Kusal±kusalakammesu vipar²tavuttiy± sabh±vagahaº±bh±vena v± ekampi kamma½ etassa paccakkha½ natthi, saya½ v± kassaci dhammassa paccakkhakaraºa½ n±ma na hot²ti apaccakkhakamma½. Ya½ etasmi½ anuppajjam±ne cittasant±na½ mejjha½ bhaveyya suci vod±na½, ta½ duµµhu½ mejjha½ imin±ti dummejjha½. B±l±na½ bh±vo b±lya½. Muyhat²ti moho. Balavataro moho pamoho. Samantato muyhat²ti sammoho. Vijj±ya paµipakkhabh±vato na vijj±ti avijj±. Oghayogattho vuttoyeva. Th±magataµµhena anuset²ti anusayo. Citta½ pariyuµµh±ti abhibhavat²ti pariyuµµh±na½. Hitaggahaº±bh±vena hit±bhimukha½ gantu½ na sakkoti aññadatthu laªgatiyev±ti laªg², khañjat²ti attho. Duruggh±µanaµµhena v± laªg². Yath± hi mah±palighasaªkh±t± laªg² duruggh±µ± hoti, evamayampi laªg² viy±ti laªg². Sesa½ utt±natthameva.
evar³p± kaªkh±ti ettha kaªkhanavasena kaªkh±. Kaªkha½ ±nayat²ti kaªkh±yan±. Purimakaªkh± hi uttarakaªkha½ ±nayati n±ma. ¾k±ravasena v± eta½ vutta½. Kaªkh±samaªgicitta½ kaªkh±ya ±yitatt± kaªkh±yita½ n±ma. Tassa bh±vo kaªkh±yitatta½. Vimat²ti vigat± mati vimati. Vicikicch±ti vigat± cikicch± vicikicch±, sabh±va½ v± vicinanto kicchati kilamati et±y±ti vicikicch±. S± sa½sayalakkhaº±, kampanaras±, anicchayapaccupaµµh±n±, aneka½sagg±hapaccupaµµh±n± v±, ayonisomanasik±rapadaµµh±n±, paµipattiy± antar±yakar±ti daµµhabb±.
Kampanaµµhena dvidh± e¼ayat²ti dve¼haka½. Paµipattiniv±raºena dvidh±patho viy±ti dvedh±patho. “Nicca½ v± ida½ anicca½ v±”ti-±dipavattiy± ekasmi½ ±k±re saºµh±tu½ asamatthat±ya samantato set²ti sa½sayo. Eka½sa½ gahetu½ asamatthat±ya na eka½sagg±hoti aneka½sagg±ho. Nicchetu½ asakkont² ±rammaºato osakkat²ti ±sappan±. Og±hitu½ asakkont² parisamantato sappat²ti parisappan±. Pariyog±hitu½ asamatthat±ya apariyog±haº±. Nicchayavasena ±rammaºe pavattitu½ asamatthat±ya chambhitatta½ cittassa, thaddhabh±voti attho. Vicikicch± hi uppajjitv± citta½ thaddha½ karoti, yasm± pana s± uppajjam±n± ±rammaºa½ gahetv± mana½ vilikhant² viya, tasm± manovilekhoti vutt±.
Viddhoti sallena laddhappah±ro. Phuµµhoti ghaµµito. Paretoti p²¼ito. Dh±vat²ti purato gacchati. Vidh±vat²ti anekavidhena gacchati. Sandh±vat²ti vegena dh±vati. Sa½sarat²ti ito cito ca carati.
Acelakoti niccolo, naggoti attho. Mutt±c±roti visaµµh±c±ro, ucc±rakamm±d²su lokiyakulaputt±c±rena virahito µhitakova ucc±ra½ karoti, pass±va½ karoti, kh±dati bhuñjati. Hatth±palekhanoti hatthe piº¹amhi µhite jivh±ya hattha½ apalikhati, ucc±ra½ v± katv± hatthamhiyeva daº¹akasaññ² hutv± hatthena apalikhati. Te kira daº¹aka½ “satto”ti paññapenti. Bhikkh±gahaºattha½ “ehi bhadante”ti vutto na et²ti na ehibhadantiko. Tena hi “tiµµha bhadante”ti vuttopi na tiµµhat²ti na tiµµhabhadantiko. Tadubhayampi kira so “etassa vacana½ kata½ bhavissat²”ti na karoti.
Abhihaµanti puretara½ gahetv± ±haµa½ bhikkha½. Uddissakatanti “ida½ tumhe uddissa katan”ti eva½ ±rocita½ bhikkha½. Na nimantananti “asuka½ n±ma kula½ v± v²thi½ v± g±ma½ v± paviseyy±th±”ti eva½ nimantitabhikkhampi na s±diyati na gaºh±ti. Na kumbhimukh±ti kumbhito uddharitv± diyyam±na½ bhikkha½ na gaºh±ti. Na ka¼opimukh±ti ka¼op²ti ukkhali v± pacchi v±, tatopi na gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Kumbhika¼opiyo ma½ niss±ya kaµacchun± pah±ra½ labhant²ti. Na e¼akamantaranti umm±ra½ antara½ karitv± diyyam±na½ na gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Aya½ ma½ niss±ya antarakaraºa½ labhat²ti. Daº¹amusalesupi eseva nayo.
Na dvinnanti dv²su bhuñjam±nesu ekasmi½ uµµh±ya dente na gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Kaba¼antar±yo hot²ti. Na gabbhiniy±ti-±d²su pana “gabbhiniy± kucchiya½ d±rako kilamat²”ti, p±yantiy± d±rakassa kh²rantar±yo hot²”ti, “purisantaragat±ya rati-antar±yo hot²”ti na gaºh±ti. Na sa½kitt²s³ti sa½kittetv± katabhattesu. Dubbhikkhasamaye kira acelakas±vak± acelak±namatth±ya tato tato taº¹ul±d²ni sam±dapetv± bhatta½ pacanti, ukkaµµho acelako tatopi na paµiggaºh±ti. Na yattha s±ti yattha sunakho “piº¹a½ labhiss±m²”ti upaµµhito hoti, tattha tassa adatv± ±haµa½ na gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Etassa piº¹antar±yo hot²ti. Saº¹asaº¹ac±rin²ti sam³hasam³hac±rin² Sace hi acelaka½ disv± “imassa bhikkha½ dass±m±”ti manuss± bhattageha½ pavisanti, tesu ca pavisantesu ka¼opimukh±d²su nil²n± makkhik± uppatitv± saº¹asaº¹± caranti. Tato ±haµa½ bhikkha½ na gaºh±ti. Kasm±? Ma½ niss±ya makkhik±na½ gocarantar±yo j±toti. Thusodakanti sabbasassasambh±rehi kata½ sov²raka½. Ettha ca sur±p±nameva s±vajja½, aya½ pana sabbesupi s±vajjasaññ².
Ek±g±rikoti yo ekasmi½yeva gehe bhikkha½ labhitv± nivattati. Ek±lopikoti yo ekeneva ±lopena y±peti. Dv±g±rik±d²supi eseva nayo. Ekiss±pi dattiy±ti ek±ya dattiy±. Datti n±ma ek± khuddakap±ti hoti, yattha aggabhikkha½ pakkhipitv± µhapenti. Ek±hikanti ekadivasantarika½. A¹¹ham±sikanti a¹¹ham±santarika½. Pariy±yabhattabhojananti v±rabhattabhojana½ ek±hav±rena dv²hav±rena satt±hav±rena a¹¹ham±sav±ren±ti eva½ divasav±rena ±bhata½ bhattabhojana½.
S±kabhakkhoti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Ubbhaµµhakoti uddha½ µhitako. Ukkuµikappadh±namanuyuttoti ukkuµika½ v²riya½ anuyutto. Gacchantopi ukkuµikova hutv± uppatitv± uppatitv± gacchati. Kaºµak±passayikoti ayakaºµake v± pakatikaºµake v± bh³miya½ koµµetv± tattha camma½ attharitv± µh±nacaªkam±d²ni karoti. Seyyanti sayantopi tattheva seyya½ kappeti. Phalakaseyyanti rukkhaphalake seyya½. Thaº¹ilaseyyanti thaº¹ile ucce bh³miµµh±ne seyya½. Ekapassayikoti ekapasseneva sayati. Rajojalladharoti sar²ra½ telena makkhetv± rajuµµh±naµµh±ne tiµµhati, athassa sar²re rajojalla½ laggati, ta½ dh±reti. Yath±santhatikoti laddha½ ±sana½ akopetv± yadeva labhati, tattheva nis²danas²lo. Vekaµikoti vikaµakh±danas²lo, vikaµanti g³tha½ vuccati. Ap±nakoti paµikkhittas²tudakap±no. S±ya½ tatiya½ ass±ti s±yatatiyaka½. P±to majjhanhike s±yanti divasassa tikkhattu½ “p±pa½ pav±hess±m²”ti udakorohan±nuyoga½ anuyutto viharati.
Te salle abhisaªkharot²ti te r±g±disattasalle abhinibbatteti. Abhisaªkharontoti abhinibbattento. Sall±bhisaªkh±ravasen±ti sall±bhinibbatt±panak±raº±. Puratthima½ disa½ dh±vat²ti purima½ disa½ gacchati. Te sall±bhisaªkh±r± appah²n±ti ete r±g±disall± payog± nappah²n±. Sall±bhisaªkh±r±na½ appah²natt±ti sallapayog±na½ appah²nabh±vena. Gatiy± dh±vat²ti gatiya½ dh±vati. Gatiy± gatinti gatito gati½.
Na s²dat²ti na nimujjati. Na sa½s²dat²ti na samantato mujjati. Na os²dat²ti na osakkati. Na avas²dat²ti na paccosakkati. Na avagacchat²ti na heµµh± gacchati.
175. Eva½ mah±nubh±vena sallena otiººesu ca sattesu– tattha sikkh±nug²yanti, y±ni loke gadhit±n²ti g±th±. Tassattho– ye loke pañca k±maguº± paµil±bh±ya gijjhant²ti katv± “gadhit±n²”ti vuccanti, cirak±lasevitatt± v± “gadhit±n²”ti vuccanti. Tattha ta½ nimitta½ hatthisikkh±dik± anek± sikkh± kath²yanti, uggayhanti v±. Passatha y±va samattho v±ya½ loko, yato paº¹ito kulaputto tesu v± gadhitesu t±su v± sikkh±su adhimutto na siy±, aññadatthu anicc±didassanena nibbijjha sabbaso k±me. Attano nibb±nameva sikkheti.
Paµivijjhitv±ti ñ±ºena nikkhametv± v± nibbijjhitv± v±.
176. Id±ni yath± nibb±n±ya sikkhitabba½, ta½ dassento “sacco siy±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha saccoti v±c±saccena ñ±ºasaccena maggasaccena ca samann±gato. Rittapesuºoti pah²napesuºo. Vevicchanti macchariya½.
177. Nidda½ tandi½ sahe th²nanti pacal±yikañca k±y±lasiyañca citt±lasiyañc±ti ime tayo dhamme abhibhaveyya. Nibb±nam±nasoti nibb±naninnacitto.
K±yassa akalyat±ti khandhattayasaªkh±tassa n±mak±yassa gil±nabh±vo. Gil±no hi akallakoti vuccati. Vinayepi (p±r±. 151) vutta½– “n±ha½, bhante, akallako”ti. Akammaññat±ti k±yagelaññasaªkh±to akammaññat±k±ro. Megho viya ±k±sa½ k±ya½ onayhat²ti on±ho. Sabbato bh±gena on±ho pariyon±ho. Abbhantare samorundhat²ti antosamorodho. Medhat²ti middha½, akammaññabh±vena vihi½sat²ti attho. Supanti ten±ti suppa½. Akkhidal±d²na½ pacalabh±va½ karot²ti pacal±yik±. Suppan± suppitattanti ±k±rabh±vaniddes±. Ol²yan±ti ol²yan±k±ro. Dutiya½ upasaggavasena va¹¹hita½. L²nanti avipph±rikat±ya paµikuµika½. Itare dve ±k±rabh±vaniddes±. Thinanti sappipiº¹o viya avipph±rikat±ya ghanabh±vena µhita½. Thiyan±ti ±k±raniddeso. Thiyitassa bh±vo thiyitatta½, avipph±ravasena thaddhat±ti attho.
Sabbasaªkh±radh±tuy±ti nibb±naninnam±naso sabbatebh³mikasaªkh±tadh±tuy±. Citta½ paµiv±petv±ti citta½ nivatt±petv±. Eta½ santanti eta½ nibb±na½. Kilesasantat±ya santa½. Atappakaµµhena paº²ta½.
Na paº¹it± upadhisukhassa het³ti dabbaj±tik± k±masukhassa k±raº± d±n±ni na denti. K±mañca te upadhiparikkhay±y±ti eka½sena te paº¹it± k±makkhay±ya k±makkhepanattha½ d±n±ni denti Apunabbhav±y±ti nibb±natth±ya. Jh±n±ni bh±vent²ti paµhamajjh±n±d²ni va¹¹henti. Punabbhav±y±ti punabbhavak±raº±. Te paº¹it± nibb±na½ abhimukha½ hutv± d±na½ dadanti.
178. S±has±ti rattassa r±gacarit±dibhed± s±has±k±raº±. Niddeso utt±natthoyeva.
179. Pur±ºa½ n±bhinandeyy±ti at²ta½ r³p±di½ n±bhinandeyya. Naveti paccuppanne. H²yam±neti vinassam±ne. ¾k±sa½ na sito siy±ti taºh±nissito na bhaveyya. Taºh± hi r³p±d²na½ ±k±sanato “±k±so”ti vuccati.
Vem±neti abhavam±ne. Vigaccham±neti apagaccham±ne.
“¾k±sat²”ti “±kassat²”ti ca duvidho p±µho.
180. Ki½ k±raº± ±k±sa½ na sito siy±ti ce? Gedha½ br³m²ti g±th±. Tassattho– ahañhi ima½ ±k±sasaªkh±ta½ taºha½ r³p±d²su gijjhanato gedha½ br³mi “gedho”ti vad±mi. Kiñca bhiyyo– avahananaµµhena “ogho”ti ca ±javanaµµhena “±javan”ti ca “ida½ mayha½, ida½ mayhan”ti jappak±raºato “jappanan”ti ca dummuñcanaµµhena “±rammaºan”ti ca kampakaraºaµµhena “kampanan”ti ca br³mi, es±va lokassa palibodhaµµhena duratikkaman²yaµµhena ca “k±mapaªko duraccayo”ti.
¾javanti ±paµisandhito javati dh±vat²ti ±java½, vaµµam³lat±ya punabbhave paµisandhid±nataºh±yeta½ adhivacana½. Jappananti patthan±, taºh±yeta½ adhivacana½. ¾rammaºampi vuccati taºh±ti r³p±d²su ±rammaºesu uppannataºh± muccitu½ asakkuºeyyaµµhena ±rammaº±ti kath²yati. K±mapaªkoti os²danaµµhena kalala½. Kaddamoti saªgaµµhena kaddamo. T±panaµµhena kileso Niyy±sa½ viya lagg±panaµµhena palipo. Rundhitv± dh±raºaµµhena palirodho. Evameta½ gedh±dipariy±ya½ ±k±sa½ anissito.
181. Sacc± avokkamanti g±th±. Tassattho– pubbe vutt± tividh±pi sacc± avokkama½ moneyyapattiy± mun²ti saªkha½ gato nibb±nathale tiµµhati br±hmaºo, sa veevar³po sabb±ni ±yatan±ni nissajjitv± “santo”ti vuccati. Niddese vattabba½ natthi.
182. Kiñca bhiyyo– sa ve vidv±ti g±th±. Tattha ñatv± dhammanti anicc±dinayena saªkhatadhamma½ aññ±ya. Samm± so loke iriy±noti asamm±-iriyanakar±na½ kiles±na½ pah±n± samm± so loke iriyam±no.
183. Eva½ apihento ca– yodha k±meti g±th±. Tattha saªganti sattavidha½ saªga½ yo accatari. N±jjhet²ti na abhijjh±yati.
184. Tasm± tumhesupi yo evar³po hotu½ icchati, ta½ vad±mi– ya½ pubbeti g±th±. Tattha ya½ pubbeti at²te saªkh±re ±rabbha uppajjanadhamma½ kilesaj±ta½ at²ta½ kammañca. Pacch± te m±hu kiñcananti an±gatepi saªkh±re ±rabbha uppajjanadhamma½ r±g±dikiñcana½ m± ahu. Majjhe ce no gahessas²ti paccuppannar³p±didhammepi na gahessasi ce. Eva½ upasanto carissasi.
Ab²ja½ karoh²ti maggañ±ºena na b²ja½ karohi. R±gakiñcananti r±gaphandana½. Dosakiñcan±d²supi eseva nayo.
185. Eva½ arahattappatti½ dassetv± id±ni arahato thutivasena ito par± g±th±yo abh±si. Tattha sabbasoti g±th±ya mam±yitanti mamattakaraºa½. “Mama idan”ti gahita½ v± vatthu. Asat± ca na socat²ti avijjam±nak±raº± asantak±raº± na socati. Na j²yat²ti j±ni½ n±dhigacchati.
Ahu vata meti mayha½ ahosi vata. Ta½ vata me natth²ti ya½ at²te ahosi, ta½ mayha½ id±ni na santi. Siy± vata meti ya½ mayha½ bhavissati, ta½ vat±ha½ na labh±m²ti id±ni aha½ eka½sena na p±puº±mi.
186. Kiñca bhiyyo– yassa natth²ti g±th±. Tattha kiñcananti kiñci r³p±didhammaj±ta½.
Abhisaªkhatanti kammena saªkharita½. Abhisañcetayitanti cittena r±sikata½. Avijj±ya tvev±ti avijj±ya tu eva. Asesavir±ganirodh±ti vir±gasaªkh±tena maggena niravasesanirodh±.
Suññato loka½ avekkhass³ti avasavattisallakkhaºavasena v± tucchasaªkh±rasamanupassanavasena v±ti dv²h±k±rehi suññato loka½ passa. Att±nudiµµhi½ ³hacc±ti sakk±yadiµµhi½ uddharitv±. Eva½ maccutaro siy±ti eva½ maraºassa taraºo bhaveyya. Eva½ loka½ avekkhantanti eva½ khandhaloka½ passanta½. Maccur±j± na passat²ti maraºar±j± na oloketi na dakkhati.
N±ñña½ patthayate kiñc²ti añña½ appamattakampi na patthayati na pihayati. Aññatra appaµisandhiy±ti nibb±na½ µhapetv±. “Aññatrappaµisandhiy±”ti ekapada½ katv±pi paµhanti.
187. Kiñca bhiyyo– aniµµhur²ti g±th±. Tattha aniµµhur²ti anissuk². “Aniµµhar²”tipi keci paµhanti. Sabbadh² samoti sabbattha samo, upekkhakoti adhipp±yo. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yo so “natthi me”ti na socati, tamaha½ avikampina½ puggala½ puµµho sam±no aniµµhur² ananugiddho, anejo sabbadh² samoti ima½ tasmi½ puggale catubbidha½ ±nisa½sa½ br³m²ti.
Niµµhuriyoti issuk². Niµµhurabh±vo niµµhuriya½, ta½ niss±ya ettakampi natth²ti khe¼ap±tanti attho. Niµµhuriyakammanti niµµhuriyakaraºa½. Gahaµµho v± hi gahaµµha½ bhikkhu v± bhikkhu½ niss±ya vasanto appamattakeneva kujjhitv± ta½ niss±ya ettakampi natth²ti khe¼a½ p±tetv± p±dena maddanto viya niµµhuriya½ n±ma karoti. Tassa ta½ kamma½ “niµµhuriyakamman”ti vuccati. Iss±ti sabh±vaniddeso Tato par± dve ±k±rabh±vaniddes±. Itarattaya½ pariy±yavacana½. Lakkhaº±dito panes± parasampatt²na½ us³yanalakkhaº± iss±; tattha ca anabhiratiras±; tato vimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±; parasampattipadaµµh±n±.
L±bhepi na iñjat²ti paccayal±bhe na calati. Al±bhep²ti paccay±na½ al±bhepi.
188. Kiñca bhiyyo– anejass±ti g±th±. Tattha nisaªkhat²ti puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²su yo koci saªkh±ro. So hi yasm± nisaªkhariyati, nisaªkharoti v±, tasm± “nisaªkhat²”ti vuccati. Viy±rambh±ti vividh± puññ±bhisaªkh±r±dik± ±rambh±. Khema½ passati sabbadh²ti sabbattha abhayameva passati.
¾rambh±ti kamm±na½ paµham±rambh±. Viy±rambh±ti upar³pari vividha-±rambhanavasena v²riy±rambh±. T²su bhavesu paµisandhijanakakamm±na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Tasm± viy±rambh± ±rato.
189. Eva½ passanto na sames³ti g±th±. Tattha na vadateti “sadisohamasm²”ti-±din± m±navasena samesupi att±na½ na vadati omesupi ussesupi. N±deti na nirassat²ti r³p±d²su kañci dhamma½ na gaºh±ti na nissajjati. Sesa½ sabbattha tattha tattha vuttanayatt± p±kaµameva. Eva½ arahattanik³µeneva desana½ niµµh±pes²ti.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya mah±niddesaµµhakath±ya

Attadaº¹asuttaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.