Te catt±ro punapi dassetu½ “±m±ya d±s±pi bhavanti heke”ti ±ha. ¾m±ya d±s±ti antoj±tad±s±. “Yattha d±so ±maj±to µhito thull±ni gacchat²”ti etth±pi eteva vutt±. Dhanena k²t±ti dhanad±s±. S±mańca eketi saya½ d±s±. Bhay±paŗunn±ti ak±mad±s±. Bhayena paŗunn± khipit±.
Bhatak±ti bhatiy± j²vanak±. Kasikamm±dikamma½ karont²ti kammakar±. Upaj²vinoti sammantan±din± upagantv± nissaya½ katv± j²vant²ti upaj²vino.
Itth²ti thiyati etissa½ gabbhoti itth². Pariggahoti sah±y² sass±mik±. M±t±pitibandhav±pi ń±tibandhu. Sagotto gottabandhu. Ek±cariyakule v± ekaj±timanta½ v± uggahitamanto mantabandhu. Dhanusipp±disaddhi½ uggahitako sippabandhu. “Mittabandhav±tipi bandh³”ti katthaci potthake p±µho dissati.
Gijjhat²ti kilesak±mena pattheti. Anugijjhat²ti anu anu gijjhati punappuna½ pattheti. Paligijjhat²ti samantato pattheti. Palibajjhat²ti visesena pattheti. “O¼±rikattena nimittagg±havasena gijjhati, anugijjhati, anubyańjanagg±havasena paligijjhati, palibajjhat²”ti evameke vaŗŗayanti.
5. Pańcamag±th±ya½ aya½ saŖkhepattho– ta½ puggala½ abalakhy± kiles± bal²yanti sahanti maddanti. Saddh±bal±divirahena v± abala½ ta½ puggala½ abal± kiles± bal²yanti, abalatt± bal²yant²ti attho. Atha v± ta½ k±magiddha½ k±maratta½ k±mapariyesantańca s²h±dayo ca p±kaµaparissay±, k±yaduccarit±dayo ca ap±kaµaparissay± maddanti. Tato ap±kaµaparissayehi abhibh³ta½ ta½ puggala½ j±ti-±didukkha½ bhinna½ n±va½ udaka½ viya anveti.
Abal±ti natthi etesa½ balanti abal±, balavirahit±. Dubbal±ti mandapayog±balena kattabbakiccavirahit± Appabal±ti appa½ paritta½ etesa½ balanti appabal±, yujjhitu½ asamatth±. Appath±mak±ti appo paritto th±mo etesa½ v±y±mo uss±hoti appath±mak±. H²n± nih²n± payogah²nena. Omak± th±mah²nena. L±mak± paccayah²nena. Chatukk± ajjh±sayah²nena. Paritt± pattih²nena. Sahant²ti maddanti ghaµµana½ upp±denti. Parisahant²ti sabbato maddanti. Abhibhavanti apar±para½ uppattivasena. Ajjhottharanti punappuna½ uppattivasena. Pariy±diyanti sussosetv± µh±nena. Maddanti kusaluppattiniv±raŗena.
Saddh±balanti saddahanti et±ya, saya½ v± saddahati, saddahanamattameva v± es±ti saddh±. S± saddahanalakkhaŗ±, okappanalakkhaŗ± v±, sampas±danaras± udakappas±dakamaŗi viya. Pakkhandanaras± v± oghuttaraŗo viya. Ak±lusiyapaccupaµµh±n±, adhimuttipaccupaµµh±n± v±. Saddheyyavatthupadaµµh±n±, sot±pattiyaŖgapadaµµh±n± v±. S± hatthavittab²j±ni viya daµµhabb±. Asaddhiye na kampat²ti saddh±bala½. V²riyabalanti v²rassa bh±vo v²riya½, v²r±na½ v± kamma½ v²riya½, vidhin± v± nayena up±yena ²rayitabba½ pavattayitabbanti v²riya½. Ta½ paneta½ upatthambhanalakkhaŗańca paggahaŗalakkhaŗańca v²riya½, sahaj±t±na½ upatthambhanarasa½, asa½s²danabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, “sa½viggo yoniso padahat²”ti vacanato (a. ni. 4.113) sa½vegapadaµµh±na½, v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±na½ v±. Samm± ±raddha½ sabbasampatt²na½ m³lanti daµµhabba½. Kosajje na kampat²ti v²riyabala½. Satiy± lakkhaŗ±d²ni vutt±neva.
Muµµhassacce na kampat²ti satibala½. Sahaj±t±ni samm± ±dh²yati µhapet²ti sam±dhi. So p±mokkhalakkhaŗo avikkhepalakkhaŗo v±, sahaj±t±na½ dhamm±na½ ±rammaŗe sampiŗ¹anaraso nh±niyacuŗŗ±na½ udaka½ viya, upasamapaccupaµµh±no, ń±ŗapaccupaµµh±no v±. “Sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti passat²”ti hi vutta½. Visesato sukhapadaµµh±no niv±te pad²pacc²na½ µhiti viya cetaso µhit²ti daµµhabbo. Uddhacce na kampat²ti sam±dhibala½. Paj±n±t²ti pańń±. Ki½ paj±n±ti? “Ida½ dukkhan”ti-±din± (mah±va. 15) nayena ariyasacc±ni. S± yath±sabh±vapaµivedhalakkhaŗ±, akkhalitapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± v± kusaliss±sakhitta-usupaµivedho viya, visayobh±sanaras± pad²po viya, asammohapaccupaµµh±n± arańńagatasudesako viya. Avijj±ya na kampat²ti pańń±bala½. Hiribala½ ottappabalanti ahirike na kampat²ti hiribala½. Anottappe na kampat²ti ottappabala½. Aya½ ubhayavasena atthavaŗŗan± hoti. K±yaduccarit±d²hi hir²yat²ti hir², lajj±yeta½ adhivacana½. Tehi eva ottappat²ti ottappa½, p±pato ubbegasseta½ adhivacana½.
Tesa½ n±n±karaŗad²panattha½– “samuµµh±na½ adhipati, lajj±dilakkhaŗena c±”ti ima½ m±tika½ µhapetv± aya½ vitth±rakath± vutt±– ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir² n±ma, bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ n±ma. Att±dhipati hir² n±ma, lok±dhipati ottappa½ n±ma. Lajj±sabh±vasaŗµhit± hir² n±ma, bhayasabh±vasaŗµhita½ ottappa½ n±ma. Sappatissavalakkhaŗ± hir² n±ma, vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaŗa½ ottappa½ n±ma.
Tattha ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raŗehi samuµµh±peti– j±ti½ paccavekkhitv±, vaya½ paccavekkhitv±, s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv±, b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv±. Katha½? “P±pakaraŗa½ n±meta½ na j±tisampann±na½ kamma½, h²najacc±na½ kevaµµ±d²na½ ida½ kamma½, m±disassa j±tisampannassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ t±va j±ti½ paccavekkhitv± p±ŗ±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakaraŗa½ n±meta½ daharehi kattabba½ kamma½, m±disassa vaye µhitassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ vaya½ paccavekkhitv± p±ŗ±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakamma½ n±meta½ dubbalaj±tik±na½ kamma½, m±disassa s³rabh±vasampannassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv± p±ŗ±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakamma½ n±meta½ andhab±l±na½ kamma½, na paŗ¹it±na½. M±disassa paŗ¹itassa bahussutassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv± p±ŗ±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Eva½ ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raŗehi samuµµh±peti. Samuµµh±petv± ca pana attano citte hiri½ pavesetv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir² n±ma hoti. Katha½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ n±ma? “Sace tva½ p±pakamma½ karissasi, cat³su paris±su garahappatto bhavissasi–
“Garahissanti ta½ vińń³, asuci½ n±gariko yath±;
vajjito s²lavantehi, katha½ bhikkhu karissas²”ti. (Dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±m±vacarakusala dhammuddesakath±)–

Eva½ paccavekkhanto hi bahiddh±samuµµhitena ottappena p±pakamma½ na karoti, eva½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ n±ma hoti.

Katha½ att±dhipati hir² n±ma? Idhekacco kulaputto att±na½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± “m±disassa saddh±pabbajitassa bahussutassa dhutaŖgadharassa na yutta½ p±pakamma½ k±tun”ti p±pa½ na karoti. Eva½ att±dhipati hir² n±ma hoti. Ten±ha bhagav± “so att±na½yeva adhipati½ karitv± akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati, anavajja½ bh±veti, suddha½ att±na½ pariharat²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±m±vacarakusala dhammuddesakath±; a. ni. 3.40).
Katha½ lok±dhipati ottappa½ n±ma? Idhekacco kulaputto loka½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Yath±ha–
“Mah± kho pan±ya½ lokasanniv±so, mahantasmi½ kho pana lokasanniv±se santi samaŗabr±hmaŗ± iddhimanto dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduno, te d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ j±nanti. Tepi ma½ eva½ j±neyyu½ ‘passatha bho ima½ kulaputta½ saddh±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiŗŗo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti. Devat±pi kho santi iddhimantiniyo dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduniyo, t± d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ j±nanti. T±pi ma½ eva½ j±neyyu½ ‘passatha bho ima½ kulaputta½ saddh±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiŗŗo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti. So iti paµisańcikkhati ‘±raddha½ kho pana me v²riya½ bhavissati asall²na½, upaµµhit± sati asammuµµh±, passaddho k±yo as±raddho, sam±hita½ citta½ ekaggan’ti. So loka½yeva adhipati½ karitv± akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati, anavajja½ bh±veti, suddha½ att±na½ pariharat²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±m±vacarakusala dhammuddesakath±; a. ni. 3.40).
Eva½ lok±dhipati ottappa½ n±ma hoti. “Lajj±sabh±vasaŗµhit± hir², bhayasabh±vasaŗµhita½ ottappan”ti ettha pana lajj±ti lajjan±k±ro, tena sabh±vena saŗµhit± hir². Bhayanti ap±yabhaya½, tena sabh±vena saŗµhita½ ottappa½. Tadubhayampi p±paparivajjane p±kaµa½ hoti. Ekacco hi yath± n±ma eko kulaputto ucc±rapass±v±d²ni karonto lajjitabbayuttaka½ eka½ disv± lajjan±k±rappatto bhaveyya h²¼ito, evameva ajjhatta½ lajj²dhamma½ okkamitv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Ekacco ap±yabhayabh²to hutv± p±pakamma½ na karoti.
Tatrida½ opamma½– yath± hi dv²su ayogu¼esu eko s²talo bhaveyya g³thamakkhito, eko uŗho ±ditto. Tattha paŗ¹ito s²tala½ g³thamakkhitatt± jigucchanto na gaŗh±ti, itara½ ¹±habhayena. Tattha s²talassa g³thamakkhanajigucch±ya agaŗhana½ viya ajjhatta½ lajj²dhamma½ okkamitv± p±passa akaraŗa½, uŗhassa ¹±habhayena agaŗhana½ viya ap±yabhayena p±passa akaraŗa½ veditabba½.
“Sappatissavalakkhaŗ± hir², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaŗa½ ottappan”ti idampi dvaya½ p±paparivajjane eva p±kaµa½ hoti. Ekacco hi j±timahattapaccavekkhaŗ± satthumahattapaccavekkhaŗ± d±yajjamahattapaccavekkhaŗ± sabrahmac±rimahattapaccavekkhaŗ±ti cat³hi k±raŗehi sappatissavalakkhaŗa½ hiri½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti. Ekacco att±nuv±dabhaya½ par±nuv±dabhaya½ daŗ¹abhaya½ duggatibhayanti cat³h±k±rehi vajjabh²rukabh±vadass±vilakkhaŗa½ ottappa½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti. Tattha j±timahattapaccavekkhaŗ±d²ni ceva att±nuv±dabhay±d²ni ca vitth±retv± kathetabb±ni. Eva½ vutta½ sattavidha½ bala½ yassa puggalassa natthi, te kiles± ta½ puggala½ sahanti…pe… pariy±diyanti maddant²ti.
Dve parissay±ti p±kaµ±p±kaµavasena dve eva upaddav±, na eka½, na t²ŗi. Te vibh±gato dassetu½ “katame p±kaµaparissay±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kok±ti kek±. Ayameva v± p±µho. Cor±ti coriyakammehi yutt±. M±ŗav±ti s±hasikakammehi yutt±. Katakamm±ti sandhicched±dikatacorikakamm±. Akatakamm±ti ta½ kamma½ k±tu½ nikkhant±. Ettha ass³ti bhaveyyunti attho. Cakkhurogoti cakkhusmi½ uppannarogo, rujat²ti rogo. Cakkhurogoti-±dayo vatthuvasena veditabb±. Nibbattitapas±d±nańhi rogo n±ma natthi. Kaŗŗarogoti bahikaŗŗarogo. Mukharogoti mukhe uppannarogo. Dantarogoti dantas³la½. K±soti khayarogo. S±soti sv±so ugg±rarogo. Pin±soti bahin±sik±ya rogo. Ž±hoti abbhantare uppajjanako uŗho. Mucch±ti sativissajjanak±. Pakkhandik±ti lohitapakkhandik± atis±ro. S³l±ti ±mas³l± kucchiv±to. Vis³cik±ti mahanto virecanako. Kil±soti sabalo. Sosoti sukkhanako sosaby±dhi. Apam±roti amanussagg±ho veriyakkh±b±dho. Dadd³ti daddup²¼ak±. Kaŗ¹³ti khuddakap²¼ak±. Kacch³ti mah±kacchu. Rakhas±ti nakhehi vilikhitaµµh±ne rogo. “Nakhas±”tipi p±¼i. Vitacchik±ti hatthatalap±datalesu h²ra½ h²ra½ katv± ph±lento uppajjanakarogo. Lohitapittanti soŗitapitta½, rattapittanti vutta½ hoti. Madhumehoti sar²rabbhantare ukkaµµharogo. Vuttańheta½ “api ca madhumeho ±b±dho ukkaµµho”ti (p±ci. 15).