R³pe pariyesant²ti-±d²su pariyesant²ti aladdhassa l±bh±ya esanavasena. Paµilabhant²ti hatthagatavasena. Paribhuñjant²ti va¼añjanavasena vuttanti ñ±tabba½. Kalaha½ viv±da½ karot²ti kalahak±rako. Tasmi½ niyuttoti kalahapasuto. Kammak±rak±d²supi eseva nayo. Gocare carantoti vesiy±digocare, satipaµµh±n±digocare v± caram±no. Tesu niyutto gocarapasuto. ¾rammaº³panijjh±navasena jh±na½ assa atth²ti jh±y². Tasmi½ niyutto jh±napasuto.
Avagacchant²ti ap±ya½ gacchanti. Maccharinoti sakasampatti½ niguhant±. Vacananti kathana½. Byapathanti v±kyapatha½. Desananti vissajjana-ov±da½. Anusiµµhinti anus±sani½. N±diyant²ti na gaºhanti na garu½ karonti. “Na paµissant²”ti v± p±µho, soyeva attho. Vatthuto macchariyadassanattha½ “pañca macchariy±ni ±v±samacchariyan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±v±se macchariya½ ±v±samacchariya½. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
¾v±so n±ma sakal±r±mopi pariveºampi ekovarakopi rattiµµh±n±d²nipi. Tesu vasant± sukha½ vasanti, paccaye labhanti. Eko bhikkhu vattasampannasseva pesalassa bhikkhuno tattha ±gamana½ na icchati, ±gatopi “khippa½ gacchat³”ti cintesi, ida½ ±v±samacchariya½ n±ma. Bhaº¹anak±rak±d²na½ pana tattha v±sa½ anicchato ±v±samacchariya½ n±ma na hoti.
Kulanti upaµµh±kakulampi ñ±tikulampi. Tattha aññassa upasaªkamana½ anicchato kulamacchariya½ hoti. P±papuggalassa pana upasaªkamana½ anicchatopi macchariya½ n±ma na hoti. So hi tesa½ pas±dabhed±ya paµipajjati. Pas±da½ rakkhitu½ samatthasseva pana bhikkhuno tattha upasaªkamana½ anicchato macchariya½ n±ma hoti.
L±bhoti catupaccayal±bhova. Ta½ aññasmi½ s²lavanteyeva labhante “m± labhat³”ti cintentassa l±bhamacchariya½ hoti. Yo pana saddh±deyya½ vinip±teti, aparibhogadupparibhog±divasena vin±seti, p³tibh±va½ gacchantampi aññassa na deti, ta½ disv± “sace ima½ esa na labheyya, añño s²lav± labheyya, paribhoga½ gaccheyy±”ti cintentassa macchariya½ n±ma natthi.
Vaººo n±ma sar²ravaººopi guºavaººopi. Tattha sar²ravaººe macchar² “paro p±s±diko r³pav±”ti vutte ta½ na kathetuk±mo hoti. Guºavaººamacchar² parassa s²lena dhutaªgena paµipad±ya ±c±rena vaººa½ na kathetuk±mo hoti.
Dhammoti pariyattidhammo ca paµivedhadhammo ca. Tattha ariyas±vak± paµivedhadhamma½ na macchar±yanti, attan± paµividdhadhamme sadevakassa lokassa paµivedha½ icchanti. Ta½ pana paµivedha½ “pare j±nant³”ti icchanti, tantidhammeyeva pana dhammamacchariya½ n±ma hoti. Tena samann±gato puggalo ya½ gu¼ha½ gantha½ v± kath±magga½ v± j±n±ti, ta½ aññe na j±n±petuk±mo hoti. Yo pana puggala½ upaparikkhitv± dhamm±nuggahena dhamma½ v± upaparikkhitv± puggal±nuggahena na deti, aya½ dhammamacchar² n±ma na hoti. Tattha ekacco puggalo lolo hoti, k±lena samaºo hoti k±lena br±hmaºo, k±lena nigaºµho. Yo hi bhikkhu “aya½ puggalo paveºi-±gata½ tanti½ saºha½ sukhuma½ dhammantara½ bhinditv± ±lu¼essat²”ti na deti, aya½ puggala½ upaparikkhitv± dhamm±nuggahena na deti n±ma. Yo pana “aya½ dhammo saºho sukhumo, sac±ya½ puggalo gaºhissati, añña½ by±karitv± att±na½ ±vi katv± nassissat²”ti na deti, aya½ dhamma½ upaparikkhitv± puggal±nuggahena na deti n±ma. Yo pana “sac±ya½ ima½ dhamma½ gaºhissati, amh±ka½ samaya½ bhinditu½ samattho bhavissat²”ti na deti, aya½ dhammamacchar² n±ma hoti.
Imesu pañcasu macchariyesu ±v±samacchariyena t±va yakkho v± peto v± hutv± tasseva ±v±sassa saªk±ra½ s²sena ukkhipitv± vicarati. Kulamacchariyena tasmi½ kule aññesa½ d±nam±nan±d²ni karonte disv± “bhinna½ vatida½ kula½ mam±”ti cintayato lohitampi mukhato uggacchati, kucchivirecanampi hoti, ant±nipi khaº¹±khaº¹±ni hutv± nikkhamanti. L±bhamacchariyena saªghassa v± gaºassa v± santake l±bhe macchar±yitv± puggalikaparibhoga½ viya paribhuñjitv± yakkho v± peto v± mah±-ajagaro v± hutv± nibbattati. Sar²ravaººaguºavaººamaccharena pana pariyattidhammamacchariyena ca attanova vaººa½ vaººeti, paresa½ vaººe “ki½ vaººo eso”ti ta½ ta½ dosa½ vadanto pariyattidhammañca kassaci kiñci adento dubbaººo ceva e¼am³go ca hoti.
Api ca ±v±samacchariyena lohagehe paccati, kulamacchariyena appal±bho hoti, l±bhamacchariyena g³thaniraye nibbattati, vaººamacchariyena bhave bhave nibbattassa vaººo n±ma na hoti, dhammamacchariyena kukku¼aniraye nibbattat²ti.
Macchar±yanavasena macchariya½. Macchar±yan±k±ro macchar±yan±. Maccharena ayitassa maccherasamaªgino bh±vo macchar±yitatta½. “Mayhameva hontu, m± aññass±”ti sabb±pi attano sampattiyo by±petu½ na icchat²ti viviccho, vivicchassa bh±vo veviccha½, mudumacchariyasseta½ n±ma½. Kadariyo vuccati an±daro, tassa bh±vo kadariya½, thaddhamacchariyasseta½ n±ma½. Tena hi samann±gato puggalo parampi paresa½ dadam±na½ niv±reti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Kadariyo p±pasaªkappo, micch±diµµhi-an±daro;
dadam±na½ niv±reti, y±cam±n±na bhojanan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.132).
Y±cake disv± kaµukabh±vena citta½ añcati saªkocet²ti kaµukañcuko, tassa bh±vo kaµukañcukat±. Aparo nayo– kaµukañcukat± vuccati kaµacchugg±ho. Samatittikapuºº±ya hi ukkhaliy± bhatta½ gaºhanto sabbatobh±gena saªkuµitena aggakaµacchun± gaºh±ti p³retv± gahetu½ na sakkoti, eva½ maccharipuggalassa citta½ saªkucati, tasmi½ saªkucite k±yopi tatheva saªkucati paµikuµati paµinivaµµati na sampas±r²yat²ti macchera½ “kaµukañcukat±”ti vutta½.
Aggahitatta½ cittass±ti paresa½ upak±rakaraºe d±n±din± ±k±rena yath± na sampas±r²yati, eva½ ±varitv± gahitabh±vo cittassa. Yasm± pana maccharipuggalo attano santaka½ paresa½ ad±tuk±mo hoti, parasantaka½ gaºhituk±mo. Tasm± “ida½ acchariya½ mayhameva hotu, m± aññass±”ti pavattivasenassa attasampattinig³hanalakkhaºat± parasampattiggahaºalakkhaºat± ca veditabb±.
Khandhamacchariyampi macchariyanti attano pañcakkhandhasaªkh±ta½ upapattibhava½ aññehi as±dh±raºa½ “acchariya½ mayhameva hotu, m± aññass±”ti pavatta½ macchariya½ khandhamacchariya½ n±ma. Dh±tu-±yatanamacchariyesupi eseva nayo. G±hoti g±hanicchayavasena gahaºa½. Avadaññut±y±ti sabbaññubuddh±nampi kathita½ aj±nanabh±vena. Y±cak±na½ adadam±no hi tehi kathita½ na j±n±ti n±ma. Jan± pamatt±ti sativippav±s± jan±. Vacananti saªkhepavacana½. Byappathanti vitth±ravacana½. Desananti upama½ dassetv± atthasandassanavacana½. Anusiµµhinti punappuna½ sa½lakkh±panavacana½. Atha v± dassetv± kathana½ vacana½ n±ma. Gaºh±petv± kathana½ byappatha½ n±ma. Tosetv± kathana½ desana½ n±ma. Padassetv± kathana½ anusiµµhi n±ma. Atha v± parit±padukkha½ n±setv± kathana½ vacana½ n±ma. Pari¼±hadukkha½ n±setv± kathana½ byappatha½ n±ma. Ap±yadukkha½ n±setv± kathana½ desana½ n±ma. Bhavadukkha½ n±setv± kathana½ anusiµµhi n±ma. Atha v± dukkhasaccapariññ±paµivedhayutta½ vacana½. Samudayasaccapah±napaµivedhayutta½ byappatha½. Nirodhasaccasacchikiriyapaµivedhayutta½ desana½. Maggasaccabh±van±paµivedhayutta½ anusiµµh²ti evam±din± nayena eke vaººayanti.
Na sussusant²ti na suºanti. Na sota½ odahant²ti savanattha½ kaººasota½ na µhapenti. Na aññ± citta½ upaµµhapent²ti j±nanattha½ citta½ na patiµµhapenti. Anassav±ti ov±da½ asuºam±n±. Avacanakar±ti suºam±n±pi vacana½ na karont²ti avacanakar±. Paµilomavuttinoti paµ±º² hutv± pavattanak± Aññeneva mukha½ karont²ti karont±pi mukha½ na dent²ti attho.
Visameti k±yasucarit±disammatassa samassa paµipakkhatt± visama½, tasmi½ visame. Niviµµh±ti paviµµh± dunn²har±. K±yakammeti k±yato pavatte, k±yena v± pavatte k±yakamme. Vac²kamm±d²supi eseva nayo.
Tattha k±yakammavac²kammamanokamm±ni duccaritavasena vibhatt±ni, p±º±tip±t±dayo dasa-akusalakammapathavasena vibhatt±ti ñ±tabba½. Aya½ t±vettha s±dh±raºapadavaººan±, as±dh±raºesu pana p±ºassa atip±to p±º±tip±to, p±ºavadho p±ºagh±toti vutta½ hoti. P±ºoti cettha voh±rato satto, paramatthato j²vitindriya½. Tasmi½ pana p±ºe p±ºasaññino j²vitindriyupacchedaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pit± k±yavac²dv±r±na½ aññataradv±rapavatt± vadhakacetan± p±º±tip±to. So guºavirahitesu tiracch±nagat±d²su p±ºesu khuddake p±ºe appas±vajjo, mah±sar²re mah±s±vajjo. Kasm±? Payogamahantat±ya, payogasamattepi vatthumahantat±ya. Guºavantesu manuss±d²su appaguºe p±ºe appas±vajjo, mah±guºe mah±s±vajjo. Sar²raguº±na½ pana samabh±ve sati kiles±na½ upakkam±nañca mudut±ya appas±vajjo, tibbat±ya mah±s±vajjoti veditabbo.
Tassa pañca sambh±r± honti– p±ºo p±ºasaññit± vadhakacitta½ upakkamo tena maraºanti. Chappayog±– s±hatthiko ±ºattiko nissaggiyo th±varo vijj±mayo iddhimayoti. Imasmi½ panatthe vitth±riyam±ne atipapañco hoti, tasm± na½ na vitth±rayiss±ma. Aññañca evar³pa½ atthikehi pana samantap±s±dika½ vinayaµµhakatha½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172) oloketv± gahetabba½.
Adinnassa ±d±na½ adinn±d±na½, parassa haraºa½ theyya½ corik±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha adinnanti parapariggahita½, yattha paro yath±k±mak±rita½ ±pajjanto adaº¹±raho anupavajjo ca hoti, tasmi½ pana parapariggahite parapariggahitasaññino tad±d±yaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± theyyacetan± adinn±d±na½. Ta½ h²ne parasantake vatthusmi½ appas±vajja½, paº²te mah±s±vajja½. Kasm±? Vatthupaº²tat±ya, vatthusamatte sati guº±dhik±na½ santake vatthusmi½ mah±s±vajja½. Ta½ ta½ guº±dhika½ up±d±ya tato tato h²naguºassa santake vatthusmi½ appas±vajja½.
Tassa pañca sambh±r± honti– parapariggahita½ parapariggahitasaññit± theyyacitta½ upakkamo tena haraºanti. Chappayog± s±hatthik±dayova. Te ca kho yath±nur³pa½ theyy±vah±ro pasayh±vah±ro paµicchann±vah±ro parikapp±vah±ro kus±vah±roti imesa½ pañcanna½ avah±r±na½ vasena pavattanti. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ vutto.
K±mesumicch±c±roti ettha pana k±mes³ti methunasam±c±resu. Micch±c±roti ekantanindito l±mak±c±ro. Lakkhaºato pana asaddhammasevan±dhipp±yena k±yadv±rappavatt± agaman²yaµµh±nav²tikkamacetan± k±mesumicch±c±ro.
Tattha agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma puris±na½ t±va m±turakkhit± piturakkhit± m±t±piturakkhit± bh±turakkhit± bhaginirakkhit± ñ±tirakkhit± gottarakkhit± dhammarakkhit± s±rakkh± saparidaº¹±ti m±turakkhit±dayo dasa, dhanakk²t± chandav±sin² bhogav±sin² paµav±sin² odapattakin² obhatacumbaµak± d±s² ca bhariy± kammak±r² ca bhariy± dhaj±haµ± muhuttik±ti et± dhanakk²t±dayo das±ti v²sati itthiyo. Itth²su pana dv²nna½ s±rakkhasaparidaº¹±na½ dasannañca dhanakk²t±d²nanti dv±dasanna½ itth²na½ aññe puris±, ida½ agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma.