[510] 14. Ayogharaj±takavaººan±

Yamekaratti½ paµhamanti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto mah±bhinikkhamanaññeva ±rabbha kathesi. Tad±pi hi so “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi tath±gato mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhantoyev±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente brahmadattassa rañño aggamahes² gabbha½ paµilabhitv± laddhagabbhaparih±r± pariºatagabbh± pacc³sasamanantare putta½ vij±yi. Tass± purimattabh±ve ek± sapattik± “tava j±ta½ j±ta½ paja½ kh±ditu½ labhiss±m²”ti patthana½ paµµhapesi. S± kira saya½ vañjh± hutv± puttam±tukodhena ta½ patthana½ katv± yakkhayoniya½ nibbatti. Itar± rañño aggamahes² hutv± ima½ putta½ vij±yi. S± yakkhin² tad± ok±sa½ labhitv± deviy± passantiy±va b²bhacchar³p± hutv± ±gantv± ta½ d±raka½ gahetv± pal±yi. Dev² “yakkhin² me putta½ gahetv± pal±y²”ti mah±saddena viravi. Itar±pi d±raka½ m³lakanda½ viya muru½ muru½ karont² kh±ditv± deviy± hatthavik±r±d²hi bherava½ pak±setv± tajjetv± pakk±mi. R±j± ta½ vacana½ sutv± “ki½ sakk± yakkhiniy± k±tun”ti tuºh² ahosi. Puna deviy± vij±yanak±le da¼ha½ ±rakkhamak±si. Dev² putta½ puna vij±yi. Yakkhin² ±gantv± tampi kh±ditv± gat±. Tatiyav±re tass± kucchiya½ mah±satto paµisandhi½ gaºhi. R±j± mah±jana½ sannip±tetv± “deviy± j±ta½ j±ta½ paja½ ek± yakkhin² kh±dati ki½ nu kho k±tabban”ti pucchi. Atheko “yakkh± n±ma t±lapaººassa bh±yanti, deviy± hatthap±desu t±lapaººa½ bandhitu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha. Atheko “ayogharassa bh±yanti, ayoghara½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha. R±j± “s±dh³”ti attano vijite kamm±re sannip±tetv± “ayoghara½ karoth±”ti ±º±petv± ±yuttake ad±si. Antonagareyeva ramaº²ye bh³mibh±ge geha½ paµµhapesu½, thambhe ±di½ katv± sabbagehasambh±r± ayomay±va ahesu½, navahi m±sehi ayomaya½ mahanta½ caturassas±la½ niµµh±na½ agam±si. Ta½ nicca½ pajjalitapad²pameva hoti.
R±j± deviy± gabbhaparip±ka½ ñatv± ayoghara½ alaªk±r±petv± ta½ ±d±ya ayoghara½ p±visi. S± tattha dhaññapuññalakkhaºasampanna½ putta½ vij±yi, “ayogharakum±ro”tvevassa n±ma½ kari½su. Ta½ dh±t²na½ datv± mahanta½ ±rakkha½ sa½vidahitv± r±j± devi½ ±d±ya nagara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± alaªkatap±s±datalameva abhiruhi. Yakkhin²pi udakav±ra½ gantv± vessavaºassa udaka½ vahant² j²vitakkhaya½ patt±. Mah±satto ayoghareyeva va¹¹hitv± viññuta½ patto tattheva sabbasipp±ni uggaºhi. R±j± “ko me puttassa vayappadeso”ti amacce pucchitv± “so¼asavasso, deva, s³ro th±masampanno yakkhasahassampi paµib±hitu½ samattho”ti sutv± “rajjamassa dass±mi, sakalanagara½ alaªkaritv± ayogharato ta½ n²haritv± ±neth±”ti ±ha. Amacc± “s±dhu, dev±”ti dv±dasayojanika½ b±r±ºasi½ alaªkaritv± sabb±laªk±ravibh³sita½ maªgalav±raºa½ ±d±ya tattha gantv± kum±ra½ alaªk±r±petv± hatthikkhandhe nis²d±petv± “deva, kulasantaka½ alaªkatanagara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± pitara½ k±sir±j±na½ vandatha, ajjeva setacchatta½ labhissath±”ti ±ha½su.
Mah±satto nagara½ padakkhiºa½ karonto ±r±mar±maºeyyakavanapokkharaºibh³mir±maºeyyakap±s±dar±maºeyyak±d²ni disv± cintesi “mama pit± ma½ ettaka½ k±la½ bandhan±g±re vas±pesi. Evar³pa½ alaªkatanagara½ daµµhu½ n±d±si, ko nu kho mayha½ doso”ti amacce pucchi. “Deva, natthi tumh±ka½ doso, tumh±ka½ pana dvebh±tike ek± yakkhin² kh±di, tena vo pit± ayoghare vas±pesi, ayogharena j²vita½ tumh±ka½ laddhan”ti. So tesa½ vacana½ sutv± cintesi “aha½ dasa m±se lohakumbhiniraye viya ca g³thaniraye viya ca m±tukucchimhi vasitv± m±tukucchito nikkhantak±lato paµµh±ya so¼asa vass±ni etasmi½ bandhan±g±re vasi½, bahi oloketumpi na labhi½, ussadaniraye khitto viya ahosi½, yakkhiniy± hatthato muttopi pan±ha½ neva ajaro, na amaro homi, ki½ me rajjena, rajje µhitak±lato paµµh±ya dunnikkhamana½ hoti, ajjeva mama pitara½ pabbajja½ anuj±n±petv± himavanta½ pavisitv± pabbajiss±m²”ti. So nagara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± r±jakula½ pavisitv± r±j±na½ vanditv± aµµh±si.
R±j± tassa sar²rasobha½ oloketv± balavasinehena amacce olokesi. Te “ki½ karoma, dev±”ti vadi½su. Putta½ me ratanar±simhi µhapetv± t²hi saªkhehi abhisiñcitv± kañcanam±la½ setacchatta½ uss±peth±ti. Mah±satto pitara½ vanditv± “na mayha½ rajjenattho, aha½ pabbajiss±mi, pabbajja½ me anuj±n±th±”ti ±ha. T±ta rajja½ paµikkhipitv± ki½k±raº± pabbajissas²ti. “Deva aha½ m±tukucchimhi dasa m±se g³thaniraye viya vasitv± m±tukucchito nikkhanto yakkhinibhayena so¼asa vass±ni bandhan±g±re vasanto bahi oloketumpi na alabhi½, ussadaniraye khitto viya ahosi½, yakkhiniy± hatthato muttomh²tipi ajaro amaro na homi. Maccu n±mesa na sakk± kenaci jinitu½, bhave ukkaºµhitomhi, y±va me by±dhijar±maraº±ni n±gacchanti, t±vadeva pabbajitv± dhamma½ cariss±mi, ala½ me rajjena, anuj±n±tha ma½, dev±”ti vatv± pitu dhamma½ desento ±ha–
363. “Yamekaratti½ paµhama½, gabbhe vasati m±ºavo;
abbhuµµhitova so y±ti, sa gaccha½ na nivattati.
364. “Na yujjham±n± na balenavassit±, nar± na j²ranti na c±pi m²yare;
sabba½ hida½ j±tijar±yupadduta½, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
365. “Caturaªgini½ sena½ subhi½sar³pa½, jayanti raµµh±dhipat² pasayha;
na maccuno jayitumussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
366. “Hatth²hi assehi rathehi pattibhi, pariv±rit± muccare ekacceyy±;
na maccuno muccitumussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
367. “Hatth²hi assehi rathehi pattibhi, s³r± pabhañjanti padha½sayanti;
na maccuno bhañjitumussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
368. “Matt± gaj± bhinnaga¼± pabhinn±, nagar±ni maddanti jana½ hananti;
na maccuno madditumussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
369. “Iss±sino katahatth±pi v²r±, d³rep±t² akkhaºavedhinopi;
na maccuno vijjhitumussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
370. “Sar±ni kh²yanti saselak±nan±, sabba½ hida½ kh²yati d²ghamantara½;
sabba½ hida½ bhañjare k±lapariy±ya½, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
371. “Sabbesamevañhi nar±na n±rina½, cal±cala½ p±ºabhunodha j²vita½;
paµova dhuttassa, dumova k³lajo, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
372. “Dumapphal±neva patanti m±ºav±, dahar± ca vuddh± ca sar²rabhed±;
n±riyo nar± majjhimaporis± ca, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
373. “N±ya½ vayo t±rakar±jasannibho, yadabbhat²ta½ gatameva d±ni ta½;
jiººassa h² natthi rat² kuto sukha½, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
374. “Yakkh± pis±c± athav±pi pet±, kupit± te assasanti manusse;
na maccuno assasitussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
375. “Yakkhe pis±ce athav±pi pete, kupitepi te nijjhapana½ karonti;
na maccuno nijjhapana½ karonti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
376. “Apar±dhake d³sake heµhake ca, r±j±no daº¹enti viditv±na dosa½;
na maccuno daº¹ayitussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
377. “Apar±dhak± d³sak± heµhak± ca, labhanti te r±jino nijjhapetu½;
na maccuno nijjhapana½ karonti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
378. “Na khattiyoti na ca br±hmaºoti, na a¹¹hak± balav± tejav±pi;
na maccur±jassa apekkhamatthi, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
379. “S²h± ca byaggh± ca athopi d²piyo, pasayha kh±danti vipphandam±na½;
na maccuno kh±ditumussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
380. “M±y±k±r± raªgamajjhe karont±, mohenti cakkh³ni janassa t±vade;
na maccuno mohayitussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
381. “¾s²vis± kupit± uggatej±, ¹a½santi m±rentipi te manusse;
na maccuno ¹a½situmussahanti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
382. “¾s²vis± kupit± ya½ ¹a½santi, tikicchak± tesa visa½ hananti;
na maccuno daµµhavisa½ hananti, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
383. “Dhammantar² vettaraº² ca bhojo, vis±ni hantv±na bhujaªgam±na½;
suyyanti te k±lakat± tatheva, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
384. “Vijj±dhar± ghoramadh²yam±n±, adassana½ osadhehi vajanti;
na maccur±jassa vajantadassana½, ta½ me mat² hoti car±mi dhamma½.
385. “Dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±ri½, dhammo suciººo sukham±vah±ti;
es±nisa½so dhamme suciººe, na duggati½ gacchati dhammac±r².
386. “Na hi dhammo adhammo ca, ubho samavip±kino;
adhammo niraya½ neti, dhammo p±peti suggatin”ti.
Tattha yamekarattinti yebhuyyena satt± m±tukucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhant± rattiya½yeva gaºhanti, tasm± evam±ha. Aya½ panettha attho– ya½ ekaratti½ v± div± v± paµhamameva paµisandhi½ gaºhitv± m±tukucchisaªkh±te gabbhe vasati. M±ºavoti satto kalalabh±vena patiµµh±ti. Abbhuµµhitova so y±t²ti so m±ºavo yath± n±ma val±hakasaªkh±to abbho uµµhito nibbatto v±yuveg±hato paµigacchati, tatheva–
“Paµhama½ kalala½ hoti, kalal± hoti abbuda½;
abbud± j±yate pesi, pesi nibbattat² ghano;
ghan± pas±kh± j±yanti, kes± lom± nakh±pi ca.
“Yañcassa bhuñjat² m±t±, anna½ p±nañca bhojana½.
Tena so tattha y±peti, m±tukucchigato naroti. (Sa½. ni. 1.235).
Ima½ m±tukucchiya½ kalal±dibh±va½, m±tukucchito ca nikkhanto mandadasak±dibh±va½ ±pajjam±no satata½ samita½ gacchati. Sa gaccha½ na nivattat²ti sac±ya½ eva½ gacchanto puna abbudato kalalabh±va½, pesi-±dito v± abbud±dibh±va½, khi¹¹±dasakato mandadasakabh±va½, vaººadasak±dito v± khi¹¹±dasak±dibh±va½ p±puºitu½ na nivattati. Yath± pana so val±hako v±tavegena sa½cuººiyam±no “aha½ asukaµµh±ne n±ma uµµhito puna nivattitv± tattheva gantv± pakatibh±vena µhass±m²”ti na labhati, ya½ disa½ gata½, ta½ gatameva, ya½ antarahita½, ta½ antarahitameva hoti, tath± sopi kalal±dibh±vena gaccham±no gacchateva, tasmi½ tasmi½ koµµh±se saªkh±r± purim±na½ purim±na½ paccay± hutv± pacchato anivattitv± tattha tattheva bhijjanti, jar±k±le saªkh±r± “amhehi esa pubbe yuv± th±masampanno kato, puna na½ nivattitv± tattheva kariss±m±”ti na labhanti, tattha tattheva antaradh±yant²ti dasseti.
Na yujjham±n±ti ubhato by³¼he saªg±me yujjhant±. Na balenavassit±ti na k±yabalena v± yodhabalena v± upagat± samann±gat±. Na j²rant²ti purima-na-k±ra½ ±haritv± evar³p±pi nar± na j²ranti na c±pi na m²yareti attho veditabbo. Sabba½ hidanti mah±r±ja, sabbameva ida½ p±ºamaº¹ala½ mah±yantena p²¼iyam±n± ucchughaµik± viya j±tiy± ca jar±ya ca upadduta½ nicca½ p²¼ita½. Ta½ me mat² hot²ti tena k±raºena mama “pabbajitv± dhamma½ car±m²”ti mati hoti citta½ uppajjati.
Caturaªgininti hatthi-±d²hi caturaªgehi samann±gata½. Sena½ subhi½sar³panti suµµhu bhi½sanakaj±tika½ sena½. Jayant²ti kad±ci ekacce r±j±no attano sen±ya jayanti. Na maccunoti tepi r±j±no mah±senassa maccuno sena½ jayitu½ na ussahanti, na by±dhijar±maraº±ni madditu½ sakkonti. Muccare ekacceyy±ti etehi hatthi-±d²hi pariv±rit± ekacce pacc±mitt±na½ hatthato muccanti, maccuno pana santik± muccitu½ na sakkonti. Pabhañjant²ti etehi hatthi-±d²hi paccatthikar±j³na½ nagar±ni pabhañjanti. Padha½sayant²ti mah±jana½ dha½sent± padha½sent± j²vitakkhaya½ p±penti. Na maccunoti tepi maraºak±le patte maccuno bhañjitu½ na sakkonti.
Bhinnaga¼± pabhinn±ti t²su µh±nesu pabhinn± hutv± mada½ ga¼ant±, paggharitamad±ti attho. Na maccunoti tepi mah±maccu½ madditu½ na sakkonti. Iss±sinoti iss±s± dhanuggah±. Katahatth±ti susikkhit±. D³rep±t²ti sara½ d³re p±tetu½ samatth±. Akkhaºavedhinoti aviraddhavedhino, vijju-±lokena vijjhanasamatth± v±. Sar±n²ti anotatt±d²ni mah±sar±ni kh²yantiyeva. Saselak±nan±ti sapabbatavanasaº¹± mah±pathav²pi kh²yati. Sabba½ hidanti sabbamida½ saªkh±ragata½ d²ghamantara½ µhatv± kh²yateva. Kappuµµh±naggi½ patv± mah±sinerupi aggimukhe madhusitthaka½ viya vil²yateva, aºumattopi saªkh±ro µh±tu½ na sakkoti. K±lapariy±yanti k±lapariy±ya½ nassanak±lav±ra½ patv± sabba½ bhañjare, sabba½ saªkh±ragata½ bhijjateva. Tassa pak±sanattha½ sattas³riyasutta½ (a. ni. 7.66) ±haritabba½.
Cal±calanti cañcala½ sakabh±vena µh±tu½ asamattha½ n±n±bh±vavin±bh±vasabh±vameva. P±ºabhunodha j²vitanti idha loke imesa½ p±ºabh³t±na½ j²vita½ Paµova dhuttassa, dumova k³lajoti suradhutto hi sura½ disv±va udare baddha½ s±µaka½ datv± pivateva, nad²k³le j±tadumova k³le lujjam±ne lujjati, yath± esa paµo ca dumo ca cañcalo, eva½ satt±na½ j²vita½, dev±ti. Dumapphal±nev±ti yath± pakk±ni phal±ni v±t±hat±ni dumaggato bh³miya½ patanti, tathevime m±ºav± jar±v±t±hat± j²vit± ga¼itv± maraºapathaviya½ patanti. Dahar±ti antamaso kalalabh±ve µhit±pi. Majjhimaporis±ti n±r²nar±na½ majjhe µhit± ubhatobyañjanakanapu½sak±.
T±rakar±jasannibhoti yath± t±rakar±j± k±¼apakkhe kh²ºo, puna juºhapakkhe p³rati, na eva½ satt±na½ vayo. Satt±nañhi ya½ abbhat²ta½, gatameva d±ni ta½, na tassa pun±gamana½ atthi. Kuto sukhanti jar±jiººassa k±maguºesu ratipi natthi, te paµicca uppajjanakasukha½ kutoyeva. Yakkh±ti mahiddhik± yakkh±. Pis±c±ti pa½supis±cak±. Pet±ti pettivisayik±. Assasant²ti ass±sav±tena upahananti, ±visant²ti v± attho. Na maccunoti maccu½ pana tepi ass±sena upahanitu½ v± ±visitu½ v± na sakkonti. Nijjhapana½ karont²ti balikammavasena kham±penti pas±denti. Apar±dhaketi r±j±par±dhak±rake. D³saketi rajjad³sake. Heµhaketi sandhicched±d²hi lokaviheµhake. R±j±noti r±j±no. Viditv±na dosanti dosa½ j±nitv± yath±nur³pena daº¹ena daº¹ent²ti attho. Na maccunoti tepi maccu½ daº¹ayitu½ na sakkonti.
Nijjhapetunti sakkh²hi attano nirapar±dhabh±va½ pak±setv± pas±detu½. Na a¹¹hak± balav± tejav±p²ti “ime a¹¹h±, aya½ k±yabalañ±ºabal±d²hi balav±, aya½ tejav±”ti evampi na paccur±jassa apekkha½ atthi, ekasmimpi satte apekkha½ pema½ sineho natthi, sabbameva abhimaddat²ti dasseti. Pasayh±ti balakk±rena abhibhavitv±. Na maccunoti tepi maccu½ kh±ditu½ na sakkonti. Karont±ti m±ya½ karont±. Mohent²ti abh³ta½ bh³ta½ katv± dassent± mohenti. Uggatej±ti uggatena visatejena samann±gat±. Tikicchak±ti visavejj±. Dhammantar² vettaraº² ca bhojoti ete eva½n±mak± vejj±. Ghoramadh²yam±n±ti ghora½ n±ma vijja½ adh²yant±. Osadheh²ti ghora½ v± gandh±ri½ v± vijja½ s±vetv± osadha½ ±d±ya tehi osadhehi paccatthik±na½ adassana½ vajanti.
Dhammoti sucaritadhammo. Rakkhat²ti yena rakkhito, ta½ paµirakkhati. Sukhanti chasu k±masaggesu sukha½ ±vahati. P±pet²ti paµisandhivasena upaneti.
Eva½ mah±satto catuv²satiy± g±th±hi pitu dhamma½ desetv± “mah±r±ja, tumh±ka½ rajja½ tumh±kameva hotu, na mayha½ imin± attho, tumhehi pana saddhi½ kathentameva ma½ by±dhijar±maraº±ni upagacchanti, tiµµhatha, tumhe”ti vatv± ayad±ma½ chinditv± mattahatth² viya kañcanapañjara½ chinditv± s²hapotako viya k±me pah±ya m±t±pitaro vanditv± nikkhami. Athassa pit± “mamapi rajjenattho natth²”ti rajja½ pah±ya tena saddhiññeva nikkhami, tasmi½ nikkhante dev²pi amacc±pi br±hmaºagahapatik±dayop²ti sakalanagarav±sino geh±ni cha¹¹etv± nikkhami½su. Sam±gamo mah± ahosi, paris± dv±dasayojanik± j±t±. Ta½ ±d±ya mah±satto himavanta½ p±visi. Sakko tassa nikkhantabh±va½ ñatv± vissakamma½ pesetv± dv±dasayojan±y±ma½ sattayojanavitth±ra½ assamapada½ k±resi. Sabbe pabbajitaparikkh±re paµiy±d±pesi. Ito para½ mah±sattassa pabbajj± ca ov±dad±nañca brahmalokapar±yaºat± ca paris±ya anap±yagaman²yat± ca sabb± heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± “eva½, bhikkhave, pubbepi tath±gato mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhantoyev±”ti vatv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± m±t±pitaro mah±r±jakul±ni ahesu½, sesaparis± buddhaparis±, ayogharapaº¹ito pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Ayogharaj±takavaººan± cuddasam±.

J±takudd±na½–
M±taªgo cittasambh³to, sivi sir² ca rohaºa½;
ha½so sattigumbo bhall±, somanassa½ campeyyaka½.
Palobha½ pañcapaº¹ita½, hatthip±la½ ayoghara½;
v²satiyamhi j±tak±, catuddaseva saªgit±.

V²satinip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.

(Catuttho bh±go niµµhito)

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Khuddakanik±ye

J±taka-aµµhakath±