Div± ceva rattiñc±ti divasabh±ge ca rattibh±ge ca. Caturaªgasamann±gatoti cat³hi aªgehi samann±gato paripuººa-andhak±ro ±lokavirahito. S³riyo v± atthaªgatoti s³rabh±va½ janayanto uµµhito s³riyo vigato. K±¼apakkho ca uposathoti k±¼apakkhe c±tuddas²-uposathadivaso ca. Tibbo ca vanasaº¹oti gahano ca rukkhar±si. Mah± ca k±¼amegho abbhuµµhitoti mahanto k±¼amegho abbhapaµalo ca uµµhito hoti. Kuµµo v±ti iµµhak±cayo v±. Kav±µa½ v±ti dv±rav±tap±n±dikav±µa½ v±. P±k±ro v±ti mattik±dip±k±ro v±. Pabbato v±ti pa½supabbat±dipabbato v±. Gaccha½ v±ti taruºagacch±digaccha½ v± Lat± v±ti karavind±di lat± v±. ¾varaºa½ r³p±na½ dassan±y±ti r³p±rammaº±na½ dassanatth±ya paµisedha½ natthi. Ekañce tilaphala½ nimitta½ katv±ti sace eka½ tilab²ja½ saññ±ºa½ katv±. Tilav±he pakkhipeyy±ti dve sakaµe tilar±simhi khipeyya. Keci pana “v±ho n±ma kumbh±tirekadvesakaµan”ti vadanti. Taññeva tilaphala½ uddhareyy±ti ta½nimittakata½ tilab²ja½yeva uddharitv± gaºheyya.
Dibbena cakkhun±ti ida½ vuttatthameva. Visuddhen±ti cut³pap±tadassanena diµµhivisuddhihetutt± visuddhena. Yo hi cutimattameva passati na upap±ta½, so ucchedadiµµhi½ gaºh±ti. Yo upap±tameva passati na cuti½, so navasattap±tubh±vasassatadiµµhi½ gaºh±ti. Yo pana tadubhaya½ passati, so yasm± duvidhampi ta½ diµµhigata½ ativattati, tasm±ssa ta½ dassana½ diµµhivisuddhihetu hoti, ubhayañceta½ buddhaputt± passanti. Tena vutta½– “cut³pap±tadassanena diµµhivisuddhihetutt± visuddhan”ti. Manuss³pac±ra½ atikkamitv± r³padassanena atikkantam±nusaka½, m±nusaka½ v± ma½sacakkhu½ atikkantatt± atikkantam±nusakanti veditabba½.
Tena dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passat²ti manussama½sacakkhun± viya satte oloketi. Cavam±ne upapajjam±neti ettha cutikkhaºe upapattikkhaºe v± dibbacakkhun± daµµhu½ na sakk±. Ye pana ±sannacutik± id±ni cavissanti, te cavam±n±. Ye ca gahitapaµisandhik± sampatinibbatt±va, te upapajjam±n±ti adhippet±. Te evar³pe cavam±ne upapajjam±ne ca passat²ti dasseti. H²neti mohanissandayuttatt± h²ne. Tabbipar²te paº²te. Suvaººeti adosanissandayuttatt± iµµhakantaman±pavaººayutte. Tabbipar²te dubbaººe, abhir³pe vir³peti attho. Sugateti sugatigate, alobhanissandayuttatt± v± a¹¹he mahaddhane. Duggateti duggatigate, lobhanissandayuttatt± v± dalidde appannap±ne. Yath±kamm³pageti ya½ ya½ kamma½ upacita½, tena tena upagate Tattha purimehi “cavam±ne”ti-±d²hi dibbacakkhukicca½ vutta½ Imin± pana padena yath±kamm³pagañ±ºakicca½.
Tassa ca ñ±ºassa ayamuppattikkamo– idha bhikkhu heµµh±niray±bhimukha½ ±loka½ va¹¹hetv± nerayike satte passati mah±dukkha½ anubhavam±ne, ta½ dassana½ dibbacakkhukiccameva. So eva½ manasi karoti “ki½ nu kho kamma½ katv± ime satt± eta½ dukkha½ anubhavant²”ti, athassa “ida½ n±ma katv±”ti ta½ kamm±rammaºa½ ñ±ºa½ uppajjati. Tath± uparidevalok±bhimukha½ ±loka½ va¹¹hetv± nandanavana missakavana ph±rusakavan±d²su satte passati mah±sampatti½ anubhavam±ne. Tampi dassana½ dibbacakkhukiccameva. So eva½ manasi karoti “ki½ nu kho kamma½ katv± ime satt± eta½ sampatti½ anubhavant²”ti. Athassa “ida½ n±ma katv±”ti ta½ kamm±rammaºa½ ñ±ºamuppajjati. Ida½ yath±kamm³pagañ±ºa½ n±ma. Imassa visu½ parikamma½ n±ma natthi. Yath± ca imassa, eva½ an±gata½sañ±ºass±pi. Dibbacakkhup±dak±neva hi im±ni dibbacakkhun± saheva ijjhanti.
Ime vata bhontoti-±d²su imeti dibbacakkhun± diµµh±na½ nidassanavacana½. Vat±ti anusocanatthe nip±to. Bhontoti bhavanto. Duµµhu carita½, duµµhu½ v± carita½ kilesap³tikatt±ti duccarita½; k±yena duccarita½, k±yato v± uppanna½ duccaritanti k±yaduccarita½. Itaresupi eseva nayo. Samann±gat±ti samaªg²bh³t±.
Ariy±na½ upav±dak±ti buddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½ ariy±na½ antamaso gihisot±pann±nampi anatthak±m± hutv± antimavatthun± v± guºaparidha½sanena v± upav±dak±, akkosak± garahak±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha “natthi imesa½ samaºadhammo, assamaº± ete”ti vadanto antimavatthun± upavadati. “Natthi imesa½ jh±na½ v± vimokkho v± maggo v± phala½ v±”ti-±d²ni vadanto guºaparidha½sanena upavadat²ti veditabbo. So ca jh±na½ v± upavadeyya ajh±na½ v±, ubhayath±pi ariy³pav±dova hoti; atibh±riya½ kamma½, anantariyakammasadisa½, sagg±varaºa½ magg±varaºañca, satekiccha½ pana hoti. Tasm± yo ariya½ upavadati, tena gantv± sace attan± vu¹¹hataro hoti ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± “aha½ ±yasmanta½ idañcidañca avaca½, ta½ me kham±h²”ti kham±petabbo. Sace pana navakataro hoti, vanditv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± añjali½ paggahetv± “aha½, bhante, tumhe idañcidañca avaca½, ta½ me khamath±”ti kham±petabbo. Sace so nakkhamati, dis±pakkanto v± hoti, saya½ v± gantv± saddhivih±rike v± pesetv± kham±petabbo. Sace n±pi gantu½ na pesetu½ sakk± hoti, ye tasmi½ vih±re bhikkh³ vasanti, tesa½ santika½ gantv± sace navakatar± honti, ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± sace vu¹¹hatar±, vu¹¹he vuttanayeneva paµipajjitv± “aha½, bhante, asuka½ n±ma ±yasmanta½ idañcidañca avaca½, ta½ khamatu me so ±yasm±”ti vatv± kham±petabbo. Sammukh± akhamantepi etadeva k±tabba½. Sace ekac±rikabhikkhu hoti, neva tassa vasanaµµh±na½ na gataµµh±na½ paññ±yati, ekassa paº¹itassa bhikkhuno santika½ gantv± “aha½, bhante, asuka½ n±ma ±yasmanta½ idañcidañca avaca½, ta½ me anussarato anussarato vippaµis±ro hoti, ki½ karom²”ti vattabba½. So vakkhati “tumhe m± cintayittha, thero tumh±ka½ khamati, citta½ v³pasameth±”ti. Tenapi ariyassa gatadis±bhimukhena añjali½ paggahetv± “khamath±”ti vattabba½. Yadi so parinibbuto hoti, parinibbutamañcaµµh±na½ gantv± y±va sivathika½ gantv±pi kham±petabbo. Eva½ kate neva sagg±varaºa½ na magg±varaºa½ hoti, p±katikameva hot²ti.
Micch±diµµhik±ti vipar²tadassan±. Micch±diµµhikammasam±d±n±ti micch±diµµhivasena sam±dinnan±n±vidhakamm±, ye ca micch±diµµhim³lakesu k±yakamm±d²su aññepi sam±dapenti. Ettha ca vac²duccaritaggahaºeneva ariy³pav±de, manoduccaritaggahaºena ca micch±diµµhiy± saªgahit±yapi imesa½ dvinna½ punavacana½ mah±s±vajjabh±vadassanatthanti veditabba½. Mah±s±vajjo hi ariy³pav±do ±nantariyasadiso. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Seyyath±pi, s±riputta, bhikkhu s²lasampanno sam±dhisampanno paññ±sampanno diµµheva dhamme añña½ ±r±dheyya, eva½sampadamida½, s±riputta, vad±mi. Ta½ v±ca½ appah±ya ta½ citta½ appah±ya ta½ diµµhi½ appaµinissajjitv± yath±bhata½ nikkhitto eva½ niraye”ti (ma. ni. 1.149).
Micch±diµµhito ca mah±s±vajjatara½ n±ma añña½ natthi. Yath±ha–
“N±ha½ bhikkhave, añña½ ekadhammampi samanupass±mi, ya½ eva½mah±s±vajja½ yathayida½, bhikkhave, micch±diµµhi. Micch±diµµhiparam±ni bhikkhave, mah±s±vajj±n²”ti (a. ni. 1.310).
K±yassa bhed±ti up±dinnakkhandhaparicc±g±. Para½ maraº±ti tadanantar±bhinibbattakkhandhaggahaºe Atha v± k±yassa bhed±ti j²vitindriyassupacched±. Para½ maraº±ti cuticittato uddha½. Ap±yanti evam±di sabba½ nirayavevacanameva. Nirayo hi saggamokkhahetubh³t± puññasammat± ay± apetatt±, sukh±na½ v± ±yassa abh±v± ap±yo. Dukkhassa gati paµisaraºanti duggati, dosabahulat±ya v± duµµhena kammun± nibbatt± gat²ti duggati. Vivas± nipatanti tattha dukkaµak±rinoti vinip±to, vinassant± v± ettha nipatanti sambhijjam±naªgapaccaªg±tipi vinip±to. Natthi ettha ass±dasaññito ayoti nirayo.
Atha v± ap±yaggahaºena tiracch±nayoni½ d²peti, tiracch±nayoni hi ap±yo sugatito apetatt±. Na duggati, mahesakkh±na½ n±gar±j±d²na½ sambhavato. Duggatiggahaºena pettivisaya½ d²peti, so hi ap±yo ceva duggati ca sukhato apetatt± dukkhassa ca gatibh³tatt±, na tu vinip±to, asurak±yasadisa½ avinipatitatt±. Vinip±taggahaºena asurak±ya½ d²peti. So hi yath±vuttena atthena ap±yo ceva duggati ca sabbasamussayehi ca vinipatitatt± vinip±toti vuccati. Nirayaggahaºena av²ci-±di-anekappak±ra½ nirayameva d²pet²ti. Upapann±ti upagat±, tattha abhinibbatt±ti adhipp±yo. Vuttavipariy±yena sukkapakkho veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– tattha sugatiggahaºena manussagatipi saªgayhati. Saggaggahaºena devagatiyeva. Tattha sundar± gat²ti sugati. R³p±d²hi visayehi suµµhu aggoti saggo. So sabbopi lujjanapalujjanaµµhena lokoti aya½ vacanattho. Iti dibbena cakkhun±ti-±di sabba½ nigamanavacana½.
Eva½ dibbena cakkhun± passat²ti ayamettha saªkhepattho– dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ parittapaccuppanna-ajjhattabahiddh±rammaºavasena cat³su ±rammaºesu pavattati Yath±kamm³pagañ±ºa½ parittamahaggat±t²ta-ajjhattabahiddh±rammaºavasena pañcasu ±rammaºesu pavattati. An±gata½sañ±ºa½ parittamahaggata-appam±ºamagga-an±gata-ajjhattabahiddh±navattabb±rammaºavasena aµµhasu ±rammaºesu pavattat²ti.
¾kaªkham±no ca bhagav±ti bhagav± iccham±no. Ekampi lokadh±tu½ passeyy±ti eka½ cakkav±¼a½ olokeyya. Sahassimpi c³¼anikanti ettha y±vat± candimas³riy± pariharanti, dis± bh±nti virocam±n±, t±va sahassadh± loko, es± sahassic³¼anik± n±ma. C³¼anikanti khuddaka½. Dvisahassimpi majjhimika½ lokadh±tunti ettha sahassacakkav±¼±na½ sahassabh±gena gaºetv± dasasatasahassacakkav±¼aparim±º± dvisahass² majjhimik± lokadh±tu n±ma. Ettakena buddh±na½ j±tikkhetta½ n±ma dassita½. Bodhisatt±nañhi pacchimabhave devalokato cavitv± m±tukucchiya½ paµisandhiggahaºadivase ca m±tukucchito nikkhamanadivase ca mah±bhinikkhamanadivase ca sambodhidhammacakkapavattana-±yusaªkh±rossajjanaparinibb±nadivasesu ca ettaka½ µh±na½ kampati.
Tisahassimpi. Mah±sahassimpi lokadh±tunti sahassito paµµh±ya tatiy±ti tisahass², paµhamasahassi½ sahassadh± katv± gaºita½ majjhimika½ sahassadh± katv± gaºitatt± mahantehi sahassehi gaºit±ti mah±sahass². Ett±vat± koµisatasahassacakkav±¼aparim±ºo loko dassito hoti. Gaºakaputtatissatthero pana evam±ha– “na hi tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tuy± eta½ parim±ºa½ Idañhi ±cariy±na½ sajjh±yam³laka½ v±c±ya parih²naµµh±na½, dasakoµisatasahassacakkav±¼aparim±ºa½ pana µh±na½ tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu n±m±”ti. Ett±vat± hi bhagavato ±º±kkhetta½ n±ma dassita½. Etasmiñhi antare ±µ±n±µiyaparitta- (d². ni. 3.275 ±dayo) isigiliparitta- (ma. ni. 3.133 ±dayo) dhajaggaparitta- (sa½. ni. 1.249) bojjhaªgaparittakhandhaparitta- (a. ni. 4.67) moraparitta- (j±. 1.2.17-18) mettaparitta- (khu. p±. 9.1 ±dayo; su. ni. 143 ±dayo) ratanaparitt±na½ (khu. p±. 6.1 ±dayo; su. ni. 224 ±dayo) ±º± pharati.