11. Kalahaviv±dasuttaniddesavaººan±

97. Ek±dasame kalahaviv±dasuttaniddese kutopah³t± kalah± viv±d±ti kalaho ca tassa pubbabh±go viv±do c±ti ime kuto j±t±. Paridevasok± sahamacchar± c±ti paridevasok± ca sahamacchar± ca kuto pah³t±. M±n±tim±n± sahapesuº± c±ti m±n± ca atim±n± ca pesuº± ca kuto pah³t±. Teti te sabbepi aµµha kilesadhamm±. Tadiªgha by³h²ti ta½ may± pucchitamattha½ br³hi, y±c±mi ta½ ahanti. Y±canattho hi iªgh±ti nip±to.
Ekena ±k±ren±ti ekena k±raºena. Aparena ±k±ren±ti aparena k±raºena. ¾g±rik± daº¹apasut±ti gahapatino vihesam±n±. Pabbajit± ±patti½ ±pajjant±ti anag±rik± sattasu ±pattikkhandhesu aññatara½ ±pajjam±n±.
Kutopah³t±ti kutobh³t±. Kutoj±t±ti kuto paµiladdhabh±v±. Kutosañj±t±ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Kutonibbatt±ti kuto nibbattalakkhaºa½ patt±. Upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hetv± “kuto-abhinibbatt±”ti vutta½. Kutop±tubh³t±ti kutop±kaµ²bh³t±. Ki½ nid±n±ti-±d²su attano phala½ nidet²ti nid±na½. Etasm± phala½ samudet²ti samudayo. Etasm± phala½ j±yat²ti j±ti. Etasm± phala½ pabhavat²ti pabhavo. M³la½ pucchat²ti kalahassa k±raºa½ pucchati. K±raºañhi patiµµhaµµhena m³la½. Attano phalanipph±danattha½ hinoti pavattat²ti hetu. “Handa na½ gaºhath±”ti dassenta½ viya attano phala½ nidet²ti nid±na½. Etasm± phala½ sambhavat²ti sambhavo. Pabhavati phala½ etasm±ti pabhavo. Samuµµh±ti ettha phala½, etena v± samuµµh±t²ti samuµµh±na½. Attano phala½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Apaµikkhipitabbaµµhena attano phala½ ±ramet²ti ±rammaºa½. Eta½ paµicca apaµikkhipitv± phala½ eti pavattat²ti paccayo. Etasm± phala½ samudet²ti samudayoti evametesa½ pad±na½ vacanattho veditabbo. Ta½ sandh±ya “kalahassa ca viv±dassa ca m³la½ pucchat²”ti-±din± nayena desan± vutt±.
98. Piyappah³t±ti piyavatthuto j±t±. Maccherayutt± kalah± viv±d±ti imin± kalahaviv±d±d²na½ na kevala½ piyavatthumeva, macchariyampi paccaya½ dasseti. Kalahaviv±das²sena cettha sabbepi te dhamm± vutt±ti veditabb±. Yath± ca etesa½ macchariya½, tath± pesuº±nañca viv±da½. Ten±ha “viv±daj±tesu ca pesuº±n²”ti. Imiss± g±th±ya niddeso utt±natthoyeva.
99. Piy± su lokasmi½ kutonid±n±, ye c±pi lobh± vicaranti loketi “piyappah³t± kalah±”ti ye ettha vutt±, te piy± lokasmi½ kutonid±n±, na kevalañca piy±, ye c±pi khattiy±dayo loke vicaranti lobhahetu lobhen±bhibh³t± vicaranti, tesa½ so lobho ca kutonid±noti dve atthe ek±ya pucch±ya pucchati. Kutonid±n±ti cettha ki½nid±n± ki½hetuk±ti paccattavacanassa to-±deso veditabbo, sam±se cassa lop±bh±vo. Atha v± nid±n±ti j±t±, uppann±ti attho. Tasm± kuto j±t± kuto uppann±ti vutta½ hoti. ¾s± ca niµµh± c±ti ±s± ca tass± ±s±ya samiddhi ca. Ye sampar±y±ya narassa hont²ti ye narassa sampar±y±ya honti, par±yan± hont²ti vutta½ hoti. Ek± ev±yampi pucch±.
D²p± hont²ti patiµµh± bhavanti. Saraº± hont²ti dukkhan±san± honti. Niµµh±par±yan± hont²ti samiddhipar±yan± honti.
100. Chand±nid±n±n²ti k±macchand±dichandanid±n±ni. Ye c±pi lobh± vicarant²ti ye c±pi khattiy±dayo lobh± vicaranti, tesa½ lobhopi chandanid±noti dvepi atthe ekato vissajjeti. Itonid±n±ti chandanid±n± ev±ti vutta½ hoti. “Itonid±n±”ti hi chanda½ sandh±y±ha. Chandanid±n± hi lobh±dayo. “Itonid±n±”ti saddasiddhi cettha “kutonid±n±”ti ettha vuttanayena veditabb±. ¾s±ya samiddhi vuccati niµµh±ti ajjh±sayanibbattipaµil±bho kath²yati.
101. Vinicchay±ti taºh±diµµhivinicchay±. Ye c±pi dhamm± samaºena vutt±ti ye ca aññepi kodh±d²hi sampayutt±, tath±r³p± v± akusal± dhamm± buddhasamaºena vutt±, te kutopah³t±ti.
Aññaj±tik±ti aññasabh±v±. Aññavihitak±ti aññen±k±rena µhit±. Samitap±pen±ti nibb±pitap±pena. B±hitap±padhammen±ti pah²nal±makadhammena. Bhinnakilesam³len±ti kilesam³l±ni bhinditv± µhitena. Sabb±kusalam³labandhan± pamutten±ti dv±dasa-akusalabandhana½ mocetv± µhitena. Vutt±ti kathit±. Pavutt±ti pak±rena kathit±.
102. Tam³paniss±ya pahoti chandoti ta½ sukhadukkhavedana½ tadubhayavatthusaªkh±ta½ s±t±s±ta½ upaniss±ya sa½yogaviyogapatthan±vasena chando pahoti. Ett±vat± “chando nu lokasmi½ kutonid±no”ti aya½ pañho vissajjito hoti. R³pesu disv± vibhava½ bhavañc±ti r³pesu vayañca upp±dañca disv±. Vinicchaya½ kubbati jantu loketi ap±y±dike loke aya½ jantu bhog±dhigamattha½ taºh±vinicchaya½ “att± me uppanno”ti-±din± nayena diµµhivinicchayañca kurute. Ett±vat± “vinicchay± c±pi kutopabh³t±”ti aya½ pañho vissajjito hoti.
S±t±s±ta½ niss±y±ti madhurañca amadhurañca upanissaya½ katv±. Iµµh±niµµhanti iµµh±rammaºañca aniµµh±rammaºañca.
Sur±merayamajjappam±daµµh±n±nuyoganti ettha sur±ti piµµhasur± p³vasur± odanasur± kiººapakkhitt± sambh±rasa½yutt±ti pañca sur±. Merayanti pupph±savo phal±savo madhv±savo gu¼±savo sambh±rasa½yuttoti pañca ±sav±. Ta½ sabbampi madakaraºavasena majja½. Pam±daµµh±nanti pam±dak±raºa½, y±ya cetan±ya ta½ majja½ pivati, tasseta½ adhivacana½. Anuyoganti ta½ sur±merayamajjappam±daµµh±n±nuyoga½ anu-±yoga½ punappuna½ karaºa½. Yasm± ca pana ta½ anuyuttassa me uppann± ceva bhog± parih±yanti, anuppann± ca nuppajjanti, tasm± “me bhog± parikkhaya½ kh²ºabh±va½ gacchant²”ti j±n±ti. Eva½ sabbattha. Vik±lavisikh±cariy±nuyoganti avel±ya visikh±su cariy±nuyutta½. Samajj±bhicaraºanti nacc±didassanavasena samajj±bhigamana½. ¾lasy±nuyoganti k±y±lasiyat±ya yuttappayuttata½. Ap±yamukh±ni na sevat²ti bhog±na½ vin±sadv±r±ni na sevati.
Kasiy± v±ti kasikammena v±. Vaºijj±ya v±ti dhammikavaºijjakammena v±. Gorakkhena v±ti gop±lakammena v±. Issatthena v±ti dhanusippena v±. R±japorisena v±ti r±jasevakakammena v±. Sippaññatarena v±ti kumbhak±r±disipp±na½ aññatarena v±. Paµipajjat²ti payoga½ karoti. Cakkhusmi½ uppanne j±n±t²ti sasambh±racakkhusmi½ uppanne j±n±ti. “Att± me uppanno”ti diµµhi½ gaºh±ti. Cakkhusmi½ antarahiteti tasmi½ vinaµµhe. Att± me antarahitoti “mama att± vinaµµho”ti diµµhi½ gaºh±ti. Vigato me att±ti v²tikkanto mama att±. Sotasminti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
103. Etepi dhamm± dvayameva santeti ete kodh±dayo dhamm± s±t±s±tadvaye sante eva honti uppajjanti. Ett±vat± tatiyapañhopi vissajjito hoti. Id±ni yo eva½ vissajjitesu etesu pañhesu katha½kath² bhaveyya, tassa katha½kath±pah±n³p±ya½ dassento ±ha “katha½kath² ñ±ºapath±ya sikkhe”ti, ñ±ºadassanañ±º±dhigamanattha½ tisso sikkh± sikkheyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Ki½k±raº±? Ñatv± pavutt± samaºena dhamm±. Buddhasamaºena hi ñatv± dhamm± vutt±, natthi tassa dhammesu aññ±ºa½, attano pana ñ±º±nubh±vena te aj±nanto na j±neyya, na desan±dosena. Tasm± katha½kath² ñ±ºapath±ya sikkhe, ñatv± pavutt± samaºena dhamm±ti.
Pakkhepabandhanena v± baddhoti n±garikabandhena baddho. Parikkhepabandhanena v±ti vatiparikkhepabandhanena v±. G±mabandhanen±ti-±d²su tasm± tasm± µh±nato nikkhamitu½ alabhanto g±mabandhan±d²hi baddho n±ma hoti. Tassa bandhanassa mokkhatth±y±ti etassa vuttappak±rassa bandhanassa mocanattha½.
ѱºampi ñ±ºapathoti pure uppanna½ ñ±ºa½ apar±paruppannassa ñ±ºampi ñ±ºassa sañcaraºamaggoti ñ±ºampi ñ±ºapatho. ѱºassa ±rammaºampi ñ±ºapathoti ñ±ºassa paccayopi ta½ ±lambitv± uppajjanato ñ±ºapatho. ѱºasahabhunopi dhamm± ñ±ºapathoti ñ±ºena sahuppann± avases± cittacetasik± dhamm±pi ñ±ºapatho. Id±ni upam±ya s±dhento “yath± ariyamaggo ariyapatho”ti-±dim±ha.
Katha½kath² puggaloti vicikicch±vanto puggalo. Sakaªkhoti sadve¼hako. Savilekhoti cittar±jivanto. Sadve¼hakoti kaªkh±vanto. Savicikicchoti sandehavanto. ѱº±dhigam±y±ti ñ±ºapaµil±bhatth±ya. ѱºaphusan±y±ti ñ±ºapaµivijjhanatth±ya. Atha v± ñ±ºavindanatth±ya. ѱºasacchikiriy±y±ti ñ±ºassa paccakkhakaraºatth±ya. Sanid±n±hanti aha½ sanid±na½ sapaccaya½ katv± dhammadesana½ karomi. Sapp±µih±riyanti niyy±nika½ katv±. No app±µih±riyanti aniyy±nika½ akatv± dhammadesana½ karomi.
104. S±ta½ as±tañca kutonid±n±ti ettha s±t±s±tanti sukhadukkhavedan± eva adhippet± Na bhavanti heteti na bhavanti ete. Vibhava½ bhavañc±pi yametamattha½, eta½ me pabr³hi yatonid±nanti s±t±s±t±na½ vibhava½ bhavañca etampi ya½ attha½. Liªgabyattayo ettha kato. Ida½ pana vutta½ hoti– s±t±s±t±na½ vibhavo bhavo c±ti yo esa attho, eta½ me pabr³hi yatonid±nanti. Ettha ca s±t±s±t±na½ vibhavabhavavatthuk± vibhavabhavadiµµhiyo eva vibhavabhav±ti atthato veditabb±. Tath± hi imassa pañhassa vissajjanapakkhe “bhavadiµµhipi phassanid±n±, vibhavadiµµhipi phassanid±n±”ti upari niddese (mah±ni. 105) vakkhati. Im±ya g±th±ya niddese vattabba½ natthi.
105. Itonid±nanti phassanid±na½. Im±yapi vattabba½ natthi.
106. Kismi½ vibh³te na phusanti phass±ti kismi½ v²tivatte cakkhusamphass±dayo pañca phass± na phusanti. Im±yapi vattabba½ natthi.
107. N±mañca r³pañca paµicc±ti sampayuttakan±mañca vatth±rammaºar³pañca paµicca. R³pe vibh³te na phusanti phass±ti r³pe v²tivatte pañca phass± na phusanti.
Tiººa½ saªgati phassoti cakkhur³paviññ±º±na½ tiººanna½ saªgatiy± phasso j±yati. Cakkhu ca r³p± ca r³pasminti pas±dacakkhuñca r³p±rammaº±ni ca r³pabh±ge r³pakoµµh±se katv±. Cakkhusamphassa½ µhapetv±ti tiººa½ saªgatiy± uppannaphassa½ muñcitv±. Sampayuttak± dhamm± n±masminti avases± vedan±dayo phassena sahaj±t± dhamm± n±mabh±ge. Sotañca paµicc±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Cat³h±k±rehi r³pa½ vibh³ta½ hot²ti cat³hi k±raºehi r³pa½ v²tivatta½ hoti. ѱtavibh³ten±ti p±kaµa½ katv± v²tivattena. T²raºavibh³ten±ti anicc±dito t²rayitv± v²tivattena. Pah±navibh³ten±ti chandar±gapah±nato v²tivattena. Samatikkamavibh³ten±ti catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½ paµil±bhavasena v²tivattena.
108. Katha½ sametass±ti katha½ paµipannassa. Vibhoti r³panti r³pa½ vibhavati, na bhaveyya v±. Sukha½ dukhañc±ti iµµh±niµµhar³pameva pucchati.
J±neyy±m±ti j±niss±ma. ¾j±neyy±m±ti visesena j±niss±ma. Vij±neyy±m±ti anekavidhena j±niss±ma. Paµivij±neyy±m±ti samm± j±niss±ma. Paµivijjheyy±m±ti cittena bujjhiss±ma.
109. Na saññasaññ²ti yath± sametassa vibhoti r³pa½, so pakatisaññ±ya saññ²pi na hoti. Na visaññasaññ²ti visaññ±yapi vir³p±ya saññ±ya visaññ² na hoti ummattako v± khittacitto v±. Nopi asaññ²ti saññ±virahitopi na hoti nirodhasam±panno v± asaññasatto v±. Na vibh³tasaññ²ti “sabbaso r³pasaññ±nan”ti-±din± (vibha. 508) nayena samatikkantasaññ²pi na hoti ar³pajjh±nal±bh². Eva½ sametassa vibhoti r³panti etasmi½ saññasaññit±dibh±ve aµµhatv± yadeta½ vutta½ “so eva½ sam±hite citte…pe… ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya citta½ abhin²harat²”ti, eva½ sametassa ar³pamaggasamaªgino vibhoti r³pa½. Saññ±nid±n± hi papañcasaªkh±ti eva½ paµipannass±pi ca y± saññ±, ta½nid±n± taºh±diµµhipapañc±ssa appah²n±va hont²ti dasseti.
Asaññino vuccanti nirodhasam±pann±ti saññ±vedan± nirodhetv± nirodhasam±pann± saññ±bh±vena asaññinoti kath²yanti. Asaññasatt±ti sabbena sabba½ saññ±bh±vena asaññabhave nibbatt±.
So eva½ sam±hite citteti tattha soti so bhikkhu. Evanti catutthajjh±nakkamanidassanameta½, imin± kamena catutthajjh±na½ paµilabhitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Sam±hiteti imin± catutthajjh±nasam±dhin± sam±hite. Parisuddheti-±d²su pana upekkh±satip±risuddhibh±vena parisuddhe. Parisuddhatt±yeva pariyod±te, pabhassareti vutta½ hoti. Sukh±d²na½ paccay±na½ gh±tena vihatar±g±di-aªgaºatt± anaªgaºe. Anaªgaºatt± eva ca vigat³pakkilese. Aªgaºena hi citta½ upakkilissati. Subh±vitatt± mudubh³te, vas²bh±vappatteti vutta½ hoti. Vase vattam±nañhi citta½ mud³ti vuccati. Mudutt±yeva ca kammaniye, kammakkhame kammayoggeti vutta½ hoti. Mudu hi citta½ kammaniya½ hoti suddhantamiva suvaººa½. Tadubhayampi ca subh±vitatt±yeva. Yath±ha “n±ha½, bhikkhave, añña½ ekadhammampi samanupass±mi, ya½ eva½ bh±vita½ kammaniya½ hoti yathayida½, bhikkhave, cittan”ti (a. ni. 1.22).
Etesu hi parisuddhabh±v±d²su µhitatt± µhite. Ýhitatt±yeva ±neñjappatte acale niriñjaneti vutta½ hoti. Mudukammaññabh±vena v± attano vase µhitatt± µhite. Saddh±d²hi pariggahitatt± ±neñjappatte. Saddh±pariggahitañhi citta½ assaddhiyena na iñjati, v²riyapariggahita½ kosajjena na iñjati, satipariggahita½ pam±dena na iñjati, sam±dhipariggahita½ uddhaccena na iñjati, paññ±pariggahita½ avijj±ya na iñjati, obh±sagata½ kilesandhak±rena na iñjati. Imehi chahi dhammehi pariggahitu½ ±neñjappatta½ hoti. Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ citta½ abhin²h±rakkhama½ hoti ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya.
Aparo nayo– catutthajjh±nasam±dhin± sam±hite. N²varaºad³r²bh±vena parisuddhe. Vitakk±disamatikkamena pariyod±te. Jh±napaµil±bhapaccanik±na½ p±pak±na½ icch±vacar±nañca abh±vena anaªgaºe. Icch±vacar±nanti icch±ya avacar±na½, icch±vasena otiºº±na½ pavatt±na½ n±nappak±r±na½ kopa-appaccay±nanti attho. Abhijjh±d²na½ citt³pakkiles±na½ vigamena vigat³pakkilese. Ubhayampi ceta½ aªgaºasuttavatthasutt±nus±reneva (ma. ni. 1.57 ±dayo, 70 ±dayo) veditabba½. Vasippattiy± mudubh³te. Iddhip±dabh±v³pagamanena kammaniye. Bh±van±p±rip³riy± paº²tabh±v³pagamena µhite ±neñjappatte, yath± ±neñjabh±va½ ±neñjappatta½ hoti, eva½ µhiteti attho. Evampi aµµhaªgasamann±gamena citta½ abhin²h±rakkhama½ hoti ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattipaµil±bhatth±ya p±daka½ padaµµh±nabh³ta½.
¾ruppamaggasamaªg²ti ar³pasam±pattiy± gamanamaggena aparih²no. Papañc±yeva papañcasaªkh±ti taºh±dipapañc±yeva papañcasaªkh±.
110. Ett±vatagga½ nu vadanti heke, yakkhassa suddhi½ idha paº¹it±se. Ud±hu aññampi vadanti ettoti ett±vat± nu idha paº¹it± samaºabr±hmaº± agga½ suddhi½ sattassa vadanti, ud±hu aññampi etto ar³pasam±pattito adhikañca vadant²ti pucchati.
Etto ar³pasam±pattitoti etasm± ar³pasam±pattito.
111. Ett±vataggampi vadanti heketi eke sassatav±d± samaºabr±hmaº± paº¹itam±nino ett±vat±pi agga½ suddhi½ vadanti. Tesa½ paneke samaya½ vadant²ti tesaññeva eke ucchedav±d± samaya½ uccheda½ vadanti. Anup±disese kusal±vad±n±ti anup±disese kusalav±d± sam±n±.
Bhavatajjit±ti bhavato bh²t±. Vibhava½ abhinandant²ti uccheda½ paµicca tussanti. Te sattassa samanti te ucchedav±dino puggalassa sama½ anuppatti½ vadanti. Upasamanti at²va sama½. V³pasamanti santa½. Nirodhanti anupp±da½. Paµipassaddhinti apunuppatti½.
112. Ete ca ñatv± upanissit±ti ete ca diµµhigatike sassatucchedadiµµhiyo nissit±ti ñatv±. Ñatv± mun² nissaye so v²ma½s²ti nissaye ca ñatv± so v²ma½s² paº¹ito buddhamuni. Ñatv± vimuttoti dukkh±nicc±dito dhamme ñatv± vimutto. Bhav±bhav±ya na samet²ti punappuna½ upapattiy± na sam±gacchati. Apar±masanti apar±masanto. Par±m±sa½ n±pajjantoti attho.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya mah±niddesaµµhakath±ya

Kalahaviv±dasuttaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.