“Tic²varańca patto ca, v±si s³ci ca bandhana½;
pariss±vanena aµµhete, yuttayogassa bhikkhuno”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.215; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.294; 2.349; a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.198).
Te sabbe k±yaparih±rik±pi honti kucchiparih±rik±pi. Katha½? Tic²vara½ t±va niv±setv± ca p±rupitv± ca vicaraŗak±le k±ya½ pariharati poset²ti k±yaparih±rika½ hoti. C²varakaŗŗena udaka½ pariss±vetv± pivanak±le kh±ditabbaphal±phalaggahaŗak±le ca kucchi½ pariharati poset²ti kucchiparih±rika½ hoti.
Pattopi tena udaka½ uddharitv± nh±nak±le kuµiparibhaŗ¹akaraŗak±le ca k±yaparih±riko hoti ¾h±ra½ gahetv± bhuńjanak±le kucchiparih±riko. V±sipi t±ya dantakaµµhacchedanak±le mańcap²µh±na½ aŖgap±dac²varakuµidaŗ¹akasajjanak±le ca k±yaparih±rik± hoti. Ucchucchedanan±¼iker±ditacchanak±le kucchiparih±rik±. S³ci c²varasibbanak±le k±yaparih±rik± hoti. P³va½ v± phala½ v± vijjhitv± kh±danak±le kucchiparih±rik±. K±yabandhana½ bandhitv± vicaraŗak±le k±yaparih±rika½. Ucchu-±d²ni bandhitv± gahaŗak±le kucchiparih±rika½. Pariss±vana½ tena udaka½ pariss±vetv± nh±nak±le sen±sanaparibhaŗ¹akaraŗak±le ca k±yaparih±rika½, p±n²yap±ŗakapariss±vanak±le teneva tilataŗ¹ulaputhuk±d²ni gahetv± kh±danak±le ca kucchiparih±rika½.
PaµisaŖkh±yonisoti up±yena pathena paµisaŖkh±ya ńatv±, paccavekkhitv±ti attho. Ettha ca “s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti-±din± nayena vuttapaccavekkhaŗameva yoniso paµisaŖkh±ti veditabba½. Tattha c²varanti antarav±sak±d²su ya½kińci. Paµisevat²ti paribhuńjati niv±seti v± p±rupati v±. Y±vadev±ti payojan±vadhiparicchedaniyamavacana½. Ettakameva hi yogino c²varapaµisevane payojana½, yadida½ s²tassa paµigh±t±y±ti-±di, na ito bhiyyo. S²tass±ti ajjhattadh±tukkhobhavasena v± bahiddh± utupariŗ±manavasena v± uppannassa yassa kassaci s²tassa.
Paµigh±t±y±ti paµihananattha½. Yath± sar²re ±b±dha½ na upp±deti, eva½ tassa vinodanattha½. S²tabbh±hate hi sar²re vikkhittacitto yoniso padahitu½ na sakkoti. Tasm± s²tassa paµigh±t±ya c²vara½ sevitabbanti bhagav± anuńń±si. Esa nayo sabbattha. Kevalańhettha uŗhass±ti aggisant±passa, tassa vanad±h±d²su sambhavo veditabbo. Ža½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphass±nanti ettha pana ¹a½s±ti ¹a½sanamakkhik±. “Andhamakkhik±”tipi vuccanti. Makas±ti makas± eva. V±t±ti saraja-araj±dibhed± ¾tapoti s³riy±tapo. Sar²sap±ti ye keci sarant± gacchanti d²ghaj±tik± sapp±dayo, tesa½ daµµhasamphasso ca phuµµhasamphasso c±ti duvidho samphasso; sopi c²vara½ p±rupitv± nisinna½ na b±dhati. Tasm± t±disesu µh±nesu tesa½ paµigh±tatth±ya paµisevati. Y±vadev±ti puna etassa vacana½ niyatapayojan±vadhiparicchedadassanattha½. Hirikop²napaµicch±danatthanti niyatapayojana½, itar±ni kad±ci honti. Tattha hirikop²nanti ta½ ta½ samb±dhaµµh±na½. Yasmi½ yasmińhi aŖge vivariyam±ne hir² kuppati vinassati, ta½ ta½ hiri½ kopanato hirikop²nanti vuccati. Tassa ca hirikop²nassa paµicch±danatthanti hirikop²napaµicch±danattha½. “Hirikop²na½ paµicch±danatthan”tipi p±µho.
Piŗ¹ap±tanti ya½kińci ±h±ra½. Yo hi koci ±h±ro bhikkhuno piŗ¹olyena patte patitatt± “piŗ¹ap±to”ti vuccati. Piŗ¹±na½ v± p±to piŗ¹ap±to, tattha tattha laddh±na½ bhikkh±na½ sannip±to, sam³hoti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.
Sen±sananti sayanańca ±sanańca. Yattha yattha hi seti vih±re v± a¹¹hayog±dimhi v±, ta½ sena½. Yattha yattha ±sati nis²dati, ta½ ±sana½, ta½ ekato katv± “sen±sanan”ti vuccati. Utuparissayavinodanapaµisall±n±r±matthanti parisahanaµµhena utuyeva utuparissayo. Utuparissayassa vinodanatthańca paµisall±n±r±matthańca. Yo sar²r±b±dhacittavikkhepakaro asapp±yo utu sen±sanapaµisevanena vinodetabbo hoti, tassa vinodanattha½ ek²bh±vasukhatthańc±ti vutta½ hoti. K±mańca s²tapaµigh±t±din±va utuparissayavinodana½ vuttameva. Yath± pana c²varapaµisevane “hirikop²napaµicch±dana½ niyatapayojana½, itar±ni kad±ci kad±ci bhavant²”ti vutta½, evamidh±pi niyata-utuparissayavinodana½ sandh±ya ida½ vuttanti veditabba½. Atha v± aya½ vuttappak±ro utu utuyeva. Parissayo pana duvidho p±kaµaparissayo ca paµicchannaparissayo ca. Tattha p±kaµaparissayo s²habyaggh±dayo, paµicchannaparissayo r±gados±dayo. Te yattha apariguttiy± ca asapp±yar³padassan±din± ca ±b±dha½ na karonti, ta½ sen±sana½ eva½ j±nitv± paccavekkhitv± paµisevanto bhikkhu paµisaŖkh± yoniso sen±sana½ utuparissayavinodanattha½ paµisevat²ti veditabbo.
Gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ranti ettha rogassa paµi-ayanaµµhena paccayo, paccan²kagamanaµµhen±ti attho. Yassa kassaci sapp±yasseta½ adhivacana½. Bhisakkassa kamma½ tena anuńń±tatt±ti bhesajja½. Gil±napaccayova bhesajja½ gil±napaccayabhesajja½, ya½ kińci gil±nassa sapp±ya½ bhisakkakamma½ telamadhuph±ŗit±d²ti vutta½ hoti. Parikkh±roti pana “sattahi nagaraparikkh±rehi suparikkhatta½ hot²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 7.67) pariv±ro vuccati. “Ratho s²laparikkh±ro, jh±nakkho cakkav²riyo”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.4) alaŖk±ro. “Ye ca kho ime pabbajitena j²vitaparikkh±r± samud±netabb±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.191-192) sambh±ro. Idha pana sambh±ropi pariv±ropi vaµµati. Tańca gil±napaccayabhesajja½ j²vitassa pariv±ropi hoti, j²vitan±sak±b±dhuppattiy± antara½ adatv± rakkhaŗato sambh±ropi. Yath±cira½ pavattati, evamassa k±raŗabh±vato; tasm± “parikkh±ro”ti vuccati. Eva½ gil±napaccayabhesajjańca ta½ parikkh±ro c±ti gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ro, ta½ gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ra½. Gil±nassa ya½ kińci sapp±ya½ bhisakk±nuńń±ta½ telamadhuph±ŗit±dij²vitaparikkh±ranti vutta½ hoti.
Uppann±nanti j±t±na½ bh³t±na½ nibbatt±na½. Veyy±b±dhik±nanti ettha by±b±dhoti dh±tukkhobho ta½samuµµh±n± ca kuµµhagaŗ¹ap²¼ak±dayo, by±b±dhato uppannatt± veyy±b±dhik±. Vedan±nanti dukkhavedan±, akusalavip±kavedan±, t±sa½ veyy±b±dhik±na½ vedan±na½. Aby±bajjhaparamat±y±ti niddukkhaparamat±ya. Y±va ta½ dukkha½ sabba½ pah²na½ hoti, t±v±ti attho.
Santuµµho hot²ti paccayasantosena santuµµho hoti. Itar²tarena c²varen±ti th³lasukhumal³khapaŗ²tathirajiŗŗ±na½ yena kenaci. Atha kho yath±laddh±d²na½ itar²tarena yena kenaci santuµµho hot²ti attho. C²varasmińhi tayo santos± yath±l±bhasantoso yath±balasantoso yath±s±ruppasantosoti. Piŗ¹ap±t±d²supi eseva nayo.
Vaŗŗav±d²ti eko santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaŗŗa½ na katheti, eko na santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaŗŗa½ katheti, eko neva santuµµho hoti, na santosassa vaŗŗa½ katheti, eko santuµµho ca hoti, santosassa vaŗŗa½ katheti, ta½ dassetu½ “itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy± ca vaŗŗav±d²”ti vutta½. Anesananti d³teyyapah²nagaman±nuyogappabheda½ n±nappak±ra½ anesana½. Appatir³panti ayutta½. Aladdh± c±ti alabhitv±. Yath± ekacco “katha½ nu kho c²vara½ labhiss±m²”ti puńńavantehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ekato hutv± kohańńa½ karonto uttassati paritassati, santuµµho bhikkhu eva½ aladdh± ca c²vara½ na paritassati. Laddh± c±ti dhammena samena labhitv±. Agadhitoti vigatalobhavanto. Amucchitoti adhimattataŗh±ya muccha½ an±panno. Anajjh±pannoti taŗh±ya anotthaµo apariyonaddho. ¾d²navadass±v²ti anesan±pattiyańca gadhitaparibhoge ca ±d²nava½ passam±no. Nissaraŗapańńoti “y±vadeva s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti (ma. ni. 1.23) vutta½ nissaraŗa½ eva paj±nanto. Itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy±ti yena kenaci c²varena santuµµhiy±. Nevatt±nukka½set²ti “aha½ pa½suk³liko, may± upasampadam±¼eyeva pa½suk³likaŖga½ gahita½, ko may± sadiso atth²”ti attukka½sana½ na karoti. Na para½ vambhet²ti “ime panańńe bhikkh³ na pa½suk³lik±”ti v± “pa½suk³likamattampi etesa½ natth²”ti v± eva½ para½ na vambheti.
Yo hi tattha dakkhoti yo tasmi½ c²varasantose vaŗŗav±d², t±su v± dakkho cheko byatto. Analasoti s±taccakiriy±ya ±lasiyavirahito. Sampaj±no paµissatoti sampaj±napańń±ya ceva satiy± ca yutto. Por±ŗeti na adhunuppattike. Aggańńeti “aggo”ti j±nitabbe. Ariyava½se µhitoti ariy±na½ va½se patiµµhito. Ariyava½soti ca yath± hi khattiyava½so br±hmaŗava½so vessava½so suddava½so samaŗava½so kulava½so r±java½so, eva½ ayampi aµµhamo ariyava½so ariyatanti ariyapaveŗ² n±ma hoti. So kho pan±ya½ ariyava½so imesa½ va½s±na½ m³lagandh±d²na½ k±¼±nus±rigandh±dayo viya aggamakkh±yati. Ke pana te ariy± yesa½ eso va½soti? Ariy± vuccanti buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca tath±gatas±vak± ca, etesa½ ariy±na½ va½soti ariyava½so. Ito pubbe hi satasahassakapp±dik±na½ catunna½ asaŖkhyeyy±na½ matthake taŗhaŖkaro meŖkero saraŗaŖkaro d²paŖkaroti catt±ro buddh± uppann±, te ariy±, tesa½ ariy±na½ va½soti ariyava½so. Tesa½ buddh±na½ parinibb±nato aparabh±ge eka½ asaŖkhyeyya½ atikkamitv± koŗ¹ańńo n±ma buddho uppanno…pe… imasmi½ kappe kakusandho koŗ±gamano kassapo amh±ka½ bhagav± gotamoti catt±ro buddh± uppann±, tesa½ ariy±na½ va½soti ariyava½so. Api ca at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ sabbabuddhapaccekabuddhas±vak±na½ ariy±na½ va½soti ariyava½so, tasmi½ ariyava½se patiµµhito.
Itar²tarena piŗ¹ap±ten±ti yena kenaci piŗ¹ap±tena. Sen±san±d²supi eseva nayo. ¾yatanes³ti cakkh±d²su ±yatanesu.
Yatoti sańńato. Yattoti yattav±. Paµiyattoti ativiya yattav±. Guttoti rakkhito. Gopitoti mańj³s±ya viya paµµhapito. Rakkhitoti paµis±mito. Sa½vutoti dv±rasa½varaŗena pihito. Khu½sitoti garahito. Vambhitoti apas±dito. Ghaµµitoti ghaµµanam±p±dito. Garahitoti avamańńito. Upavaditoti akkosito.
Pharusen±ti mammacchedanavacanena. Kakkha¼en±ti d±ruŗena. Nappaµivajj±ti paµippharitv± na katheyya.
207. Jh±n±nuyuttoti anuppannupp±danena uppannasevanena ca jh±nena anuyutto. Upekkham±rabbha sam±hitattoti catutthajjh±nupekkha½ upp±detv± sam±hitacitto. Takk±saya½ kukkuccańcupacchindeti k±mavitakk±divitakkańca k±masańń±dika½ vitakkassa ±sayańca hatthakukkucc±dikukkuccańca upacchindeyya.
Anuppannassa v± paµhamassa jh±nassa upp±d±y±ti tasmi½ attabh±ve anuppannassa v± uppajjitv± parih²nassa v± paµhamajjh±nassa upp±danattha½ attano sant±ne paµil±bhattha½. Uppanna½ v± paµhama½ jh±na½ ±sevat²ti-±d²su ettha ±darena sevati paguŗa½ karoti bh±veti va¹¹heti bahul²karoti punappuna½ karoti.