Diµµh²nives± na hi sv±tivatt±ti. Diµµh²nives±ti “sassato loko, idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti abhinivesapar±m±so diµµhinivesana½. “Asassato loko…pe… antav± loko… anantav± loko … ta½ j²va½ ta½ sar²ra½… ańńa½ j²va½ ańńa½ sar²ra½… hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±… na hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±… hoti ca na ca hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±… neva hoti na na hoti tath±gato para½ maraŗ±, idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti abhinivesapar±m±so diµµhinivesananti. Diµµh²nives± na hi sv±tivatt±ti diµµhinives± na hi sv±tivatt± durativatt± duttar± duppatar± dussamatikkam± dubbinivatt±ti– [dubb²tivatt±ti (s². sy±. ka.)] diµµh²nives± na hi sv±tivatt±.
Dhammesu niccheyya samuggah²tanti. Dhammes³ti dv±saµµhi diµµhigatesu. Niccheyy±ti nicchinitv± vinicchinitv± vicinitv± pavicinitv± tulayitv± t²rayitv± vibh±vayitv± vibh³ta½ katv±. Samuggah²tanti nivesanesu odhigg±ho bilagg±ho varagg±ho koµµh±sagg±ho uccayagg±ho samuccayagg±ho. Ida½ sacca½ taccha½ tatha½ bh³ta½ y±th±va½ avipar²ta½ gahita½ par±maµµha½ abhiniviµµha½ ajjhosita½ adhimuttanti– dhammesu niccheyya samuggah²ta½.
Tasm± naro tesu nivesanes³ti. Tasm±ti tasm± ta½k±raŗ± ta½hetu tappaccay± ta½nid±na½. Naroti satto naro m±navo poso puggalo j²vo j±gu jantu indagu manujo. Tesu nivesanes³ti tesu diµµhinivesanes³ti– tasm± naro tesu nivesanesu.
Nirassat² ±diyat² ca dhammanti. Nirassat²ti dv²hi k±raŗehi nirassati– paravicchindan±ya v± nirassati, anabhisambhuŗanto v± nirassati. Katha½ paravicchindan±ya nirassati? Paro vicchindeti– so satth± na sabbańń³, dhammo na sv±kkh±to, gaŗo na suppaµipanno, diµµhi na bhaddik±, paµipad± na supańńatt±, maggo na niyy±niko, natthettha suddhi v± visuddhi v± parisuddhi v± mutti v± vimutti v± parimutti v±, natthettha sujjhanti v± visujjhanti v± parisujjhanti v± muccanti v± vimuccanti v± parimuccanti v±, h²n± nih²n± omak± l±mak± chatukk± [jatukk± (s². sy±.)] paritt±ti– eva½ paro vicchindeti. Eva½ vicchindiyam±no satth±ra½ nirassati dhammakkh±na½ nirassati, gaŗa½ nirassati, diµµhi½ nirassati, paµipada½ nirassati, magga½ nirassati. Eva½ paravicchindan±ya nirassati. Katha½ anabhisambhuŗanto nirassati? S²la½ anabhisambhuŗanto s²la½ nirassati, vata½ anabhisambhuŗanto vata½ nirassati, s²labbata½ anabhisambhuŗanto s²labbata½ nirassati. Eva½ anabhisambhuŗanto nirassati. ¾diyat² ca dhammanti. Satth±ra½ gaŗh±ti, dhammakkh±na½ gaŗh±ti, gaŗa½ gaŗh±ti, diµµhi½ gaŗh±ti, paµipada½ gaŗh±ti, magga½ gaŗh±ti par±masati abhinivisat²ti– nirassat² ±diyat² ca dhamma½.
Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Diµµh²nives± na hi sv±tivatt±, dhammesu niccheyya samuggah²ta½;
tasm± naro tesu nivesanesu, nirassat² ±diyat² ca dhamman”ti.
21. Dhonassa hi natthi kuhińci loke, pakappit± diµµhi bhav±bhavesu;
m±yańca m±nańca pah±ya dhono, sa kena gaccheyya an³payo so.
Dhonassa hi natthi kuhińci loke pakappit± diµµhi bhav±bhaves³ti. Dhonoti. Dhon± vuccati pańń±– y± pańń± paj±nan± vicayo pavicayo dhammavicayo sallakkhaŗ± upalakkhaŗ± paccupalakkhaŗ± paŗ¹icca½ kosalla½ nepuńńa½ vebhaby± cint± upaparikkh± bh³ri medh± pariŗ±yik± vipassan± sampajańńa½ patodo pańń± pańńindriya½ pańń±bala½ pańń±sattha½ pańń±p±s±do pańń±-±loko pańń±-obh±so pańń±pajjoto pańń±ratana½ amoho dhammavicayo samm±diµµhi. Ki½k±raŗ± dhon± vuccati pańń±? T±ya pańń±ya k±yaduccarita½ dhutańca dhotańca sandhotańca niddhotańca; vac²duccarita½… manoduccarita½ dhutańca dhotańca sandhotańca niddhotańca; r±go dhuto ca dhoto ca sandhoto ca niddhoto ca; doso…pe… moho… kodho… upan±ho… makkho… pa¼±so dhuto ca dhoto ca sandhoto ca niddhoto ca; iss± dhut± ca dhot± ca sandhot± ca niddhot± ca; macchariya½ dhutańca dhotańca sandhotańca niddhotańca; m±y± dhut± ca dhot± ca sandhot± ca niddhot± ca; s±µheyya½ dhutańca dhotańca sandhotańca niddhotańca; thambho dhuto ca dhoto ca sandhoto ca niddhoto ca; s±rambho… m±no… atim±no… mado… pam±do dhuto ca dhoto ca sandhoto ca niddhoto ca; sabbe kiles±, sabbe duccarit±, sabbe darath±, sabbe pari¼±h±, sabbe sant±p±, sabb±kusal±bhisaŖkh±r± dhut± ca dhot± ca sandhot± ca niddhot± ca. Ta½k±raŗ± dhon± vuccati pańń±.
Atha v± samm±diµµhiy± micch±diµµhi dhut± ca dhot± ca sandhot± ca niddhot± ca; samm±saŖkappena micch±saŖkappo dhuto ca dhoto ca sandhoto ca niddhoto ca; samm±v±c±ya micch±v±c± dhut± ca dhot± ca…pe… samm±kammantena micch±kammanto dhuto ca… samm±-±j²vena micch±-±j²vo dhuto ca… samm±v±y±mena micch±v±y±mo dhuto ca… samm±satiy± micch±sati dhut± ca… samm±sam±dhin± micch±sam±dhi dhuto ca dhoto ca sandhoto ca niddhoto ca; samm±ń±ŗena micch±ń±ŗa½ dhuta½ ca… samm±vimuttiy± micch±vimutti dhut± ca dhot± ca sandhot± ca niddhot± ca.
Atha v± ariyena aµµhaŖgikena maggena sabbe kiles±, sabbe duccarit±, sabbe darath±, sabbe pari¼±h±, sabbe sant±p±, sabb±kusal±bhisaŖkh±r± dhut± ca dhot± ca sandhot± ca niddhot± ca. Arah± imehi dhoneyyehi dhammehi upeto samupeto upagato samupagato upapanno samupapanno samann±gato; tasm± arah± dhono. So dhutar±go dhutap±po dhutakileso dhutapari¼±hoti– dhono. Kuhińc²ti kuhińci kimhici katthaci ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± ajjhattabahiddh± v±. Loketi ap±yaloke…pe… ±yatanaloke.
Pakappit±ti dve pakappan±– taŗh±pakappan± ca diµµhipakappan± ca…pe… aya½ taŗh±pakappan±…pe… aya½ diµµhipakappan±. Bhav±bhaves³ti bhav±bhave kammabhave punabbhave k±mabhave, kammabhave k±mabhave punabbhave r³pabhave, kammabhave r³pabhave punabbhave ar³pabhave, kammabhave ar³pabhave punabbhave punappunabhave punappunagatiy± punappuna-upapattiy± punappunapaµisandhiy± punappuna-attabh±v±bhinibbattiy±. Dhonassa hi natthi kuhińci loke pakappit± diµµhi bhav±bhaves³ti dhonassa kuhińci loke bhav±bhavesu ca kappit± pakappit± abhisaŖkhat± saŗµhapit± diµµhi natthi na santi na sa½vijjati nupalabbhati, pah²n± samucchinn± v³pasant± paµipassaddh± abhabbuppattik± ń±ŗaggin± da¹¹h±ti– dhonassa hi natthi kuhińci loke pakappit± diµµhi bhav±bhavesu.
M±yańca m±nańca pah±ya dhonoti. M±y± vuccati vańcanik± cariy±. Idhekacco k±yena duccarita½ caritv±, v±c±ya duccarita½ caritv±, manas± duccarita½ caritv± tassa paµicch±danahetu p±pika½ iccha½ paŗidahati– “m± ma½ jańń±”ti icchati, “m± ma½ jańń±”ti saŖkappeti, “m± ma½ jańń±”ti v±ca½ bh±sati, “m± ma½ jańń±”ti k±yena parakkamati. Y± evar³p± m±y± m±y±vit± accasar± vańcan± nikati nikiraŗ± pariharaŗ± g³han± parig³han± ch±dan± paricch±dan± anutt±nikamma½ an±vikamma½ vocch±dan± p±pakiriy±, aya½ vuccati m±y±.
M±noti ekavidhena m±no– y± cittassa unnati [uŗŗati (sy±. ka.)]. Duvidhena m±no– attukka½sanam±no, paravambhanam±no. Tividhena m±no– “seyyohamasm²”ti m±no, “sadisohamasm²”ti m±no, “h²nohamasm²”ti m±no. Catubbidhena m±no– l±bhena m±na½ janeti, yasena m±na½ janeti, pasa½s±ya m±na½ janeti, sukhena m±na½ janeti. Pańcavidhena m±no– “l±bhimhi man±pik±na½ r³p±nan”ti m±na½ janeti, “l±bhimhi man±pik±na½ sadd±na½…pe… gandh±na½… ras±na½… phoµµhabb±nan”ti m±na½ janeti. Chabbidhena m±no– cakkhusampad±ya m±na½ janeti, sotasampad±ya… gh±nasampad±ya… jivh±sampad±ya… k±yasampad±ya… manosampad±ya m±na½ janeti. Sattavidhena m±no– m±no, atim±no, m±n±tim±no, om±no, adhim±no, asmim±no, micch±m±no. Aµµhavidhena m±no– l±bhena m±na½ janeti, al±bhena om±na½ janeti, yasena m±na½ janeti, ayasena om±na½ janeti, pasa½s±ya m±na½ janeti, nind±ya om±na½ janeti, sukhena m±na½ janeti, dukkhena om±na½ janeti. Navavidhena m±no– seyyassa seyyohamasm²ti m±no, seyyassa sadisohamasm²ti m±no, seyyassa h²nohamasm²ti m±no sadisassa seyyohamasm²ti m±no, sadisassa sadisohamasm²ti m±no, sadisassa h²nohamasm²ti m±no, h²nassa seyyohamasm²ti m±no, h²nassa sadisohamasm²ti m±no, h²nassa h²nohamasm²ti m±no. Dasavidhena m±no– idhekacco m±na½ janeti j±tiy± v± gottena v± kolaputtiyena v± vaŗŗapokkharat±ya v± dhanena v± ajjhenena v± kamm±yatanena v± sipp±yatanena v± vijj±µµh±nena v± sutena v± paµibh±nena v± ańńatarańńatarena v± vatthun±. Yo evar³po m±no mańńan± mańńitatta½ unnati unn±mo [uŗŗamo (sy±. ka.)] dhajo sampagg±ho ketukamyat± cittassa– aya½ vuccati m±no. M±yańca m±nańca pah±ya dhonoti. Dhono m±yańca m±nańca pah±ya pajahitv± vinodetv± byanti½ karitv± anabh±va½ gametv±ti– m±yańca m±nańca pah±ya dhono.
Sa kena gaccheyya an³payo soti. Upay±ti dve upay±– taŗh³payo ca diµµh³payo ca…pe… aya½ taŗh³payo…pe… aya½ diµµh³payo. Tassa taŗh³payo pah²no diµµh³payo paµinissaµµho. Taŗh³payassa pah²natt±, diµµh³payassa paµinissaµµhatt± an³payo puggalo kena r±gena gaccheyya, kena dosena gaccheyya, kena mohena gaccheyya, kena m±nena gaccheyya, k±ya diµµhiy± gaccheyya, kena uddhaccena gaccheyya, k±ya vicikicch±ya gaccheyya, kehi anusayehi gaccheyya– rattoti v± duµµhoti v± m³¼hoti v± vinibaddhoti v± par±maµµhoti v± vikkhepagatoti v± aniµµhaŖgatoti v± th±magatoti v±. Te abhisaŖkh±r± pah²n±. AbhisaŖkh±r±na½ pah²natt± gatiyo kena gaccheyya– nerayikoti v± tiracch±nayonikoti v± pettivisayikoti v± manussoti v± devoti v± r³p²ti v± ar³p²ti v± sańń²ti v± asańń²ti v± nevasańń²n±sańń²ti v±. So hetu natthi paccayo natthi k±raŗa½ natthi, yena gaccheyy±ti– sa kena gaccheyya an³payo so.
Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Dhonassa hi natthi kuhińci loke, pakappit± diµµhi bhav±bhavesu;
m±yańca m±nańca pah±ya dhono, sa kena gaccheyya an³payo so”ti.
22. Upayo hi dhammesu upeti v±da½, an³paya½ kena katha½ vadeyya;
att± niratt± na hi tassa atthi, adhosi so diµµhimidheva sabba½.
Upayo hi dhammesu upeti v±danti. Upay±ti dve upay±– taŗh³payo ca diµµh³payo ca…pe… aya½ taŗh³payo…pe… aya½ diµµh³payo. Tassa taŗh³payo appah²no, diµµh³payo appaµinissaµµho. Taŗh³payassa appah²natt± diµµh³payassa appaµinissaµµhatt± dhammesu v±da½ upeti– rattoti v± duµµhoti v± m³¼hoti v± vinibaddhoti v± par±maµµhoti v± vikkhepagatoti v± aniµµhaŖgatoti v± th±magatoti v±. Te abhisaŖkh±r± appah²n±. AbhisaŖkh±r±na½ appah²natt± gatiy± v±da½ upeti. Nerayikoti v± tiracch±nayonikoti v± pettivisayikoti v± manussoti v± devoti v± r³p²ti v± ar³p²ti v± sańń²ti v± asańń²ti v± nevasańń²n±sańń²ti v± v±da½ upeti upagacchati gaŗh±ti par±masati abhinivisat²ti– upayo hi dhammesu upeti v±da½.
An³paya½ kena katha½ vadeyy±ti. Upay±ti dve upay±– taŗh³payo ca diµµh³payo ca…pe… aya½ taŗh³payo…pe… aya½ diµµh³payo. Tassa taŗh³payo pah²no, diµµh³payo paµinissaµµho. Taŗh³payassa pah²natt±, diµµh³payassa paµinissaµµhatt± an³paya½ puggala½ kena r±gena vadeyya, kena dosena vadeyya, kena mohena vadeyya, kena m±nena vadeyya, k±ya diµµhiy± vadeyya, kena uddhaccena vadeyya, k±ya vicikicch±ya vadeyya, kehi anusayehi vadeyya– rattoti v± duµµhoti v± m³¼hoti v± vinibaddhoti v± par±maµµhoti v± vikkhepagatoti v± aniµµhaŖgatoti v± th±magatoti v±. Te abhisaŖkh±r± pah²n±. AbhisaŖkh±r±na½ pah²natt± gatiyo kena vadeyya– nerayikoti v±…pe… nevasańń²n±sańń²ti v±. So hetu natthi, paccayo natthi, k±raŗa½ natthi, yena vadeyya katheyya bhaŗeyya d²payeyya vohareyy±ti– an³paya½ kena katha½ vadeyya.
Att± niratt± na hi tassa atth²ti. Att±ti att±nudiµµhi natthi. Niratt±ti ucchedadiµµhi natthi. Att±ti gahita½ natthi. Niratt±ti muńcitabba½ natthi. Yassatthi gahita½, tassatthi muńcitabba½; yassatthi muńcitabba½, tassatthi gahita½. Gahaŗa½ muńcan± samatikkanto arah± buddhiparih±niv²tivatto. So vuµµhav±so ciŗŗacaraŗo gataddho gatadiso j±timaraŗasa½s±ro, natthi tassa punabbhavoti– att± niratt± na hi tassa atthi.
Adhosi so diµµhimidheva sabbanti tassa dv±saµµhi diµµhigat±ni pah²n±ni samucchinn±ni v³pasant±ni paµipassaddh±ni abhabbuppattik±ni ń±ŗaggin± da¹¹h±ni. So sabbadiµµhigata½ idheva adhosi dhuni sandhuni niddhuni pajahi vinodesi byanti½ ak±si anabh±va½ games²ti– adhosi so diµµhimidheva sabba½.
Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Upayo hi dhammesu upeti v±da½, an³paya½ kena katha½ vadeyya;
att± niratt± na hi tassa atthi, adhosi so diµµhimidheva sabban”ti.

Duµµhaµµhakasuttaniddeso tatiyo.