[512] 2. Kumbhaj±takavaººan±

Ko p±tur±s²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto vis±kh±ya sah±yik± sur±p²t± pañcasat± itthiyo ±rabbha kathesi. S±vatthiya½ kira sur±chaºe saªghuµµhe t± pañcasat± itthiyo s±mik±na½ chaºe k²¼am±n±na½ tikkhasura½ paµiy±detv± “chaºa½ k²¼iss±m±”ti sabb±pi vis±kh±ya santika½ gantv± “sah±yike chaºa½ k²¼iss±m±”ti vatv± “aya½ sur±chaºo, na aha½ sura½ piviss±m²”ti vutte– “tumhe samm±sambuddhassa d±na½ detha, maya½ chaºa½ kariss±m±”ti ±ha½su. S± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± t± uyyojetv± satth±ra½ nimant±petv± mah±d±na½ pavattetv± bahu½ gandham±la½ ±d±ya s±yanhasamaye dhammakatha½ sotu½ t±hi parivut± jetavana½ agam±si. T± panitthiyo sura½ pivam±n±va t±ya saddhi½ gantv± dv±rakoµµhake µhatv± sura½ pivitv±va t±ya saddhi½ satthu santika½ agama½su. Vis±kh± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di, itar±su ekacc± satthu santikeyeva nacci½su, ekacc± g±yi½su, ekacc± hatthakukkuccap±dakukkucc±ni, ekacc± kalaha½ aka½su.
Satth± t±sa½ sa½vegajananatth±ya bhamukalomato ra½s² vissajjesi, andhak±ratimis± ahosi. T± bh²t± ahesu½ maraºabhayatajjit±, tena t±sa½ sur± j²ri. Satth± nisinnapallaªke antarahito sinerumuddhani µhatv± uººalomato ra½s² vissajjesi, candas³riyasahassuggamana½ viya ahosi. Satth± tattha µhitova t±sa½ sa½vegajananatth±ya–
“Ko nu h±so kim±nando, nicca½ pajjalite sati;
andhak±rena onaddh±, pad²pa½ na gavesath±”ti. (Dha. pa. 146)–

Ima½ g±tham±ha. G±th±pariyos±ne t± pañcasat±pi sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi½su. Satth± ±gantv± gandhakuµich±y±ya buddh±sane nis²di. Atha na½ vis±kh± vanditv±, “bhante, ida½ hirottappabhedaka½ sur±p±na½ n±ma kad± uppannan”ti pucchi. So tass± ±cikkhanto at²ta½ ±hari.

At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente eko k±siraµµhav±s² suro n±ma vanacarako bhaº¹apariyesanatth±ya himavanta½ agam±si. Tattheko rukkho uggantv± porisamatte µh±ne tidh±kappo ahosi. Tassa tiººa½ kapp±na½ antare c±µippam±ºo ±v±µo ahosi. So deve vassante udakena p³rito, ta½ pariv±retv± har²tak² ±malak² maricagaccho ca ahosi tesa½ pakk±ni phal±ni chijjitv± tattha patanti. Tass±vid³re saya½j±tas±li j±to, tato suvak± s±lis²s±ni ±haritv± tasmi½ rukkhe nis²ditv± kh±danti. Tesa½ kh±dam±n±na½ s±l²pi taº¹ul±pi tattha patanti. Iti ta½ udaka½ s³riyasant±pena paccam±na½ rasa½ lohitavaººa½ ahosi. Nid±ghasamaye pip±sit± sakuºagaº± ±gantv± ta½ pivitv± matt± parivattitv± rukkham³le pati½su, tasmi½ thoka½ nidd±yitv± vik³jam±n± pakkamanti. Rukkhasunakhamakkaµ±d²supi eseva nayo. Vanacarako ta½ disv± “sace ida½ visa½ bhaveyya, ime mareyyu½, ime pana thoka½ nidd±yitv± yath±sukha½ gacchanti, nayida½ visan”ti saya½ pivitv± matto hutv± ma½sa½ kh±dituk±mo ahosi. Tato aggi½ katv± rukkham³le patite tittirakukkuµ±dayo m±retv± ma½sa½ aªg±re pacitv± ekena hatthena naccanto ekena ma½sa½ kh±danto ek±hadv²ha½ tattheva ahosi.
Tato pana avid³re eko varuºo n±ma t±paso vasati. Vanacarako aññad±pi tassa santika½ gacchati. Athassa etadahosi– “ida½ p±na½ t±pasena saddhi½ piviss±m²”ti. So eka½ ve¼un±¼ika½ p³retv± pakkama½sena saddhi½ ±haritv± paººas±la½ gantv±, “bhante, ima½ pivath±”ti vatv± ubhopi ma½sa½ kh±dant± pivi½su. Iti surena ca varuºena ca diµµhatt± tassa p±nassa “sur±”ti ca “varuº±”ti ca n±ma½ j±ta½. Te ubhopi “attheso up±yo”ti ve¼un±¼iyo p³retv± k±jen±d±ya paccantanagara½ gantv± “p±nak±rak± n±ma ±gat±”ti rañño ±roc±pesu½. R±j± ne pakkos±pesi, te tassa p±na½ upanesu½. R±j± dve tayo v±re pivitv± majji, tassa ta½ ek±hadv²hamattameva ahosi. Atha ne “aññampi atth²”ti pucchi. “Atthi, dev±”ti. “Kuhin”ti? “Himavante dev±”ti. “Tena hi ±neth±”ti. Te gantv± ekadve v±re ±netv± “nibaddha½ gantu½ na sakkhiss±m±”ti sambh±re sallakkhetv± tassa rukkhassa taca½ ±di½ katv± sabbasambh±re pakkhipitv± nagare sura½ kari½su. N±gar± sura½ pivitv± pam±da½ ±pann± duggat± ahesu½, nagara½ suñña½ viya ahosi, tena p±nak±rak± tato pal±yitv± b±r±ºasi½ gantv± “p±nak±rak± ±gat±”ti rañño ±roc±pesu½. R±j± ne pakkos±petv± paribbaya½ ad±si. Te tatth±pi sura½ aka½su, tampi nagara½ tatheva vinassi, tato pal±yitv± s±keta½, s±ketato s±vatthi½ agama½su.
Tad± s±vatthiya½ sabbamitto n±ma r±j± ahosi. So tesa½ saªgaha½ katv± “kena vo attho”ti pucchitv± “sambh±ram³lena ceva s±lipiµµhena ca pañcahi c±µisatehi c±”ti vutte sabba½ d±pesi. Te pañcasu c±µisatesu sura½ saºµh±petv± m³sikabhayena c±µirakkhaºatth±ya ekek±ya c±µiy± santike ekeka½ bi¼±ra½ bandhi½su. Te paccitv± uttaraºak±le c±µikucch²su paggharanta½ sura½ pivitv± matt± nidd±yi½su. M³sik± ±gantv± tesa½ kaººan±sikad±µhikanaªguµµhe kh±ditv± agama½su. “Bi¼±r± sura½ pivitv± mat±”ti ±yuttakapuris± rañño ±rocesu½. R±j± “visak±rak± ete bhavissant²”ti tesa½ dvinnampi jan±na½ s²s±ni chind±pesi. Te “sura½ deva, madhura½ dev±”ti viravant±va mari½su. R±j± te m±r±petv± “c±µiyo bhindath±”ti ±º±pesi. Bi¼±r±pi sur±ya jiºº±ya uµµhahitv± k²¼ant± vicari½su, te disv± rañño ±rocesu½. R±j± “sace visa½ assa, ete mareyyu½, madhureneva bhavitabba½, piviss±mi nan”ti nagara½ alaªk±r±petv± r±jaªgaºe maº¹apa½ k±r±petv± alaªkatamaº¹ape samussitasetacchatte r±japallaªke nis²ditv± amaccagaºaparivuto sura½ p±tu½ ±rabhi.
Tad± sakko devar±j± “ke nu kho m±tupaµµh±n±d²su appamatt± t²ºi sucarit±ni p³rent²”ti loka½ volokento ta½ r±j±na½ sura½ p±tu½ nisinna½ disv± “sac±ya½ sura½ pivissati, sakalajambud²po nassissati. Yath± na pivissati, tath± na½ kariss±m²”ti eka½ sur±puººa½ kumbha½ hatthatale µhapetv± br±hmaºavesen±gantv± rañño sammukhaµµh±ne ±k±se µhatv± “ima½ kumbha½ kiº±tha, ima½ kumbha½ kiº±th±”ti ±ha. Sabbamittar±j± ta½ tath± vadanta½ ±k±se µhita½ disv± “kuto nu kho br±hmaºo ±gacchat²”ti tena saddhi½ sallapanto tisso g±th± abh±si–
33. “Ko p±tur±s² tidiv± nabhamhi, obh±saya½ sa½vari½ candim±va;
gattehi te rasmiyo niccharanti, saterat± vijjurivantalikkhe.
34. “So chinnav±ta½ kamas² aghamhi, veh±yasa½ gacchasi tiµµhas² ca;
iddh² nu te vatthukat± subh±vit±, anaddhag³na½ api devat±na½.
35. “Veh±yasa½ gammam±gamma tiµµhasi, kumbha½ kiº±th±ti yametamattha½;
ko v± tuva½ kissa v± t±ya kumbho, akkh±hi me br±hmaºa etamatthan”ti.
Tattha ko p±tur±s²ti kuto p±tubh³tosi, kuto ±gatos²ti attho. Tidiv± nabhamh²ti ki½ t±vati½sabhavan± ±gantv± idha nabhamhi ±k±se p±kaµo j±tos²ti pucchati. Sa½varinti ratti½. Saterat±ti eva½n±mik±. Soti so tva½. Chinnav±tanti val±hakopi t±va v±tena kamati, tassa pana sopi v±to natthi, tenevam±ha. Kamas²ti pavattesi. Aghamh²ti appaµighe ±k±se. Vatthukat±ti vatthu viya patiµµh± viya kat±. Anaddhag³na½ api devat±nanti y± padas± addh±na½ agamanena anaddhag³na½ devat±na½ iddhi, s± api tava subh±vit±ti pucchati. Veh±yasa½ gammam±gamm±ti ±k±se pavatta½ padav²tih±ra½ paµicca niss±ya. “Tiµµhas²”ti imassa “ko v± tuvan”ti imin± sambandho, eva½ tiµµham±no ko v± tvanti attho. Yametamatthanti ya½ eta½ vadasi. Imassa “kissa v± t±yan”ti imin± sambandho, ya½ eta½ kumbha½ kiº±th±ti vadasi, kissa v± te aya½ kumbhoti attho.
Tato sakko “tena hi suº±h²”ti vatv± sur±ya dose dassento ±ha–
36. “Na sappikumbho napi telakumbho, na ph±ºitassa na madhussa kumbho;
kumbhassa vajj±ni anappak±ni, dose bah³ kumbhagate suº±tha.
37. “Ga¼eyya ya½ pitv± pate pap±ta½, sobbha½ guha½ candaniyo¼igalla½;
bahumpi bhuñjeyya abhojaneyya½, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
38. “Ya½ pitv± cittasmi½ anesam±no, ±hiº¹at² goriva bhakkhas±d²;
an±tham±no upag±yati naccati ca, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
39. “Ya½ ve pivitv± acelova naggo, careyya g±me visikhantar±ni;
samm³¼hacitto ativelas±y², tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
40. “Ya½ pitv± uµµh±ya pavedham±no, s²sañca b±huñca pac±layanto;
so naccat² d±rukaµallakova, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
41. “Ya½ ve pivitv± aggida¹¹h± sayanti, atho sig±lehipi kh±dit±se;
bandha½ vadha½ bhogaj±niñcupenti, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
42. “Ya½ pitv± bh±seyya abh±saneyya½, sabh±yam±s²no apetavattho;
sammakkhito vantagato byasanno, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
43. “Ya½ ve pivitv± ukkaµµho ±vilakkho, mameva sabbapathav²ti maññe;
na me samo c±turantopi r±j±, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
44. “M±n±tim±n± kalah±ni pesuº², dubbaººin² naggayin² pal±yin²;
cor±na dhutt±na gat² niketo, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
45. “Iddh±ni ph²t±ni kul±ni assu, anekas±hassadhan±ni loke;
ucchinnad±yajjakat±nim±ya, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
46. “Dhañña½ dhana½ rajata½ j±tar³pa½, khetta½ gava½ yattha vin±sayanti;
ucchedan² vittagata½ kul±na½, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
47. “Ya½ ve pitv± dittar³pova poso, akkosati m±tara½ pitarañca;
sassumpi gaºheyya athopi suºha½, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
48. “Ya½ ve pitv± dittar³p±va n±r², akkosat² sassura½ s±mikañca;
d±sampi gaºhe paric±rikampi, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
49. “Ya½ ve pivitv±na haneyya poso, dhamme µhita½ samaºa½ br±hmaºa½ v±;
gacche ap±yampi tatonid±na½, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
50. “Ya½ ve pivitv± duccarita½ caranti, k±yena v±c±ya ca cetas± ca;
niraya½ vajanti duccarita½ caritv±, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
51. “Ya½ y±cam±n± na labhanti pubbe, bahu½ hiraññampi pariccajant±;
so ta½ pivitv± alika½ bhaº±ti, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
52. “Ya½ ve pitv± pesane pesiyanto, acc±yike karaº²yamhi j±te;
atthampi so nappaj±n±ti vutto, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
53. “Hir²man±pi ahir²kabh±va½, p±tu½ karonti madan±ya matt±;
dh²r±pi sant± bahuka½ bhaºanti, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
54. “Ya½ ve pitv± ekath³p± sayanti, an±sak± thaº¹iladukkhaseyya½;
dubbaººiya½ ±yasakyañcupenti, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
55. “Ya½ ve pitv± pattakhandh± sayanti, g±vo k³µahat±va na hi v±ruºiy±;
vego narena susahoriva, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
56. “Ya½ manuss± vivajjanti, sappa½ ghoravisamiva;
ta½ loke visasam±na½, ko naro p±tumarahati.
57. “Ya½ ve pitv± andhakaveº¹aputt±, samuddat²re paric±rayant±;
upakkamu½ musalebhi aññamañña½, tass± puººa½ kumbhamima½ kiº±tha.
58. “Ya½ ve pitv± pubbadev± pamatt±, tidiv± cut± sassatiy± sam±y±;
ta½ t±disa½ majjamima½ niratthaka½, j±na½ mah±r±ja katha½ piveyya.
59. “Nayimasmi½ kumbhasmi½ dadhi v± madhu v±, eva½ abhiññ±ya kiº±hi r±ja;
evañhima½ kumbhagat± may± te, akkh±tar³pa½ tava sabbamitt±”ti.
Tattha vajj±n²ti-±d²nav±. Ga¼eyy±ti gacchanto pade pade parivatteyya. Ya½ pitv± pateti ya½ pivitv± pateyya. Sobbhanti ±v±µa½. Candaniyo¼igallanti candanikañca o¼igallañca. Abhojaneyyanti bhuñjitu½ ayutta½. Anesam±noti anissaro. Goriv±ti goºo viya. Bhakkhas±d²ti pur±ºakasaµakh±dako, yath± so tattha tattha bhakkhasa½ pariyesanto ±hiº¹ati, eva½ ±hiº¹at²ti attho. An±tham±noti niravassayo an±tho viya. Upag±yat²ti añña½ g±yanta½ disv± upagantv± g±yati. Acelov±ti acelako viya. Visikhantar±n²ti antarav²thiyo. Ativelas±y²ti aticirampi nidda½ okkameyya. “Ativelac±r²”tipi p±µho, ativelac±r² hutv± careyy±ti attho.
D±rukaµallako ti d±rumayayantar³paka½ viya. Bhogaj±niñcupent²ti bhogaj±niñca upenti, p±º±tip±t±d²ni katv± daº¹ap²¼it± dhanaj±niñca aññañca vadhabandhan±didukkha½ p±puºant²ti attho. Vantagatoti attano vantasmi½ gato. Byasannoti byasan±panno. “Visanno”tipi p±µho tasmi½ vante osannoti attho. Ukkaµµhoti aha½ mah±yodho, ko may± sadiso atth²ti eva½ ukka½sagato hutv±. ¾vilakkhoti rattakkho. Sabbapathav²ti sabb± pathav². “Sabbaputhuv²”tipi p±µho. C±turantoti catusamuddapariyant±ya pathaviy± issaro. M±n±tim±n±ti m±nak±rik±. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Gat²ti nibbatti. Niketoti niv±so. Tass± puººanti y± evar³p±, tass± puººa½. Iddh±n²ti samiddh±ni. Ph²t±n²ti vatth±laªk±rakappabhaº¹ehi pupphit±ni. Ucchinnad±yajjakat±n²ti ucchinnad±y±d±ni niddhan±ni kat±ni. Yattha vin±sayant²ti ya½ niss±ya yattha patiµµhit±, eva½ bahumpi dhanadhaññ±dis±pateyya½ n±sayanti, kapaº± honti.
Dittar³poti dappitar³po. Gaºheyy±ti bhariyasaññ±ya kilesavasena hatthe gaºheyya. D±sampi gaºheti attano d±sampi kilesavasena “s±miko me”ti gaºheyya. Pivitv±n±ti pivitv±. Duccarita½ caritv±ti eva½ t²hi dv±rehi dasavidhampi akusala½ katv±. Ya½ y±cam±n±ti ya½ purisa½ pubbe sura½ apivanta½ bahu½ hirañña½ pariccajant± mus±v±da½ karoh²ti y±cam±n± na labhanti. Pitv±ti pivitv± µhito. Nappaj±n±ti vuttoti “kenaµµhena ±gatos²”ti vutto s±sanassa duggahitatt± ta½ attha½ na j±n±ti. Hir²man±p²ti hir²yuttacitt±pi. Ekath³p±ti s³karapotak± viya h²najaccehipi saddhi½ ekar±s² hutv±. An±sak±ti nir±h±r±. Thaº¹iladukkhaseyyanti bh³miya½ dukkhaseyya½ sayanti. ¾yasakyanti garaha½.
Pattakhandh±ti patitakkhandh±. K³µahat±v±ti g²v±ya baddhena k³µena hat± g±vo viya, yath± t± tiºa½ akh±dantiyo p±n²ya½ apivantiyo sayanti, tath± sayant²ti attho. Ghoravisamiv±ti ghoravisa½ viya. Visasam±nanti visasadisa½. Andhakaveº¹aputt±ti dasa bh±tikar±j±no. Upakkamunti pahari½su. Pubbadev±ti asur±. Tidiv±ti t±vati½sadevalok±. Sassatiy±ti sassat±, d²gh±yukabh±vena niccasammat± devalok±ti attho. Sam±y±ti saddhi½ asuram±y±hi. J±nanti eva½ “niratthaka½ etan”ti j±nanto tumh±diso paº¹ito puriso katha½ piveyya Kumbhagat± may±ti kumbhagata½ may±, ayameva v± p±µho. Akkh±tar³panti sabh±vato akkh±ta½.
Ta½ sutv± r±j± sur±ya ±d²nava½ ñatv± tuµµho sakkassa thuti½ karonto dve g±th± abh±si–
60. “Na me pit± v± athav±pi m±t±, et±dis± y±disako tuva½si;
hit±nukamp² paramatthak±mo, soha½ karissa½ vacana½ tavajja.
61. “Dad±mi te g±mavar±ni pañca, d±s²sata½ satta gava½sat±ni;
±jaññayutte ca rathe dasa ime, ±cariyo hosi mamatthak±mo”ti.
Tattha g±mavar±n²ti, br±hmaºa, ±cariyassa n±ma ±cariyabh±go icchitabbo, sa½vacchare sa½vacchare satasahassuµµh±nake tuyha½ pañca g±me dad±m²ti vadati. Dasa imeti ime dasa purato µhite kañcanavicitte rathe dassento evam±ha.
Ta½ sutv± sakko devattabh±va½ dassetv± att±na½ j±n±pento ±k±se µhatv± dve g±th± abh±si–
62. “Taveva d±s²satamatthu r±ja, g±m± ca g±vo ca taveva hontu;
±jaññayutt± ca rath± taveva, sakkohamasm² tidas±namindo.
63. “Ma½sodana½ sappip±y±sa½ bhuñja, kh±dassu ca tva½ madhum±sap³ve;
eva½ tuva½ dhammarato janinda, anindito saggamupehi µh±nan”ti.
Tattha eva½ tuva½ dhammaratoti eva½ tva½ n±naggarasabhojana½ bhuñjanto sur±p±n± virato t²ºi duccarit±ni pah±ya tividhasucaritadhammarato hutv± kenaci anindito saggaµµh±na½ upeh²ti.
Iti sakko tassa ov±da½ datv± sakaµµh±nameva gato. Sopi sura½ apivitv± sur±bh±jan±ni bhind±petv± s²la½ sam±d±ya d±na½ datv± saggapar±yaºo ahosi. Jambud²pepi anukkamena sur±p±na½ vepullappatta½ j±ta½.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± r±j± ±nando ahosi, sakko pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Kumbhaj±takavaººan± dutiy±.