3. Duµµhaµµhakasuttaniddesavaººan±

15. Duµµhaµµhake paµhamag±th±ya½ t±va tattha vadant²ti bhagavanta½ bhikkhusaªghañca upavadanti. Duµµhaman±pi eke, athopi ve saccaman±ti ekacce duµµhacitt±, ekacce tathasaññinopi hutv± titthiy± tuµµhacitt±, ye tesa½ sutv± saddahi½su, te saccaman±ti adhipp±yo. V±dañca j±tanti eta½ akkosav±da½ uppanna½. Muni no upet²ti ak±rakat±ya ca akuppanat±ya ca buddhamuni na upeti. Tasm± mun² natthi khilo kuhiñc²ti tena k±raºena aya½ muni, r±g±dikhilehi natthi khilo kuhiñc²ti veditabbo.
Duµµhaman±ti uppannehi dosehi d³sitacitt±. Viruddhaman±ti tehi kilesehi kusalassa dv±ra½ adatv± ±varitacitt±. Paµiviruddhaman±ti upasaggavasena pada½ va¹¹hita½. ¾hataman±ti paµighena ±hata½ citta½ etesanti ±hataman±. Pacc±hataman±ti upasaggavaseneva. ¾gh±titaman±ti vihi½s±vasena ±gh±tita½ mana½ etesanti ±gh±titaman±. Pacc±gh±titaman±ti upasaggavaseneva. Atha v± “kodhavasena duµµhaman±, upan±havasena paduµµhaman±, makkhavasena viruddhaman±, pa¼±savasena paµiviruddhaman±, dosavasena ±hatapacc±hataman±, by±p±davasena ±gh±titapacc±gh±titaman±. Paccay±na½ al±bhena duµµhaman± paduµµhaman±, ayasena viruddhaman± paµiviruddhaman±, garahena ±hatapacc±hataman±, dukkhavedan±samaªg²bh±vena ±gh±titapacc±gh±titaman±”ti evam±din± nayena eke vaººayanti. Upavadant²ti garaha½ upp±denti. Abh³ten±ti asa½vijjam±nena.
Saddahant±ti pas±davasena saddha½ upp±dent±. Okappent±ti guºavasena otaritv± avakappayant±. Adhimuccant±ti sampas±danavasena sanniµµh±na½ katv± tesa½ katha½ adhiv±sent±. Saccaman±ti tacchaman±. Saccasaññinoti tacchasaññino. Tathaman±ti avipar²taman±. Bh³taman±ti bh³tatthaman±. Y±th±vaman±ti niccalaman±. Avipar²taman±ti nicchayaman±. Tattha “saccaman± saccasaññino”ti saccav±diguºa½, “tathaman± tathasaññino”ti saccasaddh±guºa½, “bh³taman± bh³tasaññino”ti µhitaguºa½, “y±th±vaman± y±th±vasaññino”ti paccayikaguºa½, “avipar²taman± avipar²tasaññino”ti avisa½v±daguºa½ kathitanti ñ±tabba½.
Paratoghosoti aññesa½ santik± uppannasaddo. Akkosoti j±ti-±d²su dasasu akkosesu aññataro. Yo v±da½ upet²ti yo puggalo upav±da½ upagacchati. K±rako v±ti katadoso v±. K±rakat±y±ti dosassa katabh±vena vuccam±noti kathiyam±no. Upavadiyam±noti dosa½ upavajjam±no. Kuppat²ti kopa½ karoti.
Kh²laj±tat±pi natth²ti cittabandhabh±vacittakacavarabh±vasaªkh±ta½ paµighakhila½ j±ta½ ass±ti khilaj±to, tassa bh±vo khilaj±tat±, t±pi natthi na santi. Pañcapi cetokhil±ti k±me av²tar±go, k±ye av²tar±go, r³pe av²tar±go, y±vadattha½ udar±vadehaka½ bhuñjitv± seyyasukha½ passasukha½ middhasukha½ anuyutto viharati, aññatara½ devanik±ya½ paºidh±ya brahmacariya½ carati “imin±ha½ s²lena v± vatena v± tapena v± brahmacariyena v± devo v± bhaviss±mi, devaññataro v±”ti (ma. ni. 1.186) evar³p± pañcapi cittassa bandhabh±vakacavarabh±vasaªkh±t± cetokhil± natthi.
16. Imañca g±tha½ vatv± bhagav± ±nandatthera½ pucchi– “eva½ khu½setv± vambhetv± vuccam±n± bhikkh³, ±nanda, ki½ vadant²”ti, “na kiñci bhagav±”ti. “Na, ±nanda, ‘aha½ s²lav±’ti sabbattha tuºh² bhavitabba½. Loke hi n±bh±sam±na½ j±nanti, missa½ b±lehi paº¹itan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.241) vatv± “bhikkh³, ±nanda, te manusse eva½ paµicodent³”ti dhammadesanatth±ya “abh³tav±d² niraya½ upet²”ti (dha. pa. 306; ud±. 38; itivu. 48; su. ni. 666) ima½ g±tha½ abh±si. Thero ta½ uggahetv± bhikkh³ ±ha– “manuss± tumhehi im±ya g±th±ya paµicodetabb±”ti. Bhikkh³ tath± aka½su. Paº¹itamanuss± tuºh² ahesu½. R±j±pi r±japurise sabbattha pesetv± yesa½ dhutt±na½ lañja½ datv± titthiy± ta½ m±r±pesu½, te gahetv± niggayha ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± titthiye paribh±si. Manuss±pi titthiye disv± le¹¹un± hananti, pa½sun± okiranti “bhagavato ayasa½ upp±desun”ti. ¾nandatthero ta½ disv± bhagavato ±rocesi, bhagav± therassa ima½ g±thamabh±si “sakañhi diµµhi½…pe… vadeyy±”ti.
Tassa attho– y±ya½ diµµhi titthiyajanassa “sundari½ m±retv± samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ avaººa½ pak±setv± etenup±yena laddha½ sakk±ra½ s±diyiss±m±”ti so ta½ diµµhi½ katha½ atikkameyya? Atha kho so ayaso tameva titthiyajana½ pacc±gato ta½ diµµhi½ accetu½ asakkonta½. Yo v± sassat±div±d², sopi saka½ diµµhi½ kathamaccayeyya, tena diµµhichandena anun²to t±ya ca diµµhiruciy± niviµµho, api ca kho pana saya½ samatt±ni pakubbam±no attan±va paripuºº±ni t±ni diµµhigat±ni karonto yath± j±neyya, tatheva vadeyy±ti.
Avaººa½ pak±sayitv±ti aguºa½ p±kaµa½ katv±. Sakk±ranti catunna½ paccay±na½ sakkaccakaraºa½. Samm±nanti cittena bahum±nana½. Pacc±hariss±m±ti eta½ l±bh±di½ nibbattess±ma. Eva½diµµhik±ti eva½laddhik±. Yath± ta½ “l±bh±di½ nibbattess±m±”ti eva½ aya½ laddhi tesa½ atthi, tath± “atthi me vuttappak±ro dhammo”ti etesa½ khamati ceva ruccati ca, eva½sabh±vameva v± tesa½ citta½ “atthi me cittan”ti. Tad± tesa½ diµµhi v±, diµµhiy± saha khanti v±, diµµhikhant²hi saddhi½ ruci v±, diµµhikhantiruc²hi saddhi½ laddhi v±, diµµhikhantiruciladdh²hi saddhi½ ajjh±sayo v±, diµµhikhantiruciladdhi-ajjh±sayehi saddhi½ adhipp±yo v± hot²ti dassento “eva½diµµhik±…pe… eva½adhipp±y±”ti ±ha. Saka½ diµµhinti attano dassana½. Saka½ khantinti attano sahana½. Saka½ rucinti attano ruci½. Saka½ laddhinti attano laddhi½. Saka½ ajjh±sayanti attano ajjh±saya½. Saka½ adhipp±yanti attano bh±va½. Atikkamitunti samatikkamitu½. Atha kho sveva ayasoti so eva ayaso eka½sena. Te pacc±gatoti tesa½ pati-±gato. Teti s±mi-atthe upayogavacana½.
Atha v±ti atthantaradassana½. Sassatoti nicco dhuvo. Lokoti attabh±vo. Idameva sacca½, moghamaññanti ida½ eva taccha½ tatha½, añña½ tuccha½. Samatt±ti sampuºº±. Sam±dinn±ti samm± ±dinn±. Gahit±ti upagantv± gahit±.
Par±maµµh±ti sabb±k±rena par±masitv± gahit±. Abhiniviµµh±ti visesena laddhappatiµµh±. Asassatoti vuttavipariy±yena veditabbo.
Antav±ti sa-anto. Anantav±ti vuddhi-anantav±. Ta½ j²vanti so j²vo, liªgavipall±so kato. J²voti ca att±yeva. Tath±gatoti satto, “arahan”ti eke. Para½ maraº±ti maraºato uddha½, paraloketi attho. Na hoti tath±gato para½ maraº±ti maraºato uddha½ na hoti. Hoti ca na ca hoti tath±gato para½ maraº±ti maraºato uddha½ hoti ca na hoti ca. Neva hoti na na hoti tath±gato para½ maraº±ti ucchedavasena neva hoti, takkikavasena na na hoti.
Sak±ya diµµhiy±ti-±dayo karaºavacana½. All²noti ek²bh³to.
Saya½ samatta½ karot²ti attan± ³nabh±va½ mocetv± samm± atta½ samatta½ karoti. Paripuººanti atirekadosa½ mocetv± sampuººa½. Anomanti h²nadosa½ mocetv± al±maka½. Agganti ±di½. Seµµhanti padh±na½ niddosa½. Visesanti jeµµhaka½ P±mokkhanti adhika½. Uttamanti visesa½ na heµµhima½. Pavara½ karot²ti atirekena uttama½ karoti. Atha v± “±sayadosamocanena agga½, sa½kilesadosamocanena seµµha½, upakkilesadosamocanena visesa½, pamattadosamocanena p±mokkha½, majjhimadosamocanena uttama½, uttamamajjhimadosamocanena pavara½ karot²”ti evameke vaººayanti. Aya½ satth± sabbaññ³ti aya½ amh±ka½ satth± sabbaj±nanavasena sabbaññ³. Aya½ dhammo sv±kkh±toti aya½ amh±ka½ dhammo suµµhu akkh±to. Aya½ gaºo suppaµipannoti aya½ amh±ka½ gaºo suµµhu paµipanno. Aya½ diµµhi bhaddik±ti aya½ amh±ka½ laddhi sundar±. Aya½ paµipad± supaññatt±ti aya½ amh±ka½ pubbabh±g± attanta p±dipaµipad± suµµhu paññatt±. Aya½ maggo niyy±nikoti aya½ amh±ka½ niyy±mokkantiko maggo niyy±nikoti saya½ samatta½ karoti.
Katheyya “sassato loko”ti. Bhaºeyya “idameva sacca½ moghamaññan”ti. D²peyya “antav± loko”ti. Vohareyya n±n±vidhena gaºh±peyya “hoti ca na ca hot²”ti.
17. Atha r±j± satt±haccayena ta½ kuºapa½ cha¹¹±petv± s±yanhasamaya½ vih±ra½ gantv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ±ha– “nanu, bhante, ²dise ayase uppanne mayhampi ±rocetabba½ siy±”ti? Eva½ vutte bhagav± “na, mah±r±ja, ‘aha½ s²lav± guºasampanno’ti paresa½ ±rocetu½ ariy±na½ paµir³pan”ti vatv± tass± aµµhuppattiy± “yo attano s²lavat±n²ti avasesag±th±yo abh±si.
Tattha s²lavat±n²ti p±timokkh±d²ni s²l±ni, ±raññik±d²ni dhutaªgavat±ni ca. An±nupuµµhoti apucchito. P±v±ti vadati. Anariyadhamma½ kusal± tam±hu, yo ±tum±na½ sayameva p±v±ti yo eva½ att±na½ sayameva vadati, tassa ta½ v±da½ “anariyadhammo eso”ti kusal± eva½ kathenti.
Atthi s²lañceva vatañc±ti s²lanaµµhena s²lañceva atthi, sam±d±naµµhena vatañca atthi, vata½ na s²lanti vuttatthena vata½ atthi, ta½ na s²la½. Katamanti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Idha bhikkhu s²lav±ti-±dayo vuttanay± eva. Sa½varaµµhen±ti sa½varaºaµµhena, v²tikkamadv±ra½ pidahanaµµhena. Sam±d±naµµhen±ti ta½ ta½ sikkh±pada½ samm± ±d±naµµhena. ¾raññikaªganti araññe niv±so s²la½ ass±ti ±raññiko, tassa aªga½ ±raññikaªga½. Piº¹ap±tikaªganti bhikkh±saªkh±t±na½ para-±misapiº¹±na½ p±to piº¹ap±to, parehi dinn±na½ piº¹±na½ patte nipatananti vutta½ hoti. Ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ uñchati ta½ ta½ kula½ upasaªkamanto gavesat²ti piº¹ap±tiko, piº¹±ya v± patitu½ vatametass±ti piº¹ap±t². Patitunti caritu½. Piº¹ap±t² eva piº¹ap±tiko, tassa aªga½ piº¹ap±tikaªga½. Aªganti k±raºa½ vuccati. Tasm± yena sam±d±nena so piº¹ap±tiko hoti, tasseta½ adhivacananti veditabba½. Eteneva nayena rathik±sus±nasaªk±rak³µ±d²na½ yattha katthaci pa½s³na½ upari µhitatt± abbhuggataµµhena tesu pa½suk³lamiv±ti pa½suk³la½. Atha v± pa½su viya kucchitabh±va½ ulat²ti pa½suk³la½, kucchitabh±va½ gacchat²ti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ laddhanibbacanassa pa½suk³lassa dh±raºa½ pa½suk³la½, pa½suk³la½ s²lamass±ti pa½suk³liko, pa½suk³likassa aªga½ pa½suk³likaªga½. Saªgh±µi-uttar±saªga-antarav±sakasaªkh±ta½ tic²vara½ s²lamass±ti tec²variko, tec²varikassa aªga½ tec²varikaªga½. Sapad±nac±rikaªganti d±na½ vuccati avakhaº¹ana½, apeta½ d±nato apad±na½, anavakhaº¹ananti attho. Saha apad±nena sapad±na½, avakhaº¹anavirahita½, anugharanti vutta½ hoti. Sapad±na½ caritu½ idamassa s²lanti sapad±nac±r², sapad±nac±r²yeva sapad±nac±riko, tassa aªga½ sapad±nac±rikaªga½. Khalupacch±bhattikaªganti khal³ti paµisedhanatthe nip±to. Pav±ritena sat± pacch± laddha½ bhatta½ pacch±bhatta½ n±ma, tassa pacch±bhattassa bhojana½ pacch±bhattabhojana½, tasmi½ pacch±bhattabhojane pacch±bhattasañña½ katv± pacch±bhatta½ s²lamass±ti pacch±bhattiko, na pacch±bhattiko khalupacch±bhattiko, sam±d±navasena paµikkhitt±tirittabhojanasseta½ n±ma½, tassa aªga½ khalupacch±bhattikaªga½ Nesajjikaªganti sayana½ paµikkhipitv± nisajj±ya viharitu½ s²lamass±ti nesajjiko, tassa aªga½ nesajjikaªga½. Yath±santhatikaªganti yadeva santhata½ yath±santhata½, “ida½ tuyha½ p±puº±t²”ti eva½ paµhama½ uddiµµhasen±sanasseta½ adhivacana½. Tasmi½ yath±santhate viharitu½ s²lamass±ti yath±santhatiko, tassa aªga½ yath±santhatikaªga½. Sabb±neva panet±ni tena tena sam±d±nena dhutakilesatt± dhutassa bhikkhuno aªg±ni, kilesadhunanato v± dhutanti laddhavoh±ra½ ñ±ºa½ aªga½ etesanti dhutaªg±ni. Atha v± dhut±ni ca t±ni paµipakkh±na½ dhunanato aªg±ni ca paµipattiy±tipi dhutaªg±ni. Eva½ t±vettha atthato viññ±tabbo vinicchayo. Sabb±neva cet±ni sam±d±nacetan±lakkhaº±ni. Vuttampi ceta½–