Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Khuddakanik±ye

J±taka-aµµhakath±

(Chaµµho bh±go)

22. Mah±nip±to

[538] 1. M³gapakkhaj±takavaººan±

paº¹iccaya½ vibh±vay±ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto mah±bhinikkhamana½ ±rabbha kathesi. Ekadivasañhi bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ sannisinn± bhagavato nekkhammap±rami½ vaººayant± nis²di½su. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “bhikkhave, id±ni mama p³ritap±ramissa rajja½ cha¹¹etv± mah±bhinikkhamana½ n±ma anacchariya½. Ahañhi pubbe aparipakke ñ±ºe p±ramiyo p³rentopi rajja½ cha¹¹etv± nikkhantoyev±”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te k±siraµµhe b±r±ºasiya½ k±sir±j± n±ma dhammena rajja½ k±resi. Tassa so¼asasahass± itthiyo ahesu½. T±su ek±pi putta½ v± dh²tara½ v± na labhi. N±gar± “amh±ka½ rañño va½s±nurakkhako ekopi putto natth²”ti r±jaªgaºe sannipatitv± kusaj±take (j±. 2.20.1 ±dayo) ±gatanayeneva r±j±na½ evam±ha½su “deva, putta½ pattheth±”ti. R±j± tesa½ vacana½ sutv± so¼asasahass± itthiyo “tumhe putta½ pattheth±”ti ±º±pesi. T± cand±d²na½ devat±na½ ±y±cana-upaµµh±n±d²ni katv± patthentiyopi putta½ v± dh²tara½ v± na labhi½su. Aggamahes² panassa maddar±jadh²t± cand±dev² n±ma s²lasampann± ahosi. R±j± “bhadde, tvampi putta½ pattheh²”ti ±ha. S± puººamadivase uposatha½ sam±diyitv± c³¼asayane nipann±va attano s²la½ ±vajjetv± “sac±ha½ akhaº¹as²l± imin± me saccena putto uppajjat³”ti saccakiriya½ ak±si.
Tass± s²latejena sakkassa bhavana½ uºh±k±ra½ dassesi. Sakko ±vajjento ta½ k±raºa½ ñatv± “cand±dev² putta½ pattheti, hand±ha½ putta½ dass±m²”ti tass±nucchavika½ putta½ upadh±rento bodhisatta½ passi. Bodhisattopi tad±v²sativass±ni b±r±ºasiya½ rajja½ k±retv± tato cuto ussadaniraye nibbattitv± as²tivassasahass±ni tattha paccitv± tato cavitv± t±vati½sabhavane nibbatti. Tatth±pi y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± tato cavitv± uparidevaloka½ gantuk±mo ahosi. Sakko tassa santika½ gantv± “m±risa, tayi manussaloke uppanne p±ramiyo ca te p³rissanti, mah±janassa vu¹¹hi ca bhavissati, aya½ k±sirañño cand±dev² n±ma aggamahes² putta½ pattheti, tass± kucchiya½ uppajj±h²”ti vatv± aññesañca cavanadhamm±na½ pañcasat±na½ devaputt±na½ paµiñña½ gahetv± sakaµµh±nameva agam±si. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± pañcahi devaputtasatehi saddhi½ devalokato cavitv± saya½ cand±deviy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Itare pana devaputt± amaccabhariy±na½ kucch²su paµisandhi½ gaºhi½su.
Tad± cand±deviy± kucchi vajirapuºº± viya ahosi. S± gabbhassa patiµµhitabh±va½ ñatv± rañño ±rocesi. Ta½ sutv± r±j± gabbhassa parih±ra½ d±pesi. S± paripuººagabbh± dasam±saccayena dhaññapuññalakkhaºasampanna½ putta½ vij±yi. Ta½ divasameva amaccagehesu pañca kum±rasat±ni j±yi½su. Tasmi½ khaºe r±j± amaccagaºaparivuto mah±tale nisinno ahosi. Athassa “putto, te deva, j±to”ti ±rocayi½su. Tesa½ vacana½ sutv± rañño puttapema½ uppajjitv± chaviy±d²ni chinditv± aµµhimiñja½ ±hacca aµµh±si, abbhantare p²ti uppajji, hadaya½ s²tala½ j±ta½. So amacce pucchi “tuµµh± nu kho tumhe, mama putto j±to”ti? “Ki½ kathetha, deva, maya½ pubbe an±th±, id±ni pana san±th± j±t±, s±miko no laddho”ti ±ha½su. R±j± mah±senagutta½ pakkos±petv± ±º±pesi “mama puttassa pariv±ro laddhu½ vaµµati, gaccha tva½ amaccagehesu ajja j±t± d±rak± kittak± n±m±ti olokeh²”ti. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± amaccageh±ni gantv± olokento pañca kum±rasat±ni disv± pun±gantv± rañño ±rocesi.
R±j± pañcanna½ d±rakasat±na½ kum±rapas±dhan±ni pesetv± puna pañca dh±tisat±ni ca d±pesi. Mah±sattassa pana atid²gh±didosavajjit± alambatthaniyo madhurathaññ±yo catusaµµhi dh±tiyo ad±si. Atid²gh±ya hi itthiy± passe nis²ditv± thañña½ pivato d±rakassa g²v± d²gh± hoti, atirass±ya passe nis²ditv± thañña½ pivanto d±rako nipp²¼itakhandhaµµhiko hoti, atikis±ya passe nis²ditv± thañña½ pivato d±rakassa ³r³ rujjanti, atith³l±ya passe nis²ditv± thañña½ pivanto d±rako pakkhap±do hoti, atik±¼ik±ya kh²ra½ atis²tala½ hoti, ati-od±t±ya kh²ra½ ati-uºha½ hoti, lambatthaniy± passe nis²ditv± thañña½ pivanto d±rako nipp²¼itan±siko hoti. K±s±nañca pana itth²na½ kh²ra½ ati-ambila½ hoti, s±s±nañca pana itth²na½ kh²ra½ atikaµuk±dibheda½ hoti, tasm± te sabbepi dose vivajjetv± alambatthaniyo madhurathaññ±yo catusaµµhi dh±tiyo datv± mahanta½ sakk±ra½ katv± cand±deviy±pi vara½ ad±si. S±pi gahitaka½ katv± µhapesi.
R±j± kum±rassa n±maggahaºadivase lakkhaºap±µhake br±hmaºe pakkos±petv± tesa½ mahanta½ sakk±ra½ katv± kum±rassa antar±y±bh±va½ pucchi. Te tassa lakkhaºasampatti½ disv± “mah±r±ja, dhaññapuññalakkhaºasampanno aya½ kum±ro, tiµµhatu ekad²po, dvisahassapariv±r±na½ catunnampi mah±d²p±na½ rajja½ k±retu½ samattho hoti, n±ssa koci antar±yo paññ±yat²”ti vadi½su. R±j± tesa½ vacana½ sutv± tussitv± kum±rassa n±ma½ karonto yasm± kum±rassa j±tadivase sakalak±siraµµhe devo vassi, yasm± ca rañño ceva amacc±nañca hadaya½ s²tala½ j±ta½, yasm± ca temayam±no j±to, tasm± “temiyakum±ro”tissa n±ma½ ak±si. Atha na½ dh±tiyo ekam±sika½ alaªkaritv± rañño santika½ ±nayi½su. R±j± piyaputta½ ±liªgitv± s²se cumbitv± aªke nis²d±petv± ramayam±no nis²di.
Tasmi½ khaºe catt±ro cor± ±n²t±. R±j± te disv± “tesu ekassa corassa sakaºµak±hi kas±hi pah±rasahassa½ karotha, ekassa saªkhalik±ya bandhitv± bandhan±g±rapavesana½ karotha, ekassa sar²re sattipah±ra½ karotha, ekassa s³l±ropana½ karoth±”ti ±º±pesi. Atha mah±satto pitu vacana½ sutv± bh²tatasito hutv± “aho mama pit± rajja½ niss±ya atibh±riya½ nirayag±mikamma½ ak±s²”ti cintesi. Punadivase pana ta½ setacchattassa heµµh± alaªkatasirisayane nipajj±pesu½. So thoka½ nidd±yitv± pabuddho akkh²ni umm²letv± setacchatta½ olokento mahanta½ sirivibhava½ passi. Athassa pakatiy±pi bh²tatasitassa atirekatara½ bhaya½ uppajji. So “kuto nu kho aha½ ima½ corageha½ ±gatomh²”ti upadh±rento j±tissarañ±ºena devalokato ±gatabh±va½ ñatv± tato para½ olokento ussadaniraye pakkabh±va½ passi, tato para½ olokento tasmi½yeva nagare r±jabh±va½ aññ±si.
Athassa “aha½ v²sativass±ni b±r±ºasiya½ rajja½ k±retv± as²tivassasahass±ni ussadaniraye pacci½, id±ni punapi imasmi½yeva coragehe nibbattomhi, pit± me hiyyo cat³su coresu ±n²tesu tath±r³pa½ pharusa½ nirayasa½vattanika½ katha½ kathesi, sac±ha½ rajja½ k±ress±mi, punapi niraye nibbattitv± mah±dukkha½ anubhaviss±m²”ti ±vajjentassa mahanta½ bhaya½ uppajji. Bodhisattassa kañcanavaººa½ sar²ra½ hatthena parimaddita½ paduma½ viya mil±ta½ dubbaººa½ ahosi. So “katha½ nu kho imamh± corageh± mucceyyan”ti cintento nipajji. Atha na½ ekasmi½ attabh±ve m±tubh³tapubb± chatte adhivatth± devadh²t± ass±setv± “t±ta temiyakum±ra, m± bh±yi, m± soci, m± cintayi. Sace ito muccituk±mosi, tva½ ap²µhasapp²pi p²µhasapp² viya hohi, abadhiropi badhiro viya hohi, am³gopi m³go viya hohi, im±ni t²ºi aªg±ni adhiµµh±ya attano paº¹itabh±va½ m± pak±seh²”ti vatv± paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
1. “M± paº¹iccaya½ vibh±vaya, b±lamato bhava sabbap±ºina½;
sabbo ta½ jano ocin±yatu, eva½ tava attho bhavissat²”ti.
Tattha paº¹iccayanti paº¹icca½, ayameva v± p±µho. B±lamatoti b±lo iti sammato. Sabbo janoti sakalo antojano ceva bahijano ca. Ocin±yat³ti “n²haratheta½ k±¼akaººin”ti avamaññatu, avaj±n±t³ti attho.
So tass± vacanena ass±sa½ paµilabhitv±–
2. “Karomi te ta½ vacana½, ya½ ma½ bhaºasi devate;
atthak±m±si me amma, hitak±m±si devate”ti.–

Ima½ g±tha½ vatv± t±ni t²ºi aªg±ni adhiµµh±si. S± ca devadh²t± antaradh±yi. R±j± puttassa anukkaºµhanatth±ya t±ni pañca kum±rasat±ni tassa santikeyeva µhapesi. Te d±rak± thaññatth±ya rodanti paridevanti. Mah±satto pana nirayabhayatajjito “rajjato me sussitv± matameva seyyo”ti na rodati na paridevati. Athassa dh±tiyo ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± cand±deviy± ±rocayi½su. S±pi rañño ±rocesi. R±j± nemittake br±hmaºe pakkos±petv± pucchi. Atha br±hmaº± ±ha½su “deva, kum±rassa pakativela½ atikkamitv± thañña½ d±tu½ vaµµati, eva½ so rodam±no thana½ da¼ha½ gahetv± sayameva pivissat²”ti. Tato paµµh±ya dh±tiyo kum±rassa pakativela½ atikkamitv± thañña½ denti. Dadam±n± ca kad±ci ekav±ra½ atikkamitv± denti, kad±ci sakaladivasa½ kh²ra½ na denti.

V²ma½sanakaº¹a½

So nirayabhayatajjito sussantopi thaññatth±ya na rodati, na paridevati. Atha na½ arodantampi disv± “putto me ch±to”ti m±t± v± thañña½ p±yeti, kad±ci dh±tiyo v± p±yenti. Sesad±rak± thañña½ aladdhavel±yameva rodanti paridevanti. Mah±satto pana nirayabhayatajjito na rodati, na paridevati, na nidd±yati, na hatthap±de samiñjati, na sadda½ karoti. Athassa dh±tiyo “p²µhasapp²na½ hatthap±d± n±ma na evar³p± honti, m³g±na½ hanukapariyos±na½ n±ma na evar³pa½ hoti, badhir±na½ kaººasot±ni n±ma na evar³p±ni honti, bhavitabbamettha k±raºena, v²ma½siss±ma nan”ti cintetv± “kh²rena t±va na½ v²ma½siss±m±”ti sakaladivasa½ kh²ra½ na denti. So sussantopi kh²ratth±ya sadda½ na karoti. Athassa m±t± “putto me ch±to”ti sayameva thañña½ p±yeti. Eva½ antarantar± kh²ra½ adatv± ekasa½vacchara½ v²ma½sant±pissa antara½ na passi½su.
Tato amacc±dayo rañño ±rocesu½ “ekavassikad±rak± n±ma p³vakhajjaka½ piy±yanti, tena na½ v²ma½siss±m±”ti pañca kum±rasat±ni tassa santikeyeva nis²d±petv± n±n±p³vakhajjak±ni upan±metv± bodhisattassa avid³re µhapetv± “yath±ruci t±ni p³vakhajjak±ni gaºhath±”ti paµicchannaµµh±ne tiµµhanti. Sesad±rak± kalaha½ karont± aññamañña½ paharant± ta½ ta½ gahetv± kh±danti. Mah±satto pana att±na½ ovaditv± “t±ta temiyakum±ra, nirayabhaya½ icchanto p³vakhajjaka½ icch±h²”ti nirayabhayatajjito p³vakhajjaka½ na olokesi. Eva½ p³vakhajjakenapi ekasa½vacchara½ antarantar± v²ma½sant±pissa neva antara½ passi½su.
Tato “dvivassikad±rak± n±ma phal±phala½ piy±yanti, tena na½ v²ma½siss±m±”ti n±n±phal±ni upan±metv± bodhisattassa avid³re µhapetv± v²ma½si½su. Sesad±rak± kalaha½ katv± yujjhant± ta½ ta½ gahetv± kh±danti. So nirayabhayatajjito tampi na olokesi. Eva½ phal±phalenapi ekasa½vacchara½ antarantar± v²ma½sant±pissa neva antara½ passi½su.