacchat²ti sakad±g±m² tassa maggo sakad±g±mimaggo. Tena maggena sampayuttañ±ºena. Dve bhave µhapetv±ti k±madh±tuy±yeva paµisandhivasena dve bhave vajjetv±. Pañcasu bhaves³ti tadavasiµµhesu pañcasu bhavesu. Etthete nirujjhant²ti ettha sakad±g±mimagge ete dhamm± vuttanayena nirujjhanti. Eka½ bhava½ µhapetv±ti ukkaµµhavasena r³padh±tuy± v± ar³padh±tuy± v± eka½ bhava½ vajjetv±. R³padh±tuy± v± ar³padh±tuy± v±ti dutiyakabhave r³padh±tuy± ceva ar³padh±tuy± ca. N±mañca r³pañc±ti ettha r³pabhave n±mar³pa½, ar³pabhave n±mameva. Etthete nirujjhant²ti ettha an±g±mimagge ete n±mar³padhamm± vuttanayena nirujjhanti.

Arahatoti kilesehi ±rakatt± “arah±”ti laddhan±massa kh²º±savassa. Anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy±ti duvidh± hi nibb±nadh±tu sa-up±dises± ca anup±dises± ca. Tattha up±d²yati “aha½ mam±”ti bhusa½ gaºh²yat²ti up±di, khandhapañcakasseta½ adhivacana½. Up±diyeva seso avasiµµho up±diseso, saha up±disesena vattat²ti sa-up±dises±. Natthettha up±disesoti anup±dises±. T±ya anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy±. Parinibb±yantass±ti nirindhanassa viya j±tavedassa nibb±yantassa appavatta½ pavisantassa. Carimaviññ±ºassa nirodhen±ti ettha ass±sapass±s±na½ nirodhavasena. Tayo carim± bhavacarimo jh±nacarimo cuticarimoti. Bhavesu hi k±mabhave ass±sapass±s± pavattanti, r³p±r³pabhavesu nappavattanti. Tasm± so bhavacarimo. Jh±nesu purimajh±nattayeva pavattanti, catutthe nappavattanti. Tasm± so jh±nacarimo. Ye pana cuticittassa purato so¼asamena cittena sahuppann±, te cuticittena saha nirujjhanti. So cuticarimo n±ma. Aya½ idha carimoti adhippeto. Ye hi keci buddh± v± paccekabuddh± v± ariyas±vak± v± antamaso kunthakipillika½ up±d±ya sabbe bhavaªgacitteneva aby±katena dukkhasaccena k±la½ karonti. Tasm± carimaviññ±ºassa nirodhen±ti cuticittassa nirodhen±ti attho.
Paññ± ca sati ca n±mañc±ti etehi catunna½ ar³pakkhandh±na½ gahaºa½ paccetabba½. R³pañc±ti etena catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ catuv²sati-up±d±r³p±nañca gahaºa½ paccetabba½. Id±ni tassa nirujjhan³p±ya½ dassento “viññ±ºassa nirodhena, ettheta½ uparujjhat²”ti ±ha. Tattha viññ±ºanti carimaviññ±ºampi abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºampi. Abhisaªkh±raviññ±ºassa pah²nanirodhena ettheta½ uparujjhati nirujjhati d²pasikh± viya apaººattikabh±va½ y±ti, carimaviññ±ºassa anupp±dapaccayatt± anupp±danirodhena anupp±davaseneva uparujjhat²ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.499).
7. Ett±vat± ca “dukkhamassa mahabbhayan”ti imin± pak±sita½ dukkhasacca½, “y±ni sot±n²”ti imin± samudayasacca½, “paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti imin± maggasacca½, “asesa½ uparujjhat²”ti imin± nirodhasaccanti eva½ catt±ri sacc±ni sutv±pi ariyabh³mi½ anadhigato puna sekkh±sekkhapaµipada½ pucchanto “ye ca saªkh±tadhamm±se”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha saªkh±tadhamm±ti anicc±divasena pariv²ma½sitadhamm±, arahant±nameta½ adhivacana½. Sekkh±ti s²l±d²ni sikkham±n± avases± ariyapuggal±. Puth³ti bah³ sattajan±. Tesa½ me nipako iriya½ puµµho pabr³h²ti tesa½ me sekkh±sekkh±na½ nipako paº¹ito tva½ puµµho paµipatti½ br³h²ti.
Tesa½ khandh± saªkh±t±ti tesa½ pañcakkhandh± appaµisandhika½ katv± desit±, saªkhepa½ katv± µhapit± v±. Dh±tu-±d²supi eseva nayo. Iriyanti payoga½. Cariyanti kiriya½. Vuttinti pavatti½. ¾caranti caraºa½. Gocaranti paccaya½. Vih±ranti iriy±pathapavattana½. Paµipadanti vipassana½.
8. Athassa bhagav± yasm± sekkhena k±macchandan²varaºa½ ±di½ katv± sabbakiles± pah±tabb± eva, tasm± “k±mes³ti upa¹¹hag±th±ya sekkhapaµipada½ dasseti. Tassattho– vatthuk±mesu kilesak±mena n±bhigijjheyya, k±yaduccarit±dayo ca manaso ±vilabh±vakare dhamme pajahanto manas±n±vilo siy±ti. Yasm± pana asekkho anicc±divasena sabbasaªkh±r±d²na½ paritulitatt± kusalo sabbadhammesu k±y±nupassan±sati-±d²hi ca sato sakk±yadiµµhi-±d²na½ bhinnatt± bhikkhubh±va½ patto hutv± sabba-iriy±pathesu paribbajati, tasm± “kusalo”ti upa¹¹hag±th±ya asekkhapaµipada½ dasseti.
N±bhigijjheyy±ti gedha½ n±pajjeyya. Na paligijjheyy±ti lobha½ n±pajjeyya. Na palibundheyy±ti lobhavasena na all²yeyya.
¾vilakare kilese jaheyy±ti citt±lu¼akare upat±pasaªkh±te kilese jaheyya.
Sabbe dhamm± anatt±ti nibb±na½ antokaritv± vutta½. Ya½ kiñci samudayadhammanti ya½ kiñci sappaccayasabh±va½.
Saha g±th±pariyos±n±ti g±th±vas±neneva saddhi½. Yete br±hmaºena saddhi½ ekacchand±ti ye ete ajitam±ºavena kaly±ºachandena ekajjh±say±. Ekappayog±ti k±yavac²manopayogehi ekappayog±. Ek±dhipp±y±ti eko adhipp±yo ruci etesanti ek±dhipp±y±, ekarucik±ti attho. Ekav±sanav±sit±ti at²tabuddhas±sane tena saddhi½ bh±vitabh±van±. Anekap±ºasahass±nanti anekesa½ devamanussasaªkh±t±na½ p±ºasahass±na½. Viraja½ v²tamalanti r±g±dirajavirahita½ r±g±dimalavirahitañca.
Dhammacakkhunti idha sot±pattimaggo adhippeto. Aññattha heµµh±maggattaya½. Tassa uppattik±raºadassanattha½ “ya½ kiñci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhamman”ti ±ha. Tañhi nirodha½ ±rammaºa½ katv± kiccavasena eva½ sabbasaªkhata½ paµivijjhanta½ uppajjati. Tassa br±hmaºassa anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimucc²ti tassa ca ajitabr±hmaºassa antev±sikasahass±nañca taºh±d²hi aggahetv± k±m±sav±d²hi maggakkhaºe citta½ vimuccam±na½ phalakkhaºe vimucci. Saha arahattappatt±ti arahattappattiy± ca saheva ±yasmato ajitassa ca antev±sikasahassassa ca ajinajaµ±v±kac²ratidaº¹akamaº¹alu-±dayo antaradh±yi½su. Sabbeva iddhimayapattac²varadhar± dvaªgulakes± ehibhikkh³ hutv± bhagavanta½ namassam±n± pañjalik± nis²di½su. P±¼iya½ pana ajitattherova paññ±yati. Tattha anvatthapaµipattiy±ti saya½ pacc±s²sitaladdhapaµipattiy±, nibb±naladdhabh±ven±ti attho. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva. Eva½ bhagav± arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pes²ti.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya c³¼aniddesa-aµµhakath±ya

Ajitam±ºavasuttaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.