Y±vataka½ v± pana ±kaªkheyy±ti yattaka½ v± iccheyya. Imin± visayakkhetta½ dassita½. Buddh±nañhi visayakkhettassa pam±ºaparicchedo n±ma natthi natthikabh±ve cassa ima½ upama½ ±haranti– koµisatasahassacakkav±¼amhi y±va brahmalok± s±sapehi p³retv± sace koci puratthim±ya dis±ya ekacakkav±¼e eka½ s±sapa½ pakkhipanto ±gaccheyya, sabbepi te s±sap± parikkhaya½ gaccheyyu½. Na tveva puratthim±ya dis±ya cakkav±¼±ni. Dakkhiº±d²supi eseva nayo. Tattha buddh±na½ avisayo n±ma natthi. T±vataka½ passeyy±ti tattaka½ olokeyya. Eva½ parisuddha½ bhagavato dibbacakkh³ti dibbacakkhukatha½ niµµh±pesi.
Katha½ bhagav± paññ±cakkhun±pi vivaµacakkh³ti kenappak±rena paññ±cakkhun± apihitacakkhu? Mah±pañño puthupaññoti-±dika½ tattha atirocati yadida½ paññ±y±ti pariyos±na½ heµµh± vuttatthameva.
Buddhacakkhun±ti indriyaparopariyattañ±ºena ca ±say±nusayañ±ºena ca. Imesa½ dvinna½ ñ±º±na½ buddhacakkh³ti n±ma½, sabbaññutaññ±ºassa samantacakkh³ti, tiººa½ maggañ±º±na½ dhammacakkh³ti Loka½ volokento addasa satteti satte addakkhi. Apparajakkheti-±d²su yesa½ vuttanayeneva paññ±cakkhumhi r±g±diraja½ appa½, te apparajakkh±. Yesa½ ta½ mahanta½, te mah±rajakkh±. Yesa½ saddh±d²ni indriy±ni tikkh±ni, te tikkhindriy±. Yesa½ t±ni mud³ni, te mudindriy±. Yesa½ teyeva saddh±dayo ±k±r± sundar±, te sv±k±r±. Ye kathitak±raºa½ sallakkhenti, sukhena sakk± honti viññ±petu½ te suviññ±pay±. Ye paralokañceva vajjañca bhayato passanti, te paralokavajjabhayadass±vino n±ma.
Uppaliniyanti uppalavane. Itaresupi eseva nayo. Antonimuggapos²n²ti y±ni antonimugg±neva posiyanti. Udaka½ accuggamma tiµµhant²ti udaka½ atikkamitv± tiµµhanti. Tattha y±ni y±ni accuggamma µhit±ni, t±ni t±ni s³riyarasmisamphassa½ ±gamayam±n±ni µhit±ni ajja pupphanak±ni. Y±ni samodaka½ µhit±ni, t±ni sve pupphanak±ni. Y±ni udak± anuggat±ni antonimuggapos²ni, t±ni tatiyadivaseva pupphanak±ni. Udak± pana anuggat±ni aññ±nipi saroga-uppal±ni n±ma atthi, y±ni neva pupphissanti, macchakacchapabhakkh±neva bhavissanti, t±ni p±¼i½ n±r³¼h±ni, ±haritv± pana d²petabb±n²ti d²pit±ni.
Yatheva hi t±ni catubbidhapupph±ni, evameva ugghaµitaññ³ vipañcitaññ³ neyyo padaparamoti catt±ro puggal±. Yassa puggalassa ud±haµavel±ya dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo ugghaµitaññ³. Yassa puggalassa sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena atthe vibhaj²yam±ne dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo vipañcitaññ³. Yassa puggalassa uddesato paripucchato yoniso manasikaroto kaly±ºamitte sevato bhajato payirup±sato dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo neyyo. Yassa puggalassa bahumpi suºato bahumpi bhaºato bahumpi dh±rayato bahumpi v±cato na t±ya j±tiy± dhamm±bhisamayo hoti, aya½ vuccati puggalo padaparamo. Tattha bhagav± uppalavan±disadisa½ dasasahassilokadh±tu½ olokento ajja pupphanak±ni ugghaµitaññ³, sve pupphanak±ni vipañcitaññ³ti eva½ sabb±k±rato ca addasa. Tattha tiººa½ puggal±na½ imasmi½yeva attabh±ve bhagavato dhammadesan± attha½ s±dheti, padaparam±na½ an±gatatth±ya v±san± hoti.
R±gacaritoti-±d²su rajjanavasena ±rammaºe caraºa½ etassa atth²ti r±gacarito. Dussanavasena ±rammaºe caraºa½ etassa atth²ti dosacarito. Muyhanavasena ±rammaºe caraºa½ etassa atth²ti mohacarito. Vitakkanavasena ³hanavasena ±rammaºe caraºa½ etassa atth²ti vitakkacarito Okappanasaddh±vasena ±rammaºe caraºa½ etassa atth²ti saddh±carito. ѱºameva caraºa½, ñ±ºena v± caraºa½, ñ±ºassa v± caraºa½, ñ±ºato v± caraºa½ etassa atth²ti ñ±ºacarito. R±gacaritass±ti r±gussadassa r±gabahulassa. Paratopi eseva nayo.
Asubhakatha½ kathet²ti uddhum±tak±didasavidha½ asubhapaµisa½yuttakatha½ ±cikkhati. Vuttañheta½– “asubh± bh±vetabb± r±gassa pah±n±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.1). Mett±bh±vana½ ±cikkhat²ti mett±bh±vana½ cittasinehana½ katheti. Vuttañheta½– “mett± bh±vetabb± by±p±dassa pah±n±y±”ti. Uddeseti sajjh±yane. Paripucch±y±ti aµµhakath±ya. K±lena dhammassavaneti yuttappattak±le uttari pariyattidhammassavane. Dhammas±kacch±y±ti aññehi saddhi½ s±kacch±ya. Garusa½v±seti gar³na½ payirup±sane. Niveset²ti ±cariy±na½ santike patiµµh±peti. ¾n±p±nassati½ ±cikkhat²ti ±n±p±nassatisampayuttakammaµµh±na½ katheti. Vuttañheta½– “±n±p±nassati bh±vetabb± vitakkupacched±y±”ti (a. ni. 9.1). Pas±dan²ya½ nimitta½ ±cikkhat²ti c³¼avedalla- (ma. ni. 1.460 ±dayo) mah±vedall±- (ma. ni. 1.449 ±dayo) dipas±dajanaka½ sutta½ katheti. Buddhasubodhinti buddhassa bhagavato buddhattapaµivedha½. Dhammasudhammatanti navavidhalokuttaradhammassa sv±kkh±tata½. Saªghasuppaµipattinti aµµhavidha-ariyasaªghassa suppaµipannat±disuµµhupaµipatti½. S²l±ni ca attanoti attano santakas²l±ni ca. ¾cikkhati vipassan±nimittanti udayabbay±dipaµisa½yutta½ katheti. Anicc±k±ranti hutv± abh±v±k±ra½. Dukkh±k±ranti udayabbayapaµip²¼an±k±ra½. Anatt±k±ranti avasavattan±k±ra½.
Sele yath± pabbatamuddhaniµµhitoti selamaye ekagghane pabbatamuddhani µhitova, na hi tattha µhitassa dassanattha½ abhimukhe g²vukkhipanapas±raº±dikicca½ atthi. Tath³pamanti tappaµibh±ga½ selapabbat³pama½. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho– yath± selapabbatamuddhanti µhitova cakkhun± puriso samantato janata½ passeyya. Sumedha sundarapañña sabbaññutaññ±ºena samantacakkhu bhagav± dhammamaya½ paññ±maya½ p±s±dam±ruyha saya½ apetasoko sok±vatiººa½ j±tijar±bhibh³tañca janata½ avekkhassu upadh±rayatu upaparikkhatu.
Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo– yath± hi pabbatap±das±mant± mahanta½ khetta½ katv± tattha ked±rap±¼²su kuµiyo katv± ratti½ aggi½ j±leyya, caturaªgasamann±gatañca andhak±ra½ assa, atha tassa pabbatassa matthake µhatv± cakkhumato purisassa bh³mi½ olokayato neva khetta½ na ked±rap±¼iyo na kuµiyo na tattha sayitamanuss± paññ±yeyyu½, kuµik±su pana aggij±lamattameva paññ±yeyya. Eva½ dhammap±s±da½ ±ruyha sattak±ya½ olokayato tath±gatassa ye te akatakaly±º± satt±, te ekavih±re dakkhiºaj±ºupasse nisinn±pi buddhacakkhussa ±p±tha½ n±gacchanti, ratti½ khittasar± viya honti. Ye pana katakaly±º± veneyyapuggal±, te evassa d³repi µhit± ±p±tha½ gacchanti, te eva aggi viya himavantapabbato viya ca. Vuttampi ceta½–
“D³re santo pak±senti, himavantova pabbato;
asantettha na dissanti, ratti½ khitt± yath± sar±”ti. (Dha. pa. 304; netti. 11).
Sabbaññutaññ±ºanti ettha pañcaneyyapathappabheda½ sabba½ aññ±s²ti sabbaññ³. Saªkhat±saªkhat±dibhed± sabbadhamm± hi saªkh±ro vik±ro lakkhaºa½ nibb±na½ paññatt²ti pañceva neyyapath± honti. Sabbaññussa bh±vo sabbaññut±, sabbaññut± eva ñ±ºa½ “sabbaññut±ñ±ºan”ti vattabbe “sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti vutta½. Sabbaññ³ti ca kamasabbaññ³ saki½sabbaññ³ satatasabbaññ³ sattisabbaññ³ ñ±tasabbaññ³ti pañcavidh± sabbaññuno siyu½. Tesu kamena sabbaj±nanak±l±sambhavato kamasabbaññut± na hoti, saki½ sabb±rammaºaggahaº±bh±vato saki½sabbaññut± na hoti, cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ yath±rammaºacittasambhavato bhavaªgacittavirodhato yutti-abh±vato ca satatasabbaññut± na hoti, parisesato sabbaj±nanasamatthat±ya sattisabbaññut± v± siy±, viditasabbadhammatt± ñ±tasabbaññut± v±, sattisabbaññuno sabbaj±nanatta½ natth²ti tampi na yujjati, “na tassa adiµµhamidhatthi kiñci…pe… samantacakkh³”ti vuttatt± ñ±tasabbaññut± eva yujjati. Evañhi sati kiccato asammohato k±raºasiddhito ±vajjanapaµibaddhato sabbaññutameva hot²ti. Tena ñ±ºen±ti tena sabbaj±nanañ±ºena.
Puna aparena pariy±yena sabbaññubh±vas±dhanattha½ “na tass±”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha na tassa addiµµhamidhatthi kiñc²ti tassa tath±gatassa idha imasmi½ tedh±tuke loke imasmi½ paccuppannak±le v± paññ±cakkhun± adiµµha½ n±ma kiñci appamattakampi na atthi na sa½vijjati. Atth²ti ida½ vattam±nak±lika½ ±khy±tapada½, imin± paccuppannak±likassa sabbadhammassa ñ±tabh±va½ dasseti. G±th±bandhasukhattha½ panettha da-k±ro payutto. Atho aviññ±tanti ettha athoti vacanop±d±ne nip±to. Aviññ±tanti at²tak±lika½ aviññ±ta½ n±ma kiñci dhammaj±ta½ n±hos²ti p±µhaseso. Abyayabh³tassa atthi-saddassa gahaºe p±µhasesa½ vin±pi yujjatiyeva. Imin± at²tak±likassa sabbadhammassa ñ±tabh±va½ dasseti. Aj±nitabbanti an±gatak±lika½ aj±nitabba½ n±ma dhammaj±ta½ na bhavissati natth²ti. Imin± an±gatak±likassa sabbadhammassa ñ±tabh±va½ dasseti. J±nanakiriy±visesamattameva v± ettha a-k±ro. Sabba½ abhiññ±si yadatthi neyyanti ettha ya½ tek±lika½ v± k±lavinimutta½ v± neyya½ j±nitabba½ kiñci dhammaj±ta½ atthi, ta½ sabba½ tath±gato abhiññ±si adhikena sabbaññutaññ±ºena j±ni paµivijjhi, ettha atthi-saddena tek±likassa k±lavimuttassa ca gahaº± atthi-saddo abyayabh³toyeva daµµhabbo. Tath±gato tena samantacakkh³ti k±lavasena ok±savasena ca nippadesatt± samant± sabbato pavatta½ ñ±ºacakkhu ass±ti samantacakkhu, tena yath±vuttena k±raºena tath±gato samantacakkhu sabbaññ³ti vutta½ hoti Imiss± g±th±ya puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ s±dhita½.
Na itihitihanti “eva½ kira ±si, eva½ kira ±s²”ti na hoti. Na itikir±y±ti “eva½ kira etan”ti na hoti. Na parampar±y±ti paramparakath±y±pi na hoti. Na piµakasampad±y±ti amh±ka½ piµakatantiy± saddhi½ samet²ti na hoti. Na takkahet³ti takkagg±henapi na hoti. Na ±k±raparivitakken±ti “sundaramida½ k±raºan”ti eva½ k±raºaparivitakkenapi na hoti. Na diµµhinijjh±nakkhantiy±ti amh±ka½ nijjh±yitv± khamitv± gahitadiµµhiy± saddhi½ samet²tipi na hoti.
Atha v±pi sam±dhinti ettha sam±dhinti kusalacittekaggat± sam±dhi. Kenaµµhena sam±dh²ti? Sam±dh±naµµhena. Kimida½ sam±dh±na½ n±ma? Ek±rammaºe cittacetasik±na½ sama½ samm± ca ±dh±na½, µhapananti vutta½ hoti. Tasm± yassa dhammassa ±nubh±vena ek±rammaºe cittacetasik± sama½ samm± ca avikkhippam±n± avippakiºº± ca hutv± tiµµhanti, ida½ sam±dh±nanti veditabba½. Tassa kho pana sam±dhissa–
“Lakkhaºa½ tu avikkhepo, vikkhepaddha½sana½ raso;
akampanamupaµµh±na½, padaµµh±na½ sukha½ pana”. (Paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.3).
Sam±dhi an±vila-acalabh±vena ±rammaºe tiµµhat²ti µhiti. Parato padadvaya½ upasaggavasena va¹¹hita½. Api ca sampayuttadhamme ±rammaºamhi sampiº¹etv± tiµµhat²ti saºµhiti. ¾rammaºa½ og±hetv± anupavisitv± tiµµhat²ti avaµµhiti. Kusalapakkhasmiñhi catt±rova dhamm± ±rammaºa½ og±hanti saddh± sati sam±dhi paññ±ti. Teneva saddh± “okappan±”ti vutt±, sati “apil±panat±”ti, sam±dhi “avaµµhit²”ti, paññ± “pariyog±han±”ti. Akusalapakkhe pana tayo dhamm± ±rammaºa½ og±hanti taºh± diµµhi avijj±ti. Tenevete “ogh±”ti vutt±. Cittekaggat± panettha na balavat² hoti. Yath± hi rajuµµh±naµµh±ne udakena siñcitv± sammaµµhe thokameva k±la½ rajo sannis²dati, sukkhante sukkhante puna pakatibh±veneva vuµµh±ti, evameva akusalapakkhe cittekaggat± na balavat² hoti.