Micch±kath±

Atha na½ dov±riko hutv± nisinno k±º±riµµho tath± kilametv± ±n²yam±na½ disv± paµimagga½ gantv± “subhoga, m± viheµhayi, br±hmaº± n±ma mah±brahmuno putt±. Sace hi mah±brahm± j±nissati, ‘mama putta½ viheµhent²’ti kujjhitv± amh±ka½ sakala½ n±gabhavana½ vin±sessati. Lokasmiñhi br±hmaº± n±ma seµµh± mah±nubh±v±, tva½ tesa½ ±nubh±va½ na j±n±si, aha½ pana j±n±m²”ti ±ha. K±º±riµµho kira at²t±nantarabhave yaññak±rabr±hmaºo ahosi, tasm± evam±ha. Vatv± ca pana anubh³tapubbavasena yajanas²lo hutv± subhogañca n±gaparisañca ±mantetv± “etha, bho, yaññak±rak±na½ vo guºe vaººess±m²”ti vatv± yaññavaººana½ ±rabhanto ±ha–
905. “Anittar± ittarasampayutt±, yaññ± ca ved± ca subhoga loke;
tadaggarayhañhi vinindam±no, jah±ti vittañca satañca dhamman”ti.
Tattha anittar±ti subhoga imasmi½ loke yaññ± ca ved± ca anittar± na l±mak± mah±nubh±v±, te ittarehi br±hmaºehi sampayutt±, tasm± br±hmaº±pi anittar±va j±t±. Tadaggarayhanti tasm± ag±rayha½ br±hmaºa½ vinindam±no dhanañca paº¹it±na½ dhammañca jah±ti. Ida½ kira so “imin± bh³ridatte mittadubbhikamma½ katanti vattu½ n±gaparis± m± labhant³”ti avoca.
Atha na½ k±º±riµµho “subhoga j±n±si pana aya½ loko kena nimmito”ti vatv± “na j±n±m²”ti vutte “br±hmaº±na½ pit±mahena mah±brahmun± nimmito”ti dassetu½ itara½ g±tham±ha–
906. “Ajjhenamariy± pathavi½ janind±, vess± kasi½ p±ricariyañca sudd±;
up±gu pacceka½ yath±padesa½, kat±hu ete vasin±ti ±h³”ti.
Tattha up±g³ti upagat±. Brahm± kira br±hmaº±dayo catt±ro vaººe nimminitv± ariye t±va br±hmaºe ±ha– “tumhe ajjhenameva upagacchatha m± añña½ kiñci karitth±”ti, janinde ±ha “tumhe pathavi½yeva vijinatha”, vesse ±ha– “tumhe kasi½yeva upetha”, sudde ±ha “tumhe tiººa½ vaºº±na½ p±ricariya½yeva upeth±”ti. Tato paµµh±ya ariy± ajjhena½, janind± pathavi½, vess± kasi½, sudd± p±ricariya½ up±gat±ti vadanti. Pacceka½ yath±padesanti upagacchant± ca p±µiyekka½ attano kulapades±nur³pena brahmun± vuttaniy±meneva upagat±. Kat±hu ete vasin±ti ±h³ti eva½ kira ete vasin± mah±brahmun± kat± ahesunti kathenti.
Eva½ mah±guº± ete br±hmaº± n±ma. Yo hi etesu citta½ pas±detv± d±na½ deti, tassa aññattha paµisandhi natthi, devalokameva gacchat²ti vatv± ±ha–
907. “Dh±t± vidh±t± varuºo kuvero, somo yamo candim± v±yu s³riyo;
etepi yañña½ puthuso yajitv±, ajjh±yak±na½ atho sabbak±me.
908. “Vik±sit± c±pasat±ni pañca, yo ajjuno balav± bh²maseno;
sahassab±hu asamo pathaby±, sopi tad± ±dahi j±tavedan”ti.
Tattha etep²ti ete dh±t±dayo devar±j±no. Puthusoti anekappak±ra½ yañña½ yajitv±. Atho sabbak±meti atha ajjh±yak±na½ br±hmaº±na½ sabbak±me datv± et±ni µh±n±ni patt±ti dasseti. Vik±sit±ti ±ka¹¹hit±. C±pasat±ni pañc±ti na dhanupañcasat±ni, pañcac±pasatappam±ºa½ pana mah±dhanu½ sayameva ±ka¹¹hati. Bh²masenoti bhay±nakaseno. Sahassab±h³ti na tassa b±h³na½ sahassa½, pañcanna½ pana dhanuggahasat±na½ b±husahassena ±ka¹¹hitabbassa dhanuno ±ka¹¹haneneva½ vutta½. ¾dahi j±tavedanti sopi r±j± tasmi½ k±le br±hmaºe sabbak±mehi santappetv± aggi½ ±dahi patiµµh±petv± paricari, teneva k±raºena devaloke nibbatto. Tasm± br±hmaº± n±ma imasmi½ loke jeµµhak±ti ±ha.
So uttaripi br±hmaºe vaººento g±tham±ha–
909. “Yo br±hmaºe bhojayi d²gharatta½, annena p±nena yath±nubh±va½;
pasannacitto anumodam±no, subhoga devaññataro ahos²”ti.
Tattha yoti yo so por±ºako b±r±ºasir±j±ti dasseti. Yath±nubh±vanti yath±bala½ ya½ tassa atthi, ta½ sabba½ pariccajitv± bhojesi. Devaññataroti so aññataro mahesakkhadevar±j± ahosi. Eva½ br±hmaº± n±ma aggadakkhiºeyy±ti dasseti.
Athassa aparampi k±raºa½ ±haritv± dassento g±tham±ha–
910. “Mah±sana½ devamanomavaººa½, yo sappin± asakkhi bhojetumaggi½;
sa yaññatanta½ varato yajitv±, dibba½ gati½ mucalindajjhagacch²”ti.
Tattha mah±sananti mah±bhakkha½. Bhojetunti santappetu½. Yaññatantanti yaññavidh±na½. Varatoti varassa aggidevassa yajitv±. Mucalindajjhagacch²ti mucalindo adhigatoti.
Eko kira pubbe b±r±ºasiya½ mucalindo n±ma r±j± br±hmaºe pakkos±petv± saggamagga½ pucchi. Atha na½ te “br±hmaº±nañca br±hmaºadevat±ya ca sakk±ra½ karoh²”ti vatv± “k± br±hmaºadevat±”ti vutte “‘aggidevoti ta½ navan²tasappin± santappeh²”’ti ±ha½su. So tath± ak±si. Tamattha½ pak±sento esa ima½ g±tham±ha.
Aparampi k±raºa½ dassento g±tham±ha–
911. “Mah±nubh±vo vassasahassaj²v², yo pabbaj² dassaneyyo u¼±ro;
hitv± apariyanta raµµha½ sasena½, r±j± dud²popi jag±ma saggan”ti.
Tattha pabbaj²ti pañcavassasat±ni rajja½ k±rento br±hmaº±na½ sakk±ra½ katv± apariyanta½ raµµha½ sasena½ hitv± pabbaji. Dud²pop²ti so dud²po n±ma r±j± br±hmaºe p³jetv±va sagga½ gatoti vadati. “Duj²po”tipi p±µho.
Apar±nipissa ud±haraº±ni dassento ±ha–
912. “Yo s±garanta½ s±garo vijitv±, y³pa½ subha½ soººamaya½ u¼±ra½;
ussesi vess±naram±dah±no, subhoga devaññataro ahosi.
913. “Yass±nubh±vena subhoga gaªg±, pavattatha dadhisannisinna½ samudda½;
sa lomap±do paricariya maggi½, aªgo sahassakkhapurajjhagacch²”ti.
Tattha s±garantanti s±garapariyanta½ pathavi½. Usses²ti br±hmaºe saggamagga½ pucchitv± “sovaººay³pa½ uss±peh²”ti vutto pasugh±tanatth±ya uss±pesi. Vess±naram±dah±noti vess±nara½ aggi½ ±dahanto. “Ves±narin”tipi p±µho. Devaññataroti subhoga, so hi r±j± aggi½ juhitv± aññataro mahesakkhadevo ahos²ti vadati. Yass±nubh±ven±ti bho subhoga, gaªg± ca mah±samuddo ca kena katoti j±n±s²ti. Na j±n±m²ti. Ki½ tva½ j±nissasi, br±hmaºeyeva pothetu½ j±n±s²ti. At²tasmiñhi aªgo n±ma lomap±do b±r±ºasir±j± br±hmaºe saggamagga½ pucchitv± tehi “bho, mah±r±ja, himavanta½ pavisitv± br±hmaº±na½ sakk±ra½ katv± aggi½ paricar±h²”ti vutte aparim±º± g±viyo ca mahi½siyo ca ±d±ya himavanta½ pavisitv± tath± ak±si. “Br±hmaºehi bhutt±tiritta½ kh²radadhi½ ki½ k±tabban”ti ca vutte “cha¹¹eth±”ti ±ha. Tattha thokassa kh²rassa cha¹¹itaµµh±ne kunnadiyo ahesu½, bahukassa cha¹¹itaµµh±ne gaªg± pavattatha. Ta½ pana kh²ra½ yattha dadhi hutv± sannisinna½ µhita½, ta½ samudda½ n±ma j±ta½. Iti so evar³pa½ sakk±ra½ katv± br±hmaºehi vuttavidh±nena aggi½ paricariya sahassakkhassa pura½ ajjhagacchi.
Itissa ida½ at²ta½ ±haritv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
914. “Mahiddhiko devavaro yasass², sen±pati tidive v±savassa;
so somay±gena mala½ vihantv±, subhoga devaññataro ahos²”ti.
Tattha so somay±gena mala½ vihantv±ti bho subhoga, yo id±ni sakkassa sen±pati mah±yaso devaputto, sopi pubbe eko b±r±ºasir±j± br±hmaºe saggamagga½ pucchitv± tehi “somay±gena attano mala½ pav±hetv± devaloka½ gacch±h²”ti vutte br±hmaº±na½ mahanta½ sakk±ra½ katv± tehi vuttavidh±nena somay±ga½ katv± tena attano mala½ vihantv± devaññataro j±toti imamattha½ pak±sento evam±ha.
Apar±nipissa ud±haraº±ni dassento ±ha–
915. “Ak±rayi lokamima½ parañca, bh±g²rathi½ himavantañca gijjha½;
yo iddhim± devavaro yasass², sopi tad± ±dahi j±taveda½.
916. “M±l±gir² himav± yo ca gijjho, sudassano nisabho kuveru;
ete ca aññe ca nag± mahant±, city± kat± yaññakarehi m±h³”ti.
Tattha sopi tad± ±dahi j±tavedanti bh±tika subhoga, yena mah±brahmun± ayañca loko paro ca loko bh±g²rathigaªg± ca himavantapabbato ca gijjhapabbato ca kato, sopi yad± brahmupapattito pubbe m±ºavako ahosi, tad± aggimeva ±dahi, aggi½ juhitv± mah±brahm± hutv± ida½ sabbamak±si. Eva½mahiddhik± br±hmaº±ti dasseti.
City± kat±ti pubbe kireko b±r±ºasir±j± br±hmaºe saggamagga½ pucchitv± “br±hmaº±na½ sakk±ra½ karoh²”ti vutte tesa½ mah±d±na½ paµµhapetv± “mayha½ d±ne ki½ natth²”ti pucchitv± “sabba½, deva, atthi, br±hmaº±na½ pana ±san±ni nappahont²”ti vutte iµµhak±hi cin±petv± ±san±ni k±resi. Tad± city± ±sanap²µhik± br±hmaº±na½ ±nubh±vena va¹¹hitv± m±l±giri-±dayo pabbat± j±t±. Evamete yaññak±rehi br±hmaºehi kat±ti kathent²ti.
Atha na½ puna ±ha “bh±tika, j±n±si pan±ya½ samuddo kena k±raºena apeyyo loºodako j±to”ti? “Na j±n±mi, ariµµh±”ti. Atha na½ “tva½ br±hmaºeyeva vihi½situ½ j±n±si, suºoh²”ti vatv± g±tham±ha–
917. “Ajjh±yaka½ mantaguº³papanna½, tapassina½ ‘y±cayogo’tidh±hu;
t²re samuddassudaka½ sajanta½, ta½ s±garojjhohari ten±peyyo”ti.
Tattha ‘y±cayogotidh±h³ti ta½ br±hmaºa½ y±cayogoti idha loke ±hu. Udaka½ sajantati so kirekadivasa½ p±papav±hanakamma½ karonto t²re µhatv± samuddato udaka½ gahetv± attano upari s²se sajanta½ abbhukirati. Atha na½ eva½ karonta½ va¹¹hitv± s±garo ajjhohari. Ta½ k±raºa½ mah±brahm± ñatv± “imin± kira me putto hato”ti kujjhitv± “samuddo apeyyo loºodako bhavat³”ti vatv± abhisapi, tena k±raºena apeyyo j±to. Evar³p± ete br±hmaº± n±ma mah±nubh±v±ti.
Punapi ±ha–
918. “¾y±gavatth³ni puth³ pathaby±, sa½vijjanti br±hmaº± v±savassa;
purima½ disa½ pacchima½ dakkhiºuttara½, sa½vijjam±n± janayanti vedan”ti.
Tattha v±savass±ti pubbe br±hmaº±na½ d±na½ datv± v±savatta½ pattassa v±savassa. ¾y±gavatth³n²ti puññakkhettabh³t± aggadakkhiºeyy± pathaby± puth³ br±hmaº± sa½vijjanti. Purima½ disanti te id±nipi cat³su dis±su sa½vijjam±n± tassa v±savassa mahanta½ veda½ janayanti, p²tisomanassa½ ±vahanti.
Eva½ ariµµho cuddasahi g±th±hi br±hmaºe ca yaññe ca vede ca vaººesi.

Micch±kath± niµµhit±.

Tassa ta½ katha½ sutv± mah±sattassa gil±nupaµµh±na½ ±gat± bah³ n±g± “aya½ bh³tameva kathet²”ti micch±g±ha½ gaºhan±k±rappatt± j±t±. Mah±satto gil±naseyy±ya nipannova ta½ sabba½ assosi N±g±pissa ±rocesu½. Tato mah±satto cintesi “ariµµho micch±magga½ vaººeti, v±damassa bhinditv± parisa½ samm±diµµhika½ kariss±m²”ti. So uµµh±ya nhatv± sabb±laªk±rappaµimaº¹ito dhamm±sane nis²ditv± sabba½ n±gaparisa½ sannip±t±petv± ariµµha½ pakkos±petv± “ariµµha, tva½ abh³ta½ vatv± vede ca yaññe ca br±hmaºe ca vaººesi, br±hmaº±nañhi vedavidh±nena yaññayajana½ n±ma anariyasammata½ na sagg±vaha½, tava v±de abh³ta½ pass±h²”ti vatv± yaññabhedav±da½ n±ma ±rabhanto ±ha–