Tesu lokuttarakusaladhamm±na½ uppajjitu½ appad±naµµhena parissay± n±ma. Te hi uppajjitv± nirujjham±n± upaddava½ n±vahanti. Tattheteti tasmi½ attabh±ve ete. P±pak±ti l±mak±. Attabh±vasannissay±ti attabh±va½ upaniss±ya ±rammaºa½ katv± uppajjant²ti attabh±vasannissay±. Daketi udake.
Vutta½ hetanti kathitañhi eta½. S±ntev±sikoti antev±sikasaªkh±tena kilesena saha vasat²ti s±ntev±siko. S±cariyakoti samud±caraºasaªkh±tena kilesena saha vasat²ti s±cariyako.
Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±ti cakkhuviññ±ºena r³pa½ passitv±. Upari sotena sadda½ sutv±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Uppajjant²ti samud±caranti. Sarasaªkapp±ti n±n±rammaºe sa½saraºavasena uppann± parikapp±. Sa½yojaniy±ti ±rammaºabh±va½ upagantv± sa½yojanasambandhanena sa½yojan±na½ hit±. Tyass±ti te p±pak± assa puggalassa. Anto vasant²ti abbhantare citte nivasanti. Anv±savant²ti kilesasant±na½ anugantv± bhusa½ savanti anubandhanti. Te nanti ta½ puggala½ ete akusal± dhamm±. Samud±carant²ti samm± ±caranti pavattant²ti attho.
Kilissanaµµhena mal±. Sattu-atthena amitt±. Veri-atthena sapatt±. Hananaµµhena vadhak±. Pacc±mittaµµhena paccatthik±. Atha v± mal± s³riyassopakkilesaval±hak± viya. Amitt± s³riyassa dh³ma½ viya. Sapatt± s³riyassa hima½ viya. Vadhak± s³riyassa raja½ viya. Paccatthik± s³riyassa r±hu viya. “Mal± suvaººassa mala½ viya cittappabh±n±sak±. Amitt± k±¼alohamala½ viya citte siniddhabh±van±sak±, sapatt± yuganaddha½ yujjhant± sapatt± viya citte patiµµhitadhammadha½sak±. Vadhak± manussagh±tak± viya dhammagh±tak±. Paccatthik± raññ± upagatassa vin±so viya mokkhamaggassa paµisedhak±”ti evameke vaººayanti.
Anatthajananoti na attha½ anattha½, ta½ anattha½ upp±det²ti anatthajanano. Ko so? Lobho. Cittappakopanoti cittassa pakopano calano, kusala½ niv±retv± citta½ rundhat²ti attho. Bhayamantarato j±tanti abbhantare attano citteyeva j±ta½, anatthajanan±dibhayahetu. Ta½ jano n±vabujjhat²ti ta½ bhaya½ b±lamah±jano avagantv± otaritv± na j±n±ti. Atthanti luddho puggalo lokiyalokuttara-attha½ na j±n±ti. Dhammanti tassa hetu½. Andhatamanti bahalandhak±ra½. Yanti yasm±, ya½ nara½ v±. Sahateti abhibhavati.
Ajjhattanti sakasant±ne. Uppajjam±n± uppajjant²ti pubbantato uddha½ uppajjam±n± ahit±ya uppajjanti dukkh±ya Tadubhayena aph±suvih±r±ya. Ahit±y±ti cetasikadukkhatth±ya. Dukkh±y±ti k±yikadukkhatth±ya. Aph±suvih±r±y±ti tadubhayena na sukhavih±ratth±ya. Atha v± “uppajjam±n± uppajjant²ti bhavaªgacalanato paµµh±ya y±va voµµhabban±, t±va uppajjam±n± n±ma. Voµµhabbana½ pana patv± anivattanabh±vena uppajjanti n±m±”ti evameke vaººayanti.
Tacas±ra½va samphalanti attano phalena n±sita½ tacas±rasaªkh±ta½ ve¼u viya. Arat²ti kusalesu dhammesu ukkaºµhitat±. Rat²ti pañcak±maguºe abhirati. Lomaha½soti kaºµakasadiso hutv± uddhaggalomo. Itonid±n±ti aya½ attabh±vo nid±na½ paccayo etesanti itonid±n±. Itoj±ti ito attabh±vato j±t±. Ito samuµµh±ya manovitakk±ti yath± d²ghasuttakena p±de baddha½ k±ka½ kum±rak± tassa suttassa pariyanta½ aªguli½ veµhetv± ossajjanti, so d³ra½ gantv±pi puna tesa½ p±dam³leyeva patati, evameva ito attabh±vato samuµµh±ya p±pavitakk± citta½ ossajjanti.
“S±ntev±siko”ti-±dika½ paµhamasutta½ kilesena sahav±sa½ sandh±ya vutta½. “Tayome, bhikkhave, antar±mal±”ti-±dika½ dutiya½ kusaladhammamal²nakaraºavasena atth±natthassa aj±nanavasena ca. “Tayo kho, mah±r±ja, purisassa dhamm± ajjhatta½ uppajjam±n±”ti-±dika½ tatiya½ attano nissayagh±tanavasena. “R±go ca doso ca itonid±n±”ti-±dika½ catuttha½ kiles±na½ patiµµh±dassanavasena vuttanti ñ±tabba½.
Tato tato parissayatoti tamh± tamh± upaddav±. Ta½ puggalanti vuttappak±rakilesasamaªg²puggala½. Dukkha½ anvet²ti dukkha½ anu eti m±tu pacchato kh²rapivako viya. Anugacchat²ti sam²pa½ gacchati coragh±tako viya vajjhappattassa Anv±yika½ hot²ti sampatta½ hoti dhammaganthik±ya paricchedo viya. J±tidukkhanti j±tisaddassa t±va aneke atth± pavedit±. Yath±–
Bhavo kula½ nik±yo ca, s²la½ paññatti lakkhaºa½;
pas³ti sandhi cev±ti, j±ti-atth± pavedit±.
Tath± hissa “ekampi j±ti½ dvepi j±tiyo”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 12; d². ni. 1.31; ma. ni. 2.257) bhavo attho. “Akkhitto anupakkuµµho j±tiv±den±”ti (d². ni. 1.303) ettha kula½. “Atthi, vis±khe, nigaºµh± n±ma samaºaj±t²”ti (a. ni. 3.71) ettha nik±yo. “Yatoha½, bhagini, ariy±ya j±tiy± j±to n±bhij±n±m²”ti (ma. ni. 2.351) ettha ariyas²la½. “Tiriy± n±ma tiºaj±ti n±bhiy± uggantv± nabha½ ±hacca µhit± ahos²”ti (a. ni. 5.196) ettha paññatti. “J±ti dv²hi khandhehi saªgahit±”ti (dh±tu. 71) ettha saªkhatalakkhaºa½. “Sampatij±to, ±nanda, bodhisatto”ti (d². ni. 2.31; ma. ni. 3.207) ettha pas³ti. “Bhavapaccay± j±t²”ti (mah±va. 1; ud±. 1; ma. ni. 1.403; sa½. ni. 2.53; vibha. 225; kath±. 450) ca, “j±tipi dukkh±”ti (mah±va. 14; vibha. 190; d². ni. 2.387; ma. ni. 2.373; sa½. ni. 5.1081; paµi. ma. 2.30) ca ettha pariy±yato paµisandhikkhaºo, nippariy±yato pana tattha tattha nibbattam±n±na½ satt±na½ ye ye khandh± p±tubhavanti, tesa½ tesa½ paµhamap±tubh±vo j±ti n±ma.
Kasm± panes± j±ti dukkh±ti ce? Anekesa½ dukkh±na½ vatthubh±vato. Anek±ni hi dukkh±ni. Seyyathida½– dukkhadukkha½ vipariº±madukkha½ saªkh±radukkha½ paµicchannadukkha½ appaµicchannadukkha½ pariy±yadukkha½ nippariy±yadukkhanti.
Tattha k±yikacetasik± dukkhavedan± sabh±vato ca n±mato ca dukkhatt± “dukkhadukkhan”ti vuccati.
Sukhavedan± vipariº±mena dukkhuppattihetuto vipariº±madukkha½. Upekkh±vedan± ceva avases± ca tebh³mak± saªkh±r± udayabbayap²¼itatt± saªkh±radukkha½.
Kaººas³ladantas³lar±gajapari¼±hadosamohajapari¼±h±di k±yikacetasiko ±b±dho pucchitv± j±nitabbato upakkamassa ca ap±kaµabh±vato paµicchannadukkha½. Ap±kaµadukkhantipi vuccati.
Dvatti½sakammak±raº±disamuµµh±no ±b±dho apucchitv±va j±nitabbato upakkamassa ca p±kaµabh±vato appaµicchannadukkha½. P±kaµadukkhantipi vuccati.
Ýhapetv± dukkhadukkha½ sesa½ dukkhasaccavibhaªge ±gata½ j±ti-±di sabbampi tassa tassa dukkhassa vatthubh±vato pariy±yadukkha½. Dukkhadukkha½ pana nippariy±yadukkhanti vuccati.
Tatr±ya½ j±ti ya½ ta½ b±lapaº¹itasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 3.246 ±dayo) bhagavat±pi upam±vasena pak±sita½ ±p±yika½ dukkha½, yañca sugatiyampi manussaloke gabbhokkantim³lak±dibheda½ dukkha½ uppajjati, tassa vatthubh±vato dukkh±.
Tatrida½ gabbhokkantim³lak±dibheda½ dukkha½– ayañhi satto m±tukucchimhi nibbattam±no na uppalapadumapuº¹arik±d²su nibbattati, atha kho heµµh± ±m±sayassa upari pakk±sayassa udarapaµalapiµµhikaºµak±na½ vemajjhe paramasamb±dhe tibbandhak±re n±n±kuºapagandhaparibh±vite asuciparamaduggandhapavanavicarite adhimattajegucche kucchippadese p³timacchap³tikumm±sacandanik±d²su kimi viya nibbattati. So tattha nibbatto dasa m±se m±tukucchisambhavena usman± puµap±ka½ viya paccam±no piµµhapiº¹i viya sediyam±no samiñjanapas±raº±divirahito adhimatta½ dukkha½ paccanubhot²ti, ida½ t±va gabbhokkantim³laka½ dukkha½.
Ya½ pana so m±tu sahas± upakkhalanagamananis²danavuµµh±naparivattan±d²su sur±dhuttahatthagato e¼ako viya ahituº¹ikahatthagato sappapotako viya ca ±ka¹¹hanaparika¹¹hana-odhunanaddhunan±din± upakkamena adhimatta½ dukkha½ anubhavati, yañca m±tu s²tudakap±nak±le s²tanarakupapanno viya uºhay±gubhatt±di-ajjhoharaºak±le aªg±ravuµµhisamparikiººo viya loºambil±di-ajjhoharaºak±le kh±r±paµicchak±dikammak±raºapatto viya tibba½ dukkha½ anubhoti, ida½ gabbhapariharaºam³laka½ dukkha½.
Ya½ panassa m³¼hagabbh±ya m±tuy± mitt±maccasuhajj±d²hipi adassan±rahe dukkhuppattiµµh±ne chedanaph±lan±d²hi dukkha½ uppajjati, ida½ gabbhavipattim³laka½ dukkha½.
Ya½ vij±yam±n±ya m±tuy± kammajehi v±tehi parivattetv± narakapap±ta½ viya atibhay±naka½ yonimagga½ paµip±tiyam±nassa paramasamb±dhena ca yonimukhena t±¼acchigga¼ena viya mah±n±gassa nika¹¹hiyam±nassa narakasattassa viya ca saªgh±tapabbatehi vicuººiyam±nassa dukkha½ uppajjati, ida½ vij±yanam³laka½ dukkha½.
Ya½ pana j±tassa taruºavaºasadisasukhum±lasar²rassa hatthaggahaºanh±panadhovanaco¼aparimajjan±dik±le s³cimukhakhuradh±r±hi vijjhanaph±lanasadisa½ dukkha½ uppajjati, ida½ m±tukucchito bahinikkhamanam³laka½ dukkha½.
Ya½ pana tato para½ pavattiya½ attan±va att±na½ vadhentassa acelakavat±divasena ±t±panaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyuttassa kodhavasena abhuñjantassa ubbandhantassa ca dukkha½ hoti, ida½ att³pakkamam³laka½ dukkha½.
Ya½ pana parato vadhabandhan±d²ni anubhavantassa dukkha½ uppajjati, ida½ par³pakkamam³laka½ dukkhanti.
Iti imassa sabbass±pi dukkhassa aya½ j±ti vatthumeva hoti, ida½ j±tidukkha½ anveti.
Jar±dukkhanti duvidh± jar±– saªkhatalakkhaºañca khaº¹icc±disammato santatiya½ ekabhavapariy±panno khandhapur±ºabh±vo ca, s± idha adhippet±. S± panes± dukkh± saªkh±radukkhabh±vato ceva dukkhavatthuto ca. Ya½ hida½ aªgapaccaªgasithilabh±vato indriyavik±ravir³pat± yobbanavin±sabal³pagh±tasatimativippav±saparaparibhav±di-anekapaccaya½ k±yikacetasika½ dukkhamuppajjati, jar± tassa vatthu. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Aªg±na½ sithilabh±v±, indriy±na½ vik±rato;
yobbanassa vin±sena, balassa upagh±tato.
“Vippav±s± sat±d²na½, puttad±rehi attano;
appas±dan²yato ceva, bhiyyo b±lattapattiy±.
“Pappoti dukkha½ ya½ macco, k±yika½ m±nasa½ tath±;
sabbameta½ jar±hetu, yasm± tasm± jar± dukh±”ti. (Vibha. aµµha. 192; visuddhi. 2.542).
Ida½ jar±dukkha½ anvet²ti sambandho. By±dh²ti vividha½ dukkha½ ±dahati vidahat²ti by±dhi. By±dhayati t±payati kampayat²ti v± by±dhi.
Maraºadukkhanti etth±pi duvidha½ maraºa½ saªkhatalakkhaºañca, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “jar±maraºa½ dv²hi khandhehi saªgahitan”ti (dh±tu. 71). Ekabhavapariy±pannaj²vitindriyapabandhavicchedo ca, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “nicca½ maraºato bhayan”ti (su. ni. 581; j±. 1.11.88). Ta½ idha adhippeta½. J±tipaccay± maraºa½ upakkamamaraºa½ sarasamaraºa½ ±yukkhayamaraºa½ puññakkhayamaraºantipi tasseva n±ma½. Puna khaºikamaraºa½ sammutimaraºa½ samucchedamaraºanti ayampi bhedo veditabbo. Pavatte r³p±r³padhamm±na½ bhedo khaºikamaraºa½ n±ma. Tisso mato phusso matoti ida½ paramatthato sattassa abh±v±, sassa½ mata½, rukkho matoti idampi j²vitindriyassa abh±v± sammutimaraºa½ n±ma. Kh²º±savassa appaµisandhik± k±lakiriy± samucchedamaraºa½ n±ma. B±hirasammutimaraºa½ µhapetv± itara½ sammutimaraºañca idha yath±vuttappabandhavicchedanabh±vena saªgahita½, dukkhassa pana vatthubh±vato dukkha½. Teneta½ vuccati–