[547] 10. Vessantaraj±takavaººan±

Dasavarakath±vaººan±

Phussat² varavaºº±bheti ida½ satth± kapilavatthu½ upaniss±ya nigrodh±r±me viharanto pokkharavassa½ ±rabbha kathesi. Yad± hi satth± pavattitavaradhammacakko anukkamena r±jagaha½ gantv± tattha hemanta½ v²tin±metv± ud±yittherena maggadesakena v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto paµhamagamanena kapilavatthu½ agam±si, tad± sakyar±j±no “maya½ amh±ka½ ñ±tiseµµha½ passiss±m±”ti sannipatitv± bhagavato vasanaµµh±na½ v²ma½sam±n± “nigrodhasakkass±r±mo ramaº²yo”ti sallakkhetv± tattha sabba½ paµijagganavidhi½ katv± gandhapupph±dihatth± paccuggamana½ karont± sabb±laªk±rappaµimaº¹ite daharadahare n±garad±rake ca n±garad±rik±yo ca paµhama½ pahiºi½su, tato r±jakum±re ca r±jakum±rik±yo ca. Tesa½ antar± s±ma½ gandhapupphacuºº±d²hi satth±ra½ p³jetv± bhagavanta½ gahetv± nigrodh±r±mameva agami½su. Tattha bhagav± v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²di. Tad± hi s±kiy± m±naj±tik± m±natthaddh±. Te “aya½ siddhatthakum±ro amhehi daharataro, amh±ka½ kaniµµho bh±gineyyo putto natt±”ti cintetv± daharadahare r±jakum±re ca r±jakum±rik±yo ca ±ha½su “tumhe bhagavanta½ vandatha, maya½ tumh±ka½ piµµhito nis²diss±m±”ti.
Tesu eva½ avanditv± nisinnesu bhagav± tesa½ ajjh±saya½ oloketv± “na ma½ ñ±tayo vandanti, handa id±neva vand±pess±m²”ti abhiññ±p±daka½ catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± tesa½ s²se p±dapa½su½ okiram±no viya kaº¹ambarukkham³le yamakap±µih±riyasadisa½ p±µih±riya½ ak±si. R±j± suddhodano ta½ acchariya½ disv± ±ha “bhante, tumh±ka½ j±tadivase k±¼adevalassa vandanattha½ upan²t±na½ vo p±de parivattitv± br±hmaºassa matthake µhite disv± aha½ tumh±ka½ p±de vandi½, aya½ me paµhamavandan±. Punapi vappamaªgaladivase jambucch±y±ya sirisayane nisinn±na½ vo jambucch±y±ya aparivattana½ disv±pi aha½ tumh±ka½ p±de vandi½, aya½ me dutiyavandan±. Id±ni ima½ adiµµhapubba½ p±µih±riya½ disv±pi tumh±ka½ p±de vand±mi, aya½ me tatiyavandan±”ti. Raññ± pana vandite avanditv± µh±tu½ samattho n±ma ekas±kiyopi n±hosi, sabbe vandi½suyeva.
Iti bhagav± ñ±tayo vand±petv± ±k±sato otaritv± paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²di. Nisinne ca bhagavati sikh±patto ñ±tisam±gamo ahosi, sabbe ekaggacitt± hutv± nis²di½su. Tato mah±megho uµµhahitv± pokkharavassa½ vassi, tambavaººa½ udaka½ heµµh± viravanta½ gacchati. Ye temetuk±m±, te tementi. Atemetuk±massa sar²re ekabindumattampi na patati. Ta½ disv± sabbe acchariyabbhutacittaj±t± ahesu½. “Aho acchariya½ aho abbhuta½ aho buddh±na½ mah±nubh±vat±, yesa½ ñ±tisam±game evar³pa½ pokkharavassa½ vass²”ti bhikkh³ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½. Ta½ sutv± satth± “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi mama ñ±tisam±game mah±megho pokkharavassa½ vassiyev±”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te siviraµµhe jetuttaranagare sivimah±r±j± n±ma rajja½ k±rento sañjaya½ n±ma putta½ paµilabhi. So tassa vayappattassa maddar±jadh²tara½ phussati½ n±ma r±jakañña½ ±netv± rajja½ niyy±detv± phussati½ aggamahesi½ ak±si. Tass± aya½ pubbayogo– ito ekanavutikappe vipass² n±ma satth± loke udap±di. Tasmi½ bandhumatinagara½ niss±ya kheme migad±ye viharante eko r±j± rañño bandhumassa anagghena candanas±rena saddhi½ satasahassagghanika½ suvaººam±la½ pesesi. Rañño pana dve dh²taro ahesu½. So ta½ paºº±k±ra½ t±sa½ d±tuk±mo hutv± candanas±ra½ jeµµhik±ya ad±si, suvaººam±la½ kaniµµh±ya ad±si. T± ubhopi “na maya½ ima½ attano sar²re pi¼andhiss±ma, satth±rameva p³jess±m±”ti cintetv± r±j±na½ ±ha½su “t±ta, candanas±rena ca suvaººam±l±ya ca dasabala½ p³jess±m±”ti. Ta½ sutv± r±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi. Jeµµhik± sukhumacandanacuººa½ k±retv± suvaººasamugga½ p³retv± gaºh±pesi. Kaniµµhabhagin² pana suvaººam±la½ uracchadam±la½ k±r±petv± suvaººasamuggena gaºh±pesi. T± ubhopi migad±yavih±ra½ gantv± jeµµhik± candanacuººena dasabalassa suvaººavaººa½ sar²ra½ p³jetv± sesacuºº±ni gandhakuµiya½ vikiritv± “bhante, an±gate tumh±disassa buddhassa m±t± bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Kaniµµhabhagin²pi tath±gatassa suvaººavaºa½ sar²ra½ suvaººam±l±ya katena uracchadena p³jetv± “bhante, y±va arahattappatti, t±va ida½ pas±dhana½ mama sar²r± m± vigata½ hot³”ti patthana½ ak±si. Satth±pi t±sa½ anumodana½ ak±si.
T± ubhopi y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± devaloke nibbatti½su. T±su jeµµhabhagin² devalokato manussaloka½ manussalokato devaloka½ sa½sarant² ekanavutikapp±vas±ne amh±ka½ buddhupp±dak±le buddham±t± mah±m±y±dev² n±ma ahosi. Kaniµµhabhagin²pi tatheva sa½sarant² kassapadasabalassa k±le kikissa rañño dh²t± hutv± nibbatti. S± cittakammakat±ya viya uracchadam±l±ya alaªkatena urena j±tatt± uracchad± n±ma kum±rik± hutv± so¼asavassikak±le satthu bhatt±numodana½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya aparabh±ge bhatt±numodana½ suºanteneva pitar± sot±pattiphala½ pattadivaseyeva arahatta½ patv± pabbajitv± parinibb±yi. Kikir±j±pi aññ± satta dh²taro labhi. T±sa½ n±m±ni–
“Samaº² samaºagutt± ca, bhikkhun² bhikkhad±yik±;
dhamm± ceva sudhamm± ca, saªghad±s² ca sattam²”ti.
T± imasmi½ buddhupp±de–
“Khem± uppalavaºº± ca, paµ±c±r± ca gotam²;
dhammadinn± mah±m±y±, vis±kh± c±pi sattam²”ti.
T±su phussat² sudhamm± n±ma hutv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± vipassisamm±sambuddhassa kat±ya candanacuººap³j±ya phalena rattacandanarasaparipphositena viya sar²rena j±tatt± phussat² n±ma kum±rik± hutv± devesu ca manussesu ca sa½sarant² aparabh±ge sakkassa devarañño aggamahes² hutv± nibbatti. Athass± y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± pañcasu pubbanimittesu uppannesu sakko devar±j± tass± parikkh²º±yukata½ ñatv± mahantena yasena ta½ ±d±ya nandanavanuyy±na½ gantv± tattha ta½ alaªkatasayanapiµµhe nisinna½ saya½ sayanapasse nis²ditv± etadavoca “bhadde phussati, te dasa vare dammi, te gaºhass³”ti vadanto imasmi½ g±th±sahassapaµimaº¹ite mah±vessantaraj±take paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
1655. “Phussat² varavaºº±bhe, varassu dasadh± vare;
pathaby± c±rupubbaªgi, ya½ tuyha½ manaso piyan”ti.
Evames± mah±vessantaradhammadesan± devaloke patiµµh±pit± n±ma hoti.
Tattha phussat²ti ta½ n±men±lapati. Varavaºº±bheti var±ya vaºº±bh±ya samann±gate. Dasadh±ti dasavidhe. Pathaby±ti pathaviya½ gahetabbe katv± varassu gaºhass³ti vadati. C±rupubbaªg²ti c±run± pubbaªgena varalakkhaºena samann±gate. Ya½ tuyha½ manaso piyanti ya½ ya½ tava manas± piya½, ta½ ta½ dasahi koµµh±sehi gaºh±h²ti vadati.
S± attano cavanadhammata½ aj±nant² pamatt± hutv± dutiyag±tham±ha–
1656. “Devar±ja namo tyatthu, ki½ p±pa½ pakata½ may±;
ramm± c±vesi ma½ µh±n±, v±tova dharaº²ruhan”ti.
Tattha namo tyatth³ti namo te atthu. Ki½ p±panti ki½ may± tava santike p±pa½ pakatanti pucchati. Dharaº²ruhanti rukkha½.
Athass± pamattabh±va½ ñatv± sakko dve g±th± abh±si–
1657. “Na ceva te kata½ p±pa½, na ca me tvamasi appiy±;
puññañca te parikkh²ºa½, yena teva½ vad±maha½.
1658. “Santike maraºa½ tuyha½, vin±bh±vo bhavissati;
paµiggaºh±hi me ete, vare dasa pavecchato”ti.
Tattha yena tevanti yena te eva½ vad±mi. Tuyha½ vin±bh±voti tava amhehi saddhi½ viyogo bhavissati. Pavecchatoti dadam±nassa.
S± sakkassa vacana½ sutv± nicchayena attano maraºa½ ñatv± vara½ gaºhant² ±ha–
1659. “Vara½ ce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
sivir±jassa bhaddante, tattha assa½ nivesane.
1660. “N²lanett± n²labhamu, n²lakkh² ca yath± mig²;
phussat² n±ma n±mena, tatthapassa½ purindana.
1661. “Putta½ labhetha varada½, y±cayoga½ amacchari½;
p³jita½ paµir±j³hi, kittimanta½ yasassina½.
1662. “Gabbha½ me dh±rayantiy±, majjhimaªga½ anunnata½;
kucchi anunnato assa, c±pa½va likhita½ sama½.
1663. “Than± me nappapateyyu½, palit± na santu v±sava;
k±ye rajo na limpetha, vajjhañc±pi pamocaye.
1664. “May³rakoñc±bhirude, n±rivaragaº±yute;
khujjacel±pak±kiººe, s³tam±gadhavaººite.
1665. “Citragga¼erughusite, sur±ma½sapabodhane;
sivir±jassa bhaddante, tatthassa½ mahes² piy±”ti.
Tattha sivir±jass±ti s± sakalajambud²patala½ olokent² attano anucchavika½ sivirañño nivesana½ disv± tattha aggamahesibh±va½ patthent² evam±ha. Yath± mig²ti ekavassik± hi migapotik± n²lanett± hoti, tenevam±ha. Tatthapassanti tatthapi imin±va n±mena assa½. Labheth±ti labheyya½. Varadanti alaªkatas²sa-akkhiyugalahadayama½sarudhirasetacchattaputtad±resu y±citay±citassa varabhaº¹assa d±yaka½. Kucch²ti “majjhimaªgan”ti vutta½ sar³pato dasseti. Likhitanti yath± chekena dhanuk±rena samm± likhita½ dhanu anunnatamajjha½ tul±vaµµa½ sama½ hoti, evar³po me kucchi bhaveyya.
Nappapateyyunti patitv± lamb± na bhaveyyu½. Palit± na santu v±sav±ti v±sava devaseµµha, palit±nipi me sirasmi½ na santu m± paññ±yi½su. “Palit±ni siroruh±”tipi p±µho. Vajjhañc±p²ti kibbisak±raka½ r±j±par±dhika½ vajjhappattacora½ attano balena mocetu½ samatth± bhaveyya½. Imin± attano issariyabh±va½ d²peti. Bh³tam±gadhavaººiteti bhojanak±l±d²su thutivasena k±la½ ±rocentehi s³tehi ceva m±gadhakehi ca vaººite. Citragga¼erughusiteti pañcaªgikat³riyasaddasadisa½ manorama½ rava½ ravantehi sattaratanavicittehi dv±rakav±µehi ugghosite. Sur±ma½sapabodhaneti “pivatha, kh±dath±”ti sur±ma½sehi pabodhiyam±najane evar³pe sivir±jassa nivesane tassa aggamahes² bhaveyyanti ime dasa vare gaºhi.
Tattha sivir±jassa aggamahesibh±vo paµhamo varo, n²lanettat± dutiyo, n²labhamukat± tatiyo, phussat²ti n±ma½ catuttho, puttapaµil±bho pañcamo, anunnatakucchit± chaµµho, alambatthanat± sattamo, apalitabh±vo aµµhamo, sukhumacchavibh±vo navamo, vajjhappamocanasamatthat± dasamo varoti.
Sakko ±ha–
1666. “Ye te dasa var± dinn±, may± sabbaªgasobhane;
sivir±jassa vijite, sabbe te lacchas² vare”ti.