“Mona½ vuccati ñ±ºan”ti vatv± ta½ pabhedato dassetu½ “y± paññ± paj±nan±”ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ vuttanayameva µhapetv± “amoho dhammavicayo”ti pada½. Amoho kusalesu dhammesu abh±van±ya paµipakkho bh±van±hetu. Amohena avipar²ta½ gaºh±ti m³¼hassa vipar²taggahaºato. Amohena y±th±va½ y±th±vato dh±rento yath±sabh±ve pavattati. M³¼ho hi “taccha½ ataccha½, atacchañca tacchan”ti gaºh±ti; tath± icchit±l±bhadukkha½ na hoti. Am³¼hassa “ta½ kutettha labbh±”ti evam±dipaccavekkhaºasambhavato maraºadukkha½ na hoti. Sammohamaraºañhi dukkha½, na ca ta½ am³¼hassa hoti. Pabbajit±na½ sukhasa½v±so hoti, tiracch±nayoniya½ nibbatti na hoti. Mohena hi niccasamm³¼h± tiracch±nayoni½ upapajjanti Mohapaµipakkho ca amoho mohavasena amajjhattabh±vassa abh±vakaro. Amohena avihi½s±saññ± dh±tusaññ± majjhim±ya paµipattiy± paµipajjana½, pacchimaganthadvayassa pabhedanañca hoti. Pacchim±ni dve satipaµµh±n±ni tasseva ±nubh±vena ijjhanti. Amoho d²gh±yukat±ya paccayo hoti. Am³¼ho hi hit±hita½ ñatv± ahita½ parivajjento hitañca paµisevam±no d²gh±yuko hoti, attasampattiy± aparih²no hoti. Am³¼ho hi attano hitameva karonto att±na½ samp±deti. Ariyavih±rassa paccayo hoti, ud±sinapakkhesu nibbuto hoti am³¼hassa sabb±bhisaªgat±ya abh±vato. Amohena anattadassana½ hoti. Asamm³¼ho hi y±th±vagahaºakusalo apariº±yaka½ khandhapañcaka½ apariº±yakato bujjhati. Yath± ca etena anattadassana½, eva½ attadassana½ mohena. Ko hi n±ma attasuññata½ bujjhitv± puna sammoha½ ±pajjeyy±ti.
Tena ñ±ºena samann±gatoti etena vuttappak±rena ñ±ºena samaªg²bh³to sekkh±dayo muni. Monappattoti paµiladdhañ±ºo munibh±va½ patto. T²º²ti gaºanaparicchedo. Moneyy±n²ti munibh±vakar± moneyyakar± paµipad± dhamm±. K±yamoneyyanti-±d²su viññattik±yar³pak±yavasena paññ±petabba½ k±yamoneyya½. Viññattiv±c±saddav±c±vasena paññ±petabba½ vac²moneyya½. Manodv±rikacitt±divasena paññ±petabba½ manomoneyya½. Tividhak±yaduccarit±na½ pah±nanti p±º±tip±t±dividh±na½ k±yato pavatt±na½ duµµhu carit±na½ pajahana½. K±yasucaritanti k±yato pavatta½ suµµhu carita½. K±y±rammaºe ñ±ºanti k±ya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± anicc±divasena pavatta½ k±y±rammaºe ñ±ºa½. K±yapariññ±ti k±ya½ ñ±tat²raºappah±napariññ±hi j±nanavasena pavatta½ ñ±ºa½. Pariññ±sahagato maggoti ajjhattika½ k±ya½ sammasitv± upp±ditamaggo pariññ±sahagato. K±ye chandar±gassa pah±nanti k±ye taºh±chandar±gassa pajahana½. K±yasaªkh±ranirodhoti ass±sapass±s±na½ nirodho ±varaºo, catutthajjh±nasam±pattisam±pajjana½. Vac²saªkh±ranirodhoti vitakkavic±r±na½ nirodho ±varaºo, dutiyajjh±nasam±pattisam±pajjana½. Cittasaªkh±ranirodhoti saññ±vedan±na½ nirodho ±varaºo, saññ±vedayitanirodhasam±pattisam±pajjana½.
Paµhamag±th±ya k±yamuninti-±d²su k±yaduccaritappah±navasena k±yamuni. Vac²duccaritappah±navasena v±c±muni. Manoduccaritappah±navasena manomuni. Sabb±kusalappah±navasena an±savamuni. Moneyyasampannanti j±nitabba½ j±nitv± phale µhitatt± moneyyasampanna½. ¾hu sabbappah±yinanti sabbakilese pajahitv± µhitatt± sabbappah±yina½ kathayanti.
Dutiyag±th±ya ninh±tap±pakanti yo ajjhattabahiddhasaªkh±te sabbasmimpi ±yatane ajjhattabahiddh±rammaºavasena uppattirah±ni sabbap±pak±ni maggañ±ºena ninh±ya dhovitv± µhitatt± ninh±tap±paka½ ±h³ti evamattho daµµhabbo. Ag±ramajjhe vasant± ag±ramunino. Pabbajjupagat± anag±ramunino. Tattha sekkh± sekkhamunino. Arahanto asekkhamunino. Paccekabuddh± paccekamunino. Samm±sambuddh± munimunino.
Puna kathetukamyat±pucch±vasena “katame ag±ramunino”ti ±ha. Ag±rik±ti kasigorakkh±di-ag±rikakamme niyutt±. Diµµhapad±ti diµµhanibb±n± Viññ±tas±san±ti viññ±ta½ sikkhattayas±sana½ etesanti viññ±tas±san±. Anag±r±ti kasigorakkh±di-ag±riyakamma½ etesa½ natth²ti pabbajit± “anag±r±”ti vuccanti. Satta sekkh±ti sot±pann±dayo satta. T²su sikkh±su sikkhant²ti sekkh±. Arahanto na sikkhant²ti asekkh±. Ta½ ta½ k±raºa½ paµicca ekak±va an±cariyak±va catusacca½ bujjhitavantoti paccekabuddh± paccekamunino.
Munimunino vuccanti tath±gat±ti ettha aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± tath±gato– tath± ±gatoti tath±gato, tath± gatoti tath±gato, tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato, tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato, tathadassit±ya tath±gato, tathav±dit±ya tath±gato, tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato, abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gatoti.
Katha½ bhagav± tath± ±gatoti tath±gato? Yath± sabbalokahit±ya ussukkam±pann± purimak± samm±sambuddh± ±gat±. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yen±bhin²h±rena purimak± bhagavanto ±gat±, teneva amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Atha v± yath± purimak± bhagavanto d±nas²lanekkhammapaññ±v²riyakhantisacc±dhiµµh±namettupekkh±saªkh±t± dasa p±ramiyo dasa upap±ramiyo dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samati½sap±ramiyo p³retv± aªgaparicc±ga½ nayanadhanarajjaputtad±raparicc±ganti ime pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajitv± pubbayogapubbacariyadhammakkh±nañ±tatthacariy±dayo p³retv± buddhicariy±ya koµi½ patv± ±gat±, tath± amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Yath± ca purimak± bhagavanto catt±ro satipaµµh±ne, catt±ro sammappadh±ne, catt±ro iddhip±de, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªge, ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ bh±vetv± p³retv± ±gat±, tath± amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Eva½ tath± ±gatoti tath±gato.
“Yath± ca d²paªkarabuddha-±dayo, sabbaññubh±va½ munayo idh±gat±;
tath± aya½ sakyamun²pi ±gato, tath±gato vuccati tena cakkhum±”ti.
Katha½ tath± gatoti tath±gato? Yath± sampatij±t± purimak± bhagavanto gat±. Kathañca te gat±? Te hi sampatij±t± samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµh±ya uttar±bhimukh± sattapadav²tih±rena gat±. Yath±ha–
“Sampatij±to, ±nanda, bodhisatto samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµhahitv± uttar±bhimukho sattapadav²tih±rena gacchati, setamhi chatte anudh±riyam±ne sabb± ca dis± anuviloketi, ±sabhiñca v±ca½ bh±sati– ‘aggohamasmi lokassa, jeµµhohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmi lokassa, ayamantim± j±ti, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”’ti (d². ni. 2.31; ma. ni. 3.207).
Tañcassa gamana½ tatha½ ahosi avitatha½ anekesa½ vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±vena. Yañhi so sampatij±to samehi p±dehi patiµµh±ti, idamassa caturiddhip±dapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½. Uttaramukhabh±vo panassa sabbalokuttarabh±vassa pubbanimitta½. Sattapadav²tih±ro sattabojjhaªgaratanapaµil±bhassa. “Suvaººadaº¹± v²tipatanti c±mar±”ti (su. ni. 693) ettha vuttac±marukkhepo pana sabbatitthiyanimmadanassa. Setacchattadh±raºa½ arahattavimuttivaravimalasetacchattapaµil±bhassa. Sabbadis±nuvilokana½ sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhassa. ¾sabhiv±c±bh±sana½ pana appaµivattiyavaradhammacakkapavattanassa pubbanimitta½. Tath± aya½ bhagav±pi gato. Tañcassa gamana½ tatha½ ahosi avitatha½ tesa½yeva vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±vena. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Muhuttaj±tova gavampat² yath±, samehi p±dehi phus² vasundhara½;
so vikkam² satta pad±ni gotamo, setañca chatta½ anudh±rayu½ mar³.
“Gantv±na so satta pad±ni gotamo, dis± vilokesi sam± samantato;
aµµhaªgupeta½ giramabbhud²rayi, s²ho yath± pabbatamuddhaniµµhito”ti. (Paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.37; itivu. aµµha. 38).
Eva½ tath± gatoti tath±gato.
Atha v± yath± purimak± bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tatheva nekkhammena k±macchanda½…pe… paµhamajjh±nena n²varaºe…pe… anicc±nupassan±ya niccasañña½…pe… arahattamaggena sabbakilese pah±ya gato, evampi tath± gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato? Pathav²dh±tuy± kakkha¼attalakkhaºa½ tatha½ avitatha½, ±podh±tuy± paggharaºalakkhaºa½, tejodh±tuy± uºhattalakkhaºa½, v±yodh±tuy± vitthambhanalakkhaºa½, ±k±sadh±tuy± asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½, viññ±ºadh±tuy± vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
R³passa ruppanalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya vedayitalakkhaºa½, saññ±ya sañj±nanalakkhaºa½, saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºa½, viññ±ºassa vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
Vitakkassa abhiniropanalakkhaºa½, vic±rassa anumajjanalakkhaºa½, p²tiy± pharaºalakkhaºa½, sukhassa s±talakkhaºa½, cittekaggat±ya avikkhepalakkhaºa½, phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½.
Saddhindriyassa adhimokkhalakkhaºa½, v²riyindriyassa paggahalakkhaºa½, satindriyassa upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, sam±dhindriyassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, paññindriyassa paj±nanalakkhaºa½.
Saddh±balassa assaddhiye akampiyalakkhaºa½, v²riyabalassa kosajje, satibalassa muµµhassacce, sam±dhibalassa uddhacce, paññ±balassa avijj±ya akampiyalakkhaºa½.
Satisambojjhaªgassa upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa pavicayalakkhaºa½, v²riyasambojjhaªgassa paggahalakkhaºa½, p²tisambojjhaªgassa pharaºalakkhaºa½, passaddhisambojjhaªgassa upasamalakkhaºa½, sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa paµisaªkh±nalakkhaºa½.
Samm±diµµhiy± dassanalakkhaºa½, samm±saªkappassa abhiniropanalakkhaºa½, samm±v±c±ya pariggahalakkhaºa½, samm±kammantassa samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½, samm±-±j²vassa vod±nalakkhaºa½, samm±v±y±massa paggahalakkhaºa½, samm±satiy± upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, samm±sam±dhissa avikkhepalakkhaºa½.
Avijj±ya aññ±ºalakkhaºa½, saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºa½, viññ±ºassa vij±nanalakkhaºa½, n±massa namanalakkhaºa½, r³passa ruppanalakkhaºa½, sa¼±yatanassa ±yatanalakkhaºa½, phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya vedayitalakkhaºa½, taºh±ya hetulakkhaºa½, up±d±nassa gahaºalakkhaºa½, bhavassa ±y³hanalakkhaºa½, j±tiy± nibbattilakkhaºa½, jar±ya j²raºalakkhaºa½, maraºassa cutilakkhaºa½.
Dh±t³na½ suññatalakkhaºa½, ±yatan±na½ ±yatanalakkhaºa½, satipaµµh±n±na½ upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, sammappadh±n±na½ padahanalakkhaºa½, iddhip±d±na½ ijjhanalakkhaºa½, indriy±na½ adhipatilakkhaºa½, bal±na½ akampiyalakkhaºa½, bojjhaªg±na½ niyy±nalakkhaºa½, maggassa hetulakkhaºa½.
Sacc±na½ tathalakkhaºa½, samathassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, vipassan±ya anupassan±lakkhaºa½, samathavipassan±na½ ekarasalakkhaºa½, yuganaddh±na½ anativattanalakkhaºa½.
S²lavisuddhiy± sa½varaºalakkhaºa½, cittavisuddhiy± avikkhepalakkhaºa½, diµµhivisuddhiy± dassanalakkhaºa½, khaye ñ±ºassa samucchedalakkhaºa½, anupp±de ñ±ºassa passaddhilakkhaºa½, chandassa m³lalakkhaºa½.
Manasik±rassa samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½, phassassa samodh±nalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya samosaraºalakkhaºa½, sam±dhissa pamukhalakkhaºa½, satiy± ±dhipateyyalakkhaºa½, paññ±ya tatuttariyalakkhaºa½, vimuttiy± s±ralakkhaºa½, amatogadhassa nibb±nassa pariyos±nalakkhaºa½ tatha½ avitatha½, eta½ tathalakkhaºa½ ñ±ºagatiy± ±gato avirajjhitv± patto anuppattoti tath±gato. Eva½ tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato.