[545] 8. Mah±n±radakassapaj±takavaººan±

Ahu r±j± videh±nanti ida½ satth± laµµhivanuyy±ne viharanto uruvelakassapadamana½ ±rabbha kathesi. Yad± hi satth± pavattitavaradhammacakko uruvelakassap±dayo jaµile dametv± magadhar±jassa paµissava½ locetu½ pur±ºajaµilasahassaparivuto laµµhivanuyy±na½ agam±si. Tad± dv±dasanahut±ya paris±ya saddhi½ ±gantv± dasabala½ vanditv± nisinnassa magadharañño parisantare br±hmaºagahapatik±na½ vitakko uppajji “ki½ nu kho uruvelakassapo mah±samaºe brahmacariya½ carati, ud±hu mah±samaºo uruvelakassape”ti. Atha kho bhagav± tesa½ dv±dasanahut±na½ cetas± cetoparivitakkamaññ±ya “kassapassa mama santike pabbajitabh±va½ j±n±pess±m²”ti ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Kimeva disv± uruvelav±si, pah±si aggi½ kisakovad±no;
pucch±mi ta½ kassapa etamattha½, katha½ pah²na½ tava aggihuttan”ti. (Mah±va. 55).
Theropi bhagavato adhipp±ya½ viditv±–
“R³pe ca sadde ca atho rase ca, k±mitthiyo c±bhivadanti yaññ±;
eta½ malanti upadh²su ñatv±, tasm± na yiµµhe na hute arañjin”ti. (Mah±va. 55).–

Ima½ g±tha½ vatv± attano s±vakabh±va½ pak±sanattha½ tath±gatassa p±dapiµµhe s²sa½ µhapetv± “satth± me, bhante, bhagav±, s±vakohamasm²”ti vatv± ekat±la½ dvit±la½ tit±lanti y±va sattat±lappam±ºa½ sattakkhattu½ veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± oruyha tath±gata½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ta½ p±µih±riya½ disv± mah±jano “aho mah±nubh±vo buddho, eva½ th±magatadiµµhiko n±ma att±na½ ‘arah±’ti maññam±no uruvelakassapopi diµµhij±la½ bhinditv± tath±gatena damito”ti satthu guºakathaññeva kathesi. Ta½ sutv± satth± “anacchariya½ id±ni sabbaññutappattena may± imassa damana½, sv±ha½ pubbe sar±gak±lepi n±rado n±ma brahm± hutv± imassa diµµhij±la½ bhinditv± ima½ nibbisevanamak±sin”ti vatv± t±ya paris±ya y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.

At²te videharaµµhe mithil±ya½ aªgati n±ma r±j± rajja½ k±resi dhammiko dhammar±j±. Tassa ruc± n±ma dh²t± ahosi abhir³p± dassan²y± p±s±dik± kappasatasahassa½ patthitapatthan± mah±puññ± aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ nibbatt±. Ses± panassa so¼asasahass± itthiyo vañjh± ahesu½. Tassa s± dh²t± piy± ahosi man±p±. So tass± n±n±pupphap³re pañcav²satipupphasamugge anaggh±ni sukhum±ni vatth±ni ca “imehi att±na½ alaªkarot³”ti devasika½ pahiºi. Kh±dan²yabhojan²yassa pana pam±ºa½ natthi. Anva¹¹ham±sa½ “d±na½ det³”ti sahassa½ sahassa½ pesesi. Tassa kho pana vijayo ca sun±mo ca al±to c±ti tayo amacc± ahesu½. So komudiy± c±tum±siniy± chaºe pavattam±ne devanagara½ viya nagare ca antepure ca alaªkate sunh±to suvilitto sabb±laªk±rappaµimaº¹ito bhuttas±yam±so vivaµas²hapañjare mah±tale amaccagaºaparivuto visuddha½ gaganatala½ abhilaªgham±na½ candamaº¹ala½ disv± “ramaº²y± vata bho dosin± ratti, k±ya nu kho ajja ratiy± abhirameyy±m±”ti amacce pucchi. Tamattha½ pak±sento satth± ±ha–
1153. “Ahu r±j± videh±na½, aªgati n±ma khattiyo;
pah³tayoggo dhanim±, anantabalaporiso.
1154. “So ca pannarasi½ ratti½, purimay±me an±gate;
c±tum±s± komudiy±, amacce sannip±tayi.
1155. “Paº¹ite sutasampanne, mhitapubbe vicakkhaºe;
vijayañca sun±mañca, sen±pati½ al±taka½.
1156. “Tamanupucchi vedeho, pacceka½ br³tha sa½ ruci½;
c±tum±s± komudajja, juºha½ byapahata½ tama½;
k±yajja ratiy± ratti½, viharemu ima½ utun”ti.
Tattha pah³tayoggoti bahukena hatthiyogg±din± samann±gato. Anantabalaporisoti anantabalak±yo. An±gateti pariyos±na½ appatte, anatikkanteti attho. C±tum±s±ti catunna½ vassikam±s±na½ pacchimadivasabh³t±ya rattiy±. Komudiy±ti phullakumud±ya. Mhitapubbeti paµhama½ sita½ katv± pacch± kathanas²le. Tamanupucch²ti ta½ tesu amaccesu ekeka½ amacca½ anupucchi. Pacceka½ br³tha sa½ rucinti sabbepi tumhe attano attano ajjh±say±nur³pa½ ruci½ pacceka½ mayha½ kathetha. Komudajj±ti komud² ajja. Juºhanti juºh±ya nissayabh³ta½ candamaº¹ala½ abbhuggacchati. Byapahata½ tamanti tena sabba½ andhak±ra½ vihata½. Utunti ajja ratti½ ima½ evar³pa½ utu½ k±yaratiy± vihareyy±m±ti.
Iti r±j± amacce pucchi. Tena te pucchit± attano attano ajjh±say±nur³pa½ katha½ kathayi½su. Tamattha½ pak±sento satth± ±ha–
1157. “Tato sen±pati rañño, al±to etadabravi;
‘haµµha½ yogga½ bala½ sabba½, sena½ sann±hay±mase.
1158. ‘Niyy±ma deva yuddh±ya, anantabalaporis±;
ye te vasa½ na ±yanti, vasa½ upanay±mase;
es± mayha½ sak± diµµhi, ajita½ ojin±mase’.
1159. Al±tassa vaco sutv±, sun±mo etadabravi;
‘sabbe tuyha½ mah±r±ja, amitt± vasam±gat±.
1160. ‘Nikkhittasatth± paccatth±, niv±tamanuvattare;
uttamo ussavo ajja, na yuddha½ mama ruccati.
1161. ‘Annap±nañca khajjañca, khippa½ abhiharantu te;
ramassu deva k±mehi, naccag²te suv±dite’.
1162. Sun±massa vaco sutv±, vijayo etadabravi;
‘sabbe k±m± mah±r±ja, nicca½ tava mupaµµhit±.
1163. ‘Na hete dullabh± deva, tava k±mehi moditu½;
sad±pi k±m± sulabh±, neta½ cittamata½ mama.
1164. ‘Samaºa½ br±hmaºa½ v±pi, up±semu bahussuta½;
yo najja vinaye kaªkha½, atthadhammavid³ ise’.
1165. Vijayassa vaco sutv±, r±j± aªgati mabravi;
‘yath± vijayo bhaºati, mayhampeta½va ruccati.
1166. ‘Samaºa½ br±hmaºa½ v±pi, up±semu bahussuta½;
yo najja vinaye kaªkha½, atthadhammavid³ ise.
1167. ‘Sabbeva sant± karotha mati½, ka½ up±semu paº¹ita½;
yo najja vinaye kaªkha½, atthadhammavid³ ise’.
1168. Vedehassa vaco sutv±, al±to etadabravi;
‘atth±ya½ migad±yasmi½, acelo dh²rasammato.
1169. ‘Guºo kassapagott±ya½, suto citrakath² gaº²;
ta½ deva payirup±semu, so no kaªkha½ vinessati’.
1170. “Al±tassa vaco sutv±, r±j± codesi s±rathi½;
migad±ya½ gamiss±ma, yutta½ y±na½ idh± nay±”ti.
Tattha haµµhanti tuµµhapahaµµha½. Ojin±maseti ya½ no ajita½, ta½ jin±ma. Eso mama ajjh±sayoti. R±j± tassa katha½ neva paµikkosi, n±bhinandi. Etadabrav²ti r±j±na½ al±tassa vacana½ anabhinandanta½ appaµikkosanta½ disv± “n±ya½ yuddhajjh±sayo, ahamassa citta½ gaºhanto k±maguº±bhirati½ vaººayiss±m²”ti cintetv± eta½ “sabbe tuyhan”ti-±divacana½ abravi.
Vijayo etadabrav²ti r±j± sun±massapi vacana½ n±bhinandi, na paµikkosi. Tato vijayo “aya½ r±j± imesa½ dvinnampi vacana½ sutv± tuºh²yeva µhito, paº¹it± n±ma dhammassavanasoº¹± honti, dhammassavanamassa vaººayiss±m²”ti cintetv± eta½ “sabbe k±m±”ti-±divacana½ abravi. Tattha tava mupaµµhit±ti tava upaµµhit±. Moditunti tava k±mehi moditu½ abhiramitu½ icch±ya sati na hi ete k±m± dullabh±. Neta½ cittamata½ mam±ti eta½ tava k±mehi abhiramaºa½ mama cittamata½ na hoti, na me ettha citta½ pakkhandati. Yo najj±ti yo no ajja. Atthadhammavid³ti p±¼i-atthañceva p±¼idhammañca j±nanto. Iseti isi esitaguºo.
Aªgati mabrav²ti aªgati abravi. Mayhampeta½va ruccat²ti mayhampi etaññeva ruccati. Sabbeva sant±ti sabbeva tumhe idha vijjam±n± mati½ karotha cintetha. Al±to etadabrav²ti rañño katha½ sutv± al±to “aya½ mama kul³pako guºo n±ma ±j²vako r±juyy±ne vasati, ta½ pasa½sitv± r±jakul³paka½ kariss±m²”ti cintetv± eta½ “atth±yan”ti-±divacana½ abravi. Tattha dh²rasammatoti paº¹itoti sammato. Kassapagott±yanti kassapagotto aya½. Sutoti bahussuto. Gaº²ti gaºasatth±. Codes²ti ±º±pesi.
Rañño ta½ katha½ sutv± s±rathino tath± kari½su. Tamattha½ pak±sento satth± ±ha–
1171. “Tassa y±na½ ayojesu½, danta½ r³piyapakkhara½;
sukkamaµµhapariv±ra½, paº¹ara½ dosin± mukha½.
1172. “Tatr±su½ kumud±yutt±, catt±ro sindhav± hay±;
anil³pamasamupp±t±, sudant± soººam±lino.
1173. “Setacchatta½ setaratho, setass± setab²jan²;
vedeho sahamaccehi, niyya½ candova sobhati.
1174. “Tamanuy±yi½su bahavo, indikhaggadhar± bal²;
assapiµµhigat± v²r±, nar± naravar±dhipa½.
1175. “So muhutta½va y±yitv±, y±n± oruyha khattiyo;
vedeho sahamaccehi, patt² guºamup±gami.
1176. “Yepi tattha tad± ±su½, br±hmaºibbh± sam±gat±;
na te apanay² r±j±, akata½ bh³mim±gate”ti.
Tattha tassa y±nanti tassa rañño ratha½ yojayi½su. Dantanti dantamaya½. R³piyapakkharanti rajatamaya-upakkhara½. Sukkamaµµhapariv±ranti parisuddh±pharusapariv±ra½. Dosin± mukhanti vigatados±ya rattiy± mukha½ viya, candasadisanti attho. Tatr±sunti tatra ahesu½. Kumud±ti kumudavaºº±. Sindhav±ti sindhavaj±tik±. Anil³pamasamupp±t±ti v±tasadisaveg±. Setacchattanti tasmi½ rathe samuss±pita½ chattampi seta½ ahosi. Setarathoti sopi ratho setoyeva. Setass±ti ass±pi set±. Setab²jan²ti b²jan²pi set±. Niyyanti tena rathena niggacchanto amaccagaºaparivuto vedehar±j± cando viya sobhati.
Naravar±dhipanti naravar±na½ adhipati½ r±j±dhir±j±na½. So muhutta½va y±yitv±ti so r±j± muhutteneva uyy±na½ gantv±. Patt² guºamup±gam²ti pattikova guºa½ ±j²vaka½ up±gami. Yepi tattha tad± ±sunti yepi tasmi½ uyy±ne tad± puretara½ gantv± ta½ ±j²vaka½ payirup±sam±n± nisinn± ahesu½. Na te apanay²ti amh±kameva doso, ye maya½ pacch± agamimh±, tumhe m± cintayitth±ti te br±hmaºe ca ibbhe ca raññoyeva atth±ya akata½ akatok±sa½ bh³mi½ sam±gate na uss±raºa½ k±retv± apanay²ti.
T±ya pana omissakaparis±ya parivutova ekamanta½ nis²ditv± paµisanth±ramak±si. Tamattha½ pak±sento satth± ±ha–
1177. “Tato so muduk± bhisiy±, muducittakasanthate;
mudupaccatthate r±j±, ekamanta½ up±visi.
1178. “Nisajja r±j± sammodi, katha½ s±raºiya½ tato;
‘kacci y±paniya½ bhante, v±t±namaviyaggat±.