“Yath±, mah±r±ja, puriso andhak±re gehe telappad²pa½ paveseyya, paviµµho pad²po andhak±ra½ viddha½seti, obh±sa½ janeti, ±loka½ vida½seti, p±kaµ±ni ca r³p±ni karoti; evameva kho, mah±r±ja, pańń± uppajjam±n± avijjandhak±ra½ viddha½seti, vijjobh±sa½ janeti, ń±ŗ±loka½ vida½seti, p±kaµ±ni ariyasacc±ni karoti. Eva½ kho, mah±r±ja, obh±sanalakkhaŗ± pańń±”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.15).
Yath± pana cheko bhisakko ±tur±na½ sapp±y±sapp±y±ni bhojan±d²ni j±n±ti, eva½ pańń± uppajjam±n± kusal±kusale sevitabb±sevitabbe h²nappaŗ²takaŗhasukkasappaµibh±ga-appaµibh±ge dhamme paj±n±ti. Vuttampi ceta½ dhammasen±patin± “paj±n±ti paj±n±t²ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± pańńav±ti vuccati. Kińca paj±n±ti? Ida½ dukkhanti paj±n±t²”ti (ma. ni. 1.449) vitth±retabba½. Evamass± paj±nanalakkhaŗat± veditabb±.
Aparo nayo– yath±sabh±vapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± pańń±, akkhalitapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± v±, kusaliss±sakhitta-usupaµivedho viya. Visayobh±saras±, pad²po viya. Asammohapaccupaµµh±n±, arańńagatasudesako viya.
Khandhadh²r±ti pańcasu khandhesuń±ŗa½ pavattent²ti khandhadh²r±. Aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su ń±ŗa½ pavattent²ti dh±tudh²r±. Sesesupi imin± nayena attho netabbo. Te dh²r± evam±ha½s³ti ete paŗ¹it± eva½ kathayi½su. Kathent²ti “appaka½ parittakan”ti kathayanti. Bhaŗant²ti “thoka½ khaŗikan”ti bh±santi. D²payant²ti “lahuka½ ittaran”ti patiµµhapenti. Voharant²ti “anaddhanika½ naciraµµhitikan”ti n±n±vidhena byavaharanti.
11. Id±ni ye tath± na karonti, tesa½ byasanuppatti½ dassento “pass±m²”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha pass±m²ti ma½sacakkhu-±d²hi pekkh±mi. Loketi ap±y±dimhi. Pariphandam±nanti ito cito ca phandam±na½. Paja½ imanti ima½ sattak±ya½. Taŗh±gatanti taŗh±ya gata½ abhibh³ta½ nip±titanti adhipp±yo. Bhaves³ti k±mabhav±d²su. H²n± nar±ti h²nakammant± nar±. Maccumukhe lapant²ti antak±le sampatte maraŗamukhe paridevanti. Av²tataŗh±seti avigatataŗh±. Bhav±ti k±mabhav±dik±. Bhaves³ti k±mabhav±dikesu. Atha v± bhav±bhaves³ti bhavabhavesu, punappunabhaves³ti vutta½ hoti.
Pass±m²ti ma½sacakkhun±pi pass±m²ti duvidha½ ma½sacakkhu– sasambh±racakkhu pas±dacakkh³ti. Tattha yoya½ akkhik³pake patiµµhito heµµh± akkhik³pakaµµhikena upari bhamukaµµhikena ubhato akkhik³µehi bahiddh± akkhilomehi paricchinno akkhik³pakamajjh± nikkhantena nh±rusuttakena matthaluŖge ±baddho setakaŗhamaŗ¹alavicitto ma½sapiŗ¹o, ida½ sasambh±racakkhu n±ma. Yo pana ettha sito ettha paµibaddho catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do, ida½ pas±dacakkhu n±ma. Idamadhippeta½. Tadeta½ tassa sasambh±racakkhuno setamaŗ¹alaparikkhittassa kaŗhamaŗ¹alassa majjhe abhimukhe µhit±na½ sar²rasaŗµh±nuppattipadese diµµhamaŗ¹ale sattasu picupaµalesu ±sittatela½ picupaµal±ni viya sattakkhipaµal±ni by±petv± pam±ŗato ³k±siramatta½ cakkhuvińń±ŗ±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati.
Ta½ cakkhat²ti cakkhu, tena ma½sacakkhun± pass±mi. Dibbacakkhun±ti “addasa½ kho aha½, bhikkhave, dibbena cakkhun± visuddhen±”ti (ma. ni. 1.284) eva½vidhena dibbacakkhun±. Pańń±cakkhun±ti “viraja½ v²tamala½ dhammacakkhu½ udap±d²”ti (ma. ni. 2.395; mah±va. 16) eva½ ±gatena pańń±cakkhun±. Buddhacakkhun±ti “addasa½ kho aha½, bhikkhave, buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento”ti (ma. ni. 1.283) evam±gatena buddhacakkhun±. Samantacakkhun±ti “samantacakkhu vuccati sabbańńutańń±ŗan”ti (c³¼ani. dhotakam±ŗavapucch±-iddesa 32; moghar±jam±ŗavapucch±niddesa 85) evam±gatena samantacakkhun±. Pass±m²ti ma½sacakkhun± hatthatale µhapit±malaka½ viya r³pagata½ ma½sacakkhun±. Dakkh±m²ti sańj±n±mi dibbena cakkhun± cut³pap±ta½. Olokem²ti avalokemi pańń±cakkhun± catusacca½. Nijjh±y±m²ti cintemi buddhacakkhun± saddh±pańcamak±ni indriy±ni. Upaparikkh±m²ti samantato ikkh±mi pariyes±mi samantacakkhun± pańca neyyapathe.
Taŗh±phandan±ya phandam±nanti taŗh±calan±ya calam±na½. Ito para½ diµµhiphandan±didiµµhibyasanena dukkhena phandam±napariyos±na½ vuttanayatt± utt±nameva. Samphandam±nanti punappuna½ phandam±na½. Vipphandam±nanti n±n±vidhena calam±na½. Vedham±nanti kampam±na½. Pavedham±nanti padh±nena kampam±na½. Sampavedham±nanti punappuna½ kampam±na½. Upasaggena v± pada½ va¹¹hita½.
Taŗh±nugatanti taŗh±ya anupaviµµha½. Taŗh±y±nusaµanti taŗh±ya anupatthaµa½. Taŗh±y±sannanti taŗh±ya nimugga½. Taŗh±ya p±titanti taŗh±ya khitta½. “Parip±titan”ti v± p±µho. Abhibh³tanti taŗh±ya maddita½ ajjhotthaµa½. Pariy±dinnacittanti khepetv± gahitacitta½. Atha v± oghena gata½ viya taŗh±gata½. Up±diŗŗakar³papaccayehi patitv± gata½ viya taŗh±nugata½. Udakapiµµhi½ ch±detv± patthaµan²lik± udakapiµµhi viya taŗh±nusaµa½. Vaccak³pe nimugga½ viya taŗh±y±sanna½. Rukkhaggato patitv± narake patita½ viya taŗh±p±tita½. Up±diŗŗakar³pa½ sa½yoga½ viya taŗh±ya abhibh³ta½. Up±diŗŗakar³paparigg±hakassa uppannavipassana½ viya taŗh±ya pariy±dinnacitta½. Atha v± k±macchandena taŗh±gata½. K±mapip±s±ya taŗh±nugata½. K±m±savena taŗh±nusaµa½. K±mapari¼±hena taŗh±y±sanna½. K±majjhos±nena taŗh±ya p±tita½. K±moghena taŗh±ya abhibh³ta½. K±mup±d±nena taŗh±ya pariy±dinnacittanti evameke vaŗŗayanti. K±mabhaveti k±m±vacare. R³pabhaveti r³p±vacare. Ar³pabhaveti ar³p±vacare. Tesa½ n±natta½ heµµh± pak±sita½yeva.
Bhav±bhaves³ti bhav±bhaveti bhavoti k±madh±tu. Abhavoti r³p±r³padh±tu. Atha v± bhavoti k±madh±tu r³padh±tu. Abhavoti ar³padh±tu. Tesu bhav±bhavesu. Kammabhaveti kammavaµµe. Punabbhaveti ponobhavike vip±kavaµµe. K±mabhaveti k±madh±tuy±. Kammabhaveti kammavaµµe. Tattha kammabhavo bh±vayat²ti bhavo. K±mabhave punabbhaveti k±madh±tuy± upapattibhave vip±kavaµµe. Vip±kabhavo bhavat²ti bhavo. R³pabhav±d²supi eseva nayo. Ettha ca “k±mabhave r³pabhave ar³pabhave”ti ok±sabhava½ sandh±ya vutta½. T²supi “kammabhave”ti kammabhava½ tath± “punabbhave”ti upapattibhava½ sandh±ya vutta½. Punappunabbhaveti apar±para½ uppattiya½. Gatiy±ti pańcagatiy± ańńatar±ya. Attabh±v±bhinibbattiy±ti attabh±v±na½ abhinibbattiy±. Av²tataŗh±ti m³lapada½. Avigatataŗh±ti khaŗikasam±dhi viya khaŗikappah±n±bh±vena na vigat± taŗh± etesanti avigatataŗh±. Acattataŗh±ti tadaŖgappah±n±bh±vena apariccattataŗh±. Avantataŗh±ti vikkhambhanappah±n±bh±vena na vantataŗh±ti avantataŗh±. Amuttataŗh±ti accantasamucchedappah±n±bh±vena na muttataŗh±. Appah²nataŗh±ti paµippassaddhippah±n±bh±vena na pah²nataŗh±. Appaµinissaµµhataŗh±ti nissaraŗappah±n±bh±vena bhave patiµµhita½ anusayakilesa½ appaµinissajjitv± µhitatt± appaµinissaµµhataŗh±.
12. Id±ni yasm± avigatataŗh± eva½ phandanti ca lapanti ca, tasm± taŗh±vinaye sam±dapento “mam±yite”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha mam±yiteti taŗh±diµµhimamattehi “maman”ti pariggahite vatthusmi½. Passath±ti sot±re ±lapanto ±ha. Etamp²ti etampi ±d²nava½. Sesa½ p±kaµameva.
Dve mamatt±ti dve ±lay±. Y±vat±ti paricchedaniyamatthe nip±to. Taŗh±saŖkh±ten±ti taŗh±koµµh±sena, saŖkh± saŖkh±tanti atthato eka½ “sańń±nid±n± hi papańcasaŖkh±”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 880) viya. S²makatanti aparicchedadosavirahita½ mariy±dakata½ “tiyojanaparama½ s²ma½ sammannitun”ti ±d²su (mah±va. 140) viya. Odhikatanti vacanaparicchedadosavirahita½ paricchedakata½ s²mantarikarukkho viya. Pariyantakatanti paricchedakata½. S²mantarikarukkho pana dvinna½ s±dh±raŗa½, aya½ pana ek±baddhat±lapanti viya katanti pariyantakata½. Pariggahitanti k±lantarepi par±yatta½ muńcitv± sabb±k±rena gahita½. Mam±yitanti ±layakata½ vass³pagata½ sen±sana½ viya. Ida½ mamanti sam²pe µhita½. Eta½ mamanti d³re µhita½. Ettakanti parikkh±raniyamana½ “ettakampi nappaµibh±seyy±”ti viya. Ett±vat±ti paricchedatthepi nip±taniyamana½ “ett±vat± kho mah±n±m±”ti viya. Kevalampi mah±pathavinti sakalampi mah±pathavi½.
Aµµhasata½ taŗh±vicaritanti aµµhuttarasata½ taŗh±gamanavitth±ra½. Aµµhuttarasata½ katha½ hot²ti ce? R³pataŗh±…pe… dhammataŗh±ti eva½ cakkhudv±r±d²su javanav²thiy± pavatt± taŗh± “seµµhiputto, br±hmaŗaputto”ti evam±d²su pitito laddhan±m± viya pitusadis±rammaŗe bh³t±. Ettha ca r³p±rammaŗ± r³pe taŗh±ti r³pataŗh±. S± k±mar±gabh±vena r³pa½ ass±dent² pavattam±n± k±mataŗh±. Sassatadiµµhisahagatar±gabh±vena “r³pa½ nicca½ dhuva½ sassatan”ti eva½ ass±dent² pavattam±n± bhavataŗh±. Ucchedadiµµhisahagatar±gabh±vena “r³pa½ ucchijjati vinassati paccheda½ bhavissat²”ti eva½ ass±dent² pavattam±n± vibhavataŗh±ti eva½ tividh± hoti. Yath± ca r³pataŗh±, tath± saddataŗh±dayop²ti et±ni aµµh±rasa taŗh±vicarit±ni honti. T±ni ajjhattar³p±d²su aµµh±rasa, bahiddh±r³p±d²su aµµh±ras±ti chatti½sa, iti at²t±ni chatti½sa, an±gat±ni chatti½sa, paccuppann±ni chatti½s±ti aµµhasata½. Ajjhattikassa up±d±ya “asm²”ti hoti, “itthasm²”ti hot²ti v± evam±d²ni ajjhattikar³p±dinissit±ni aµµh±rasa, b±hirassup±d±ya imin± “asm²”ti hoti, imin± “itthasm²”ti hot²ti b±hirar³p±dinissit±ni aµµh±ras±ti chatti½sa. Iti at²t±ni chatti½sa, an±gat±ni chatti½sa, paccuppann±ni chatti½s±ti evampi aµµhasatataŗh±vicarit±ni honti.
V²sativatthuk± sakk±yadiµµh²ti r³p±d²na½ pańcanna½ khandh±na½ ekekampi “r³pa½ attato samanupassat²”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.130-131) nayena catudh± g±havasena pavatt±ni vatth³ni katv± uppann± vijjam±naµµhena sati khandhapańcakasaŖkh±te k±ye diµµh²ti sakk±yadiµµhi. Dasavatthuk± micch±diµµh²ti “natthi dinna½, natthi yiµµhan”ti-±dinayappavatt± micch±diµµhi, ay±th±vadiµµhi virajjhitv± gahaŗato v± vitath± diµµhi micch±diµµhi, anatth±vahatt± paŗ¹itehi kucchit± diµµh²tipi micch±diµµhi. S± ayoniso abhinivesalakkhaŗ±, par±m±saras±, micch±bhinivesapaccupaµµh±n±, ariy±namadassanak±mat±dipadaµµh±n±, paramavajj±ti daµµhabb±. Dasavatthuk± antagg±hik± diµµh²ti sassato loko, asassato loko, antav± loko”ti ±dinayappavatt± ekeka½ koµµh±sa½ patiµµha½ katv± gahaŗavasena eva½ pavatt± diµµhi dasavatthuk± antagg±hik± diµµhi. Y± evar³p± diµµh²ti y± eva½j±tik± diµµhi. Diµµhigatanti diµµh²su gata½. Ida½ dassana½ dv±saµµhidiµµhi-antogadhatt±ti diµµhigata½, diµµhiyeva duratikkamanaµµhena gahana½ diµµhigahana½ tiŗagahanavanagahanapabbatagahan±ni viya. S±saŖkasappaµibhayaµµhena diµµhikant±ra½ corakant±rav±¼akant±ranirudakakant±radubbhikkhakant±r± viya. Samm±diµµhiy± vinivijjhanaµµhena vilomanaµµhena ca diµµhivis³k±yika½. Micch±dassanańhi uppajjam±na½ samm±dassana½ vinivijjhati ceva vilometi ca. Kad±ci sassatassa, kad±ci ucchedassa gahaŗato diµµhiy± vir³pa½ phanditanti diµµhivipphandita½. Diµµhigatiko hi ekasmi½ patiµµh±tu½ na sakkoti. Kad±ci sassata½ anussarati, kad±ci uccheda½. Diµµhiyeva bandhanaµµhena sa½yojananti diµµhisa½yojana½. Susum±r±dayo viya purisa½ ±rammaŗa½ da¼ha½ gaŗh±t²ti g±ho. Patiµµhahanato patiµµh±ho. Ayańhi balavapavattibh±vena patiµµhahitv± gaŗh±ti. Nicc±divasena abhinivisat²ti abhiniveso. Dhammasabh±va½ atikkamitv± nicc±divasena parato ±masat²ti par±m±so. Anatth±vahatt± kucchito maggo, kucchit±na½ v± ap±y±na½ maggoti kummaggo. Ay±th±vapathato micch±patho. Yath± hi dis±m³¼hena “aya½ asukag±massa n±ma patho”ti gahitopi ta½ g±ma½ na samp±peti, eva½ diµµhigatikena “sugatipatho”ti gahit±pi diµµhi sugati½ na p±pet²ti ay±th±vapathato micch±patho. Micch±sabh±vato micchatta½. Tattheva paribbhamanato taranti ettha b±l±ti tittha½, titthańca ta½ anatth±nańca ±yatananti titth±yatana½, titthiy±na½ v± sańj±tidesaµµhena niv±saµµh±naµµhena ca ±yatanantipi titth±yatana½. Vipariyesabh³to g±ho, vipariyesato v± g±hoti vipariyesagg±ho. Asabh±vag±hoti vipar²tagg±ho. “Anicce niccan”ti ±dinayappavattavasena parivattetv± g±ho vipall±sagg±ho. Anup±yag±ho micch±g±ho. Ay±th±vakasmi½ vatthusmi½ na sabh±vasmi½ vatthusmi½ tatha½ y±th±vaka½ sabh±vanti g±ho “ay±th±vakasmi½ y±th±vakan”ti g±ho. Y±vat±ti yattak±. Dv±saµµhidiµµhigat±n²ti brahmaj±le (d². ni. 1.29 ±dayo) ±gat±ni dv±saµµhidiµµhigat±ni.