193. Catutthag±th±ya vijigucchatoti j±ti-±d²hi aµµ²yato. Rittam±sananti vivitta½ mañcap²µha½. Pabbat±na½ guh±su v±ti pabbataguh±su v± rittam±sana½ bhajatoti sambandhitabba½.
J±tiy± vijigucchatoti j±ti½ vijigucchato. Jar±ya. By±dhin±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Bhajatoti evam±d²su bhajatoti bhajantassa. Sevatoti sevantassa. Nisevatoti samm± sevantassa Sa½sevatoti punappuna½ sevantassa. Paµisevatoti upagantv± sevantassa. Pabbatapabbh±r±ti pabbatakucchiyo.
194. Pañcamag±th±ya ucc±vaces³ti h²napaº²tesu. Sayanes³ti vih±r±d²su sen±sanesu. K²vanto tattha bherav±ti kittak± tattha bhayak±raº±. “Kuvanto”tipi p±µho, k³jantoti cassa attho.
Kuvantoti sadd±yanto. K³jantoti abyattasadda½ karonto. Nadantoti ukkuµµhi½ karonto. Sadda½ karontoti v±ca½ bh±santo. Kat²ti pucch±. Kittak±ti pam±ºapucch±. K²vatak±ti paricchedapucch±. K²vabahuk±ti pam±ºaparicchedapucch±. Te bherav±ti ete bhayajananupaddav± bhay±rammaº±. K²vabahuk±ti pucchite ±rammaºe dassetu½ “s²h± byaggh± d²p²”ti-±d²hi vissajjeti.
195. Chaµµhag±th±ya kati parissay±ti kittak± upaddav±. Agata½ disanti nibb±na½. Tañhi agatapubbatt± agata½, niddisitabbato dis± c±ti. Tena vutta½– “agata½ disan”ti. Amata½ disan”tipi p±µho. Abhisambhaveti abhisambhaveyya. Pantamh²ti pariyante.
Agatapubb± s± dis±ti y± dis± supinantenapi na gatapubb±. Na s± dis± gatapubb±ti es± dis± vuttanayena na gatapubb±. Imin± d²ghena addhun±ti anena d²ghak±lena.
Samatittikanti antomukhavaµµilekha½ p±petv± samabharita½. Anavasekanti anavasiñcanaka½ aparisiñcanaka½ katv±. Telapattanti pakkhittatela½ telapatta½. Parihareyy±ti hareyya ±d±ya gaccheyya. Eva½ sacittamanurakkheti ta½ telabharita½ patta½ viya attano citta½ k±yagat±ya satiy± gocare ceva sampayuttasatiy± c±ti ubhinna½ antare pakkhipitv± yath± muhuttampi bahiddh± gocare na vikkhipati, tath± paº¹ito yog±vacaro rakkheyya gopayeyya. Ki½k±raº±? Etassa hi–
“Dunniggahassa lahuno, yatthak±manip±tino;
cittassa damatho s±dhu, citta½ danta½ sukh±vaha½”. (Dha. pa. 35).
Tasm±
“Sududdasa½ sunipuºa½, yatthak±manip±tina½;
citta½ rakkhetha medh±v², citta½ gutta½ sukh±vaha½”. (Dha. pa. 36).
Idañhi–
“D³raªgama½ ekacara½, asar²ra½ guh±saya½;
ye citta½ sa½yamessanti, mokkhanti m±rabandhan±”. (Dha. pa. 37).
Itarassa pana–
“Anavaµµhitacittassa saddhamma½ avij±nato;
pariplavapas±dassa, paññ± na parip³rati”. (Dha. pa. 38).
Thirakammaµµh±nasah±yassa pana–
“Anavassutacittassa, ananv±hatacetaso;
puññap±papah²nassa, natthi j±garato bhaya½”. (Dha. pa. 39).
Tasm± eta½–
“Phandana½ capala½ citta½, d³rakkha½ dunniv±raya½;
uju½ karoti medh±v², usuk±rova tejana½”. (Dha. pa. 33).
Eva½ uju½ karonto sacittamanurakkhe.
Patthay±no disa½ agatapubbanti imasmi½ k±yagat±satikammaµµh±ne kamma½ ±rabhitv± anamatagge sa½s±re agatapubba½ disa½ patthento vuttanayena saka½ citta½ rakkheyy±ti attho. K± panes± dis± n±ma–
“M±t±pit± dis± pubb±, ±cariy± dakkhiº± dis±;
puttad±r± dis± pacch±, mitt±macc± ca uttar±.
“D±sakammakar± heµµh±, uddha½ samaºabr±hmaº±;
et± dis± namasseyya, alamatto kule gih²”ti. (D². ni. 3.273)–

Ettha t±va m±t±pit±dayo “dis±”ti vutt±.

“Dis± catasso vidis± catasso, uddha½ adho dasa dis± im±yo;
katama½ disa½ tiµµhati n±gar±j±, yamaddas± supine chabbis±ºan”ti. (J±. 1.16.104)–

Ettha puratthim±dibhed± dis±va “dis±”ti vutt±.

“Ag±rino annadap±navatthad±, avh±yik± tampi disa½ vadanti;
es± dis± param± setaketu, ya½ patv± dukkh² sukhino bhavant²”ti (J±. 1.6.9)–

Ettha nibb±na½ “disan”ti vutta½. Idh±pi tadeva adhippeta½. Taºhakkhaya½ vir±ganti-±d²hi dissati apadissati tasm± “dis±”ti vuccati. Anamatagge pana sa½s±re kenaci b±laputhujjanena supinenapi agatapubbat±ya “agatapubb± dis± n±m±”ti vuccati. Ta½ patthayantena k±yagat±satiy± yogo karaº²yoti. Vajatoti-±d²su ettha maggupp±dato sam²pa½ vajato. Ýhitikkhaºe gacchato. Phalodayato atikkamato.

Anteti antamhi µhite. Panteti vanagahanagambh²re µhite. Pariyanteti d³rabh±vena pariyante µhite. Selanteti pabbat±na½ ante. Vananteti vanaghaµ±na½ ante. Nadanteti nad²na½ ante. Udakanteti udak±na½ pariyante. Yattha na kas²yati na vap²yat²ti yasmi½ kasanañca vapanañca na kar²yati. Jananta½ atikkamitv± µhite. Manuss±na½ anupac±reti kasanavapanavasena manussehi anupacaritabbe sen±sane.
196. Sattamag±th±ya ky±ssa byappathayo ass³ti kidis±ni tassa vacan±ni assu.
Mus±v±da½ pah±y±ti ettha mus±ti visa½v±danapurekkh±rassa atthabhañjanako vac²payogo k±yapayogo v±. Visa½v±dan±dhipp±yena panassa paravisa½v±dakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. Aparo nayo– mus±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ vatthu, v±doti tassa bh³tato tacchato viññ±pana½. Lakkhaºato pana atatha½ vatthu½ tathato para½ viññ±petuk±massa tath±viññattisamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. So yamattha½ bhañjati, tassa appat±ya appas±vajjo, mahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Api ca gahaµµh±na½ attano santaka½ ad±tuk±mat±ya “natth²”ti-±dinayappavatto appas±vajjo, sakkhin± hutv± atthabhañjanattha½ vutto mah±s±vajjo. Pabbajit±na½ appakampi tela½ v± sappi½ v± labhitv± has±dhipp±yena “ajja g±me tela½ nad² maññe sandat²”ti p³raºakath±nayena pavatto appas±vajjo, adiµµha½yeva pana diµµhanti-±din± nayena vadant±na½ mah±s±vajjo.
Tassa catt±ro sambh±r± honti– atatha½ vatthu visa½v±danacitta½ tajjo v±y±mo parassa tadatthavij±nananti. Eko payogo s±hatthikova. So ca k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± v±c±ya v± paravisa½v±dakakiriy±karaºe daµµhabbo. T±ya ce kiriy±ya paro tamattha½ j±n±ti, aya½ kiriyasamuµµh±pik± cetan±kkhaºeyeva mus±v±dakammun± bajjhati.
Sacca½ vadat²ti saccav±d². Saccena sacca½ sandahati ghaµet²ti saccasandho, na antarantar± mus± vadat²ti attho. Yo hi puriso kad±ci mus± vadati, kad±ci sacca½, tassa mus±v±dena antarikat±ya sacca½ saccena na ghaµiyati, tasm± na so saccasandho. Aya½ pana na t±diso, j²vitahetupi mus± avatv± saccena sacca½ sandahatiyev±ti saccasandho.
Thetoti thiro, thirakathoti attho. Eko puggalo haliddir±go viya thusar±simhi nikh±takh±ºu viya assapiµµhe µhapitakumbhaº¹amiva ca na thirakatho hoti. Eko p±s±ºalekh± viya indakh²lo viya ca thirakatho hoti, asin± s²sa½ chindantepi dvekath± na katheti. Aya½ vuccati theto.
Paccayikoti pattiy±yitabbo, saddh±yitabbakoti attho. Ekacco hi puggalo na paccayiko hoti, “ida½ kena vutta½, asuken±”ti vutte “m± tassa vacana½ saddahath±”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjati. Eko paccayiko hoti, “ida½ kena vutta½, asuken±”ti vutte “yadi tena vutta½, idameva pam±ºa½, id±ni upaparikkhitabba½ natthi, evameva idan”ti vattabbata½ ±pajjati, aya½ vuccati paccayiko. Avisa½v±dako lokass±ti t±ya saccav±dit±ya loka½ na visa½v±det²ti attho.
Pisuºa½ v±ca½ pah±y±ti-±d²su y±ya v±c±ya yassa ta½ v±ca½ bh±sati, tassa hadaye attano piyabh±va½ parassa ca suññabh±va½ karoti, s± pisuºav±c±. Y±ya pana att±nampi parampi pharusa½ karoti, y± v±c± sayampi pharus±, neva kaººasukh± na hadayaªgam±, aya½ pharusav±c±. Yena sampha½ palapati niratthaka½, so samphappal±po. Tesa½ m³labh³t±pi cetan± pisuºav±c±din±mameva labhati, s± eva idha adhippet±ti.
Tattha sa½kiliµµhacittassa paresa½ v± bhed±ya attano piyakamyat±ya v± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± pisuºav±c±. S± yassa bheda½ karoti, tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±.
Tass± catt±ro sambh±r± honti– bhinditabbo paro, “iti ime n±n± bhavissanti vin± bhavissant²”ti bhedapurekkh±rat± v±, “iti aha½ piyo bhaviss±mi viss±siko”ti piyakamyat± v±, tajjo v±y±mo, tassa tadatthavij±nananti.
Imesa½ bhed±y±ti yesa½ itoti vutt±na½ santike suta½, tesa½ bhed±ya. Bhinn±na½ v± sandh±t±ti dvinna½ mitt±na½ v± sam±nupajjh±yak±d²na½ v± kenacideva k±raºena bhinn±na½ ekameka½ upasaªkamitv± “tumh±ka½ ²dise kule j±t±na½ eva½ bahussut±na½ ida½ na yuttan”ti-±d²ni vatv± sandh±na½ katt±. Anuppad±t±ti sandh±n±nuppad±t±, dve jane samagge disv± “tumh±ka½ evar³pe kule j±t±na½ evar³pehi guºehi samann±gat±na½ anucchavikametan”ti-±d²ni vatv± da¼h²kamma½ katt±ti attho.
Samaggo ±r±mo ass±ti samagg±r±mo, yattha samagg± natthi, tattha vasitumpi na icchat²ti attho. “Samaggar±mo”tipi p±¼i, ayamevattho. Samaggaratoti samaggesu rato, te pah±ya aññatra gantumpi na icchat²ti attho. Samagge disv±pi sutv±pi nandat²ti samagganand² Samaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit±ti y± v±c± satte samaggeyeva karoti, ta½ s±maggiguºaparid²pakameva v±ca½ bh±sati, na itaranti.
Parassa mammacchedakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± ekantapharusacetan± pharusav±c±. Mammacchedakopi payogo cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti. M±t±pitaro hi kad±ci puttake evampi vadanti “cor± vo khaº¹±khaº¹ika½ karont³”ti, uppalapattampi ca nesa½ upari patanta½ na icchanti. ¾cariyupajjh±y± ca kad±ci nissitake eva½ vadanti “ki½ ime ahirik± anottappino caranti, niddhamatha ne”ti. Atha ca nesa½ ±gam±dhigamasampatti½ icchanti. Yath± ca cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti, eva½ vacanasaºhat±ya apharusav±c±pi na hoti. Na hi m±r±petuk±massa “ima½ sukha½ say±peth±”ti vacana½ apharusav±c± hoti, cittapharusat±ya panes± pharusav±c±va, s± ya½ sandh±ya pavattit±. Tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±. Tass± tayo sambh±r±– akkositabbo paro kupitacitta½ akkosan±ti.
Nel±ti ela½ vuccati doso, n±ss± elanti nel±, niddos±ti attho. “Nelaªgo setapacch±do”ti (ud±. 65; peµako. 25) ettha vuttanela½ viya. Kaººasukh±ti byañjanamadhurat±ya kaºº±na½ sukh±, s³civijjhana½ viya kaººas³la½ na janeti. Atthamadhurat±ya sakalasar²re kopa½ ajanetv± pema½ janet²ti pemaniy±. Hadaya½ gacchati apaµihaññam±n± sukhena citta½ pavisat²ti hadayaªgam±. Guºaparipuººat±ya pure bhav±ti por². Pure sa½vaddhan±r² viya sukum±r±tipi por². Purassa es±tipi por², nagarav±s²na½ kath±ti attho. Nagarav±sino hi yuttakath± honti, pitimatta½ pit±ti bh±timatta½ bh±t±ti vadanti. Evar³p² kath± bahuno janassa kant± hot²ti bahujanakant±. Kantabh±veneva bahuno janassa man±p± cittavu¹¹hikar±ti bahujanaman±p±.