Imesa½ bhed±y±ti yesa½ ito vutt±na½ santike suta½, tesa½ bhed±ya. Bhinn±na½ v± sandh±t±ti dvinna½ mitt±na½ v± sam±nupajjh±yak±d²na½ v± kenacideva k±raºena bhinn±na½ ekameka½ upasaªkamitv± “tumh±ka½ ²dise kule j±t±na½ eva½ bahussut±na½ ida½ na yuttan”ti-±d²ni vatv± sandh±na½ katt± anukatt±.
Anuppad±t±ti sandh±n±nuppad±t±. Dve jane samagge disv± “tumh±ka½ evar³pe kule j±t±na½ evar³pehi guºehi samann±gat±na½ anucchavikametan”ti-±d²ni vatv± da¼h²kamma½ katt±ti attho. Samaggo ±r±mo ass±ti samagg±r±mo, yattha samagg± natthi, tattha vasitumpi na icchat²ti attho. “Samaggar±mo”tipi p±¼i, ayamevettha attho. Samaggaratoti samaggesu rato, te pah±ya aññatra gantumpi na icchat²ti attho. Samagge disv±pi sutv±pi nandat²ti samagganand². Samaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit±ti y± v±c± satte samaggeyeva karoti, ta½ s±maggiguºaparid²pikameva v±ca½ bh±sati, na itaranti.
Parassa mammacchedakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± ekantapharusacetan± pharus± v±c±, nel±ti ela½ vuccati doso, nass± elanti nel±, niddos±ti attho “nelaªgo setapacch±do”ti ettha (ud±. 65; peµako. 25) vuttanela½ viya. Kaººasukh±ti byañjanamadhurat±ya kaºº±na½ sukh±, s³civijjhana½ viya kaººas³la½ na janeti. Atthamadhurat±ya sakalasar²re kopa½ ajanetv± pema½ janet²ti peman²y±. Hadaya½ gacchati apaµihaññam±n± sukhena citta½ pavisat²ti hadayaªgam±. Guºaparipuººat±ya pure bhav±ti por², pure sa½va¹¹han±r² viya sukum±r±tipi por², purassa es±tipi por², nagarav±s²na½ kath±ti attho. Nagarav±sino hi yuttakath± honti, pitimatta½ pit±ti bh±timatta½ bh±t±ti vadanti. Evar³p² kath± bahuno janassa kant± hot²ti bahujanakant±. Kantabh±veneva bahuno janassa man±p± cittavu¹¹hikar±ti bahujanaman±p±.
Anatthaviññ±pik± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± akusalacetan± samphappal±po. K±lena vadat²ti k±lav±d², vattabbayuttak±la½ sallakkhetv± vadat²ti attho. Bh³ta½ tatha½ taccha½ sabh±vameva vadat²ti bh³tav±d² Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthasannissitameva katv± vadat²ti atthav±d². Navalokuttaradhammasannissita½ katv± vadat²ti dhammav±d². Sa½varavinayapah±navinayasannissita½ katv± vadat²ti vinayav±d².
Nidh±na½ vuccati µhapanok±so, nidh±namassa atth²ti nidh±navat², hadaye nidh±tabbayuttaka½ v±ca½ bh±sit±ti attho. K±len±ti evar³pi½ bh±sam±nopi ca “aha½ nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±siss±m²”ti na ak±lena bh±sati, yuttak±la½ pana apekkhitv±va bh±sat²ti attho. S±padesanti sa-upama½, sak±raºanti attho. Pariyantavatinti pariccheda½ dassetv± yath±ss± paricchedo paññ±yati, eva½ bh±sat²ti attho. Atthasa½hitanti anekehipi nayehi vibhajantena pariy±d±tu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya atthasampanna½ bh±sati. Ya½ v± so atthav±d² attha½ vadati, tena atthena sahitatt± atthasa½hita½ v±ca½ bh±sati, na añña½ nikkhipitv± añña½ bh±sat²ti vutta½ hoti. Catuddos±pagata½ v±ca½ bh±sat²ti mus±v±d±d²hi cat³hi dosehi apagata½ v±ca½ bh±sati. Dvatti½s±ya tiracch±nakath±y±ti dvatti½s±ya saggamokkh±na½ tiracch±nabh³t±ya kath±ya.
Dasa kath±vatth³n²ti appicchat±d²ni dasa vivaµµanissit±ya kath±ya vatthubh³t±ni k±raº±ni. Appicchakathanti ettha appicchoti icch±virahito aniccho nittaºho. Ettha hi byañjana½ s±vasesa½ viya, attho pana niravaseso. Na hi kh²º±savassa aºumatt±pi icch± n±ma atthi.
Apicettha atricchat± p±picchat± mahicchat± appicchat±ti aya½ bhedo veditabbo– tattha sakal±bhe atittassa paral±bhapatthan± atricchat± n±ma, t±ya samann±gatassa ekabh±jane pakkap³vepi attano patte patite na supakko viya khuddako viya ca kh±yati, sveva pana parassa patte pakkhitto supakko viya mahanto viya ca kh±yati. Asantaguºasambh±vanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut± p±picchat± n±ma, s± “idhekacco asaddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti-±din± (vibha. 851) nayena atreva ±gat±yeva. T±ya ca samann±gato puggalo kohaññe patiµµh±ti. Santaguºasambh±vanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut± mahicchat± n±ma, s±pi “idhekacco saddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti icchati, s²lav± sam±no s²lav±ti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti (vibha. 851) imin± nayena ±gat±yeva. T±ya samann±gato puggalo dussantappayo hoti, vij±tam±t±pissa citta½ gahetu½ na sakkoti. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Aggikkhandho samuddo ca, mahiccho c±pi puggalo;
sakaµena paccaye detu, tayopete atappay±”ti. (Ma. ni. aµµha. 1.252; a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.63; ud±. aµµha. 31).
Santaguºanig³hanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca mattaññut± appicchat± n±ma, t±ya samann±gato puggalo attani vijjam±nampi guºa½ paµicch±detuk±mat±ya saddho sam±no “saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati. S²lav±… pavivitto… bahussuto… ±raddhav²riyo… sam±dhisampanno… paññav±… kh²º±savo sam±no “kh²º±savoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati seyyath±pi majjhantikatthero. Eva½ appiccho ca pana bhikkhu anuppanna½ l±bha½ upp±deti, uppanna½ th±vara½ karoti, d±yak±na½ citta½ ±r±dheti, yath± yath± hi so attano appicchat±ya appa½ gaºh±ti, tath± tath± tassa vatte pasann± manuss± bah³ denti.
Aparopi catubbidho appiccho paccaya-appiccho dhutaªga-appiccho pariyatti-appiccho adhigama-appicchoti Tattha cat³su paccayesu appiccho paccaya-appiccho. So d±yakassa vasa½ j±n±ti, deyyadhammassa vasa½ j±n±ti, attano th±ma½ j±n±ti. Yadi hi deyyadhammo bahu hoti, d±yako appa½ d±tuk±mo, d±yakassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammo appo, d±yako bahu½ d±tuk±mo, deyyadhammassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammopi bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, attano th±ma½ ñatv± pam±ºeneva gaºh±ti.
Dhutaªgasam±d±nassa attani atthibh±va½ na j±n±petuk±mo dhutaªga-appiccho n±ma. Yo pana bahussutabh±va½ na j±n±petuk±mo, aya½ pariyatti-appiccho n±ma. Yo pana sot±pann±d²su aññataro hutv± sot±pann±dibh±va½ j±n±petu½ na icchati, aya½ adhigama-appiccho n±ma. Kh²º±savo pana atricchata½ p±picchata½ mahicchata½ pah±ya sabbaso icch±paµipakkhabh³t±ya alobhasaªkh±t±ya parisuddh±ya appicchat±ya samann±gatatt± appiccho n±ma. “¾vuso, atricchat± p±picchat± mahicchat±ti, ime dhamm± pah±tabb±ti, tesu ±d²nava½ dassetv± evar³pa½ appicchata½ sam±d±ya vattitabban”ti vadanto appicchakatha½ katheti n±ma.
Santuµµh²kathanti-±d²su visesatthameva d²payiss±ma, yojan± pana vuttanayeneva veditabb±. Santuµµh²kathanti itar²tarapaccayasantosa½ nissita½ katha½. So panesa santoso dv±dasavidho hoti. Seyyathida½– c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantosoti tividho. Eva½ piº¹ap±t±d²supi.
Tass±ya½ pabhedavaººan±– idha bhikkhu c²vara½ labhati sundara½ v± asundara½ v±. So teneva y±peti, añña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana yo pakatidubbalo v± hoti, ±b±dhajar±bhibh³to v±, garuc²vara½ p±rupanto kilamati. So sabh±gena bhikkhun± saddhi½ ta½ parivattetv± lahukena y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±balasantoso. Aparo paº²tapaccayal±bh² hoti. So pattuººac²var±d²na½ aññatara½ mahagghac²vara½, bah³ni v± pana c²var±ni labhitv± “ida½ ther±na½ cirapabbajit±na½, ida½ bahussut±na½ anur³pa½, ida½ gil±n±na½, ida½ appal±bh²na½ hot³”ti datv± tesa½ pur±ºac²vara½ v± saªk±rak³µ±dito v± nantak±ni uccinitv± tehi saªgh±µi½ katv± dh±rentopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu piº¹ap±ta½ labhati l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±, so teneva y±peti, añña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± piº¹ap±ta½ labhati, yenassa paribhuttena aph±su hoti, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa hatthato sapp±yabhojana½ bhuñjitv± samaºadhamma½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±balasantoso. Aparo bahu½ paº²ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ labhati, so ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bh²gil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ v± sesaka½ piº¹±ya v± caritv± missak±h±ra½ bhuñjantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu sen±sana½ labhati man±pa½ v± aman±pa½ v±, so tena neva somanassa½ na domanassa½ upp±deti, antamaso tiºasanth±raken±pi yath±laddheneva tussati. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± sen±sana½ labhati, yatthassa vasato aph±su hoti, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa santake sapp±yasen±sane vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±balasantoso.
Aparo mah±puñño leºamaº¹apak³µ±g±r±d²ni bah³ni paº²tasen±san±ni labhati, so ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bh²gil±n±na½ datv± yattha katthaci vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso. Yopi “uttamasen±sana½ n±ma pam±daµµh±na½, tattha nisinnassa thinamiddha½ okkamati, nidd±bhibh³tassa puna paµibujjhato p±pavitakk± p±tubhavant²”ti paµisañcikkhitv± t±disa½ sen±sana½ pattampi na sampaµicchati, so ta½ paµikkhipitv± abbhok±sarukkham³l±d²su vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu bhesajja½ labhati l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±, so ya½ labhati, teneva tussati, añña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana telena atthiko ph±ºita½ labhati, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa hatthato tela½ gahetv± aññadeva v± pariyesitv± bhesajja½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±balasantoso.
Aparo mah±puñño bahu½ telamadhuph±ºit±dipaº²tabhesajja½ labhati, so ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bh²gil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ ±bhatena yena kenaci y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Yo pana ekasmi½ bh±jane catumadhura½ µhapetv± ekasmi½ muttahar²taka½ “gaºha, bhante, yadicchas²”ti vuccam±no “sacassa tesu aññatarenapi rogo v³pasammati, atha muttahar²taka½ n±ma buddh±d²hi vaººitan”ti catumadhura½ paµikkhipitv± muttahar²takena bhesajja½ karonto paramasantuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±s±ruppasantoso. Imesa½ pana paccekapaccayesu tiººa½ tiººa½ santos±na½ yath±s±ruppasantosova aggo. Arah± ekekasmi½ paccaye imehi t²hipi santuµµhova.
Pavivekakathanti pavivekanissita½ katha½. Tayo hi vivek± k±yaviveko cittaviveko upadhivivekoti. Tattha eko gacchati, eko tiµµhati, eko nis²dati, eko seyya½ kappeti, eko g±ma½ piº¹±ya pavisati, eko paµikkamati, eko abhikkamati, eko caªkama½ adhiµµh±ti, eko carati, eko viharat²ti aya½ k±yaviveko n±ma. Aµµha sam±pattiyo pana cittaviveko n±ma. Nibb±na½ upadhiviveko n±ma.