[546] 9. Vidhuraj±takavaººan±

Catuposathakaº¹a½

Paº¹u kisiy±si dubbal±ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto attano paññ±p±rami½ ±rabbha kathesi. Ekadivasañhi bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½ “±vuso, satth± mah±pañño puthupañño gambh²rapañño javanapañño h±sapañño tikkhapañño nibbedhikapañño parappav±damaddano, attano paññ±nubh±vena khattiyapaº¹it±d²hi abhisaªkhate sukhumapañhe bhinditv± te dametv± nibbisevane katv± t²su saraºesu ceva s²lesu ca patiµµh±petv± amatag±mimagga½ paµip±des²”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “anacchariya½, bhikkhave, ya½ tath±gato param±bhisambodhippatto parappav±da½ bhinditv± khattiy±dayo dameyya. Purimabhavasmiñhi bodhiñ±ºa½ pariyesantopi tath±gato paññav± parappav±damaddanoyeva. Tath± hi aha½ vidhurak±le saµµhiyojanubbedhe k±¼apabbatamuddhani puººaka½ n±ma yakkhasen±pati½ attano ñ±ºabaleneva dametv± nibbisevana½ katv± pañcas²lesu patiµµh±pento attano j²vita½ d±pesin”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te kururaµµhe indapatthanagare dhanañcayakorabyo n±ma r±j± rajja½ k±resi. Vidhurapaº¹ito n±ma amacco tassa atthadhamm±nus±sako ahosi. So madhurakatho mah±dhammakathiko sakalajambud²pe r±j±no hatthikantav²º±sarena paluddhahatthino viya attano madhuradhammadesan±ya palobhetv± tesa½ sakasakarajj±ni gantu½ adadam±no buddhal²l±ya mah±janassa dhamma½ desento mahantena yasena tasmi½ nagare paµivasi.
Tad± hi b±r±ºasiyampi gihisah±yak± catt±ro br±hmaºamah±s±l± mahallakak±le k±mesu ±d²nava½ disv± himavanta½ pavisitv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± abhiññ± ca sam±pattiyo ca nibbattetv± vanam³laphal±h±r± tattheva cira½ vasitv± loºambilasevanatth±ya c±rika½ caram±n± aªgaraµµhe k±lacamp±nagara½ patv± r±juyy±ne vasitv± punadivase bhikkh±ya nagara½ pavisi½su. Tattha catt±ro sah±yak± kuµumbik± tesa½ iriy±pathesu pas²ditv± vanditv± bhikkh±bh±jana½ gahetv± ekeka½ attano nivesane nis²d±petv± paº²tena ±h±rena parivisitv± paµiñña½ g±h±petv± uyy±neyeva v±s±pesu½. Te catt±ro t±pas± catunna½ kuµumbik±na½ gehesu nibaddha½ bhuñjitv± div±vih±ratth±ya eko t±paso t±vati½sabhavana½ gacchati, eko n±gabhavana½, eko supaººabhavana½, eko korabyarañño mig±jina-uyy±na½ gacchati. Tesu yo devaloka½ gantv± div±vih±ra½ karoti, so sakkassa yasa½ oloketv± attano upaµµh±kassa tameva vaººeti. Yo n±gabhavana½ gantv± div±vih±ra½ karoti, so n±gar±jassa sampatti½ oloketv± attano upaµµh±kassa tameva vaººeti. Yo supaººabhavana½ gantv± div±vih±ra½ karoti, so supaººar±jassa vibh³ti½ oloketv± attano upaµµh±kassa tameva vaººeti. Yo dhanañcayakorabyar±jassa uyy±na½ gantv± div±vih±ra½ karoti, so dhanañcayakorabyarañño sirisobhagga½ oloketv± attano upaµµh±kassa tameva vaººeti.
Te catt±ropi jan± ta½ tadeva µh±na½ patthetv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± ±yupariyos±ne eko sakko hutv± nibbatti, eko saputtad±ro n±gabhavane n±gar±j± hutv± nibbatti, eko supaººabhavane simbalivim±ne supaººar±j± hutv± nibbatti. Eko dhanañcayakorabyarañño aggamahesiy± kucchimhi nibbatti. Tepi t±pas± aparih²najjh±n± k±la½ katv± brahmaloke nibbatti½su. Korabyakum±ro vu¹¹himanv±ya pitu accayena rajje patiµµhahitv± dhammena samena rajja½ k±resi. So pana j³tavittako ahosi. So vidhurapaº¹itassa ov±de µhatv± d±na½ deti, s²la½ rakkhati, uposatha½ upavasati.
So ekadivasa½ sam±dinnuposatho “vivekamanubr³hiss±m²”ti uyy±na½ gantv± manuññaµµh±ne nis²ditv± samaºadhamma½ ak±si. Sakkopi sam±dinnuposatho “devaloke palibodho hot²”ti manussaloke tameva uyy±na½ ±gantv± ekasmi½ manuññaµµh±ne nis²ditv± samaºadhamma½ ak±si. Varuºan±gar±j±pi sam±dinnuposatho “n±gabhavane palibodho hot²”ti tatthev±gantv± ekasmi½ manuññaµµh±ne nis²ditv± samaºadhamma½ ak±si. Supaººar±j±pi sam±dinnuposatho “supaººabhavane palibodho hot²”ti tatthev±gantv± ekasmi½ manuññaµµh±ne nis²ditv± samaºadhamma½ ak±si. Tepi catt±ro jan± s±yanhasamaye sakaµµh±nehi nikkhamitv± maªgalapokkharaºit²re sam±gantv± aññamañña½ oloketv± pubbasinehavasena samagg± sammodam±n± hutv± aññamañña½ mettacitta½ upaµµhapetv± madhurapaµisanth±ra½ kari½su. Tesu sakko maªgalasil±paµµe nis²di, itarepi attano attano yutt±sana½ ñatv± nis²di½su. Atha ne sakko ±ha “maya½ catt±ropi r±j±nova amhesu pana kassa s²la½ mahantan”ti? Atha na½ varuºan±gar±j± ±ha “tumh±ka½ tiººa½ jan±na½ s²lato mayha½ s²la½ mahantan”ti. “Kimettha k±raºan”ti? “Aya½ supaººar±j± amh±ka½ j±t±nampi aj±t±nampi pacc±mittova, aha½ evar³pa½ amh±ka½ j²vitakkhayakara½ pacc±mitta½ disv±pi kodha½ na karomi, imin± k±raºena mama s²la½ mahantan”ti vatv± ida½ dasakanip±te catuposathaj±take paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
“Yo kopaneyye na karoti kopa½, na kujjhati sappuriso kad±ci;
kuddhopi so n±vikaroti kopa½, ta½ ve nara½ samaºam±hu loke”ti. (J±. 1.10.24).
Tattha yoti khattiy±d²su yo koci. Kopaneyyeti kujjhitabbayuttake puggale khant²v±d²t±paso viya kopa½ na karoti. Kad±c²ti yo kismiñci k±le na kujjhateva. Kuddhop²ti sace pana so sappuriso kujjhati, atha kuddhopi ta½ kopa½ n±vikaroti c³¼abodhit±paso viya. Ta½ ve naranti mah±r±j±no ta½ ve purisa½ samitap±pat±ya loke paº¹it± “samaºan”ti kathenti. Ime pana guº± mayi santi, tasm± mameva s²la½ mahantanti.
Ta½ sutv± supaººar±j± “aya½ n±go mama aggabhakkho, yasm± pan±ha½ evar³pa½ aggabhakkha½ disv±pi khuda½ adhiv±setv± ±h±rahetu p±pa½ na karomi, tasm± mameva s²la½ mahantan”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Ðn³daro yo sahate jighaccha½, danto tapass² mitap±nabhojano;
±h±rahetu na karoti p±pa½, ta½ ve nara½ samaºam±hu loke”ti. (J±. 1.10.25).
Tattha dantoti indriyadamanena samann±gato. Tapass²ti tapanissitako. ¾h±rahet³ti atijighacchapi¼itopi yo p±pa½ l±makakamma½ na karoti dhammasen±patis±riputtatthero viya. Aha½ panajja ±h±rahetu p±pa½ na karomi, tasm± mameva s²la½ mahantanti.
Tato sakko devar±j± “aha½ n±nappak±ra½ sukhapadaµµh±na½ devalokasampatti½ pah±ya s²larakkhaºatth±ya manussaloka½ ±gato, tasm± mameva s²la½ mahantan”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Khi¹¹a½ rati½ vippajahitv±na sabba½, na c±lika½ bh±sati kiñci loke;
vibh³saµµh±n± virato methunasm±, ta½ ve nara½ samaºam±hu loke”ti. (J±. 1.10.26).
Tattha khi¹¹anti k±yikav±casikakhi¹¹a½. Ratinti dibbak±maguºarati½. Kiñc²ti appamattakampi. Vibh³saµµh±n±ti ma½savibh³s± chavivibh³s±ti dve vibh³s±. Tattha ajjhoharaº²y±h±ro ma½savibh³s± n±ma, m±l±gandh±d²ni chavivibh³s± n±ma, yena akusalacittena dh±r²yati, ta½ tassa µh±na½, tato virato methunasevanato ca yo paµivirato. Ta½ ve nara½ samaºam±hu loketi aha½ ajja devacchar±yo pah±ya idh±gantv± samaºadhamma½ karomi, tasm± mameva s²la½ mahantanti. Eva½ sakkopi attano s²lameva vaººeti.
Ta½ sutv± dhanañcayar±j± “aha½ ajja mahanta½ pariggaha½ so¼asasahassan±µakitthiparipuººa½ antepura½ cajitv± uyy±ne samaºadhamma½ karomi, tasm± mameva s²la½ mahantan”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Pariggaha½ lobhadhammañca sabba½, yo ve pariññ±ya pariccajeti;
danta½ µhitatta½ amama½ nir±sa½, ta½ ve nara½ samaºam±hu loke”ti. (J±. 1.10.27).
Tattha pariggahanti n±nappak±ra½ vatthuk±ma½. Lobhadhammanti tasmi½ uppajjanataºha½. Pariññ±y±ti ñ±tapariññ±, t²raºapariññ±, pah±napariññ±ti im±hi t²hi pariññ±hi parij±nitv±. Tattha khandh±d²na½ dukkh±disabh±vaj±nana½ ñ±tapariññ±, tesu aguºa½ upadh±retv± t²raºa½ t²raºapariññ±, tesu dosa½ disv± chandar±gass±paka¹¹hana½ pah±napariññ±. Yo im±hi t²hi pariññ±hi j±nitv± vatthuk±makilesak±me pariccajati, cha¹¹etv± gacchati. Dantanti nibbisevana½. Ýhitattanti micch±vitakk±bh±vena µhitasabh±va½. Amamanti ahanti mam±yanataºh±rahita½. Nir±santi puttad±r±d²su nicchandar±ga½. Ta½ ve naranti ta½ evar³pa½ puggala½ “samaºan”ti vadanti.
Iti te sabbepi attano attano s²lameva mahantanti vaººetv± sakk±dayo dhanañcaya½ pucchi½su “atthi pana, mah±r±ja, koci tumh±ka½ santike paº¹ito, yo no ima½ kaªkha½ vinodeyy±”ti “¾ma, mah±r±j±no mama atthadhamm±nus±sako mah±pañño asamadhuro vidhurapaº¹ito n±ma atthi, so no ima½ kaªkha½ vinodessati, tassa santika½ gacch±m±”ti. Atha te sabbe “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi½su. Atha sabbepi uyy±n± nikkhamitv± dhammasabha½ gantv± pallaªka½ alaªk±r±petv± bodhisatta½ pallaªkavaramajjhe nis²d±petv± paµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ nisinn± “paº¹ita, amh±ka½ kaªkh± uppann±, ta½ no vinodeh²”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha½su–
“Pucch±ma katt±ramanomapañña½, kath±su no viggaho atthi j±to;
chindajja kaªkha½ vicikicchit±ni, tadajja kaªkha½ vitaremu sabbe”ti. (J±. 1.10.28).
Tattha katt±ranti kattabbayuttakak±raka½. Viggaho atthi j±toti eko s²laviggaho s²laviv±do uppanno atthi. Chindajj±ti amh±ka½ ta½ kaªkha½ t±ni ca vicikicchit±ni vajirena sineru½ paharanto viya ajja chinda. Vitarem³ti vitareyy±ma.
Paº¹ito tesa½ katha½ sutv± “mah±r±j±no tumh±ka½ s²la½ niss±ya uppanna½ viv±dakatha½ sukathitadukkathita½ j±niss±m²”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Ye paº¹it± atthadas± bhavanti, bh±santi te yoniso tattha k±le;
katha½ nu kath±na½ abh±sit±na½, attha½ nayeyyu½ kusal± janind±”ti. (J±. 1.10.29).
Tattha atthadas±ti atthadassanasamatth±. Tattha k±leti tasmi½ viggahe ±rocite yuttappayuttak±le te paº¹it± tamattha½ ±cikkhant± yoniso bh±santi. Attha½ nayeyyu½ kusal±ti kusal± chek±pi sam±n± abh±sit±na½ kath±na½ katha½ nu attha½ ñ±ºena nayeyyu½ upaparikkheyyu½. Janind±ti r±j±no ±lapati. Tasm± ida½ t±va me vadetha.
“Katha½ have bh±sati n±gar±j±, garu¼o pana venateyyo kim±ha;
gandhabbar±j± pana ki½ vadeti, katha½ pana kur³na½ r±jaseµµho”ti. (J±. 1.10.30).
Tattha gandhabbar±j±ti sakka½ sandh±y±ha.
Athassa te ima½ g±tham±ha½su–
“Khanti½ have bh±sati n±gar±j±, app±h±ra½ garu¼o venateyyo;
gandhabbar±j± rativippah±na½, akiñcana½ kur³na½ r±jaseµµho”ti. (J±. 1.10.31).