Abhiv±detv±ti pańcapatiµµhitena vanditv±. Id±ni yenatthena mah±kacc±nassa upaµµh±na½ ±gato, ta½ pucchituk±mo dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ ańjali½ sirasi patiµµh±petv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamantanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.7) viya. Tasm± yath± nisinno ekamanta½ nisinno hoti, eva½ nis²d²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Bhummatthe v± eta½ upayogavacana½. Nis²d²ti nisajja½ kappesi. Paŗ¹it± hi devamanuss± garuµµh±niya½ upasaŖkamitv± ±sanakusalat±ya ekamanta½ nis²danti. Ayańca gahapati tesa½ ańńataro, tasm± ekamanta½ nis²di.
Katha½ nisinno ca pana ekamanta½ nisinno hot²ti? Cha nisajjadose vajjetv±. Seyyathida½? Atid³ra½ acc±sanna½ upariv±ta½ unnatappadesa½ atisammukha½ atipacch±ti. Atid³re nisinno hi sace kathetuk±mo hoti, ucc±saddena kathetabba½ hoti. Acc±sanne nisinno saŖghaµµana½ karoti. Upariv±te nisinno sar²ragandhena b±dhati. Unnatappadese nisinno ag±rava½ pak±seti. Atisammukh± nisinno sace daµµhuk±mo hoti, cakkhun± cakkhu½ ±hacca daµµhabba½ hoti. Atipacch± nisinno sace daµµhuk±mo hoti, g²va½ pas±retv± daµµhabba½ hoti. Tasm± ayampi ete cha nisajjadose vajjetv± nis²di. Tena vutta½– “ekamanta½ nis²d²”ti.
Etadavoc±ti eta½ avoca. Vuttamida½ bhante kacc±na bhagavat± aµµhakavaggiye m±gaŗ¹iyapańheti aµµhakavaggiyamhi m±gaŗ¹iyapańho n±ma atthi, tasmi½ pańhe.
R³padh±t³ti r³pakkhandho adhippeto. R³padh±tur±gavinibandhanti r³padh±tumhi r±gena vinibaddha½. Vińń±ŗanti kammavińń±ŗa½. Okas±r²ti gehas±r² ±layas±r². Kasm± panettha “vińń±ŗadh±tu kho gahapat²”ti na vuttanti? Sammohavigh±tattha½. “Oko”ti hi atthato paccayo vuccati, purej±tańca kammavińń±ŗa½ pacch±j±tassa kammavińń±ŗassapi vip±kavińń±ŗassapi, vip±kavińń±ŗańca vip±kavińń±ŗassapi kammavińń±ŗassapi paccayo hoti, tasm± “katara½ nu kho idha vińń±ŗan”ti sammoho bhaveyya. Tassa vigh±tattha½ ta½ aggahetv± asambhinn±va desan± kat±ti. Apica vip±ka-±rammaŗavasena catasso abhisaŖkh±ravińń±ŗaµµhitiyoti vutt±ti t± dassetumpi idha vińń±ŗa½ na gahita½.
Upayup±d±n±ti taŗh³payadiµµh³payavasena dve upay±, k±mup±d±n±d²ni catt±ri up±d±n±ni ca. Cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay±ti akusalacittassa adhiµµh±nabh³t± ceva abhinivesabh³t± ca anusayabh³t± ca. Tath±gatass±ti samm±sambuddhassa. Sabbesampi hi kh²ŗ±sav±na½ ete pah²n±va, satthu pana kh²ŗ±savabh±vo loke atip±kaµoti uparimakoµiy± eva½ vutta½. Vińń±ŗadh±tuy±ti idha vińń±ŗa½ kasm± gahita½? Kilesappah±nadassanattha½. Kiles± hi na kevala½ cat³suyeva khandhesu pah²n± pah²yanti, pańcasupi pah²yantiyev±ti kilesappah±nadassanattha½ gahita½. Eva½ kho gahapati anokas±r² hot²ti eva½ kammavińń±ŗena oka½ asarantena anokas±r² n±ma hoti.
R³panimittaniketavis±ravinibandh±ti r³pameva kiles±na½ paccayaµµhena nimitta½, ±rammaŗakiriyasaŖkh±tena niv±saµµhena niketanti r³panimittaniketa½. Vis±ro ca vinibandho ca vis±ravinibandh±. Ubhayenapi hi kiles±na½ patthaµabh±vo ca vinibandhanabh±vo ca vutto, r³panimittanikete vis±ravinibandh±ti r³panimittaniketavis±ravinibandh±, tasm± r³panimittaniketamhi uppannena kilesavis±rena ceva kilesavinibandhanena c±ti attho. Niketas±r²ti vuccat²ti ±rammaŗakaraŗavasena niv±saµµh±naµµhena niketas±r²ti vuccati. Pah²n±ti te r³panimittanikete kilesavis±ravinibandh± pah²n±.
Kasm± panettha pańcakkhandh± ca “ok±”ti vutt±, cha ±rammaŗ±ni “niketan”ti? Chandar±gassa balavadubbalat±ya. Sam±nepi hi etesa½ ±layaµµhena visayabh±ve okoti nippariy±yena suddha½ gehameva vuccati, niketanti “ajja asukaµµh±ne k²¼iss±m±”ti katasaŖket±na½ niv±sanaµµh±na½ uyy±n±di. Tattha yath± puttad±radhanadhańńapuŗŗagehe chandar±go balav± hoti, eva½ ajjhattikesu khandhesu. Yath± pana uyy±naµµh±n±d²su tato dubbalataro hoti, eva½ b±hiresu chasu ±rammaŗes³ti chandar±gassa balavadubbalat±ya eva½ desan± kat±ti veditabb±.
Sukhitesu sukhitoti upaµµh±kesu dhanadhańńal±bh±divasena sukhitesu “id±n±ha½ man±pa½ c²vara½ man±pa½ bhojana½ labhiss±m²”ti gehassitasukhena sukhito hoti, tehi pattasampatti½ attan± anubhavam±no viya carati. Dukkhitesu dukkhitoti tesa½ kenacideva k±raŗena dukkhe uppanne saya½ dviguŗena dukkhena dukkhito hoti. Kiccakaraŗ²yes³ti kiccasaŖkh±tesu karaŗ²yesu. Voyoga½ ±pajjat²ti upayoga½ saya½ tesa½ kicc±na½ kattabbata½ ±pajjati.
K±mes³ti vatthuk±mesu. Eva½ kho gahapati k±mehi aritto hot²ti eva½ kilesak±mehi aritto hoti.
Anto k±m±na½ bh±vena atuccho. Sukkapakkho tesa½ abh±vena ritto tucchoti veditabbo.
Purakkhar±noti vaµµa½ purato kurum±no. Eva½r³po siyanti-±d²su d²gharassak±¼od±t±d²su r³pesu eva½r³po n±ma bhaveyyanti pattheti. Sukh±d²su vedan±su eva½vedano n±ma. N²lasańń±d²su sańń±su eva½sańńo n±ma. Puńń±bhisaŖkh±r±d²su saŖkh±resu eva½saŖkh±ro n±ma. Cakkhuvińń±ŗ±d²su vińń±ŗesu eva½vińń±ŗo n±ma bhaveyyanti pattheti.
Apurakkhar±noti vaµµa½ purato akurum±no. Sahita½ me, asahita½ teti tuyha½ vacana½ asahita½ asiliµµha½, mayha½ sahita½ siliµµha½ madhura½ madhurap±nasadisa½. Adhiciŗŗa½ te vipar±vattanti ya½ tuyha½ d²ghena k±lena paricita½ suppaguŗa½, ta½ mama v±da½ ±gamma sabba½ khaŗena vipar±vatta½ nivatta½. ¾ropito te v±doti tuyha½ doso may± ±ropito. Cara v±dappamokkh±y±ti ta½ ta½ ±cariya½ upasaŖkamitv± uttara½ pariyesanto imassa v±dassa mokkh±ya cara ±hiŗ¹a. Nibbeµhehi v± sace pahos²ti atha sayameva pahosi, idheva nibbeµheh²ti.
80. So evar³po “yehi vivitto”ti g±th±. Tattha yeh²ti yehi diµµhigat±d²hi. Vivitto vicareyy±ti ritto careyya. Na t±ni uggayha vadeyya n±goti “±gu½ na karot²”ti-±din± (c³¼ani. bhadr±vudham±ŗavapucch±niddesa 70; p±r±yan±nug²tiniddesa 102) nayena n±go t±ni diµµhigat±ni uggahetv± na careyya. Elambujanti elasańńite ambumhi j±ta½ kaŗµakan±¼a½ v±rija½, padumanti vutta½ hoti. Yath± jalena paŖkena can³palittanti ta½ paduma½ yath± jalena ca paŖkena ca anupalitta½ hoti. Eva½ muni santiv±do agiddhoti eva½ ajjhattasantiv±do muni gedh±bh±vena agiddho. K±me ca loke ca an³palittoti duvidhepi k±me ap±y±dike ca loke dv²hi silesehi anupalitto hoti.
¾gu½ na karot²ti akusal±didosa½ na karoti. Na gacchat²ti agativasena na gacchati. N±gacchat²ti pah²nakilese na upeti. P±pak±ti l±mak±. Akusal±ti akosallasambh³t±. Te kilese na punet²ti ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese puna na eti. Na paccet²ti paµi na upeti. Na pacc±gacchat²ti puna na nivattati.
Kharadaŗ¹oti kharapattadaŗ¹o pharusadaŗ¹o. Cattagedhoti vissaµµhagedho. Vantagedhoti vamitagedho. Muttagedhoti chinnabandhanagedho. Pah²nagedhoti pajahitagedho. Paµinissaµµhagedhoti yath± na puna citta½ ±ruhati, eva½ paµivissajjitagedho. Upari v²tar±g±d²supi eseva nayo. Sabb±neva t±ni gahitaggahaŗassa vissaµµhabh±vavevacan±ni.
81. Kińca bhiyyo– “na vedag³”ti g±th±. Tattha na vedag³ diµµhiy±yakoti catumaggavedag³ m±diso diµµhiy±yako na hoti, diµµhiy± gacchanto v±, ta½ s±rato paccento v± na hoti. Tattha vacanattho– y±yat²ti y±yako. Karaŗavacanena diµµhiy± y±yat²ti diµµhiy±yako. Upayogatthe s±mivacanenapi diµµhiy± y±t²tipi diµµhiy±yako. Na mutiy± sa m±namet²ti mutar³p±dibhed±ya mutiy±pi so m±na½ na eti. Na hi tammayo soti taŗh±diµµhivasena tammayo hoti tappar±yaŗo, aya½ pana na t±diso. Na kammun± nopi sutena neyyoti puńń±bhisaŖkh±r±din± kammun± v±, sutasuddhi-±din± sutena v± so netabbo na hoti. An³pan²to sa nivesanes³ti so dvinnampi upay±na½ pah²natt± sabbesu taŗh±diµµhinivesanesu anupan²to.
Mutar³pena v±ti ettha mutar³pa½ n±ma gandharasaphoµµhabb±ni. M±na½ net²ti asmim±na½ na eti. Na upet²ti sam²pa½ na eti. Na upagacchat²ti upagantv± na tiµµhati. Tammayoti tappakato.
82. Tassa ca eva½vidhassa “sańń±virattass±”ti g±th±. Tattha sańń±virattass±ti nekkhammasańń±pubbaŖgam±ya bh±van±ya pah²nak±m±disańńassa. Imin± padena ubhatobh±gavimutto samathay±niko adhippeto. Pańń±vimuttass±ti vipassan±pubbaŖgam±ya bh±van±ya sabbakilesehi vimuttassa. Imin± sukkhavipassako adhippeto. Sańńańca diµµhińca ye aggahesu½, te ghaµµam±n± vicaranti loketi ye pana k±masańń±dika½ sańńa½ aggahesu½, te visesato gahaµµh± k±m±dhikaraŗa½, ye ca diµµhi½ aggahesu½, te visesato pabbajit± dhamm±dhikaraŗa½ ańńamańńa½ ghaµµent± vicarant²ti.
Yo samathapubbaŖgama½ ariyamagga½ bh±vet²ti yo puggalo samathapubbaŖgama½ purec±rika½ katv± sahavipassana½ ariyamagga½ bh±veti, paµhama½ sam±dhi½ upp±detv± pacch± sahavipassana½ ariyamagga½ upp±det²ti attho. Tassa ±ditoti tassa puggalassa paµhamajjh±n±dito. Up±d±y±ti paµicca ±gamma. Ganth± vikkhambh²t± hont²ti ganth± d³r²kat± bhavanti. Arahatte patteti arahattaphala½ patte. Arahatoti arahattaphale µhitassa. Ganth± ca moh± c±ti-±dayo sabbe kiles± pah²n± honti.
Yo vipassan±pubbaŖgama½ ariyamagga½ bh±vet²ti yo puggalo vipassana½ pubbaŖgama½ purec±rika½ katv± ariyamagga½ bh±veti, paµhama½ vipassana½ upp±detv± pacch± ariyamaggasampayutta½ sam±dhi½ bh±vet²ti attho. Tassa ±dito up±d±y±ti tassa puggalassa vipassanato paµµh±ya vipassana½ paµicca. Moh± vikkhambhit± hont²ti ettha vikkhambhit±ti d³ra½ p±pit± sańń±vasena. Ghaµµent²ti ye k±masańń±di½ gaŗhanti, te sańń±vasena p²¼enti. SaŖghaµµent²ti tato tato p²¼enti Id±ni ghaµµente dassetu½ “r±j±nopi r±j³hi vivadant²”ti-±din± nayena vitth±ro vutto. Ańńamańńa½ p±ŗ²hipi upakkamant²ti ettha ańńamańńa½ hatthehi paharanti. Le¹¹³h²ti kap±lakhaŗ¹ehi. Daŗ¹eh²ti a¹¹hadaŗ¹akehi. Sattheh²ti ubhatodh±rehi satthehi.
AbhisaŖkh±r±na½ appah²natt±ti puńń±di-abhisaŖkh±r±na½ appah²nabh±vena. Gatiy± ghaµµent²ti gantabb±ya patiµµh±bh³t±ya gatiy± p²¼enti ghaµµana½ ±pajjanti. Niray±d²supi eseva nayo. Sesamettha vuttanayatt± utt±nameva.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya mah±niddesaµµhakath±ya

M±gaŗ¹iyasuttaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.