Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Khuddakanik±ye

J±taka-aµµhakath±

(Sattamo bh±go)

22. Mah±nip±to

[543] 6. Bh³ridattaj±takavaººan±

Nagarakaº¹a½

Ya½ kiñci ratana½ atth²ti ida½ satth± s±vatthi½ upaniss±ya jetavane viharanto uposathike up±sake ±rabbha kathesi. Te kira uposathadivase p±tova uposatha½ adhiµµh±ya d±na½ datv± pacch±bhatta½ gandham±l±dihatth± jetavana½ gantv± dhammassavanavel±ya ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Satth± dhammasabha½ ±gantv± alaªkatabuddh±sane nis²ditv± bhikkhusaªgha½ oloketv± bhikkhu-±d²su pana ye ±rabbha dhammakath± samuµµh±ti, tehi saddhi½ tath±gat± sallapanti, tasm± ajja up±sake ±rabbha pubbacariyappaµisa½yutt± dhammakath± samuµµhahissat²ti ñatv± up±sakehi saddhi½ sallapanto “uposathikattha, up±sak±”ti up±sake pucchitv± “±ma, bhante”ti vutte “s±dhu, up±sak±, kaly±ºa½ vo kata½, apica anacchariya½ kho paneta½, ya½ tumhe m±disa½ buddha½ ov±dad±yaka½ ±cariya½ labhant± uposatha½ kareyy±tha. Por±ºapaº¹it± pana an±cariyak±pi mahanta½ yasa½ pah±ya uposatha½ kari½suyev±”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatto n±ma r±j± rajja½ k±rento puttassa uparajja½ datv± tassa mahanta½ yasa½ disv± “rajjampi me gaºheyy±”ti uppann±saªko “t±ta, tva½ ito nikkhamitv± yattha te ruccati, tattha vasitv± mama accayena kulasantaka½ rajja½ gaºh±h²”ti ±ha. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± pitara½ vanditv± nikkhamitv± anupubbena yamuna½ gantv± yamun±ya ca samuddassa ca pabbatassa ca antare paººas±la½ m±petv± vanam³laphal±h±ro paµivasati. Tad± samuddassa heµµhime n±gabhavane ek± matapatik± n±gam±ºavik± aññ±sa½ sapatik±na½ yasa½ oloketv± kilesa½ niss±ya n±gabhavan± nikkhamitv± samuddat²re vicarant² r±japuttassa padavalañja½ disv± pad±nus±rena gantv± ta½ paººas±la½ addasa. Tad± r±japutto phal±phalatth±ya gato hoti. S± paººas±la½ pavisitv± kaµµhattharaºañceva sesaparikkh±re ca disv± cintesi “ida½ ekassa pabbajitassa vasanaµµh±na½, v²ma½siss±mi na½ ‘saddh±ya pabbajito nu kho no’ti, sace hi saddh±ya pabbajito bhavissati nekkhamm±dhimutto, na me alaªkatasayana½ s±diyissati. Sace k±m±bhirato bhavissati, na saddh±pabbajito, mama sayanasmi½yeva nipajjissati. Atha na½ gahetv± attano s±mika½ katv± idheva vasiss±m²”ti. S± n±gabhavana½ gantv± dibbapupph±ni ceva dibbagandhe ca ±haritv± dibbapupphasayana½ sajjetv± paººas±l±ya½ pupph³pah±ra½ katv± gandhacuººa½ vikiritv± paººas±la½ alaªkaritv± n±gabhavanameva gat±.
R±japutto s±yanhasamaya½ ±gantv± paººas±la½ paviµµho ta½ pavatti½ disv± “kena nu kho ima½ sayana½ sajjitan”ti phal±phala½ paribhuñjitv± “aho sugandh±ni pupph±ni, man±pa½ vata katv± sayana½ paññattan”ti na saddh±pabbajitabh±vena somanassaj±to pupphasayane parivattitv± nipanno nidda½ okkamitv± punadivase s³riyuggamane uµµh±ya paººas±la½ asammajjitv± phal±phalatth±ya agam±si. N±gam±ºavik± tasmi½ khaºe ±gantv± mil±t±ni pupph±ni disv± “k±m±dhimutto esa, na saddh±pabbajito, sakk± na½ gaºhitun”ti ñatv± pur±ºapupph±ni n²haritv± aññ±ni pupph±ni ±haritv± tatheva navapupphasayana½ sajjetv± paººas±la½ alaªkaritv± caªkame pupph±ni vikiritv± n±gabhavanameva gat±. So ta½ divasampi pupphasayane sayitv± punadivase cintesi “ko nu kho ima½ paººas±la½ alaªkarot²”ti? So phal±phalatth±ya agantv± paººas±lato avid³re paµicchanno aµµh±si. Itar±pi bah³ gandhe ceva pupph±ni ca ±d±ya assamapada½ agam±si. R±japutto uttamar³padhara½ n±gam±ºavika½ disv±va paµibaddhacitto att±na½ adassetv± tass± paººas±la½ pavisitv± sayana½ sajjanak±le pavisitv± “k±si tvan”ti pucchi. “Aha½ n±gam±ºavik±, s±m²”ti. “Sas±mik± ass±mik±s²”ti. “S±mi, aha½ pubbe sas±mik±, id±ni pana ass±mik± vidhav±”. “Tva½ pana kattha v±sikos²”ti? “Aha½ b±r±ºasirañño putto brahmadattakum±ro n±ma”. “Tva½ n±gabhavana½ pah±ya kasm± idha vicaras²”ti? “S±mi, aha½ tattha sas±mik±na½ n±gam±ºavik±na½ yasa½ oloketv± kilesa½ niss±ya ukkaºµhitv± tato nikkhamitv± s±mika½ pariyesant² vicar±m²”ti. “Tena hi bhadde, s±dhu, ahampi na saddh±ya pabbajito, pitar± pana me n²haritatt± idha vas±mi, tva½ m± cintayi, aha½ te s±miko bhaviss±mi, ubhopi idha samaggav±sa½ vasiss±m±”ti. S± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi. Tato paµµh±ya te ubhopi tattheva samaggav±sa½ vasi½su. S± attano ±nubh±vena mah±raha½ geha½ m±petv± mah±raha½ pallaªka½ ±haritv± sayana½ paññapesi. Tato paµµh±ya m³laphal±phala½ na kh±di, dibba-annap±nameva bhuñjitv± j²vika½ kappesi.
Aparabh±ge n±gam±ºavik± gabbha½ paµilabhitv± putta½ vij±yi, s±garat²re j±tatt± tassa “s±garabrahmadatto”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Tassa padas± gamanak±le n±gam±ºavik± dh²tara½ vij±yi, tass± samuddat²re j±tatt± “samuddaj±”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Atheko b±r±ºasiv±siko vanacarako ta½ µh±na½ patv± katapaµisanth±ro r±japutta½ sañj±nitv± katip±ha½ tattha vasitv± “deva, aha½ tumh±ka½ idha vasanabh±va½ r±jakulassa ±rocess±m²”ti ta½ vanditv± nikkhamitv± nagara½ agam±si. Tad± r±j± k±lamak±si. Amacc± tassa sar²rakicca½ katv± sattame divase sannipatitv± “ar±jaka½ rajja½ n±ma na saºµh±ti, r±japuttassa vasanaµµh±na½ v± atthibh±va½ v± na j±n±ma, phussaratha½ vissajjetv± r±j±na½ gaºhiss±m±”ti mantayi½su. Tasmi½ khaºe vanacarako nagara½ patv± ta½ katha½ sutv± amacc±na½ santika½ gantv± “aha½ r±japuttassa santike tayo catt±ro divase vasitv± ±gatomh²”ti ta½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi. Amacc± tassa sakk±ra½ katv± tena maggan±yakena saddhi½ tattha gantv± katapaµisanth±r± rañño k±lakatabh±va½ ±rocetv± “deva, rajja½ paµipajj±h²”ti ±ha½su.
So “n±gam±ºavik±ya citta½ j±niss±m²”ti ta½ upasaªkamitv± “bhadde, pit± me k±lakato, amacc± mayha½ chatta½ uss±petu½ ±gat±, gacch±ma, bhadde, ubhopi dv±dasayojanik±ya b±r±ºasiy± rajja½ k±ress±ma, tva½ so¼asanna½ itthisahass±na½ jeµµhik± bhavissas²”ti ±ha. “S±mi, na sakk± may± gantun”ti. “Ki½k±raº±”ti? “Maya½ ghoravis± khippakop± appamattakenapi kujjh±ma, sapattiroso ca n±ma bh±riyo. Sac±ha½ kiñci disv± v± sutv± v± kuddh± olokess±mi, bhasm±muµµhi viya vippakirissati. Imin± k±raºena na sakk± may± gantun”ti. R±japutto punadivasepi y±cateva. Atha na½ s± evam±ha– “aha½ t±va kenaci pariy±yena na gamiss±mi, ime pana me putt± n±gakum±r± tava sambhavena j±tatt± manussaj±tik±. Sace te mayi sineho atthi, imesu appamatto bhava. Ime kho pana udakab²jak± sukhum±l± magga½ gacchant± v±t±tapena kilamitv± mareyyu½, tasm± eka½ n±va½ khaº±petv± udakassa p³r±petv± t±ya dve puttake udakak²¼a½ k²¼±petv± nagarepi antovatthusmi½yeva pokkharaºi½k±reyy±si, eva½ te na kilamissant²”ti.
S± evañca pana vatv± r±japutta½ vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± puttake ±liªgitv± thanantare nipajj±petv± s²se cumbitv± r±japuttassa niyy±detv± roditv± kanditv± tattheva antaradh±yitv± n±gabhavana½ agam±si. R±japuttopi domanassappatto assupuººehi nettehi nivesan± nikkhamitv± akkh²ni puñchitv± amacce upasaªkami. Te ta½ tattheva abhisiñcitv± “deva, amh±ka½ nagara½ gacch±m±”ti vadi½su. Tena hi s²gha½ n±va½ khaºitv± sakaµa½ ±ropetv± udakassa p³retv± udakapiµµhe vaººagandhasampann±ni n±n±pupph±ni vikiratha, mama putt± udakab²jak±, te tattha k²¼ant± sukha½ gamissant²”ti. Amacc± tath± kari½su. R±j± b±r±ºasi½ patv± alaªkatanagara½ pavisitv± so¼asasahass±hi n±µakitth²hi amacc±d²hi ca parivuto mah±tale nis²ditv± satt±ha½ mah±p±na½ pivitv± putt±na½ atth±ya pokkharaºi½ k±resi. Te nibaddha½ tattha k²¼i½su.
Athekadivasa½ pokkharaºiya½ udake pavesiyam±ne eko kacchapo pavisitv± nikkhamanaµµh±na½ apassanto pokkharaºitale nipajjitv± d±rak±na½ k²¼anak±le udakato uµµh±ya s²sa½ n²haritv± te oloketv± puna udake nimujji. Te ta½ disv± bh²t± pitu santika½ gantv± “t±ta, pokkharaºiya½ eko yakkho amhe t±set²”ti ±ha½su. R±j± “gacchatha na½ gaºhath±”ti purise ±º±pesi. Te j±la½ khipitv± kacchapa½ ±d±ya rañño dassesu½. Kum±r± ta½ disv± “esa, t±ta, pis±co”ti viravi½su. R±j± puttasinehena kacchapassa kujjhitv± “gacchathassa kammak±raºa½ karoth±”ti ±º±pesi. Tatra ekacce “aya½ r±javeriko, eta½ udukkhale musalehi cuººavicuººa½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha½su, ekacce “t²hi p±kehi pacitv± kh±ditu½”, ekacce “aªg±resu utt±petu½,” ekacce “antokaµ±heyeva na½ pacitu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha½su. Eko pana udakabh²ruko amacco “ima½ yamun±ya ±vaµµe khipitu½ vaµµati, so tattha mah±vin±sa½ p±puºissati. Evar³p± hissa kammak±raº± natth²”ti ±ha. Kacchapo tassa katha½ sutv± s²sa½ n²haritv± evam±ha– “ambho, ki½ te may± apar±dho kato, kena ma½ evar³pa½ kammak±raºa½ vic±resi. May± hi sakk± itar± kammak±raº± sahitu½, aya½ pana atikakkha¼o, m± eva½ avac±”ti. Ta½ sutv± r±j± “ima½ etadeva k±retu½ vaµµat²”ti yamun±ya ±vaµµe khip±pesi. Puriso tath± ak±si. So eka½ n±gabhavanag±mi½ udakav±ha½ patv± n±gabhavana½ agam±si.
Atha na½ tasmi½ udakav±he k²¼ant± dhataraµµhan±garañño putt± n±gam±ºavak± disv± “gaºhatha na½ d±san”ti ±ha½su. So cintesi “aha½ b±r±ºasirañño hatth± muccitv± evar³p±na½ pharus±na½ n±g±na½ hattha½ patto, kena nu kho up±yena mucceyyan”ti. So “attheso up±yo”ti mus±v±da½ katv± “tumhe dhataraµµhassa n±garañño santak± hutv± kasm± eva½ vadetha, aha½ cittac³¼o n±ma kacchapo b±r±ºasirañño d³to, dhataraµµhassa santika½ ±gato, amh±ka½ r±j± dhataraµµhassa dh²tara½ d±tuk±mo ma½ pahiºi, tassa ma½ dasseth±”ti ±ha. Te somanassaj±t± ta½ ±d±ya rañño santika½ gantv± tamattha½ ±rocesu½. R±j± “±netha nan”ti ta½ pakkos±petv± disv±va anattamano hutv± “eva½ l±makasar²ro d³takamma½ k±tu½ na sakkot²”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± kacchapo “ki½ pana, mah±r±ja, d³tehi n±ma t±lappam±ºehi bhavitabba½, sar²rañhi khuddaka½ v± mahanta½ v± appam±ºa½, gatagataµµh±ne kammanipph±danameva pam±ºa½. Mah±r±ja, amh±ka½ rañño bah³ d³t±. Thale kamma½ manuss± karonti, ±k±se pakkhino, udake ahameva. Ahañhi cittac³¼o n±ma kacchapo µh±nantarappatto r±javallabho, m± ma½ paribh±sath±”ti attano guºa½ vaººesi. Atha na½ dhataraµµho pucchi “kena panatthena raññ± pesitos²”ti. Mah±r±ja, r±j± ma½ evam±ha “may± sakalajambud²pe r±j³hi saddhi½ mittadhammo kato, id±ni dhataraµµhena n±garaññ± saddhi½ mittadhamma½ k±tu½ mama dh²tara½ samuddaja½ damm²”ti vatv± ma½ pahiºi. “Tumhe papañca½ akatv± may± saddhi½yeva purisa½ pesetv± divasa½ vavatthapetv± d±rika½ gaºhath±”ti. So tussitv± tassa sakk±ra½ katv± tena saddhi½ catt±ro n±gam±ºavake pesesi “gacchatha, rañño vacana½ sutv± divasa½ vavatthapetv± eth±”ti. Te “s±dh³”ti vatv± kacchapa½ gahetv± n±gabhavan± nikkhami½su.