Tattha “katame vatthuk±m±? Man±pik± r³p±”ti-±di½ katv± “ya½ kiñci rajan²ya½ vatth³”ti pariyos±na½ saviññ±ºaka-aviññ±ºakavasena vutta½. Avasesa½ ekacatukk±dikachattikanti veditabba½.
Eva½ vatthuk±ma½ dassetv± kilesak±ma½ dassetu½ “katame kilesak±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha chandoti dubbalar±go. R±goti tato balavataro Upari tayopi r±g± imehi balavatar±. K±mes³ti pañcasu k±maguºesu. K±macchandoti k±masaªkh±to chando, na kattukamyat±chando, na dhammacchando. K±manavasena rajjanavasena ca k±moyeva r±go k±mar±go. K±manavasena nandanavasena ca k±moyeva nand² k±manand². Eva½ sabbattha k±mattha½ viditv± taºh±yanaµµhena k±mataºh±. Sinehanaµµhena k±masneho. Pari¹ayhanaµµhena k±mapari¼±ho. Mucchanaµµhena k±mamucch±. Gilitv± pariniµµh±panaµµhena k±majjhos±na½. Vaµµasmi½ oghehi os²d±pet²ti k±mogho. Vaµµasmi½ yojet²ti k±mayogo. Da¼havasena taºh±diµµhiggahaºa½ up±d±na½. Citta½ n²varati pariyonandhat²ti n²varaºa½.
Addasanti addakkhi½. K±m±ti ±lapana½. Teti tava. M³lanti patiµµha½. Saªkapp±ti parikappena. Na ta½ saªkappayiss±m²ti ta½ parikappana½ na kariss±mi. Na hohis²ti na bhavissasi.
Iccham±nass±ti pacc±s²santassa. S±diyam±nass±ti ass±diyam±nassa. Patthayam±nass±ti patthana½ upp±dentassa. Pihayam±nass±ti p±puºitu½ iccha½ upp±dentassa. Abhijappam±nass±ti taºh±vasena titti½ upp±dentassa. Atha v± abhivadantassa.
Khattiyassa v±ti-±di catujj±tivasena vutta½. Gahaµµhassa v± pabbajitassa v±ti liªgavasena vutta½. Devassa v± manussassa v±ti upapattivasena vutta½. Ijjhat²ti nipphajjati. Samijjhat²ti samm± nipphajjati. Ijjhati visesar³papaµil±bhavasena. Labhati dassan²yar³papaµil±bhavasena. Paµilabhati pas±dan²yar³papaµil±bhavasena. Adhigacchati saºµh±nar³papaµil±bhavasena. Vindati chavippas±dar³papaµil±bhavasena. Atha v± puññamahattena ijjhati. J±timahattena labhati. Issariyamahattena paµilabhati. Sukhamahattena adhigacchati. Sampattimahattena vindat²ti.
Eka½savacananti ekakoµµh±savacana½. “Eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± (p±r±. 349, 367), eka½saby±karaº²yo pañho”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.312; a. ni. 4.42) viya aneka½sagahaºapaµikkhepo. Nissa½sayavacananti sa½sayavirahitavacana½, sandehapaµikkhepavacananti attho. Nikkaªkh±vacananti “kathamida½ kathamidan”ti kaªkh±paµikkhepavacana½. Advejjhavacananti dvidh±bh±va½ dvejjha½, ta½abh±vena advejjhavacana½. Dvidh±bh±vavirahita½ “advejjhavacan± buddh±”ti-±d²su viya vimatipaµikkhepo. Adve¼hakavacananti dvihaday±bh±vena adve¼haka½. “Itih±sa, itih±s±”ti dve¼hakapaµikkhepavacana½. Niyogavacananti ekasmi½ atthe dve na yujjant²ti niyogavacana½ dvidh±pathapaµikkhepo. Aññattha pana “niyog± an±gat±rammaº± natth²”ti ±gata½. Apaººakavacananti pal±sarahita½ s±ravacana½ aviraddhak±raºa½ “apaººaka½ µh±nameke”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.1.1) viya, apaººakamaºi viya sappatiµµhavacana½. Avatth±panavacanametanti eta½ vacana½ otaritv± patiµµhita½ santiµµh±pana½ µhapana½.
Y±ni imasmi½ mah±niddese vibhatti½ ±ropit±ni pad±ni, t±ni vibhatti½ gacchant±ni t²hi k±raºehi vibhatti½ gacchanti, n±n± hont±ni cat³hi k±raºehi n±n± bhavanti. Aparad²pan± panettha dve µh±n±ni gacchanti. Katha½? T±ni hi byañjanavasena upasaggavasena atthavasena v±ti imehi t²hi k±raºehi vibhatti½ gacchanti. Tattha “kodho kujjhan± kujjhitatta½, doso dussan± dussitattan”ti (dha. sa. 1066) eva½ byañjanavasena vibhattigamana½ veditabba½. Tattha hi ekova kodho byañjanavasena eva½ vibhatti½ labhati. “Ijjhati samijjhati labhati paµilabhati gacchati adhigacchat²”ti eva½ pana upasaggavasena vibhattigamana½ veditabba½. “Paº¹icca½ kosalla½ nepuñña½ vebhaby± cint± upaparikkh±”ti (dha. sa. 16) eva½ atthavasena vibhattigamana½ veditabba½.
Tesu p²tipadaniddese t±va im± tisso vibhattiyo labbhanti. P²ti p±mojjanti hi byañjanavasena vibhattigamana½ hoti. ¾modan± pamodan± pah±soti upasaggavasena. Vitti tuµµhi odagya½ attamanat±ti atthavasena. Imin± nayena sabbapadaniddesesu vibhattigamana½ veditabba½.
N±n± hont±nipi n±man±nattena lakkhaºan±nattena kiccan±nattena paµikkhepan±natten±ti imehi cat³hi k±raºehi n±n± honti. Tattha “katamo tasmi½ samaye by±p±do hoti? Yo tasmi½ samaye doso dussan±”ti ettha by±p±doti v± dosoti v± dvepi ete kodho eva, n±mena pana n±natta½ gat±ti eva½ n±man±nattena n±natta½ veditabba½.
R±saµµhena ca pañcapi khandh± ekova khandho hoti. Ettha pana r³pa½ ruppanalakkhaºa½, vedan± vedayitalakkhaº±, saññ± sañj±nanalakkhaº±, cetan± cetayitalakkhaº±, viññ±ºa½ vij±nanalakkhaºanti imin± lakkhaºan±nattena pañcakkhandh± honti. Eva½ lakkhaºan±nattena n±natta½ veditabba½.
“Catt±ro sammappadh±n±– idha bhikkhu anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya…pe… citta½ paggaºh±ti padahat²”ti (vibha. 390; d². ni. 2.402) ekameva v²riya½ kiccan±nattena cat³su µh±nesu ±gata½. Eva½ kiccan±nattena n±natta½ veditabba½.
“Catt±ro asaddhamm± kodhagarut±, na saddhammagarut±, makkhagarut±, na saddhammagarut±, l±bhagarut±, na saddhammagarut±, sakk±ragarut±, na saddhammagarut±”ti evam±d²su (a. ni. 4.44) pana paµikkhepan±nattena n±natta½ veditabba½.
Im±ni pana catt±ri n±natt±ni na p²tiy±yeva labbhanti, sabbesupi yath±l±bhavasena labbhanti. P²tiy± hi p²t²ti n±ma½, cittassa cittanti n±ma½. P²ti ca pharaºalakkhaº±, vedan± vedayitalakkhaº±, saññ± sañj±nanalakkhaº±, cetan± cetayitalakkhaº±, viññ±ºa½ vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
Tath± p²ti pharaºakicc±, vedan± anubhavanakicc±, saññ± sañj±nanakicc±, cetan± cetayitakicc±, viññ±ºa½ vij±nanakiccanti eva½ kiccan±nattena n±natta½ veditabba½. Paµikkhepan±natta½ p²tipade natthi.
Alobh±diniddese pana “alobho alubbhan± alubbhitattan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 35) nayena labbhat²ti eva½ paµikkhepan±nattena n±natta½ veditabba½. Eva½ sabbapadaniddesesu labbham±navasena catubbidhampi n±natta½ veditabba½.
Aparad²pan± pana padatthuti v± hoti da¼h²kamma½ v±ti eva½ dve µh±n±ni gacchati. Yaµµhikoµiy± upp²¼entena viya hi sakimeva “p²t²”ti vutte eta½ pada½ phullitamaº¹itavibh³sita½ n±ma na hoti, punappuna½ byañjanavasena upasaggavasena atthavasena “p²ti p±mojja½ ±modan± pamodan± h±so pah±so vitt²”ti (dha. sa. 9) vutte phullitamaº¹itavibh³sita½ n±ma hoti. Yath± hi daharakum±ra½ nah±petv± manorama½ vattha½ paridah±petv± pupph±ni pi¼andh±petv± akkh²ni añjetv± athassa nal±µe ekameva manosil±bindu½ kareyya, na tassa ett±vat± cittatilako n±ma hoti, n±n±vaººehi pana pariv±retv± bind³su katesu cittatilako n±ma hoti. Eva½ sampadamida½ veditabba½. Aya½ padatthuti n±ma.
Byañjanavasena pana upasaggavasena atthavasena ca punappuna½ bhaºanameva da¼h²kamma½ n±ma. Yath± hi “±vuso”ti v± “bhante”ti v± “yakkho”ti v± “sappo”ti v± vutte da¼h²kamma½ n±ma na hoti, “±vuso ±vuso, bhante bhante, yakkho yakkho, sappo sappo”ti vutte pana da¼h²kamma½ n±ma hoti, evameva saki½deva yaµµhikoµiy± upp²¼entena viya “p²t²”ti vuttamatte da¼h²kamma½ n±ma na hoti, punappuna½ byañjanavasena upasaggavasena atthavasena “p²ti p±mojja½ ±modan± pamodan± h±so pah±so vitt²”ti vutteyeva da¼h²kamma½ n±ma hot²ti eva½ aparad²pan± dve µh±n±ni gacchati. Etiss±pi vasena labbham±nakapadaniddesesu sabbattha attho veditabbo.
Tattha p²nayat²ti p²ti. S± sampiy±yanalakkhaº±, k±yacittap²ºanaras± pharaºaras± v±, odagyapaccupaµµh±n±. Y± pañcak±maguºapaµisaññutt±ti y± r³p±dipañcak±makoµµh±sapaµisa½yutt± p²ti, s± p²nayat²ti p²ti, ida½ sabh±vapada½. Pamuditassa bh±vo p±mojja½. ¾modan±k±ro ±modan±. Pamodan±k±ro pamodan±. Yath± v± bhesajj±na½ v± tel±na½ v± uºhodakas²todak±na½ v± ekato karaºa½ “modan±”ti vuccati, evamayampi p²tidhamm±na½ ekato karaºena modan±. Upasaggavasena pana maº¹etv± “±modan± pamodan±”ti vutt±.
H±set²ti h±so. Pah±set²ti pah±so, haµµhapahaµµh±k±r±nameta½ adhivacana½. Vitt²ti vitta½, dhanasseta½ n±ma½. Aya½ pana somanassapaccayatt± vittisarikkhat±ya vitti. Yath± hi dhanino dhana½ paµicca somanassa½ uppajjati, eva½ p²timatopi p²ti½ paµicca somanassa½ uppajjati. Tasm± “vitt²”ti vutt±. Tuµµh²ti sabh±vasaºµhit±ya p²tiy± eta½ n±ma½. P²tim± pana puggalo k±yacitt±na½ uggatatt± abbhuggatatt± “udaggo”ti vuccati, udaggassa bh±vo odagya½.
Attano manat± attamanat±. Anabhiraddhassa hi mano dukkhapadaµµh±natt± na attano mano n±ma hoti, abhiraddhassa sukhapadaµµh±natt± attano mano n±ma hoti, iti attano manat± attamanat±, sakamanat±, sakamanassa bh±voti attho. S± pana yasm± na aññassa kassaci attano manat±, cittasseva panes± bh±vo cetasiko dhammo, tasm± “attamanat± cittass±”ti vutt±.
Cittavicittat±ya citta½. ¾rammaºa½ minam±na½ j±n±t²ti mano. M±nasanti mano eva, “antalikkhacaro p±so, yv±ya½ carati m±naso”ti (mah±va. 33; sa½. ni. 1.151) hi ettha pana sampayuttakadhammo “m±naso”ti vutto.
“Kathañhi bhagav± tuyha½, s±vako s±sane rato;
appattam±naso sekkho, k±la½kayir± jane sut±”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.159)–

Ettha arahatta½ “m±nasan”ti vutta½. Idha pana mano eva m±nasa½, byañjanavasena heta½ pada½ va¹¹hita½.

Hadayanti citta½. “Citta½ v± te khipiss±mi, hadaya½ v± te ph±less±m²”ti (su. ni. ±¼avakasutta½; sa½. ni. 1.237; 246) ettha uro “hadayan”ti vutta½. “Haday± hadaya½ maññe aññ±ya tacchat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.63) ettha citta½. “Vakka½ hadayan”ti (khu. p±. 3.dvati½s±k±ro; d². ni. 2.377; ma. ni. 1.110) ettha hadayavatthu. Idha pana cittameva abbhantaraµµhena “hadayan”ti vutta½. Tameva parisuddhaµµhena paº¹ara½, bhavaªga½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Yath±ha– “pabhassaramida½, bhikkhave, citta½, tañca kho ±gantukehi upakkilesehi upakkiliµµhan”ti (a. ni. 1.49). Tato nikkhantatt± pana akusalampi gaªg±ya nikkhant± nad² gaªg± viya godh±varito nikkhant± godh±var² viya ca “paº¹aran”tveva vutta½.
Mano man±yatananti idha pana manoggahaºa½ manasseva ±yatanabh±vad²panattha½. Teneta½ d²peti “nayida½ dev±yatana½ viya manassa ±yatanatt± man±yatana½, atha kho mano eva ±yatana½ man±yatanan”ti. Tattha niv±saµµh±naµµhena ±karaµµhena samosaraºaµµh±naµµhena sañj±tidesaµµhena k±raºaµµhena ca ±yatana½ veditabba½. Tath± hi loke “issar±yatana½, v±sudev±yatanan”ti-±d²su niv±saµµh±na½ “±yatanan”ti vuccati. “Suvaºº±yatana½, rajat±yatanan”ti-±d²su ±karo. S±sane pana “manorame ±yatane, sevanti na½ vibhaªgam±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 5.38) samosaraºaµµh±na½. “Dakkhiº±patho gunna½ ±yatanan”ti-±d²su sañj±tideso. “Tatra tatreva sakkhibhabbata½ p±puº±ti sati sati-±yatane”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.102; 5.23; ma. ni. 3.158) k±raºa½. Idha pana sañj±tidesaµµhena samosaraºaµh±naµµhena k±raºaµµhen±ti tidh±pi vaµµati.