R³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhena, dukkha½ bhayaµµhena, anatt± as±rakaµµhen±ti tulayitv± t²rayitv± vibh±vayitv± vibh³ta½ katv± r³panirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. Vedan±… sańń±… saŖkh±r±… vińń±ŗa½… cakkhu½…pe… jar±maraŗa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhena, dukkha½ bhayaµµhena, anatt± as±rakaµµhen±ti tulayitv±…pe… vibh³ta½ katv± jar±maraŗanirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±.
R³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ saŖkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½ khayadhamma½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhammanti tulayitv±…pe… vibh³ta½ katv± r³panirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. Vedan±…pe… sańń±… saŖkh±r±… vińń±ŗa½… cakkhu½…pe… jar±maraŗa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½…pe… nirodhadhammanti tulayitv±…pe… vibh³ta½ katv± jar±maraŗanirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±.
Katam± tikkhapańń±? Khippa½ kilese chindat²ti tikkhapańń±. Uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±seti. Uppanna½ by±p±davitakka½… uppanna½ vihi½s±vitakka½… uppannuppanne p±pake akusale dhamme… uppanna½ r±ga½… uppanna½ dosa½… moha½… kodha½… upan±ha½… makkha½… pa¼±sa½… issa½… macchariya½… m±ya½… s±µheyya½… thambha½… s±rambha½… m±na½… atim±na½… mada½… pam±da½… sabbe kilese… sabbe duccarite… sabbe abhisaŖkh±re… sabbe bhavag±mikamme n±dhiv±seti pajahati vinodeti byant²karoti anabh±va½ gamet²ti tikkhapańń±. Ekamhi ±sane catt±ro ariyamagg±, catt±ri ca s±mańńaphal±ni, catasso ca paµisambhid±yo, cha abhińń±yo adhigat± honti sacchikat± phassit± pańń±y±ti tikkhapańń±.
Katam± nibbedhikapańń±? Idhekacco sabbasaŖkh±resu ubbegabahulo hoti utt±sabahulo ukkaŗµhanabahulo aratibahulo anabhiratibahulo bahimukho na ramati sabbasaŖkh±resu, anibbiddhapubba½ apad±litapubba½ lobhakkhandha½ nibbijjhati pad±let²ti nibbedhikapańń±. Anibbiddhapubba½ apad±litapubba½ dosakkhandha½…pe… mohakkhandha½… kodha½… upan±ha½…pe… sabbe bhavag±mikamme nibbijjhati pad±let²ti nibbedhikapańń±.
28. Sa sabbadhammesu visenibh³to, ya½ kińci diµµha½ va suta½ muta½ v±ti so bh³ripańńo kh²ŗ±savo ya½ kińci diµµha½ v± suta½ v± muta½ v± tesu sabbadhammesu m±rasena½ vin±setv± µhitabh±vena visenibh³to. Tameva dassinti ta½ eva visuddhadassi½. Vivaµa½ carantanti taŗh±chadan±divigamena vivaµa½ hutv± caranta½. Ken²dha lokasmi vikappayeyy±ti kena idha loke taŗh±kappena v± diµµhikappena v± koci vikappeyya, tesa½ v± pah²natt± r±g±din± pubbe vutten±ti.
K±m± te paµham± sen±ti-±d²su cat³su g±th±su ayamattho– yasm± ±ditova ag±riyabh³te satte vatthuk±mesu kilesak±m± mohayanti, te abhibhuyya anag±riyabh±va½ upagat±na½ pantesu v± sen±sanesu, ańńatarańńataresu v± adhikusalesu dhammesu arati uppajjati. Vuttańceta½– “pabbajitena kho, ±vuso, abhirati dukkar±”ti (sa½. ni. 4.331). Tato te parapaµibaddhaj²vikatt± khuppip±s± b±dheti, t±ya b±dhit±na½ pariyesanataŗh± citta½ kilamayati, atha nesa½ kilantacitt±na½ thinamiddha½ okkamati tato visesamanadhigacchant±na½ durabhisambhavesu arańńavanapatthesu sen±sanesu viharata½ utr±sasańńit± bh²ru j±yati, tesa½ ussaŖkitaparisaŖkit±na½ d²gharatta½ vivekarasamanass±dayam±n±na½ viharata½ “na siy± nu kho esa maggo”ti paµipattiya½ vicikicch± uppajjati, ta½ vinodetv± viharata½ appamattakena vises±dhigamena m±namakkhathambh± j±yanti, tepi vinodetv± viharata½ tato adhikatara½ vises±dhigama½ niss±ya l±bhasakk±rasilok± uppajjanti, l±bh±dimucchit± dhammapaµir³pak±ni pak±sent± micch±yasa½ adhigantv± tattha µhit± j±ti-±d²hi att±na½ ukka½senti, para½ vambhenti. Tasm± k±m±d²na½ paµhamasen±dibh±vo veditabbo.
Evameta½ dasavidha½ sena½ uddisitv± yasm± s± kaŗhadhammasamann±gatatt± kaŗhassa namucino upak±r±ya sa½vattati, tasm± na½ “tava sen±”ti niddisanto ±ha– “es± namuci te sen±, kaŗhass±bhippah±rin²”ti. Tattha abhippah±rin²ti samaŗabr±hmaŗ±na½ gh±tin² nippothin², antar±yakar²ti attho. Na na½ as³ro jin±ti, jetv±va labhate sukhanti eva½ tava sena½ as³ro k±ye ca j²vite ca s±pekkho puriso na jin±ti, s³ro pana jin±ti, jetv±va maggasukha½ phalasukhańca adhigacchati.
Yato cat³hi ariyamaggeh²ti yad± cat³hi niddosanibb±namagganasaŖkh±tehi maggehi. M±rasen±ti m±rassa sen± vacanakar± kiles±. Paµisenikar±ti paµipakkhakar±. Jit± c±ti par±jayam±n± hanit± ca. Par±jit± c±ti niggahit± ca. Bhagg±ti bhinn±. Vippalugg±ti cuŗŗavicuŗŗ±. Parammukh±ti vimukhabh±va½ p±pit±. Visenibh³toti nikkileso hutv± µhito.
Vod±tadassinti byavad±tadassi½. T±ni chadan±n²ti et±ni taŗh±dikilesachadan±ni. Vivaµ±n²ti p±kaµ²kat±ni. Viddha½sit±n²ti µhitaµµh±nato apahat±ni. Uggh±µit±n²ti upp±µit±ni. Samuggh±µit±n²ti visesena upp±µit±ni.
29. Na kappayant²ti g±th±ya sambandho attho ca– kińca bhiyyo? Te hi t±dis± santo dvinna½ kapp±na½ purekkh±r±nańca kenaci na kappayanti, na purekkharonti. Paramattha½ accantasuddhi½ adhigatatt± anaccantasuddhi½yeva akiriyasassatadiµµhi½ “accantasuddh²”ti na te vadanti. ¾d±nagantha½ gatita½ visajj±ti catubbidhampi r³p±d²na½ ±d±yakatt± ±d±nagantha½ attano cittasant±ne gathita½ baddha½ ariyamaggasatthena vissajja chinditv±. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
Accantasuddhinti accanta½ paramattha½ suddhi½. Sa½s±rasuddhinti sa½s±rato suddhi½. Akiriyadiµµhinti karoto na kar²yati p±panti akiriyadiµµhi½. Sassatav±danti “nicco dhuvo sassato”ti vacana½. Na vadanti na kathenti.
Ganth±ti n±mak±ya½ ganthenti, cutipaµisandhivasena vaµµasmi½ ghaµent²ti ganth±. Abhijjh± ca s± n±mak±yaghaµanavasena gantho c±ti abhijjh±k±yagantho. Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti by±p±do. By±p±do ca so vuttanayena gantho c±ti by±p±do k±yagantho. S²labbatapar±m±soti “ito bahiddh± samaŗabr±hmaŗ±na½ s²lena suddhi vatena suddh²”ti (dha. sa. 1143, 1222) parato ±m±so. Ida½sacc±bhinivesoti sabbańńubh±sitampi paµikkhipitv± “sassato loko, idameva sacca½, moghamańńan”ti (dha. sa. 1144) imin± ±k±rena abhiniveso ida½sacc±bhiniveso. Attano diµµhiy± r±goti attan± abhinivisitv± gahit±ya diµµhiy± chandar±go. Parav±desu ±gh±toti parassa vacanesu kopo. Appaccayoti atuµµh±k±ro. Attano s²la½ v±ti attan± sam±dinna½ gos²l±dis²la½ v±. Attano diµµh²ti attan± gahit± par±maµµh± diµµhi. Tehi gantheh²ti etehi vuttehi n±mak±yaghaµanehi. R³pa½ ±diyant²ti catusamuµµh±nika½ r³p±rammaŗa½ ±diyanti gaŗhanti. Up±diyant²ti upagantv± gaŗhanti taŗh±gahaŗena. Par±masanti diµµhigahaŗena. Abhinivisanti m±nagahaŗena. Vaµµanti tebh³makavaµµa½. Gantheti bandhane.
Vosajjitv± v±ti samm± vissajjitv± v±. Gathiteti bandhane. Ganthiteti ganthanena ganthite. Vibandheti visesena bandhe. ¾bandheti anekavidhena bandhe. Palibuddheti amuńcite. Bandhane poµayitv±ti taŗh±m±nadiµµhibandhan±ni pappoµayitv±. Visajj±ti cajitv±.
Ime pana catt±ro ganthe kilesapaµip±µiy±pi ±haritu½ vaµµati, maggapaµip±µiy±pi– kilesapaµip±µiy± abhijjh±k±yagantho arahattamaggena pah²yati, by±p±do k±yagantho an±g±mimaggena, s²labbatapar±m±so k±yagantho ida½sacc±bhiniveso k±yagantho sot±pattimaggena. Maggapaµip±µiy± s²labbatapar±m±so k±yagantho ida½sacc±bhiniveso k±yagantho sot±pattimaggena, by±p±do k±yagantho an±g±mimaggena, abhijjh±k±yagantho arahattamaggen±ti. Ete catt±ro ganth± yassa sa½vijjanti, ta½ cutipaµisandhivasena vaµµasmi½ ganthenti ghaµent²ti ganth±. Te catuppabhed± abhijjh±yanti et±ya, saya½ v± abhijjh±yati, abhijjh±yanamattameva v± es±ti abhijjh±. Lobhoyeva n±mak±ya½ gantheti cutipaµisandhivasena vaµµasmi½ ghaµet²ti k±yagantho. By±pajjati tena citta½ p³tibh±va½ gacchati, by±p±dayati v± vinay±c±rar³pasampattihitasukh±d²n²ti by±p±do. “Ito bahiddh± samaŗabr±hmaŗ±na½ s²lena suddhi vatena suddh²”ti par±masana½ s²labbatapar±m±so, sabbańńubh±sitampi paµikkhipitv± “sassato loko, idameva sacca½, moghamańńan”ti-±din± ±k±rena abhinivisat²ti ida½sacc±bhiniveso. Yath± vayha½ v±ti-±di½ vayh±divisaŖkharaŗa½ ganth±na½ viyogakaraŗe upama½ dassento ±ha.
Na janent²ti na upp±denti. Na sańjanent²ti na nibbattenti. N±bhinibbattent²ti upasaggavasena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Na sańjanent²ti upp±dakkhaŗa½. Na nibbattenti n±bhinibbattent²ti pavattikkhaŗa½ sandh±ya vutta½.
30. S²m±tigoti g±th± ekapuggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya vutt±. Pubbasadiso eva panass± sambandho, so eva½ atthavaŗŗan±ya saddhi½ veditabbo– kińca bhiyyo? So ²diso bh³ripańńo catunna½ kilesas²m±na½ at²tatt± s²m±tigo, b±hitap±patt± ca br±hmaŗo, itthambh³tassa ca tassa natthi, paracittapubbeniv±sań±ŗehi ńatv± v± ma½sadibbacakkh³hi disv± v± kińci samuggah²ta½, abhiniviµµhanti vutta½ hoti. So ca k±mar±g±bh±vato na r±gar±g² r³p±r³par±g±bh±vato na vir±garatto, yato eva½vidhassa tassa “ida½ paraman”ti kińci idha uggah²ta½ natth²ti arahattanik³µena desana½ niµµh±pesi.
Catasso s²m±yoti catt±ro paricched±. Diµµh±nusayoti diµµhi ca s± appah²naµµhena anusayo c±ti diµµh±nusayo. Vicikicch±nusay±d²supi eseva nayo. Kenaµµhena anusay±? Anusayanaµµhena. Ko esa anusayaµµho n±m±ti? Appah²naµµho. Ete hi appah²naµµhena tassa tassa sant±ne anusenti n±ma, tasm± “anusay±”ti vuccanti. Anusent²ti anur³pa½ k±raŗa½ labhitv± uppajjant²ti attho. Ath±pi siy±– anusayaµµho n±ma appah²n±k±ro, appah²n±k±ro ca “uppajjat²”ti vattu½ na yujjati, tasm± na anusay± uppajjant²ti. Tatrida½ paµivacana½– appah²n±k±ro anusayo, anusayoti pana appah²naµµhena th±magat± kiles± vuccanti. So cittasampayutto s±rammaŗo sappaccayaµµhena sahetuko ekant±kusalo at²topi hoti an±gatopi paccuppannopi, tasm± “uppajjat²”ti vattu½ yujjati.
Tatrida½ pam±ŗa½– paµisambhid±ya½ t±va abhisamayakath±ya½ (paµi. ma. 3.21) “paccuppanne kilese pajahat²”ti pucchitv± anusay±na½ paccuppannabh±vassa atthit±ya “th±magato anusaya½ pajahat²”ti vutta½. DhammasaŖgaŗiya½ mohassa padabh±jane (dha. sa. 390) “avijj±nusayo avijj±pariyuµµh±na½, avijj±laŖg² moho akusalam³la½, aya½ tasmi½ samaye moho hot²”ti akusalacittena saddhi½ avijj±nusayassa uppannabh±vo vutto. Kath±vatthusmi½ “anusay± aby±kat± anusay± ahetuk± anusay± cittavippayutt±”ti (kath±. 605) sabbe v±d± paµisedhit±. Anusayayamake sattanna½ mah±v±r±na½ ańńatarasmi½ uppajjanav±re “yassa k±mar±g±nusayo uppajjati tassa paµigh±nusayo uppajjat²”ti-±di vutta½. Tasm± “anusent²ti anur³pa½ k±raŗa½ labhitv± uppajjant²”ti ya½ vutta½, ta½ imin± tantippam±ŗena suvuttanti veditabba½. Yampi “cittasampayutto s±rammaŗo”ti-±di vutta½, tampi suvuttameva. Anusayo hi n±mesa parinipphanno cittasampayutto akusaladhammoti niµµhamettha gantabba½.
Tattha diµµh±nusayo cat³su diµµhisampayuttesu, vicikicch±nusayo vicikicch±sahagate, avijj±nusayo dv±dasasu akusalacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca; tayopi avasesatebh³makadhammesu ±rammaŗavasena diµµhivicikicch±moh±. K±mar±g±nusayo cettha lobhasahagatacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca, man±pesu avasesak±m±vacaradhammesu ±rammaŗavasena uppajjam±no lobho. Paµigh±nusayo domanassasahagatacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca, aman±pesu avasesak±m±vacaradhammesu ±rammaŗavaseneva uppajjam±no doso. M±n±nusayo diµµhivippayuttalobhasahagatacittesu sahaj±tavasena ±rammaŗavasena ca, dukkhavedan±vajjesu avasesak±m±vacaradhammesu r³p±r³p±vacaradhammesu ca ±rammaŗavaseneva uppajjam±no m±no. Bhavar±g±nusayo cat³su diµµhivippayuttesu uppajjam±nopi sahaj±tavasena vutto. ¾rammaŗavaseneva pana r³p±r³p±vacaradhammesu uppajjam±no lobho vutto.
Tattha diµµh±nusayoti dv±saµµhividh± diµµhi. Vicikicch±nusayoti aµµhavatthuk± vicikicch±. Tadekaµµh± ca kiles±ti sahajekaµµhavasena diµµhiy± vicikicch±ya, sahajekaµµhavasena ekato µhit±. M±n±nusayoti navavidham±no. Paramatthań±ŗena v± ńatv±ti paresa½ citt±c±raj±nanapańń±ya j±nitv±, cetopariyań±ŗena j±nitv±ti vutta½ hoti. Pubbeniv±s±nussatiń±ŗena v±ti at²te nivuµµhakkhandh±nussaraŗań±ŗena j±nitv±. Ma½sacakkhun± v±ti pakaticakkhun±. Dibbacakkhun± v±ti dibbasadisena dibbavih±rasannissitena v± dibbacakkhun± passitv±. R±garatt±ti r±gena rańjit±. Ye pańcasu k±maguŗes³ti ye pańcasu r³p±divatthuk±makoµµh±sesu. Vir±garatt±ti vir±gasaŖkh±t±su r³p±r³pasam±patt²su atiratt± all²n±. Yato k±mar±go c±ti yad± k±mabhave r±go ca. R³p±r³par±gesupi eseva nayo.

Saddhammappajjotik±ya mah±niddesaµµhakath±ya

Suddhaµµhakasuttaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.