[516] 6. Mah±kapij±takavaººan±

B±r±ºasya½ ah³ r±j±ti ida½ satth± ve¼uvane viharanto devadattassa sil±pavijjhana½ ±rabbha kathesi. Tena hi dhanuggahe payojetv± aparabh±ge sil±ya paviddh±ya bhikkh³hi devadattassa avaººe kathite satth± “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi devadatto mayha½ sila½ pavijjhiyev±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente k±sikag±make eko kassakabr±hmaºo khetta½ kasitv± goºe vissajjetv± kudd±lakamma½ k±tu½ ±rabhi. Goº± ekasmi½ gacche paºº±ni kh±dant± anukkamena aµavi½ pavisitv± pal±yi½su. So vela½ sallakkhetv± kudd±la½ µhapetv± goºe olokento adisv± domanassappatto te pariyesanto anto-aµavi½ pavisitv± ±hiº¹anto himavanta½ p±visi. So tattha dis±m³¼ho hutv± satt±ha½ nir±h±ro vicaranto eka½ tindukarukkha½ disv± abhiruyha phal±ni kh±danto tindukarukkhato pariga¼itv± saµµhihatthe narakapap±te pati. Tatrassa dasa divas± v²tivatt±. Tad± bodhisatto kapiyoniya½ nibbattitv± phal±phal±ni kh±danto ta½ purisa½ disv± sil±ya yogga½ katv± ta½ purisa½ uddharitv± sil±ya matthake nis²d±petv± evam±ha– “bho br±hmaºa, aha½ kilam±mi, muhutta½ nidd±yiss±mi, ma½ rakkh±h²”ti. So tassa nidd±yantassa sil±ya matthaka½ pad±lesi. Mah±satto tassa ta½ kamma½ ñatv± uppatitv± s±kh±ya nis²ditv± “bho purisa, tva½ bh³miy± gaccha, aha½ s±khaggena tuyha½ magga½ ±cikkhanto gamiss±m²”ti ta½ purisa½ araññato n²haritv± magge µhapetv± pabbatap±dameva p±visi. So puriso mah±satte aparajjhitv± kuµµh² hutv± diµµhadhammeyeva manussapeto ahosi.
So satta vass±ni dukkhap²¼ito vicaranto b±r±ºasiya½ mig±jina½ n±ma uyy±na½ pavisitv± p±k±rantare kadalipaººa½ attharitv± vedan±ppatto nipajji. Tad± b±r±ºasir±j± uyy±na½ gantv± tattha vicaranto ta½ disv± “kosi tva½, ki½ v± katv± ima½ dukkha½ patto”ti pucchi. Sopissa sabba½ vitth±rato ±cikkhi. Tamattha½ pak±sento satth± ±ha–
178. “B±r±ºasya½ ah³ r±j±, k±s²na½ raµµhava¹¹hano;
mitt±maccapariby³¼ho, agam±si mig±jina½.
179. “Tattha br±hmaºamaddakkhi, seta½ citra½ kil±sina½;
viddhasta½ kovi¼±ra½va, kisa½ dhamanisanthata½.
180. “Paramak±ruññata½ patta½, disv± kicchagata½ nara½;
avaca byamhito r±j±, yakkh±na½ katamo nusi.
181. “Hatthap±d± ca te set±, tato setatara½ siro;
gatta½ kamm±savaººa½ te, kil±sabahulo casi.
182. “Vaµµan±va¼isaªk±s± piµµhi te ninnatunnat±;
k±¼apabb±va te aªg±, n±ñña½ pass±mi edisa½.
183. “Ugghaµµap±do tasito, kiso dhamanisanthato;
ch±to ±tattar³posi, kutosi kattha gacchati.
184. “Duddas² appak±rosi, dubbaººo bh²madassano;
janetti y±pi te m±t±, na ta½ iccheyya passitu½.
185. “Ki½ kammamakara½ pubbe, ka½ avajjha½ agh±tayi;
kibbisa½ ya½ karitv±na, ida½ dukkha½ up±gam²”ti.
Tattha b±r±ºasyanti b±r±ºasiya½. Mitt±maccapariby³¼hoti mittehi ca da¼habhatt²hi amaccehi ca parivuto. Mig±jinanti eva½n±maka½ uyy±na½. Setanti setakuµµhena seta½ kabarakuµµhena vicitra½ paribhinnena kaº¹³yanakil±sakuµµhena kil±sina½ vedan±ppatta½ kadalipaººe nipanna½ addasa. Viddhasta½ kovi¼±ra½v±ti vaºamukhehi paggharantena ma½sena viddhasta½ pupphitakovi¼±rasadisa½. Kisanti ekaccesu padesesu aµµhicammamattasar²ra½ sir±j±lasanthata½. Byamhitoti bh²to vimhayam±panno v±. Yakkh±nanti yakkh±na½ antare tva½ katarayakkho n±m±si. Vaµµan±va¼isaªk±s±ti piµµhikaºµakaµµh±ne ±vunitv± µhapit±vaµµan±va¼isadis±. Aªg±ti k±¼apabbavallisadis±ni te aªg±ni. N±ññanti añña½ purisa½ edisa½ na pass±mi. Ugghaµµap±doti rajokiººap±do. ¾tattar³poti sukkhasar²ro. Duddas²ti dukkhena passitabbo. Appak±ros²ti sar²rappak±rarahitosi, dussaºµh±nos²ti attho. Ki½ kammamakaranti ito pubbe ki½ kamma½ akara½, ak±s²ti attho. Kibbisanti d±ruºakamma½.
Tato para½ br±hmaºo ±ha–
186. “Taggha te ahamakkhissa½, yath±pi kusalo tath±;
saccav±diñhi lokasmi½, pasa½sant²dha paº¹it±;
187. “eko cara½ gogaveso, m³¼ho accasari½ vane;
araññe ir²ºe vivane, n±n±kuñjarasevite.
188. “V±¼amig±nucarite, vippanaµµhosmi k±nane;
acari½ tattha satt±ha½, khuppip±sasamappito.
189. “Tattha tindukamaddakkhi½, visamaµµha½ bubhukkhito;
pap±tamabhilambanta½, sampannaphaladh±rina½.
190. “V±tassit±ni bhakkhesi½, t±ni rucci½su me bhusa½;
atitto rukkham±r³hi½, tattha hess±mi ±sito.
191. “Eka½ me bhakkhita½ ±si, dutiya½ abhipatthita½;
tato s± bhañjatha s±kh±, chinn± pharasun± viya.
192. “Soha½ sah±va s±kh±hi, uddha½p±do ava½siro;
appatiµµhe an±lambe, giriduggasmi p±pata½.
193. “Yasm± ca v±ri gambh²ra½, tasm± na samapajjisa½;
tattha sesi½ nir±nando, an³n± dasa rattiyo.
194. “Athettha kapi m±gañchi, gonaªgulo dar²caro;
s±kh±hi s±kha½ vicaranto, kh±dam±no dumapphala½.
195. “So ma½ disv± kisa½ paº¹u½, k±ruññamakara½ mayi;
ambho ko n±ma so ettha, eva½ dukkhena aµµito.
196. “Manusso amanusso v±, att±na½ me pavedaya;
tassañjali½ paº±metv±, ida½ vacanamabravi½.
197. “Manussoha½ byasampatto, s± me natthi ito gati;
ta½ vo vad±mi bhadda½ vo, tvañca me saraºa½ bhava.
198. “Garu½ sila½ gahetv±na, vicar² pabbate kapi;
sil±ya yogga½ katv±na, nisabho etadabravi.
199. “Ehi me piµµhim±ruyha, g²va½ gaºh±hi b±hubhi;
aha½ ta½ uddhariss±mi, giriduggata vegas±.
200. “Tassa ta½ vacana½ sutv±, v±narindassa sir²mato;
piµµhim±ruyha dh²rassa, g²va½ b±h±hi aggahi½.
201. “So ma½ tato samuµµh±si, tejass² balav± kapi;
vihaññam±no kicchena, giriduggata vegas±.
202. “Uddharitv±na ma½ santo, nisabho etadabravi;
iªgha ma½ samma rakkhassu, pasupissa½ muhuttaka½.
203. “S²h± byaggh± ca d²p² ca, acchakokataracchayo;
te ma½ pamatta½ hi½seyyu½, te tva½ disv± niv±raya.
204. “Eva½ me paritt±t³na, pasup² so muhuttaka½;
tad±ha½ p±pika½ diµµhi½, paµilacchi½ ayoniso.
205. “Bhakkho aya½ manuss±na½, yath± caññe vane mig±;
ya½ n³nima½ vadhitv±na, ch±to kh±deyya v±nara½.
206. “Asito ca gamiss±mi, ma½sam±d±ya sambala½;
kant±ra½ nitthariss±mi, p±theyya½ me bhavissati.
207. “Tato sila½ gahetv±na, matthaka½ sannit±¼ayi½;
mama gattakilantassa, pah±ro dubbalo ahu.
208. “So ca vegenudappatto, kapi ruhiramakkhito;
assupuººehi nettehi, rodanto ma½ udikkhati.
209. “M±yyo ma½ kari bhaddante, tvañca n±medisa½ kari;
tvañca kho n±ma d²gh±vu, aññe v±retumarahasi.
210. “Aho vata re purisa, t±vadukkarak±raka;
edis± visam± dugg±, pap±t± uddhato may±.
211. “¾n²to paralok±va, dubbheyya½ ma½ amaññatha;
ta½ tena p±pakammena, p±pa½ p±pena cintita½.
212. “M± heva tva½ adhammaµµha, vedana½ kaµuka½ phusi;
m± heva p±pakamma½ ta½, phala½ ve¼u½va ta½ vadhi.
213. “Tayi me natthi viss±so, p±padhamma asaññata;
ehi me piµµhito gaccha, dissam±nova santike.
214. “Muttosi hatth± v±¼±na½, pattosi m±nusi½ pada½;
esa maggo adhammaµµha, tena gaccha yath±sukha½.
215. “Ida½ vatv± giricaro, rahade pakkhalya matthaka½;
ass³ni sampamajjitv±, tato pabbatam±ruhi.
216. “Soha½ ten±bhisattosmi, pari¼±hena aµµito;
¹ayham±nena gattena, v±ri½ p±tu½ up±gami½.
217. “Aggin± viya santatto, rahado ruhiramakkhito;
pubbalohitasaªk±so, sabbo me samapajjatha.
218. “Y±vanto udabind³ni, k±yasmi½ nipati½su me;
t±vanto gaº¹a j±yetha, addhabeluvas±dis±.
219. “Pabhinn± pagghari½su me, kuºap± pubbalohit±;
yena yeneva gacch±mi, g±mesu nigamesu ca.
220. “Daº¹ahatth± niv±renti, itthiyo puris± ca ma½;
okkit± p³tigandhena, m±ssu orena ±gam±.
221. “Et±disa½ ida½ dukkha½, satta vass±ni d±ni me;
anubhomi saka½ kamma½, pubbe dukkaµamattano.
222. “Ta½ vo vad±mi bhaddante, y±vantettha sam±gat±;
m±ssu mitt±na dubbhittho, mittadubbho hi p±pako.
223. “Kuµµh² kil±s² bhavati, yo mitt±nidha dubbhati;
k±yassa bhed± mittaddu, niraya½ sopapajjat²”ti.
Tattha kusaloti yath± cheko kusalo katheti, tath± vo kathess±mi. Gogavesoti naµµhe goºe gavesanto. Accasarinti manussapatha½ atikkamitv± himavanta½ p±visi½. Araññeti ar±jake suññe. Ir²ºeti sukkhakant±re. Vivaneti vivitte. Vippanaµµhoti maggam³¼ho. Bubhukkhitoti sañj±tabubhukkho ch±tajjhatto. Pap±tamabhilambantanti pap±t±bhimukha½ olambanta½. Sampannaphaladh±rinanti madhuraphaladh±rina½. V±tassit±n²ti paµhama½ t±va v±tapatit±ni kh±di½. Tattha hess±m²ti tasmi½ rukkhe suhito bhaviss±m²ti ±ru¼homhi. Tato s± bhañjatha s±kh±ti tassa abhipatthitassa atth±ya hatthe pas±rite s± may± abhiru¼h± s±kh± pharasun± chinn± viya abhañjatha. An±lambeti ±lambitabbaµµh±narahite. Giriduggasminti girivisame. Sesinti sayitomhi.
Kapi m±gañch²ti kapi ±gañchi. Gonaªguloti gunna½ naªguµµhasadisanaªguµµho. “Gonaªguµµho”tipi p±µho. “Gonaªgul²”tipi paµhanti. Akara½ may²ti akar± mayi. Ambhoti, mah±r±ja, so kapir±j± tasmi½ narakapap±te mama udakapothanasadda½ sutv± ma½ “ambho”ti ±lapitv± “ko n±meso”ti pucchi. Byasampattoti byasana½ patto, pap±tassa vasa½ pattoti v± attho. Bhadda½ voti tasm± tumhe vad±mi– “bhadda½ tumh±ka½ hot³”ti. Garu½ silanti, mah±r±ja, so kapir±j± may± eva½ vutte “m± bh±y²”ti ma½ ass±setv± paµhama½ t±va garu½ sila½ gahetv± yogga½ karonto pabbate vicari Nisabhoti purisanisabho uttamav±narindo pabbatapap±te µhatv± ma½ etadabrav²ti.
B±hubh²ti dv²hi b±h±hi mama g²va½ suggahita½ gaºha. Vegas±ti vegena. Sir²matoti puññavantassa. Aggahinti saµµhihattha½ narakapap±ta½ v±tavegena otaritv± udakapiµµhe µhitassa aha½ vegena piµµhimabhiruhitv± ubhohi b±h±hi g²va½ aggahesi½. Vihaññam±noti kilamanto. Kicchen±ti dukkhena. Santoti paº¹ito, atha v± parisanto kilanto. Rakkhass³ti aha½ ta½ uddharanto kilanto muhutta½ vissamanto pasupissa½, tasm± ma½ rakkh±hi. Yath± caññe vane mig±ti s²h±d²hi aññepi ye imasmi½ vane v±¼amig±. P±¼iya½ pana “acchakokataracchayo”ti likhanti. Paritt±t³n±ti, mah±r±ja, eva½ so kapir±j± ma½ attano paritt±ºa½ katv± muhutta½ pasupi. Ayonisoti ayonisomanasik±rena. Bhakkhoti kh±ditabbayuttako. Asito dh±to suhito. Sambalanti p±theyya½. Matthaka½ sannit±¼ayinti tassa v±narindassa matthaka½ pahari½. “Sannit±¼ayan”tipi p±µho. Dubbalo ah³ti na balav± ±si, yath±dhipp±ya½ na agam±s²ti.
Vegen±ti may± pahaµap±s±ºavegena. Udappattoti uµµhito. M±yyoti tena mittadubbhipurisena sil±ya paviddh±ya mah±camma½ chinditv± olambi, ruhira½ pagghari. Mah±satto vedan±ppatto cintesi– “imasmi½ µh±ne añño natthi, ida½ bhaya½ ima½ purisa½ niss±ya uppannan”ti. So maraºabhayabh²to olambanta½ cammabandha½ hatthena gahetv± uppatitv± s±kha½ abhiruyha tena p±papurisena saddhi½ sallapanto “m±yyo man”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha m±yyo ma½ kari bhaddanteti m± akari ayyo ma½ bhaddanteti ta½ niv±reti. Tvañca kho n±m±ti tva½ n±ma eva½ may± pap±t± uddhaµo edisa½ pharusakamma½ mayi kari, aho te ayutta½ katanti. Aho vat±ti ta½ garahanto evam±ha. T±vadukkarak±rak±ti mayi aparajjhanena atidukkarakammak±raka. Paralok±v±ti paralokato viya ±n²to. Dubbheyyanti dubbhitabba½ vadhitabba½. Vedana½ kaµukanti eva½ santepi tva½ adhammaµµha y±disa½ vedana½ aha½ phus±mi, edisa½ vedana½ kaµuka½ m± phusi, ta½ p±pakamma½ phala½ ve¼u½va ta½ m± vadhi. Iti ma½, mah±r±ja, so piyaputtaka½ viya anukampi.
Atha na½ aha½ etadavoca½– “ayya, may± kata½ dosa½ hadaye m± kari, m± ma½ asappurisa½ evar³pe araññe n±saya, aha½ dis±m³¼ho magga½ na j±n±mi, attan± kata½ kamma½ m± n±setha, j²vitad±na½ me detha, araññ± n²haritv± manussapathe µhapeth±”ti. Eva½ vutte so may± saddhi½ sallapanto “tayi me natthi viss±so”ti ±dim±ha. Tattha tay²ti ito paµµh±ya mayha½ tayi viss±so natthi. Eh²ti, bho purisa, aha½ tay± saddhi½ maggena na gamiss±mi, tva½ pana ehi mama piµµhito avid³re dissam±nasar²rova gaccha, aha½ rukkhaggeheva gamiss±m²ti. Muttos²ti atha so ma½, mah±r±ja, araññ± n²haritv±, bho purisa, v±¼amig±na½ hatth± muttosi. Pattosi m±nusi½ padanti manuss³pac±ra½ patto ±gatosi, esa te maggo, etena gacch±ti ±ha.
Giricaroti giric±r² v±naro. Pakkhaly±ti dhovitv±. Ten±bhisattosm²ti so aha½, mah±r±ja tena v±narena abhisatto, p±pakamme pariºate ten±bhisattosm²ti maññam±no evam±ha. Aµµitoti upadduto. Up±gaminti eka½ rahada½ upagatosmi. Samapajjath±ti j±to, evar³po hutv± upaµµh±si. Y±vantoti yattak±ni. Gaº¹a j±yeth±ti gaº¹± j±yi½su. So kira pip±sa½ sandh±retu½ asakkonto udakañjali½ ukkhipitv± thoka½ pivitv± sesa½ sar²re siñci. Athassa t±vadeva udakabindugaºan±ya a¹¹habeluvapakkappam±º± gaº¹± uµµhahi½su, tasm± evam±ha. Pabhinn±ti te gaº¹± ta½ divasameva bhijjitv± kuºap± p³tigandhik± hutv± pubbalohit±ni pagghari½su. Yena yen±ti yena yena maggena. Okkit±ti p³tigandhena okiºº± parikkhitt± pariv±rit±. M±ssu orena ±gam±ti duµµhasatta orena m±ssu ±gam±, amh±ka½ santika½ m± ±gam²ti eva½ vadant± ma½ niv±rent²ti attho. Satta vass±ni d±ni meti, mah±r±ja, tato paµµh±ya id±ni satta vass±ni mama ettaka½ k±la½ saka½ kamma½ anubhomi.
Iti so attano mittadubbhikamma½ vitth±retv±, “mah±r±ja, maññeva oloketv± evar³pa½ kamma½ na kenaci kattabban”ti vatv± “ta½ vo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tanti tasm±. Yasm± evar³pa½ kamma½ eva½ dukkhavip±ka½, tasm±ti attho.
223. “Kuµµh² kil±s² bhavati, yo mitt±nidha dubbhati;
k±yassa bhed± mittaddu, niraya½ sopapajjat²”ti.–

Aya½ abhisambuddhag±th±. Bhikkhave, yo idha loke mitt±ni dubbhati hi½sati, so evar³po hot²ti attho.

Tassapi purisassa raññ± saddhi½ kathentasseva pathav² vivara½ ad±si. Taªkhaºaññeva cavitv± av²cimhi nibbatto. R±j± tasmi½ pathavi½ paviµµhe uyy±n± nikkhamitv± nagara½ paviµµho.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi devadatto mayha½ sila½ paµivijjhiyev±”ti vatv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± mittadubbh² puriso devadatto ahosi, kapir±j± pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Mah±kapij±takavaººan± chaµµh±.