M± te adhisare muñca, sub±¼hamadhikopitanti, t±ta, tava hadaya½ kusala½ adhisaritv± atikkamitv± pavatte paresa½ akusalakamme suµµhu b±¼ha½ adhikopita½ kujjh±pita½ hutv± m± muñca, m± patiµµh±yat³ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– t±ta, yad± te vinicchaye µhitassa imin± puriso v± hato sandhi v± chinnoti cora½ dassenti, tad± te paresa½ vacanehi suµµhu kopitampi hadaya½ kodhavasena m± muñca, apariggahetv± m± daº¹a½ paºehi. Ki½k±raº±? Acorampi hi “coro”ti gahetv± ±nenti, tasm± akujjhitv± ubhinna½ attapaccatthik±na½ katha½ sutv± suµµhu sodhetv± attapaccakkhena tassa corabh±va½ ñatv± paveºiy± µhapitadaº¹avasena kattabba½ karohi. Raññ± hi uppannepi kodhe hadaya½ s²tala½ akatv± kamma½ na k±tabba½. Yad± panassa hadaya½ nibbuta½ hoti muduka½, tad± vinicchayakamma½ k±tabba½. Pharuse hi citte pakkuthite udake mukhanimitta½ viya k±raºa½ na paññ±yati. Kodhas± h²ti, t±ta, kodhena hi bah³ni ph²t±ni r±jakul±ni akulabh±va½ gat±ni mah±vin±sameva patt±n²ti. Imassa panatthassa d²panattha½ khantiv±dij±taka- (j±. 1.4.49 ±dayo) n±¼ikerar±javatthusahassab±hu-ajjunavatthu-±d²ni kathetabb±ni.
M±, t±ta, issaromh²ti, anatth±ya pat±ray²ti, t±ta, “aha½ pathavissaro”ti m± mah±jana½ k±yaduccarit±di-anatth±ya pat±rayi m± ot±rayi, yath± ta½ anattha½ sam±d±ya vattati, m± evamak±s²ti attho. M± te ±s²ti, t±ta, tava vijite manussaj±tik±na½ v± tiracch±naj±tik±na½ v± itthipuris±na½ dukhudrayo dukkhuppatti m± ±si. Yath± hi adhammikar±j³na½ vijite manuss± k±yaduccarit±d²ni katv± niraye uppajjanti, tava raµµhav±s²na½ ta½ dukkha½ yath± na hoti, tath± karoh²ti attho.
Apetalomaha½sass±ti att±nuv±d±dibhayehi nibbhayassa. Imin± ima½ dasseti– t±ta, yo r±j± kismiñci ±saªka½ akatv± attano k±mameva anussarati, chandavasena ya½ ya½ icchati, ta½ ta½ karoti, vissaµµhayaµµhi viya andho niraªkuso viya ca caº¹ahatth² hoti, tassa sabbe bhog± vinassanti, tassa ta½ bhogabyasana½ agha½ dukkhanti vuccati.
Tattheva te vattapad±ti purimanayeneva yojetabba½. Dakkhassud±n²ti, t±ta, tva½ ima½ anus±sani½ sutv± id±ni dakkho analaso puññ±na½ karaºena puññakaro sur±dipariharaºena. Asoº¹o diµµhadhammikasampar±yikassa atthassa avin±sanena avin±sako bhaveyy±s²ti. S²lav±ss³ti s²lav± ±c±rasampanno bhava, dasasu r±jadhammesu patiµµh±ya rajja½ k±rehi. Duss²lo vinip±tikoti duss²lo hi, mah±r±ja, att±na½ niraye vinip±tento vinip±tiko n±ma hot²ti.
Eva½ kuº¹alin²pi ek±dasahi g±th±hi dhamma½ desesi. R±j± tuµµho amacce ±mantetv± pucchi– “bhonto! Amacc± mama dh²t±ya kuº¹aliniy± eva½ kathayam±n±ya kena kattabba½ kicca½ katan”ti. Bhaº¹±g±rikena, dev±ti. “Tena hiss± bhaº¹±g±rikaµµh±na½ damm²”ti kuº¹alini½ µh±nantare µhapesi. S± tato paµµh±ya bhaº¹±g±rikaµµh±ne µhatv± pitu kamma½ ak±s²ti.

Kuº¹alinipañho niµµhito.

Puna r±j± katip±haccayena purimanayeneva jambukapaº¹itassa santika½ d³ta½ pesetv± sattame divase tattha gantv± sampatti½ anubhavitv± pacc±gato tattheva maº¹apamajjhe nis²di. Amacco jambukapaº¹ita½ kañcanabhaddap²µhe nis²d±petv± p²µha½ s²sen±d±ya ±gacchi. Paº¹ito pitu aªke nis²ditv± k²¼itv± gantv± kañcanap²µheyeva nis²di. Atha na½ r±j± pañha½ pucchanto g±tham±ha–
26. “Apucchimha kosiyagotta½, kuº¹alini½ tatheva ca;
tva½ d±ni vadehi jambuka, bal±na½ balamuttaman”ti.
Tassattho t±ta, jambuka, aha½ tava bh±tara½ kosiyagotta½ vessantara½ bhaginiñca te kuº¹alini½ r±jadhamma½ apucchi½, te attano balena kathesu½, yath± pana te pucchi½, tatheva id±ni, putta jambuka, ta½ pucch±mi, tva½ me r±jadhammañca bal±na½ uttama½ balañca katheh²ti.
Eva½ r±j± mah±satta½ pañha½ pucchanto aññesa½ pucchitaniy±mena apucchitv± visesetv± pucchi. Athassa paº¹ito “tena hi, mah±r±ja, ohitasoto suº±hi, sabba½ te kathess±m²”ti pas±ritahatthe sahassatthavika½ µhapento viya dhammadesana½ ±rabhi–
27. “Bala½ pañcavidha½ loke, purisasmi½ mahaggate;
tattha b±hubala½ n±ma, carima½ vuccate bala½.
28. “Bhogabalañca d²gh±vu, dutiya½ vuccate bala½;
amaccabalañca d²gh±vu, tatiya½ vuccate bala½.
29. “Abhijaccabalañceva, ta½ catuttha½ asa½saya½;
y±ni cet±ni sabb±ni, adhigaºh±ti paº¹ito.
30. “Ta½ bal±na½ bala½ seµµha½, agga½ paññ±bala½ bala½;
paññ±balenupatthaddho, attha½ vindati paº¹ito.
31. “Api ce labhati mando, ph²ta½ dharaºimuttama½;
ak±massa pasayha½ v±, añño ta½ paµipajjati.
32. “Abhij±topi ce hoti, rajja½ laddh±na khattiyo;
duppañño hi k±sipati, sabbenapi na j²vati.
33. “Paññ±va suta½ vinicchin², paññ± kittisilokava¹¹han²;
paññ±sahito naro idha, api dukkhe sukh±ni vindati.
34. “Paññañca kho asuss³sa½, na koci adhigacchati;
bahussuta½ an±gamma, dhammaµµha½ avinibbhuja½.
35. “Yo ca dhammavibhaªgaññ³, k±luµµh±y² atandito;
anuµµhahati k±lena, kammaphala½ tassijjhati.
36. “An±yatanas²lassa, an±yatanasevino;
na nibbindiyak±rissa, sammadattho vipaccati.
37. “Ajjhattañca payuttassa, tath±yatanasevino;
anibbindiyak±rissa, sammadattho vipaccati.
38. “Yogappayogasaªkh±ta½, sambhatass±nurakkhaºa½;
t±ni tva½ t±ta sevassu, m± akamm±ya randhayi;
akammun± hi dummedho, na¼±g±ra½va s²dat²”ti.
Tattha mahaggateti, mah±r±ja, imasmi½ sattaloke mahajjh±saye purise pañcavidha½ bala½ hoti. B±hubalanti k±yabala½. Carimanti ta½ atimahantampi sam±na½ l±makameva. Ki½k±raº±? Andhab±labh±vena. Sace hi k±yabala½ mahanta½ n±ma bhaveyya, v±raºabalato laµukik±ya bala½ khuddaka½ bhaveyya, v±raºabala½ pana andhab±labh±vena maraºassa paccaya½ j±ta½, laµukik± attano ñ±ºakusalat±ya v±raºa½ j²vitakkhaya½ p±pesi. Imasmi½ panatthe “na heva sabbattha balena kicca½, balañhi b±lassa vadh±ya hot²”ti sutta½ (j±. 1.5.42) ±haritabba½.
Bhogabalanti upatthambhanavasena sabba½ hiraññasuvaºº±di upabhogaj±ta½ bhogabala½ n±ma, ta½ k±yabalato mahantatara½. Amaccabalanti abhejjamantassa s³rassa suhadayassa amaccamaº¹alassa atthit±, ta½ bala½ saªg±mas³rat±ya purimehi balehi mahantatara½. Abhijaccabalanti t²ºi kul±ni atikkamitv± khattiyakulavasena j±tisampatti ta½ itarehi balehi mahantatara½. J±tisampann± eva hi sujjhanti, na itareti. Y±ni cet±n²ti y±ni ca et±ni catt±ripi bal±ni paº¹ito paññ±nubh±vena adhigaºh±ti abhibhavati, ta½ sabbabal±na½ paññ±bala½ seµµhanti ca agganti ca vuccati. Ki½k±raº±? Tena hi balena upatthaddho paº¹ito attha½ vindati, vu¹¹hi½ p±puº±ti Tadatthajotanattha½ “puººa½ nadi½ yena ca peyyam±h³”ti puººanad²j±takañca (j±. 1.2.127 ±dayo) sir²k±¼akaººipañha½ pañcapaº¹itapañhañca sattubhastaj±taka- (j±. 1.7.46 ±dayo) sambhavaj±taka- (j±. 1.16.138 ±dayo) sarabhaªgaj±tak±d²ni (j±. 2.17.50 ±dayo) ca kathetabb±ni.
Mandoti mandapañño b±lo. Ph²tanti, t±ta, mandapañño puggalo sattaratanapuººa½ cepi uttama½ dharaºi½ labhati, tassa aniccham±nasseva pasayhak±ra½ v± pana katv± añño paññ±sampanno ta½ paµipajjati. Mando hi laddha½ yasa½ rakkhitu½ kulasantaka½ v± pana paveºi-±gatampi rajja½ adhigantu½ na sakkoti. Tadatthajotanattha½ “addh± p±dañjal² sabbe, paññ±ya atirocat²”ti p±dañjal²j±taka½ (j±. 1.2.194-195) kathetabba½. Laddh±n±ti j±tisampatti½ niss±ya kulasantaka½ rajja½ labhitv±pi. Sabbenap²ti tena sakalenapi rajjena na j²vati, anup±yakusalat±ya duggatova hot²ti.
Eva½ mah±satto ettakena µh±nena apaº¹itassa aguºa½ kathetv± id±ni pañña½ pasa½santo “paññ±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sutanti sutapariyatti. Tañhi paññ±va vinicchinati. Kittisilokava¹¹han²ti kittighosassa ca l±bhasakk±rassa ca va¹¹han². Dukkhe sukh±ni vindat²ti dukkhe uppannepi nibbhayo hutv± up±yakusalat±ya sukha½ paµilabhati. Tadatthad²panattha½–
“Yassete caturo dhamm±, v±narinda yath± tava”. (J±. 1.1.57).
Alametehi ambehi, jamb³hi panasehi c±”ti. (J±. 1.2.115)–

¾d²ni j±tak±ni kathetabb±ni.

Asuss³santi paº¹itapuggale apayirup±santo assuºanto. Dhammaµµhanti sabh±vak±raºe µhita½ bahussuta½ an±gamma ta½ asaddahanto. Avinibbhujanti atth±nattha½ k±raº±k±raºa½ anog±hanto at²rento na koci pañña½ adhigacchati, t±t±ti.
Dhammavibhaªgaññ³ti dasakusalakammapathavibhaªgakusalo. K±luµµh±y²ti v²riya½ k±tu½ yuttak±le v²riyassa k±rako. Anuµµhahat²ti tasmi½ tasmi½ k±le ta½ ta½ kicca½ karoti. Tass±ti tassa puggalassa kammaphala½ samijjhati nipphajjati. An±yatanas²lass±ti an±yatana½ vuccati l±bhayasasukh±na½ an±karo duss²lyakamma½, ta½s²lassa tena duss²lyakammena samann±gatassa, an±yatanabh³tameva duss²lapuggala½ sevantassa, kusalassa kammassa karaºak±le nibbindiyak±rissa nibbinditv± ukkaºµhitv± karontassa evar³passa, t±ta, puggalassa kamm±na½ attho samm± na vipaccati na sampajjati, t²ºi kulagg±ni ca cha k±masagg±ni ca na upanet²ti attho. Ajjhattañc±ti attano niyakajjhatta½ aniccabh±van±divasena payuttassa. Tath±yatanasevinoti tatheva s²lavante puggale sevam±nassa. Vipaccat²ti sampajjati mahanta½ yasa½ deti.
Yogappayogasaªkh±tanti yoge yuñjitabbayuttake k±raºe payogakoµµh±sabh³ta½ pañña½. Sambhatass±ti r±sikatassa dhanassa anurakkhaºa½. T±ni tvanti et±ni ca dve purim±ni ca may± vuttak±raº±ni sabb±ni, t±ta, tva½ sevassu, may± vutta½ ov±da½ hadaye katv± attano ghare dhana½ rakkha. M± akamm±ya randhay²ti ayuttena ak±raºena m± randhayi, ta½ dhana½ m± jh±payi m± n±sayi. Ki½k±raº±? Akammun± h²ti ayuttakammakaraºena dummedho puggalo saka½ dhana½ n±setv± pacch± duggato. Na¼±g±ra½va s²dat²ti yath± na¼±g±ra½ m³lato paµµh±ya j²ram±na½ appatiµµha½ patati, eva½ ak±raºena dhana½ n±setv± ap±yesu nibbattat²ti.
Evampi bodhisatto ettakena µh±nena pañca bal±ni vaººetv± paññ±bala½ ukkhipitv± candamaº¹ala½ n²haranto viya kathetv± id±ni dasahi g±th±hi rañño ov±da½ dento ±ha–
39. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, m±t±pit³su khattiya;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
40. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, puttad±resu khattiya;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
41. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, mitt±maccesu khattiya;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
42. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, v±hanesu balesu ca;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
43. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, g±mesu nigamesu ca;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
44. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, raµµhe janapadesu ca;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
45. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, samaºe br±hmaºesu ca;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
46. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, migapakkh²su khattiya;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
47. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, dhammo ciººo sukh±vaho;
idha dhamma½ caritv±na, r±ja sagga½ gamissasi.
48. “Dhamma½ cara mah±r±ja, sa-ind± dev± sabrahmak±;
suciººena diva½ patt±, m± dhamma½ r±ja p±mado”ti.
Tattha paµhamag±th±ya t±va idha dhammanti m±t±pitupaµµh±nadhamma½. Ta½ k±lasseva vuµµh±ya m±t±pit³na½ mukhodakadantakaµµhad±nam±di½ katv± sabbasar²rakiccapariharaºa½ karontova p³reh²ti vadati. Puttad±res³ti puttadh²taro t±va p±p± niv±retv± kaly±ºe nivesento sippa½ uggaºh±pento vayappattak±le patir³pakulava½sena ±v±haviv±ha½ karonto samaye dhana½ dento puttesu dhamma½ carati n±ma, bhariya½ samm±nento anavam±nento anaticaranto issariya½ vossajjento alaªk±ra½ anuppadento d±resu dhamma½ carati n±ma. Mitt±macces³ti mitt±macce cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi saªgaºhanto avisa½v±dento etesu dhamma½ carati n±ma. V±hanesu balesu c±ti hatthi-ass±d²na½ v±han±na½ balak±yassa ca d±tabbayuttaka½ dento sakk±ra½ karonto hatthi-ass±dayo mahallakak±le kammesu ayojento tesu dhamma½ carati n±ma.
G±mesu nigamesu c±ti g±manigamav±sino daº¹abal²hi ap²¼entova tesu dhamma½ carati n±ma. Raµµhe janapadesu c±ti raµµhañca janapadañca ak±raºena kilamento hitacitta½ apaccupaµµhapento tattha adhamma½ carati n±ma, ap²¼ento pana hitacittena pharanto tattha dhamma½ carati n±ma. Samaºe br±hmaºesu c±ti tesa½ catt±ro paccaye dentova tesu dhamma½ carati n±ma. Migapakkh²s³ti sabbacatuppadasakuº±na½ abhaya½ dento tesu dhamma½ carati n±ma. Dhammo ciººoti sucaritadhammo ciººo. Sukh±vahoti t²su kulasampad±su chasu k±masaggesu sukha½ ±vahati. Suciººen±ti idha ciººena k±yasucarit±din± suciººena. Diva½ patt±ti devalokabrahmalokasaªkh±ta½ diva½ gat±, tattha dibbasampattil±bhino j±t±. M± dhamma½ r±ja p±madoti tasm± tva½, mah±r±ja, j²vita½ jahantopi dhamma½ m± pamajj²ti.
Eva½ dasa dhammacariyag±th±yo vatv± uttaripi ovadanto os±nag±tham±ha–
49. “Tattheva te vattapad±, es±va anus±san²;
sappaññasev² kaly±º², samatta½ s±ma ta½ vid³”ti.
Tattha tattheva te vattapad±ti ida½ purimanayeneva yojetabba½. Sappaññasev² kaly±º², samatta½ s±ma ta½ vid³ti, mah±r±ja, ta½ may± vutta½ ov±da½ tva½ niccak±la½ sappaññapuggalasev² kaly±ºaguºasamann±gato hutv± samatta½ paripuººa½ s±ma½ vid³ attapaccakkhatova j±nitv± yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajj±ti.
Eva½ mah±satto ±k±sagaªga½ ot±rento viya buddhal²¼±ya dhamma½ desesi. Mah±jano mah±sakk±ra½ ak±si, s±dhuk±rasahass±ni ad±si. R±j± tuµµho amacce ±mantetv± pucchi– “bhonto! Amacc± mama puttena taruºajambuphalasam±natuº¹ena jambukapaº¹itena eva½ kathentena kena kattabba½ kicca½ katan”ti. Sen±patin±, dev±ti. “Tena hissa sen±patiµµh±na½ damm²”ti jambuka½ µh±nantare µhapesi. So tato paµµh±ya sen±patiµµh±ne µhatv± pitu kamm±ni ak±si. Tiººa½ sakuº±na½ mahanto sakk±ro ahosi. Tayopi jan± rañño atthañca dhammañca anus±si½su. Mah±sattassov±de µhatv± r±j± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± saggapar±yaºo ahosi. Amacc± rañño sar²rakicca½ katv± sakuº±na½ ±rocetv± “s±mi, jambukasakuºa r±j± tumh±ka½ chatta½ uss±petabba½ ak±s²”ti vadi½su. Mah±satto “na mayha½ rajjenattho, tumhe appamatt± rajja½ k±reth±”ti mah±jana½ s²lesu patiµµh±petv± “eva½ vinicchaya½ pavatteyy±th±”ti vinicchayadhamma½ suvaººapaµµe likh±petv± arañña½ p±visi. Tassov±do catt±l²sa vassasahass±ni pavattati.
Satth± rañño ov±davasena ima½ dhammadesana½ desetv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi “tad± r±j± ±nando ahosi, kuº¹alin² uppalavaºº±, vessantaro s±riputto, jambukasakuºo pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Tesakuºaj±takavaººan± paµham±.