K±¼³pak±¼± nirayamhi ghore, pubbe nara½ dukkaµakammak±rin”ti.
Tattha hananti vijjhanti c±ti jalit±ya ayapathaviya½ p±tetv± sakalasar²ra½ chidd±vachidda½ karont± paharanti ceva vijjhanti ca. K±¼³pak±¼±ti eva½n±mak± nirayap±l±. Nirayamh²ti tasmi½ tesaññeva vasena k±¼³pak±¼asaªkh±te niraye. Dukkaµakammak±rinti micch±diµµhivasena dukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ k±raka½.
1310. “Ta½ haññam±na½ niraye vajanta½, kucchismi½ passasmi½ vipph±lit³dara½;
sañchinnagatta½ ruhira½ savanta½, ko codaye paraloke sahassan”ti.
Tattha tanti ta½ bhavanta½ tattha niraye tath± haññam±na½. Vajantanti ito cito ca dh±vanta½. Kucchisminti kucchiyañca passe ca haññam±na½ vijjhiyam±nanti attho.
1311. “Satt² us³ tomarabhiº¹iv±l±, vividh±vudh± vassanti tattha dev±;
patanti aªg±ramivaccimanto, sil±san² vassati luddakammeti.
Tattha aªg±ramivaccimantoti jalita-aªg±r± viya accimant± ±vudhavises± patanti. Sil±san²ti jalitasil±sani. Vassati luddakammeti yath± n±ma deve vassante asani patati, evameva ±k±se samuµµh±ya cicciµ±yam±na½ jalitasil±vassa½ tesa½ luddakamm±na½ upari patati.
1312. “Uºho ca v±to nirayamhi dussaho, na tamhi sukha½ labbhati ittarampi;
ta½ ta½ vidh±vantamalenam±tura½, ko codaye paraloke sahassan”ti.
Tattha ittaramp²ti parittakampi. Vidh±vantanti vividh± dh±vanta½.
1313. “Sandh±vam±nampi rathesu yutta½, sajotibh³ta½ pathavi½ kamanta½;
patodalaµµh²hi sucodayanta½, ko codaye paraloke sahassan”ti.
Tattha rathesu yuttanti v±rena v±ra½ tesu jalitaloharathesu yutta½. Kamantanti akkamam±na½. Sucodayantanti suµµhu codayanta½.
1314. “Tam±ruhanta½ khurasañcita½ giri½, vibhi½sana½ pajjalita½ bhay±naka½;
sañchinnagatta½ ruhira½ savanta½, ko codaye paraloke sahassan”ti.
Tattha tam±ruhantanti ta½ bhavanta½ jalit±vudhapah±re asahitv± jalitakhurehi sañcita½ jalitalohapabbata½ ±ruhanta½.
1315. “Tam±ruhanta½ pabbatasannik±sa½, aªg±rar±si½ jalita½ bhay±naka½;
suda¹¹hagatta½ kapaºa½ rudanta½, ko codaye paraloke sahassan”ti.
Tattha suda¹¹hagattanti suµµhu da¹¹hasar²ra½.
1316. “Abbhak³µasam± ucc±, kaºµakanicit± dum±;
ayomayehi tikkhehi, naralohitap±yibh²”ti.
Tattha kaºµakanicit±ti jalitakaºµakehi cit±. “Ayomayeh²”ti ida½ yehi kaºµakehi ±cit±, te dassetu½ vutta½.
1317. “Tam±ruhanti n±riyo, nar± ca parad±rag³;
codit± sattihatthehi, yamaniddesak±ribh²”ti.
Tattha tam±ruhant²ti ta½ evar³pa½ simbalirukkha½ ±ruhanti. Yamaniddesak±ribh²ti yamassa vacanakarehi, nirayap±leh²ti attho.
1318. “Tam±ruhanta½ niraya½, simbali½ ruhiramakkhita½;
vida¹¹hak±ya½ vitaca½, ±tura½ g±¼havedana½.
1319. “Passasanta½ muhu½ uºha½, pubbakamm±par±dhika½;
dumagge vitaca½ gatta½, ko ta½ y±ceyya ta½ dhanan”ti.
Tattha vida¹¹hak±yanti vihi½sitak±ya½. Vitacanti cammama½s±na½ chidd±vachidda½ chinnat±ya kovi¼±rapuppha½ viya ki½sukapuppha½ viya ca.
1320. “Abbhak³µasam± ucc±, asipatt±cit± dum±;
ayomayehi tikkhehi, naralohitap±yibh²”ti.
Tattha asipatt±cit±ti asimayehi pattehi cit±.
1321. “Tam±ruhanta½ asipattap±dapa½, as²hi tikkhehi ca chijjam±na½;
sañchinnagatta½ ruhira½ savanta½, ko codaye paraloke sahassan”ti.
Tattha tam±ruhantanti ta½ bhavanta½ nirayap±l±na½ ±vudhapah±re asahitv± ±ruhanta½.
1322. “Tato nikkhantamatta½ ta½, asipatt±cit± dum±;
sampatita½ vetaraºi½, ko ta½ y±ceyya ta½ dhanan”ti.
Tattha sampatitanti patita½.
1323. “Khar± kh±rodik± tatt±, dugg± vetaraº² nad²;
ayopokkharasañchann±, tikkh± pattehi sandati”.
Tattha khar±ti pharus±. Ayopokkharasañchann±ti ayomayehi tikhiºapariyantehi pokkharapattehi sañchann±. Patteh²ti tehi pattehi s± nad² tikkh± hutv± sandati.
1324. “Tattha sañchinnagatta½ ta½, vuyhanta½ ruhiramakkhita½;
vetaraññe an±lambe, ko ta½ y±ceyya ta½ dhanan”ti.
Tattha vetaraññeti vetaraº²-udake.
Ima½ pana mah±sattassa nirayakatha½ sutv± r±j± sa½viggahadayo mah±sattaññeva t±ºagaves² hutv± ±ha–
1325. “Vedh±mi rukkho viya chijjam±no, disa½ na j±n±mi pam³¼hasañño;
bhay±nutapp±mi mah± ca me bhay±, sutv±na kath± tava bh±sit± ise.
1326. “¾ditte v±rimajjha½va, d²pa½voghe mahaººave;
andhak±reva pajjoto, tva½ nosi saraºa½ ise.
1327. “Atthañca dhamma½ anus±sa ma½ ise, at²tamaddh± apar±dhita½ may±;
±cikkha me n±rada suddhimagga½, yath± aha½ no niraya½ pateyyan”ti.
Tattha bhay±nutapp±m²ti attan± katassa p±passa bhayena anutapp±mi. Mah± ca me bhay±ti mahantañca me nirayabhaya½ uppanna½. Dipa½vogheti d²pa½va oghe. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ±ditte k±le v±rimajjha½ viya bhinnan±v±na½ oghe aººave patiµµha½ alabham±n±na½ d²pa½ viya andhak±ragat±na½ pajjoto viya ca tva½ no ise saraºa½ bhava. At²tamaddh± apar±dhita½ may±ti eka½sena may± at²ta½ kamma½ apar±dhita½ vir±dhita½, kusala½ atikkamitv± akusalameva katanti.
Athassa mah±satto visuddhimagga½ ±cikkhitu½ samm±paµipanne por±ºakar±j±no ud±haraºavasena dassento ±ha–
1328. “Yath± ah³ dhataraµµho, vess±mitto aµµhako y±mataggi;
usindaro c±pi siv² ca r±j±, paric±rak± samaºabr±hmaº±na½.
1329. “Ete caññe ca r±j±no, ye saggavisaya½ gat±;
adhamma½ parivajjetv±, dhamma½ cara mah²pati.
1330. “Annahatth± ca te byamhe, ghosayantu pure tava;
‘ko ch±to ko ca tasito, ko m±la½ ko vilepana½;
n±n±ratt±na½ vatth±na½, ko naggo paridahissati.
1331. ‘Ko panthe chattam±neti, p±duk± ca mud³ subh±’;
iti s±yañca p±to ca, ghosayantu pure tava.
1332. “Jiººa½ posa½ gav±ssañca, m±ssu yuñja yath± pure;
parih±rañca dajj±si, adhik±rakato bal²”ti.
Tattha ete c±ti yath± ete ca dhataraµµho vess±mitto aµµhako y±mataggi usindaro siv²ti cha r±j±no aññe ca dhamma½ caritv± saggavisaya½ gat±, eva½ tvampi adhamma½ parivajjetv± dhamma½ cara. Ko ch±toti mah±r±ja, tava byamhe pure r±janivesane ceva nagare ca annahatth± puris± “ko ch±to, ko tasito”ti tesa½ d±tuk±mat±ya ghosentu. Ko m±lanti ko m±la½ icchati, ko vilepana½ icchati, n±n±ratt±na½ vatth±na½ ya½ ya½ icchati, ta½ ta½ ko naggo paridahissat²ti ghosentu. Ko panthe chattam±net²ti ko panthe chatta½ dh±rayissati. P±duk± c±ti up±han± ca mud³ subh± ko icchati.
Jiººa½ posanti yo te upaµµh±kesu amacco v± añño v± pubbe kat³pak±ro jar±jiººak±le yath± por±ºak±le kamma½ k±tu½ na sakkoti, yepi te gav±ss±dayo jiººat±ya kamma½ k±tu½ na sakkonti, tesu ekampi pubbe viya kammesu m± yojayi. Jiººak±lasmiñhi te t±ni kamm±ni k±tu½ na sakkonti. Parih±rañc±ti idha pariv±ro “parih±ro”ti vutto. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo ca te bal² hutv± adhik±rakato pubbe kat³pak±ro hoti, tassa jar±jiººak±le yath±por±ºapariv±ra½ dadeyy±si. Asappuris± hi attano upak±rak±na½ upak±ra½ k±tu½ samatthak±leyeva samm±na½ karonti, samatthak±le pana na olokenti. Sappuris± pana asamatthak±lepi tesa½ tatheva sakk±ra½ karonti, tasm± tuvampi eva½ kareyy±s²ti.
Iti mah±satto rañño d±nakathañca s²lakathañca kathetv± id±ni yasm± aya½ r±j± attano attabh±ve rathena upametv± vaººiyam±ne tussissati, tasm±ssa sabbak±maduharathopam±ya dhamma½ desento ±ha–
1333. “K±yo te rathasaññ±to, manos±rathiko lahu;
avihi½s±s±ritakkho, sa½vibh±gapaµicchado.
1334. “P±dasaññamanemiyo, hatthasaññamapakkharo;
kucchisaññamanabbhanto, v±c±saññamak³jano.
1335. “Saccav±kyasamattaªgo, apesuññasusaññato;
gir±sakhilanelaªgo, mitabh±ºisilesito.
1336. “Saddh±lobhasusaªkh±ro, niv±tañjalikubbaro;
athaddhat±nat²s±ko, s²lasa½varanandhano.
1337. “Akkodhanamanuggh±t², dhammapaº¹arachattako;
b±husaccamap±lambo, µhitacittamup±dhiyo.
1338. “K±laññut±cittas±ro, ves±rajjatidaº¹ako;
niv±tavuttiyottako, anatim±nayugo lahu.
1339. “Al²nacittasanth±ro, vuddhisev² rajohato;
satipatodo dh²rassa, dhiti yogo ca rasmiyo.
1340. “Mano danta½ patha½ neti, samadantehi v±hibhi;
icch± lobho ca kummaggo, ujumaggo ca sa½yamo.
1341. “R³pe sadde rase gandhe, v±hanassa padh±vato;
paññ± ±koµan² r±ja, tattha att±va s±rathi.
1342. “Sace etena y±nena, samacariy± da¼h± dhiti;
sabbak±maduho r±ja, na j±tu niraya½ vaje”ti.
Tattha rathasaññ±toti mah±r±ja, tava k±yo rathoti saññ±to hotu. Manos±rathikoti manasaªkh±tena kusalacittena s±rathin± samann±gato. Lah³ti vigatathinamiddhat±ya sallahuko. Avihi½s±s±ritakkhoti avihi½s±mayena s±ritena suµµhu pariniµµhitena akkhena samann±gato. Sa½vibh±gapaµicchadoti d±nasa½vibh±gamayena paµicchadena samann±gato. P±dasaññamanemiyoti p±dasa½yamamay±ya nemiy± samann±gato. Hatthasaññamapakkharoti hatthasa½yamamayena pakkharena samann±gato. Kucchisaññamanabbhantoti kucchisa½yamasaªkh±tena mitabhojanamayena telena abbhanto. “Abbhañjitabbo n±bhi hot³”tipi p±µho. V±c±saññamak³janoti v±c±sa½yamena ak³jano.
Saccav±kyasamattaªgoti saccav±kyena paripuººa-aªgo akhaº¹arathaªgo. Apesuññasusaññatoti apesuññena suµµhu saññato samussito. Gir±sakhilanelaªgoti sakhil±ya saºhav±c±ya niddosaªgo maµµharathaªgo. Mitabh±ºisilesito mitabh±ºasaªkh±tena silesena suµµhu sambandho. Saddh±lobhasusaªkh±roti kammaphalasaddahanasaddh±mayena ca alobhamayena ca sundarena alaªk±rena samann±gato. Niv±tañjalikubbaroti s²lavant±na½ niv±tamayena ceva añjalikammamayena ca kubbarena samann±gato. Athaddhat±nat²s±koti sakhilasammodabh±vasaªkh±t±ya athaddhat±ya anata-²so, thokanata-²soti attho. S²lasa½varanandhanoti akhaº¹apañcas²lacakkhundriy±disa½varasaªkh±t±ya nandhanarajjuy± samann±gato.
Akkodhanamanuggh±t²ti akkodhanabh±vasaªkh±tena anuggh±tena samann±gato. Dhammapaº¹ara-chattakoti dasakusaladhammasaªkh±tena paº¹aracchattena samann±gato. B±husaccamap±lamboti atthasannissitabahussutabh±vamayena ap±lambena samann±gato. Ýhitacittamup±dhiyoti lokadhammehi avikampanabh±vena suµµhu µhita-ekaggabh±vappattacittasaªkh±tena up±dhin± uttarattharaºena v± r±j±sanena samann±gato. K±laññut±cittas±roti “aya½ d±nassa dinnak±lo, aya½ s²lassa rakkhanak±lo”ti eva½ k±laññut±saªkh±tena k±la½ j±nitv± katena cittena kusalas±rena samann±gato. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath±, mah±r±ja, rathassa n±ma ±ºi½ ±di½ katv± dabbasambh±raj±ta½ parisuddha½ s±ramayañca icchitabba½, evañhi so ratho addh±nakkhamo hoti, eva½ tavapi k±yaratho k±la½ j±nitv± katena cittena parisuddhena d±n±dikusalas±rena samann±gato hot³ti. Ves±rajjatidaº¹akoti parisamajjhe kathentassapi vis±radabh±vasaªkh±tena tidaº¹ena samann±gato. Niv±tavuttiyottakoti ov±de pavattanasaªkh±tena mudun± dhurayottena samann±gato Mudun± hi dhurayottena baddharatha½ sindhav± sukha½ vahanti, eva½ tava k±yarathopi paº¹it±na½ ov±dappavattit±ya ±baddho sukha½ y±t³ti attho. Anatim±nayugo lah³ti anatim±nasaªkh±tena lahukena yugena samann±gato.
Al²nacittasanth±roti yath± ratho n±ma dantamayena u¼±rena santh±rena sobhati, eva½ tava k±yarathopi d±n±din± al²na-asaªkuµitacittasanth±ro hotu. Vuddhisev² rajohatoti yath± ratho n±ma visamena rajuµµh±namaggena gacchanto rajokiººo na sobhati, samena virajena maggena gacchanto sobhati, eva½ tava k±yarathopi paññ±vuddhisevit±ya samatala½ ujumagga½ paµipajjitv± hatarajo hotu. Satipatodo dh²rass±ti paº¹itassa tava tasmi½ k±yarathe supatiµµhitasatipatodo hotu. Dhiti yogo ca rasmiyoti abbocchinnav²riyasaªkh±t± dhiti ca hitappaµipattiya½ yuñjanabh±vasaªkh±to yogo ca tava tasmi½ k±yarathe vaµµit± thir± rasmiyo hontu. Mano danta½ patha½ neti, samadantehi v±hibh²ti yath± ratho n±ma visamadantehi sindhavehi uppatha½ y±ti, samadantehi samasikkhitehi yutto ujupathameva anveti, eva½ manopi danta½ nibbisevana½ kummagga½ pah±ya ujumagga½ gaºh±ti. Tasm± sudanta½ ±c±rasampanna½ citta½ tava k±yarathassa sindhavakicca½ s±dhetu. Icch±lobho c±ti appattesu vatth³su icch±, pattesu lobhoti aya½ icch± ca lobho ca kummaggo n±ma. Kuµilo anujumaggo ap±yameva neti. Dasakusalakammapathavasena pana aµµhaªgikamaggavasena v± pavatto s²lasa½yamo ujumaggo n±ma. So tava k±yarathassa maggo hotu.
R³peti etesu man±piyesu r³p±d²su k±maguºesu nimitta½ gahetv± dh±vantassa tava k±yarathassa uppatha½ paµipannassa r±jarathassa sindhave ±koµetv± niv±raºapatodayaµµhi viya paññ± ±koµan² hotu. S± hi ta½ uppathagamanato niv±retv± uju½ sucaritamagga½ ±ropessati. Tattha att±va s±rath²ti tasmi½ pana te k±yarathe añño s±rathi n±ma natthi, tava att±va s±rathi hotu. Sace etena y±nen±ti mah±r±ja, yasseta½ evar³pa½ y±na½ sace atthi, etena y±nena. Samacariy± da¼h± dhit²ti yassa samacariy± ca dhiti ca da¼h± hoti thir±, so etena y±nena yasm± esa ratho sabbak±maduho r±ja, yath±dhippete sabbak±me deti, tasm± na j±tu niraya½ vaje, eka½seneta½ dh±rehi, evar³pena y±nena niraya½ na gacchas²ti attho. Iti kho, mah±r±ja, ya½ ma½ avaca “±cikkha me, n±rada, suddhimagga½, yath± aha½ no niraye pateyyan”ti, aya½ te so may± anekapariy±yena akkh±toti.
Evamassa dhamma½ desetv± micch±diµµhi½ jah±petv± s²le patiµµh±petv± “ito paµµh±ya p±pamitte pah±ya kaly±ºamitte upasaªkama, nicca½ appamatto hoh²”ti ov±da½ datv± r±jadh²tu guºa½ vaººetv± r±japaris±ya ca r±jorodh±nañca ov±da½ datv± mahanten±nubh±vena tesa½ passant±naññeva brahmaloka½ gato.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi may± diµµhij±la½ bhinditv± uruvelakassapo damitoyev±”ti vatv± j±taka½ samodh±nento im± g±th± abh±si–
1343. “Al±to devadattosi, sun±mo ±si bhaddaji;
vijayo s±riputtosi, moggall±nosi b²jako.
1344. “Sunakkhatto licchaviputto, guºo ±si acelako;
±nando s± ruc± ±si, y± r±j±na½ pas±dayi.
1345. “Uruvelakassapo r±j±, p±padiµµhi tad± ahu;
mah±brahm± bodhisatto, eva½ dh±retha j±takan”ti.

Mah±n±radakassapaj±takavaººan± aµµham±.