“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, satth±…pe… ida½ vo sukh±y±ti. Tassa ekacce s±vak± na suss³santi…pe… vattanti. Ekacce s±vak± suss³santi…pe… na ca vokkamma satthu s±san± vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato na ceva anattamano hoti, na ca anattamanata½ paµisa½vedeti, na ca attamano hoti, na ca attamanata½ paµisa½vedeti. Anattamanat± ca attamanat± ca tadubhaya½ abhinivajjetv± upekkhako viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dutiya½…pe….
“Puna capara½…pe… ida½ vo sukh±y±ti. Tassa s±vak± suss³santi…pe… vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato attamano ceva hoti, attamanatañca paµisa½vedeti, anavassuto ca viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, tatiyan”ti (d². ni. 3.311).
Eva½ paµigh±nunayehi anavassutat± nicca½ upaµµhitasatit±ya tadubhaya½ v²tivattat± “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Buddh±nameva kira nicca½ upaµµhitasatit± hoti, na paccekabuddh±d²nanti.
Vedan±su vedan±nupassan±ti-±d²su vedan±d²na½ puna vacane payojana½ k±y±nupassan±ya½ vuttanayeneva yath±yoga½ yojetv± veditabba½. Ayampi s±dh±raºattho. Sukh±d²su anekappabhed±su vedan±su visu½ visu½ anicc±dito ekekavedan±nupassan±. Sar±g±dike so¼asappabhede citte visu½ visu½ anicc±dito ekekacitt±nupassan±. K±yavedan±citt±ni µhapetv± sesatebh³makadhammesu visu½ visu½ anicc±dito ekekadhamm±nupassan± satipaµµh±nasuttante vuttanayena n²varaº±didhamm±nupassan±ti. Ettha ca k±yeti ekavacana½, sar²rassa ekatt± Citteti ekavacana½, cittassa sabh±vabhed±bh±vato j±tiggahaºena katanti veditabba½. Yath± ca vedan±dayo anupassitabb±, tath±nupassanto vedan±su vedan±nupassan±, citte citt±nupassan±, dhammesu dhamm±nupassan±ti veditabb±. Katha½ vedan± anupassitabb±? Sukh± t±va vedan± dukkhato, dukkh± vedan± sallato, adukkhamasukh± aniccato anupassitabb±. Yath±ha–
“Yo sukha½ dukkhato adda, dukkhamaddakkhi sallato;
adukkhamasukha½ santa½, addakkhi na½ aniccato;
sa ve sammaddaso bhikkhu, parij±n±ti vedan±”ti. (Sa½. ni. 4.253).
Sabb± eva cet± dukkhatopi anupassitabb±. Vuttañheta½ “ya½ kiñci vedayita½, ta½ dukkhasminti vad±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.259). Sukhadukkhatopi ca anupassitabb±. Yath±ha “sukh± vedan± µhitisukh±, vipariº±madukkh±. Dukkh± vedan± µhitidukkh±, vipariº±masukh±. Adukkhamasukh± vedan± ñ±ºasukh±, aññ±ºadukkh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.465). Api ca anicc±disattavipassan±vasen±pi anupassitabb±. Cittadhammesupi citta½ t±va ±rammaº±dhipatisahaj±tabh³mikammavip±kakiriy±din±nattabhed±na½ anicc±disatt±nupassan±na½ sar±g±diso¼asabhed±nañca vasena anupassitabba½. Dhamm± salakkhaºas±maññalakkhaº±na½ suññatadhammassa anicc±disatt±nupassan±na½ sant±sant±d²nañca vasena anupassitabb±.
Ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n± pubbabh±ge n±n±cittesu labbhanti. Aññeneva hi cittena k±ya½ pariggaºh±ti, aññena vedana½, aññena citta½, aññena dhamme pariggaºh±ti, lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacitteyeva labbhant²ti. ¾dito hi k±ya½ pariggaºhitv± ±gatassa vipassan±sampayutt± sati k±y±nupassan± n±ma, t±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo k±y±nupass² n±ma. Vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyamagga½ pattassa maggakkhaºe maggasampayutt± sati k±y±nupassan± n±ma, t±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo k±y±nupass² n±ma.
Vedana½ pariggaºhitv± citta½ pariggaºhitv± dhamme pariggaºhitv± ±gatassa vipassan±sampayutt± sati dhamm±nupassan± n±ma, t±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo dhamm±nupass² n±ma. Vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyamagga½ pattassa maggakkhaºe maggasampayutt± sati dhamm±nupassan± n±ma, t±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo dhamm±nupass² n±ma, eva½ t±va desan± puggale tiµµhati, k±ye pana “subhan”ti vipall±sappah±n± k±yaparigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti k±y±nupassan± n±ma. Vedan±ya “sukhan”ti vipall±sappah±n± vedan±parigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti vedan±nupassan± n±ma. Citte “niccan”ti vipall±sappah±n± cittaparigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti citt±nupassan± n±ma. Dhammesu “att±”ti vipall±sappah±n± dhammaparigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti dhamm±nupassan± n±ma. Iti ek±va maggasampayutt± sati catukiccas±dhakaµµhena catt±ri n±m±ni labhati. Tena vutta½ “lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacitteyeva labbhant²”ti.
Puna upak±ravasena ca aparih²navasena ca guºavasena ca apare tayo catukk± vutt±. Tattha asatiparivajjan±y±ti na sati asati, sati ettha natth²ti v± asati, muµµhassatiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Parivajjan±y±ti samantato vajjanena. Bhattanikkhittak±kasadise hi muµµhasatipuggale parivajjanena upaµµhitasatipuggalasevanena µh±nanisajj±d²su satisamuµµh±panattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±ya ca sati uppajjati. Satikaraº²y±na½ dhamm±nanti satiy± k±tabb±na½ dhamm±na½. Katatt±ti katabh±vena. Catunna½ magg±na½ katatt±, bh±vitatt±ti attho. Satiparibandh±na½ dhamm±na½ hatatt±ti k±macchand±d²na½ n±sitabh±vena. Satinimitt±na½ dhamm±na½ asammuµµhatt±ti satiy± k±raº±na½ k±y±di-±rammaº±na½ anaµµhabh±vena.
Satiy± samann±gatatt±ti satiy± samm± ±gatatt± aparih²natt± ca. Vasitatt±ti vasibh±vappattena. P±guññat±y±ti paguºabh±vena. Apaccorohaºat±y±ti anivattanabh±vena apaccosakkanabh±vena.
Sattatt±ti sabh±vena vijjam±natt±. Santatt±ti nibbutasabh±vatt±. Samitatt±ti kiles±na½ v³pasamitabh±vatt±. Santadhammasamann±gatatt±ti sappurisadhammehi aparih²natt±. Buddh±nussati-±dayo heµµh± vuttanay± eva. Saraºakavasena sati, ida½ satiy± sabh±vapada½. Punappuna½ saraºato anussaraºavasena anussati. Abhimukha½ gantv± viya saraºato paµisaraºavasena paµissati. Upasaggavasena v± va¹¹hitamattameva. Saraº±k±ro saraºat±. Yasm± pana saraºat±ti tiººa½ saraº±nampi n±ma½, tasm± ta½ paµisedhetu½ puna satiggahaºa½ kata½. Satisaªkh±t± saraºat±ti ayañhettha attho. Sutapariyattassa dh±raºabh±vato dh±raºat±. Anupavisanasaªkh±tena og±hanaµµhena apil±panabh±vo apil±panat±. Yath± hi udake l±bukaµ±h±d²ni palavanti, na anupavisanti, na tath± ±rammaºe sati. ¾rammaºañhi es± anupavisati, tasm± “apil±panat±”ti vutt±. Cirakatacirabh±sit±na½ na sammussanabh±vato asammussanat±. Upaµµh±nalakkhaºe jotanalakkhaºe ca indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½, satisaªkh±ta½ indriya½ satindriya½. Pam±de na kampat²ti satibala½. Y±th±vasati niyy±nasati kusalasat²ti samm±sati. Bujjhanakassa aªgoti bojjhaªgo, pasaµµho sundaro v± bojjhaªgo sambojjhaªgo, satiyeva sambojjhaªgo satisambojjhaªgo.
Ek±yanamaggoti ekamaggo, aya½ maggo na dvedh±pathabh³toti evamattho daµµhabbo. Atha v± ekena ayitabboti ek±yano. Eken±ti gaºasaªgaºika½ pah±ya v³pakaµµhena pavivittacittena. Ayitabbo paµipajjitabbo, ayanti v± eten±ti ayano, sa½s±rato nibb±na½ gacchat²ti attho Ekassa ayano ek±yano. Ekass±ti seµµhassa. Sabbasatt±na½ seµµhova bhagav±, tasm± “bhagavato”ti vutta½ hoti. Kiñc±pi hi tena aññepi ayanti, eva½ santepi bhagavatova so ayano tena upp±ditatt±. Yath±ha “so hi br±hmaºa bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 1.215; paµi. ma. 3.5; ma. ni. 3.79). Ayat²ti v± ayano, gacchati pavattat²ti attho. Ekasmi½ ayano ek±yano. Imasmi½yeva dhammavinaye pavattati, na aññatth±ti vutta½ hoti. Yath±ha “imasmi½ kho, subhadda, dhammavinaye ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo upalabbhat²”ti (d². ni. 2.214). Desan±bhedoyeva heso, atthato pana ekova. Api ca eka½ ayat²ti ek±yano. Pubbabh±ge n±n±mukhabh±van±nayena pavattopi aparabh±ge eka½ nibb±nameva gacchat²ti vutta½ hoti. Yath±ha brahm± sahampati–
“Ek±yana½ j±tikhayantadass², magga½ paj±n±ti hit±nukamp²;
etena maggena tari½su pubbe, tarissanti ye ca taranti oghan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 5.384, 409).
Maggoti kenaµµhena maggo? Nibb±na½ gamanaµµhena, nibb±natthikehi maggan²yaµµhena ca. Upetoti ±sanna½ gato. Samupetoti tato ±sannatara½ gato. Ubhayenapi satiy± aparih²noti attho. Upagatoti upagantv± µhito. Samupagatoti sampayutto hutv± µhito. “Up±gato samup±gato”tipi p±¼i. Ubhayen±pi satisam²pa½ ±gatoti attho. Upapannoti aviyog±panno. Samupapannoti paripuººo. Samann±gatoti avikalo vijjam±no. “Upeto samupetoti dv²hi padehi pavatta½ kathita½. Upagato samupagatoti dv²hi padehi paµivedho. Upapanno samupapanno samann±gatoti t²hi padehi paµil±bho kathito”ti evameke vaººayanti.
Loke v± s± visattik±ti y± es± anekappak±rena vutt± visattik±, s± khandhaloke eva, na aññatra khandhehi pavattat²ti attho. Loke v± ta½ visattikanti khandhaloke eva pavatta½ eta½ visattikasaªkh±ta½ taºha½. Tarati k±me parivajjento. Uttarati kilese pajahanto. Patarati tesa½ patiµµh±hetu½ chindanto. Samatikkamati sa½s±ra½ atikkamanto. V²tivattati paµisandhi-abhabbuppattika½ karonto. Atha v± tarati uttarati k±y±nupassanena. Patarati vedan±nupassanena. Samatikkamati citt±nupassanena. Atha v± tarati s²lena. Uttarati sam±dhin±. Patarati vipassan±ya. Samatikkamati maggena. V²tivattati phalen±ti evam±din± yojetabba½.
4. Catutthag±th±ya aya½ saªkhepattho– yo eka½ s±likhett±dikhetta½ v± gharavatth±divatthu½ v± kah±paºasaªkh±ta½ hirañña½ v± go-ass±dibheda½ gav±ssa½ v± antoj±t±did±se v± bhatak±dikammakare v± itthisaññit± thiyo v± ñ±tibandhav±dibandh³ v± aññe v± man±piyar³p±dike puthuk±me anugijjhat²ti. S±likkhettanti yattha s±liyo viruhanti. V²hikkhett±d²supi eseva nayo. V²h²ti avasesav²hayo. Modayat²ti muggo. Gharavatthunti gharapatiµµh±panattha½ kat±katabh³mibh±go. Koµµhakavatth±d²supi eseva nayo. Koµµhakoti dv±rakoµµh±di. Pureti gharassa purato. Pacch±ti gharassa pacchato. Ettha ±r±menti citta½ tosent²ti ±r±mo, pupphenapi phalenapi ch±y±yapi dakenapi ramant²ti attho.
Pasuk±dayoti e¼ak±dayo. Antoj±takoti antogharad±siy± kucchimhi j±to. Dhanakk²takoti dhanena k²ºitv± parivattetv± gahito. S±ma½ v±ti saya½ v±. D±sabyanti d±sassa bh±vo d±sabya½, ta½ d±sabya½. Upet²ti upagacchati. Ak±mako v±ti attano aruciy± v± karamar±n²to.