“Yo sam±diyati, so puggalo. Yena sam±diyati, cittacetasik± ete dhamm±. Y± sam±d±nacetan±, ta½ dhutaŖga½. Ya½ paµikkhipati, ta½ vatthun”ti (visuddhi. 1.23).
Sabb±neva ca loluppaviddha½sanaras±ni, nilloluppabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±ni, appicchat±di-ariyadhammapadaµµh±n±ni. Evamettha lakkhaŗ±d²hi vinicchayo veditabbo.
V²riyasam±d±namp²ti v²riyaggahaŗampi. K±manti eka½satthe nip±to. Taco ca nh±ru c±ti chavi ca nh±ruvalliyo ca. Aµµhi c±ti sabb± aµµhiyo ca. Avasissat³ti tiµµhatu. Upasussatu ma½salohitanti sabba½ ma½sańca lohitańca sukkhatu. “Taco”ti eka½ aŖga½, “nh±r³”ti eka½, “aµµh²”ti eka½, “upasussatu ma½salohitan”ti eka½ aŖga½. Ya½ tanti upari vattabbapadena sambandho. Purisath±men±ti purisassa k±yikena balena, balen±ti ń±ŗabalena. V²riyen±ti cetasikań±ŗav²riyatejena. Parakkamen±ti para½ para½ µh±na½ akkamanena uss±happattav²riyena. Pattabbanti ya½ ta½ p±puŗitabba½. Na ta½ ap±puŗitv±ti ta½ pattabba½ appatv±. V²riyassa saŗµh±na½ bhavissat²ti vuttappak±rassa v²riyassa sithilatta½ os²dana½ na bhavissati. “Paµµh±nan”tipi p±µho, ayamevattho. Citta½ paggaŗh±t²ti citta½ uss±ha½ gaŗh±peti. Padahat²ti patiµµh±peti.
N±sissanti na kh±diss±mi na bhuńjiss±mi. Na piviss±m²ti y±gup±n±d²ni na piviss±mi. Vih±rato na nikkhameti sen±sanato bahi na nikkhameyya½. Napi passa½ nip±tessanti passa½ mańce v± p²µhe v± bh³miya½ v± kaµasantharake v± p±tana½ µhapana½ na kariss±mi. Taŗh±salle an³hateti taŗh±saŖkh±te kaŗ¹e anuddhaµe, avigateti attho.
Ima½ pallaŖkanti samantato ±bhujita½ ³rubaddh±sana½. Na bhindiss±m²ti na vijahiss±mi. Y±va me na anup±d±y±ti cat³hi up±d±nehi gahaŗa½ aggahetv±. ¾saveh²ti k±m±sav±d²hi cat³hi ±savehi. Vimuccissat²ti samucchedavimuttiy± na muccissati. Na t±v±ha½ imamh± ±san± vuµµhahiss±m²ti ±di½ katv± y±va rukkham³l± nikkhamiss±m²ti ok±savasena vutt±. Imasmińńeva pubbaŗhasamaya½ ariyadhamma½ ±hariss±m²ti ±di½ katv± y±va gimheti k±lavasena vutt±. Purime vayokhandheti-±dayo vayavasena vutt±. Tattha ±san± na vuµµhahiss±m²ti nisinn±san± na uµµhahiss±mi. A¹¹hayog±ti nikuŗ¹ageh±. P±s±d±ti d²ghap±s±d±. Hammiy±ti muŗ¹acchadanageh±. Guh±y±ti pa½suguh±ya. Leŗ±ti mariy±dachinnacchidd± pabbataleŗ±. Kuµiy±ti ullitt±dikuµiy±. K³µ±g±r±ti kaŗŗika½ ±ropetv± katagehato. Aµµ±ti dv±raµµ±lak±. M±¼±ti vaµµageh±. Uddaŗ¹o n±ma eko patissayaviseso. “Tichadanageho”tipi eke. Upaµµh±nas±l±ti sannip±tas±l± bhojanas±l± v±. Maŗ¹ap±dayo p±kaµ±yeva. Ariyadhammanti anavajjadhamma½, ariy±na½ v± buddhapaccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½ dhamma½. ¾hariss±m²ti mama cittasam²pa½ ±nayiss±mi s²lena. Sam±hariss±m²ti visesena ±nayiss±mi sam±dhin±. Adhigacchiss±m²ti paµil±bhavasena gamiss±mi tadaŖgena. Phassayiss±m²ti phusiss±mi maggena. Sacchikariss±m²ti paccakkha½ kariss±mi phalena. Atha v± sot±pattimaggena ±hariss±mi. Sakad±g±mimaggena sam±hariss±mi, an±g±mimaggena adhigacchiss±mi, arahattamaggena phassayiss±mi, paccavekkhaŗena sacchikariss±mi. Dv²supi nayesu phassayiss±m²ti n±mak±yena nibb±na½ phusiss±m²ti attho.
Apuµµhoti m³lapada½, tassa apucchitoti attho. Apucchitoti aj±n±pito. Ay±citoti an±y±cito. Anajjhesitoti an±ŗ±pito “na icchito”ti eke. Apas±ditoti na pas±d±pito. P±vadat²ti kathayati. Ahamasm²ti aha½ asmi bhav±mi. J±tiy± v±ti khattiyabr±hmaŗaj±tiy± v±. Gottena v±ti gotam±digottena v±. Kolaputtiyena v±ti kulaputtabh±vena v±. Vaŗŗapokkharat±ya v±ti sar²rasundarat±ya v±. Dhanena v±ti dhanasampattiy± v±. Ajjhenena v±ti ajjh±yakaraŗena v±. Kamm±yatanena v±ti kammameva kamm±yatana½, tena kamm±yatanena, kasigorakkhakamm±din± v±. Sipp±yatanena v±ti dhanusipp±din± v±. Vijj±µµh±nena v±ti aµµh±rasavijj±µµh±nena v±. Sutena v±ti bahussutaguŗena v±. Paµibh±nena v±ti k±raŗ±k±raŗapaµibh±nasaŖkh±tań±ŗena v±. Ańńatarańńatarena v± vatthun±ti j±ti-±d²na½ ekekena vatthun± v±.
Ucc± kul±ti khattiyabr±hmaŗakul±, etena j±tigottamahatta½ d²peti. Mah±bhogakul±ti gahapatimah±s±lakul±, etena a¹¹hamahatta½ d²peti. U¼±rabhogakul±ti avasesavess±dikul±, etena pah³taj±tar³parajat±di½ d²peti. Caŗ¹±l±pi hi u¼±rabhog± honti. ѱtoti p±kaµo. Yassass²ti pariv±rasampanno. Suttantikoti suttante niyutto. Vinayadharoti vinayapiµakadharo. Dhammakathikoti ±bhidhammiko. ¾rańńikoti-±dayo dhutaŖgapubbaŖgamapaµipattidassanattha½ vutt±. Paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bh²ti-±dayo r³p±r³pa-aµµhasam±pattiyo dassetv± paµivedhadassanavasena vutt±. P±vadat²ti m³lapada½. Kathet²ti “piµak±cariyosm²”ti kathayati. Bhaŗat²ti “dhutaŖgikomh²”ti p±kaµa½ karoti. D²payat²ti “r³pajjh±na½ l±bh²mh²”ti parid²payati. Voharat²ti “ar³pajjh±na½ l±bh²mh²”ti v±kyabheda½ karoti.
Khandhakusal±ti pańcasu khandhesu salakkhaŗas±mańńalakkhaŗesu chek±, ń±tat²raŗapah±navasena kusal±ti attho. Dh±tu-±yatanapaµiccasamupp±d±d²supi eseva nayo. Nibb±nakusal±ti nibb±ne chek±. Anariy±nanti na ariy±na½. Eso dhammoti eso sabh±vo. B±l±nanti apaŗ¹it±na½. Asappuris±nanti na sobhanapuris±na½. Att±ti att±na½.
18. Santoti r±g±dikiles³pasamena santo. Tath± abhinibbutatto. Iti’hanti s²lesu akattham±noti “ahamasmi s²lasampanno”ti-±din± nayena iti s²lesu akattham±no, s²lanimitta½ attupan±yika½ v±ca½ abh±sam±noti vutta½ hoti. Tamariyadhamma½ kusal± vadant²ti tassa ta½ akatthana½ “ariyadhammo eso”ti buddh±dayo khandh±dikusal± vadanti. Yassussad± natthi kuhińci loketi yassa kh²ŗ±savassa r±g±dayo sattussad± kuhińci loke natthi. Tassa ta½ akatthana½ “ariyadhammo eso”ti eva½ kusal± vadant²ti sambandho.
Santoti m³lapada½. R±gassa samitatt±ti rańjanalakkhaŗassa r±gassa samitabh±vena. Dos±d²supi eseva nayo. Vijjh±tatt±ti sabbapari¼±h±na½ jh±pitatt±. Nibbutatt±ti sabbasant±p±na½ nibb±pitabh±vena. Vigatatt±ti sabb±kusal±bhisaŖkh±r±na½ vigatabh±vena d³rabh±vena. Paµipassaddhatt±ti sabb±k±rena abhabbuppattikabh±vena. Sattanna½ dhamm±na½ bhinnatt± bhikkh³ti upari vattabb±na½ sattadhamm±na½ bhinditv± µhitabh±vena bhikkhu. Sakk±yadiµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±soti ime tayo kiles± sot±pattimaggena bhinn±, r±go dosoti ime dve kiles± o¼±rik± sakad±g±mimaggena bhinn±, te eva aŗusahagat± an±g±mimaggena bhinn±, moho m±noti ime dve kiles± arahattamaggena bhinn±. Avasese kilese dassetu½ “bhinn±ssa honti p±pak± akusal± dhamm±”ti ±ha. Sa½kilesik±ti kilesapaccay±. Ponobhavik±ti punabbhavad±yik±. Sadar±ti kilesadarath± ettha sant²ti sadar±. “Saddar±”tipi p±µho, sahadarath±ti attho. Dukkhavip±k±ti phalak±le dukkhad±yik±. ¾yati½ j±tijar±maraŗiy±ti an±gate j±tijar±maraŗassa paccay±.
Pajjena katena attan±ti g±th±ya aya½ piŗ¹attho– yo attan± bh±vitena maggena parinibb±na½ gato, kilesaparinibb±na½ patto, parinibb±nagatatt± eva ca vitiŗŗakaŖkho, vipattisampattih±nivuddhi-ucchedasassata-apuńńapuńńappabheda½ bhavańca vibhavańca vippah±ya maggav±sa½ vusitav± kh²ŗapunabbhavoti etesa½ thutivacan±na½ araho so bhikkh³ti.
Itihanti idahant²ti duvidho p±µho. It²ti padasandhi±dayo sandh±ya “idahan”ti p±µha½ na rocenti. Tattha it²ti ya½ vutta½. Padasandh²ti pad±na½ sandhi padasandhi, padaghaµananti attho. Padasa½saggoti pad±na½ ek²bh±vo. Padap±rip³r²ti pad±na½ parip³raŗa½ dvinna½ pad±na½ ek²bh±vo. Akkharasamav±yoti ek²bh³topi aparipuŗŗopi hoti, aya½ na eva½. Akkhar±na½ samav±yo sannip±to hot²ti dassanattha½ “akkharasamav±yo”ti ±ha. Byańjanasiliµµhat±ti byańjanasamuccayo padam²ti vutt±na½ byańjan±na½ atthabyańjan±na½ atthabyattik±raŗ±na½ v± madhurabh±vatt± p±µhassa mudubh±vo. Pad±nupubbat± metanti pad±na½ anupubbabh±vo pad±nupubbat±, padapaµip±µibh±voti attho. Metanti eta½. Katamanti ce? It²ti ida½. Metanti ettha ma-k±ro padasandhivasena vutto. Katth² hot²ti “ahamasmi s²lasampanno”ti att±na½ ukka½setv± kathanas²lo hoti. Katthat²ti vuttanayena kathayati. Vikatthat²ti vividh± kathayati. Katthan±ti kathan±. ¾ratoti d³rato rato. Viratoti µh±nasaŖkantivasena vigatabh±vena rato. Paµiviratoti tato nivattitv± sabb±k±rena viyutto hutv± rato. Tattha pis±ca½ viya disv± pal±to ±rato. Hatthimhi maddante viya paridh±vitv± gato virato. Yodhasampah±ra½ viya pothetv± maddetv± gato paµivirato.
Kh²ŗ±savass±ti kh²ŗakiles±savassa. Kammussadoti puńń±bhisaŖkh±ra-apuńń±bhisaŖkh±ra-±neńj±bhisaŖkh±rasaŖkh±t±na½ kamm±na½ ussado ussannat±. Yassimeti yassa kh²ŗ±savassa ime ussad±.
19. Eva½ kh²ŗ±savapaµipatti½ dassetv± id±ni diµµhigatik±na½ titthiy±na½ paµipattińca dassento ±ha “pakappit± saŖkhat±”ti. Tattha pakappit±ti parikappit±. SaŖkhat±ti paccay±bhisaŖkhat±. Yass±ti yassa kassaci diµµhigatikassa. Dhamm±ti diµµhiyo. Purakkhat±ti purato kat±. Sant²ti sa½vijjanti. Av²vad±t±ti avod±t±. Yadattani passati ±nisa½sa½, ta½ nissito kuppapaµiccasantinti yassete diµµhidhamm± ‘purakkhat± avod±t± santi, so eva½vidho yasm± attani tass± diµµhiy± diµµhadhammikańca sakk±r±di½, sampar±yikańca gativises±di½ ±nisa½sa½ sampassati, tasm± tańca ±nisa½sa½, tańca kuppat±ya ca paµiccasamuppannat±ya ca sammutisantit±ya ca kuppapaµiccasantisaŖkh±ta½ diµµhi½ nissito ca hoti. So ta½ nissitatt± att±na½ v± ukka½seyya, pare v± vambheyya abh³tehipi guŗadosehi.
SaŖkhat±ti m³lapada½. SaŖkhat±ti paccayehi sam±gantv± kat±. Upasaggavasena pada½ va¹¹hita½. AbhisaŖkhat±ti paccayehi abhikat±. Saŗµhapit±ti paccayavaseneva samm± µhapit±. Anicc±ti hutv± abh±vena. Paµiccasamuppann±ti vatth±rammaŗa½ paµicca uppann±. Khayadhamm±ti kamena khayasabh±v±. Vayadhamm±ti pavattivasena parih±yanasabh±v±. Vir±gadhamm±ti anivatt² hutv± vigacchanasabh±v±. Nirodhadhamm±ti nirujjhanasabh±v±, anuppattidhamm± hutv± nirujjhanasabh±v±ti attho. Diµµhigatikass±ti dv±saµµhidiµµhiyo gahetv± µhitapuggalassa.