So panesa micch±c±ro s²l±diguºarahite agaman²yaµµh±ne appas±vajjo, s²l±diguºasampanne mah±s±vajjo. Tassa catt±ro sambh±r± agaman²yavatthu tasmi½ sevanacitta½ sevanapayogo maggena maggapaµipatti-adhiv±sananti. Eko payogo s±hatthiko eva.
Mus±ti visa½v±danapurekkh±rassa atthabhañjanako vac²payogo k±yapayogo v±. Visa½v±dan±dhipp±yena panassa paravisa½v±dakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. Aparo nayo– mus±ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ vatthu. V±doti tassa bh³tato tacchato viññ±pana½. Lakkhaºato pana atatha½ vatthu½ tathato para½ viññ±petuk±massa tath±viññattisamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. So yamattha½ bhañjati, tassa appat±ya appas±vajjo, mahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Api ca gahaµµh±na½ attano santaka½ ad±tuk±mat±ya “natth²”ti-±dinayappavatto appas±vajjo, sakkhin± hutv± atthabhañjanattha½ vutto mah±s±vajjo. Pabbajit±na½ appakampi tela½ v± sappi½ v± labhitv± has±dhipp±yena “ajja g±me tela½ nad² maññe sandat²”ti p³raºakath±nayena pavatto appas±vajjo, adiµµha½yeva pana diµµhanti-±din± nayena vadant±na½ mah±s±vajjo.
Tassa catt±ro sambh±r± honti– atatha½ vatthu visa½v±danacitta½ tajjo v±y±mo parassa tadatthavij±nananti. Eko payogo s±hatthikova. So ca k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± v±c±ya v± paravisa½v±dakakiriy±karaºe daµµhabbo. T±ya ce kiriy±ya paro tamattha½ j±n±ti, aya½ kiriyasamuµµh±pik± cetan±kkhaºeyeva mus±v±dakammun± bajjhati.
Pisuºav±c±ti-±d²su y±ya v±c±ya yassa ta½ v±ca½ bh±sati, tassa hadaye attano piyabh±va½ parassa ca suññabh±va½ karoti, s± pisuºav±c±. Y±ya pana att±nampi parampi pharusa½ karoti, y± v±c± sayampi pharus± neva kaººasukh± na hadayaªgam±, aya½ pharusav±c±. Yena sampha½ palapati niratthaka½, so samphappal±po. Tesa½ m³labh³t±pi cetan± pisuºav±c±din±mameva labhati, s± eva idha adhippet±ti.
Tattha sa½kiliµµhacittassa paresa½ v± bhed±ya attano piyakamyat±ya v± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± pisuºav±c±. S± yassa bheda½ karoti tassa appaguº±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±.
Tass± catt±ro sambh±r± honti– bhinditabbo paro “iti ime n±n± bhavissanti vin± bhavissant²”ti bhedapurekkh±rat± v±, “iti aha½ piyo bhaviss±mi viss±siko”ti viyakamyat± v±, tajjo v±y±mo, tassa tadatthavij±nananti.
Parassa mammacchedakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± ekantapharusacetan± pharusav±c±. Mammacchedakopi payogo cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti. M±t±pitaro hi kad±ci puttake evampi vadanti “cor± vo khaº¹±khaº¹ika½ karont³”ti, uppalapattampi ca nesa½ upari patanta½ na icchanti. ¾cariyupajjh±y± ca kad±ci nissitake eva½ vadanti “ki½ ime ahirik± anottappino caranti, niddhamatha ne”ti. Atha ca nesa½ ±gam±dhigamasampatti½ icchanti. Yath± ca cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti, eva½ vacanasaºhat±ya apharusav±c±pi na hoti. Na hi m±r±petuk±massa “ima½ sukha½ say±peth±”ti vacana½ apharusav±c± hoti, cittapharusat±ya panes± pharusav±c±va, s± ya½ sandh±ya pavattit±. Tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±. Tass± tayo sambh±r±– akkositabbo paro kupitacitta½ akkosananti.
Anatthaviññ±pik± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± akusalacetan± samphappal±po. So ±sevanamandat±ya appas±vajjo, ±sevanamahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Tassa dve sambh±r± honti– bh±ratayuddhas²t±haraº±diniratthakakath±purekkh±rat± tath±r³p²kath±kathanañc±ti.
Abhijjh±yat²ti abhijjh±, parabhaº¹±bhimukh² hutv± tanninnat±ya pavattat²ti attho. S± “aho vata ida½ mam±ss±”ti eva½ parabhaº¹±bhijjh±yanalakkhaº±. Adinn±d±na½ viya appas±vajj± mah±s±vajj± ca. Tass± dve sambh±r± honti– parabhaº¹a½ attano pariº±manañc±ti. Parabhaº¹avatthuke hi lobhe uppannepi na t±va kammapathabhedo hoti, y±va “aho vatida½ mam±ss±”ti attano na pariº±meti.
Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti by±p±do, so paravin±s±ya manopadosalakkhaºo. Pharusav±c± viya appas±vajjo mah±s±vajjo ca. Tassa dve sambh±r± honti– parasatto ca tassa ca vin±sacint±ti. Parasattavatthuke hi kodhe uppannepi na t±va kammapathabhedo hoti, y±va “aho vat±ya½ ucchijjeyya vinasseyy±”ti tassa vin±sa½ na cintesi.
Yath±bhuccagahaº±bh±vena micch± passat²ti micch±diµµhi. S± “natthi dinnan”ti-±din± nayena vipar²tadassanalakkhaº±. Samphappal±po viya appas±vajj± mah±s±vajj± ca.
Saññ², asaññ², nevasaññ²n±saññ² bhaviss±m±ti r³p±divasena kaªkhanti. Bhaviss±ma nu kho mayanti-±din± att±na½ kaªkhanti. Tattha bhaviss±ma nu kho. Na nu kho bhaviss±m±ti tassa sassat±k±rañca ucched±k±rañca niss±ya an±gate att±na½ vijjam±natañca avijjam±natañca kaªkhanti. Ki½ nu kho bhaviss±m±ti j±tiliªgupapattiyo niss±ya “khattiy± nu kho bhaviss±ma, br±hmaºavessasuddagahaµµhapabbajitadevamanuss±na½ aññatar±”ti kaªkhanti. Katha½ nu kho bhaviss±m±ti saºµh±n±k±ra½ niss±ya “d²gh± nu kho bhaviss±ma, rassa-od±takaºhapam±ºika-appam±ºik±d²na½ aññatar±”ti kaªkhanti. Keci pana “issaranimm±n±d²ni niss±ya ‘kena nu kho k±raºena bhaviss±m±’ti hetuto kaªkhant²”ti vadanti. Ki½ hutv± ki½ bhaviss±ma nu kho mayanti j±ti-±d²ni niss±ya “khattiy± hutv± nu kho br±hmaº± bhaviss±ma…pe… dev± hutv± manuss±”ti attano parampara½ kaªkhanti. Sabbattheva pana addh±nanti k±l±dhivacanameta½.
10. Yasm± etadeva tasm± hi sikkhetha…pe… ±hu dh²r±ti. Tattha sikkheth±ti tisso sikkh± ±vajjeyya. Idhev±ti imasmi½yeva s±sane. Tattha sikkhitabb±ti sikkh±. Tissoti gaºanaparicchedo. Adhis²lasikkh±ti adhika½ uttama½ s²lanti adhis²la½, adhis²lañca ta½ sikkhitabbaµµhena sikkh± c±ti adhis²lasikkh±. Esa nayo adhicitta-adhipaññ±sikkh±su.
Katama½ panettha s²la½, katama½ adhis²la½, katama½ citta½, katama½ adhicitta½, katam± paññ±, katam± adhipaññ±ti? Vuccate– pañcaªgadasaªgas²la½ t±va s²lameva Tañhi buddhe uppannepi anuppannepi loke pavattati Uppanne buddhe tasmi½ s²le buddh±pi s±vak±pi mah±jana½ sam±dapenti, anuppanne buddhe paccekabuddh± ca kammav±dino ca dhammik± samaºabr±hmaº± ca cakkavatt² ca mah±r±j±no mah±bodhisatt± ca sam±dapenti, s±mampi paº¹it± samaºabr±hmaº± sam±diyanti. Te ta½ kusala½ dhamma½ parip³retv± devesu ca manussesu ca sampatti½ anubhonti.
P±timokkhasa½varas²la½ pana “adhis²lan”ti vuccati. Tañhi s³riyo viya pajjot±na½ sineru viya pabbat±na½ sabbalokiyas²l±na½ adhikañceva uttamañca, buddhupp±deyeva ca pavattati, na vin± buddhupp±d±. Na hi ta½ paññatti½ uddharitv± añño satto µhapetu½ sakkoti. Buddh±yeva pana sabbaso k±yavac²dv±ra-ajjh±c±rasota½ chinditv± tassa tassa v²tikkamassa anucchavika½ ta½ s²lasa½vara½ paññapenti. P±timokkhasa½varatopi ca maggaphalasampayuttameva s²la½ adhis²la½.
K±m±vacar±ni pana aµµha kusalacitt±ni lokiya-aµµhasam±patticitt±ni ca ekajjha½ katv± cittamev±ti veditabb±ni. Buddhupp±d±nupp±de cassa pavatti, sam±dapana½ sam±d±nañca s²le vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
Vipassan±p±daka½ aµµhasam±patticitta½ pana “adhicittan”ti vuccati. Tañhi adhis²la½ viya s²l±na½, sabbalokiyacitt±na½ adhikañceva uttamañca, buddhupp±deyeva ca hoti, na vin± buddhupp±d±. Tatopi ca maggaphalacittameva adhicitta½.
“Atthi dinna½ atthi yiµµhan”ti-±dinayappavatta½ (ma. ni. 2.94) pana kammassakat±ñ±ºa½ paññ±. S± hi buddhe uppannepi anuppannepi loke pavattati. Uppanne buddhe tass± paññ±ya buddh±pi s±vak±pi mah±jana½ sam±dapenti, anuppanne buddhe paccekabuddh± ca kammav±dino ca dhammik± samaºabr±hmaº± ca cakkavatt² ca mah±r±j±no mah±bodhisatt± ca sam±dapenti, s±mampi paº¹it± satt± sam±diyanti. Tath± hi aªkuro dasavassasahass±ni mah±d±na½ ad±si. Vel±mo vessantaro aññe ca bah³ paº¹itamanuss± mah±d±n±ni ada½su. Te ta½ kusala½ dhamma½ parip³retv± devesu ca manussesu ca sampatti½ anubhavi½su.
Tilakkhaº±k±raparicchedaka½ pana vipassan±ñ±ºa½ “adhipaññ±”ti vuccati. S± hi adhis²la-adhicitt±ni viya s²lacitt±na½, sabbalokiyapaññ±na½ adhik± ceva uttam± ca, na ca vin± buddhupp±d± loke pavattati. Tatopi ca maggaphalapaññ±va adhipaññ±.
Id±ni ekeka½ dassento “katam± adhis²lasikkh±– idha bhikkhu s²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharat²”ti-±dim±ha. Idh±ti vacana½ pubbabh±gakaraº²yasampad±ya sampannassa sabbapak±ras²laparip³rakassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pana½, aññas±sanassa ca tath±bh±vapaµisedhana½. Vuttañheta½– “idheva, bhikkhave, samaºo…pe… suññ± parappav±d± samaºebhi aññeh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.139-140). Bhikkh³ti tassa s²lassa parip³rakassa puggalassa parid²pana½. P±timokkhasa½varasa½vutoti idamassa p±timokkhasa½vare patiµµhitabh±vaparid²pana½. Viharat²ti idamassa tadanur³pavih±rasamaªg²bh±vaparid²pana½. ¾c±ragocarasampannoti idamassa p±timokkhasa½varassa upak±rakadhammaparid²pana½. Aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v²ti idamassa p±timokkhato acavanadhammat±parid²pana½. Sam±d±y±ti idamassa sikkh±pad±na½ anavasesato ±d±naparid²pana½. Sikkhat²ti idamassa sikkh±ya samaªg²bh±vaparid²pana½. Sikkh±pades³ti idamassa sikkhitabbadhammaparid²pana½.
Tattha bhikkh³ti sa½s±re bhaya½ ikkhat²ti bhikkhu. S²lamassa atth²ti s²lav±ti ettha s²lanti s²lanaµµhena s²la½. Kimida½ s²lana½ n±ma? Sam±dh±na½ v±, k±yakamm±d²na½ sus²lyavasena avippakiººat±ti attho. Upadh±raºa½ v±, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ patiµµh±vasena ±dh±rabh±voti attho. Etadeva hi ettha atthadvaya½ saddalakkhaºavid³ anuj±nanti. Aññe pana “adhisevanaµµhena ±c±raµµhena s²lanaµµhena siraµµhena s²talaµµhena sivaµµhena s²lan”ti vaººayanti.
S²lana½ lakkhaºa½ tassa, bhinnass±pi anekadh±;
sanidassanatta½ r³passa, yath± bhinnassanekadh±.
Yath± hi n²lap²t±dibhedenanekadh± bhinnass±pi r³p±yatanassa sanidassanatta½ lakkhaºa½ n²l±dibhedena bhinnass±pi sanidassanabh±v±natikkamanato. Tath± s²lassa cetan±dibhedena anekadh± bhinnass±pi yadeta½ k±yakamm±d²na½ sam±dh±navasena, kusal±nañca dhamm±na½ patiµµh±vasena vutta½ s²lana½, tadeva lakkhaºa½ cetan±dibhedena bhinnass±pi sam±dh±napatiµµh±bh±v±natikkamanato. Eva½ lakkhaºassa panassa–
Duss²lyaviddha½sanat±, anavajjaguºo tath±;
kiccasampatti-atthena, raso n±ma pavuccati.
Tasm± ida½ s²la½ n±ma kiccaµµhena rasena duss²lyaviddha½sanarasa½, sampatti-atthena rasena anavajjarasanti veditabba½.