[452] 14. Bh³ripaññaj±takavaººan±

145-154. Sacca½ kir±ti ida½ bh³ripaññaj±taka½ mah±-umaªgaj±take (j±. 2.22.590 ±dayo) ±vi bhavissati.

Bh³ripaññaj±takavaººan± cuddasam±.

[453] 15. Mah±maªgalaj±takavaººan±

Ki½su naroti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto mah±maªgalasutta½ (khu. p±. 5.1 ±dayo) ±rabbha kathesi. R±jagahanagarasmiñhi kenacideva karaº²yena santh±g±re sannipatitassa mah±janassa majjhe eko puriso “ajja me maªgalakiriy± atth²”ti uµµh±ya agam±si. Aparo tassa vacana½ sutv± “aya½ ‘maªgalan’ti vatv±va gato, ki½ eta½ maªgala½ n±m±”ti ±ha Tamañño “abhimaªgalar³padassana½ maªgala½ n±ma. Ekacco hi k±lasseva uµµh±ya sabbaseta½ usabha½ v± passati, gabbhinitthi½ v± rohitamaccha½ v± puººaghaµa½ v± navan²ta½ v± gosappi½ v± ahatavattha½ v± p±y±sa½ v± passati, ito uttari maªgala½ n±ma natth²”ti ±ha. Tena kathita½ ekacce “sukathitan”ti abhinandi½su. Aparo “neta½ maªgala½, suta½ n±ma maªgala½. Ekacco hi ‘puºº±’ti vadant±na½ suº±ti, tath± ‘va¹¹h±’ti ‘va¹¹ham±n±’ti suº±ti, ‘bhuñj±’ti ‘kh±d±’ti vadant±na½ suº±ti, ito uttari maªgala½ n±ma natth²”ti ±ha. Tena kathitampi ekacce “sukathitan”ti abhinandi½su. Aparo “na eta½ maªgala½, muta½ n±ma maªgala½. Ekacco hi k±lasseva uµµh±ya pathavi½ ±masati, haritatiºa½ allagomaya½ parisuddhas±µaka½ rohitamaccha½ suvaººarajatabh±jana½ ±masati, ito uttari maªgala½ n±ma natth²”ti ±ha. Tena kathitampi ekacce “sukathitan”ti abhinandi½su. Eva½ diµµhamaªgalik± sutamaªgalik± mutamaªgalik±ti tissopi paris± hutv± aññamañña½ saññ±petu½ n±sakkhi½su, bhummadevat± ±di½ katv± y±va brahmalok± “ida½ maªgalan”ti tathato na j±ni½su.
Sakko cintesi “ima½ maªgalapañha½ sadevake loke aññatra bhagavat± añño kathetu½ samattho n±ma natthi, bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± ima½ pañha½ pucchiss±m²”ti. So rattibh±ge satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± añjali½ paggayha “bah³ dev± manuss± c±”ti pañha½ pucchi. Athassa satth± dv±dasahi g±th±hi aµµhati½sa mah±maªgal±ni kathesi. Maªgalasutte vinivaµµanteyeva koµisatasahassamatt± devat± arahatta½ p±puºi½su, sot±pann±d²na½ gaºanapatho natthi. Sakko maªgala½ sutv± sakaµµh±nameva gato. Satth±r± maªgale kathite sadevako loko “sukathitan”ti abhinandi. Tad± dhammasabh±ya½ tath±gatassa guºakatha½ samuµµh±pesu½ “±vuso, satth± aññesa½ avisaya½ maªgalapañha½ sadevakassa lokassa citta½ gahetv± kukkucca½ chinditv± gaganatale canda½ uµµh±pento viya kathesi, eva½ mah±pañño, ±vuso, tath±gato”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “anacchariya½, bhikkhave, id±neva sambodhippattassa mama maªgalapañhakathana½, sv±ha½ bodhisattacariya½ carantopi devamanuss±na½ kaªkha½ chinditv± maªgalapañha½ kathesin”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto ekasmi½ g±me vibhavasampannassa br±hmaºassa kule nibbatti, “rakkhitakum±ro”tissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto takkasil±ya½ uggahitasippo katad±rapariggaho m±t±pit³na½ accayena ratanavilokana½ katv± sa½viggam±naso mah±d±na½ pavattetv± k±me pah±ya himavantapadese pabbajitv± jh±n±bhiñña½ nibbattetv± vanam³laphal±h±ro ekasmi½ padese v±sa½ kappesi. Anupubbenassa pariv±ro mah± ahosi, pañca antev±sikasat±ni ahesu½. Athekadivasa½ te t±pas± bodhisatta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± “±cariya, vass±rattasamaye himavantato otaritv± loºambilasevanatth±ya janapadac±rika½ gacch±ma, eva½ no sar²rañca thira½ bhavissati, jaªghavih±ro ca kato bhavissat²”ti ±ha½su. Te “tena hi tumhe gacchatha, aha½ idheva vasiss±m²”ti vutte ta½ vanditv± himavant± otaritv± c±rika½ caram±n± b±r±ºasi½ patv± r±juyy±ne vasi½su. Tesa½ mah±sakk±rasamm±no ahosi. Athekadivasa½ b±r±ºasiya½ santh±g±re sannipatite mah±janak±ye maªgalapañho samuµµh±ti. Sabba½ paccuppannavatthunayeneva veditabba½.
Tad± pana manuss±na½ kaªkha½ chinditv± maªgalapañha½ kathetu½ samattha½ apassanto mah±jano uyy±na½ gantv± isigaºa½ maªgalapañha½ pucchi. Isayo r±j±na½ ±mantetv± “mah±r±ja, maya½ eta½ kathetu½ na sakkhiss±ma, apica kho amh±ka½ ±cariyo rakkhitat±paso n±ma mah±pañño himavante vasati, so sadevakassa lokassa citta½ gahetv± eta½ maªgalapañha½ kathessat²”ti vadi½su. R±j± “bhante, himavanto n±ma d³re duggamova, na sakkhiss±ma maya½ tattha gantu½, s±dhu vata tumheyeva ±cariyassa santika½ gantv± pucchitv± uggaºhitv± pun±gantv± amh±ka½ katheth±”ti ±ha. Te “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± ±cariyassa santika½ gantv± vanditv± katapaµisanth±r± ±cariyena rañño dhammikabh±ve janapadac±ritte ca pucchite ta½ diµµhamaªgal±d²na½ uppatti½ ±dito paµµh±ya kathetv± rañño y±can±ya ca attano pañhasavanattha½ ±gatabh±va½ pak±setv± “s±dhu no bhante, maªgalapañha½ p±kaµa½ katv± katheth±”ti y±ci½su. Tato jeµµhantev±siko ±cariya½ pucchanto paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
155. “Ki½su naro jappamadhicca k±le, ka½ v± vijja½ katama½ v± sut±na½;
so macco asmiñca paramhi loke, katha½ karo sotth±nena gutto”ti.
Tattha k±leti maªgalapatthanak±le. Vijjanti veda½. Sut±nanti sikkhitabbayuttakapariyatt²na½. Asmiñc±ti ettha ti nip±tamatta½. Sotth±nen±ti sotthibh±v±vahena maªgalena. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “±cariya, puriso maªgala½ icchanto maªgalak±le ki½su n±ma jappanto t²su vedesu katara½ v± veda½ katara½ v± sut±na½ antare sutapariyatti½ adh²yitv± so macco imasmiñca loke paramhi ca katha½ karo etesu japp±d²su ki½ kena niy±mena karonto sotth±nena nirapar±dhamaªgalena gutto rakkhito hoti, ta½ ubhayalokahita½ gahetv± µhitamaªgala½ amh±ka½ katheh²”ti.
Eva½ jeµµhantev±sikena maªgalapañha½ puµµho mah±satto devamanuss±na½ kaªkha½ chindanto “idañcidañca maªgalan”ti buddhal²¼±ya maªgala½ kathento ±ha–
156. “Yassa dev± pitaro ca sabbe, sar²sap± sabbabh³t±ni c±pi;
mett±ya nicca½ apacit±ni honti, bh³tesu ve sotth±na½ tad±h³”ti.
Tattha yass±ti yassa puggalassa. Dev±ti bhummadeve ±di½ katv± sabbepi k±m±vacaradev±. Pitaro c±ti tatuttari r³p±vacarabrahm±no. Sar²sap±ti d²ghaj±tik±. Sabbabh³t±ni c±p²ti vutt±vases±ni ca sabb±nipi bh³t±ni. Mett±ya nicca½ apacit±ni hont²ti ete sabbe satt± dasadis±pharaºavasena pavatt±ya appan±ppatt±ya mett±bh±van±ya apacit± honti. Bh³tesu veti ta½ tassa puggalassa sabbasattesu sotth±na½ nirantara½ pavatta½ nirapar±dhamaªgala½ ±hu. Mett±vih±r² hi puggalo sabbesa½ piyo hoti par³pakkamena avikopiyo. Iti so imin± maªgalena rakkhito gopito hot²ti.
Iti mah±satto paµhama½ maªgala½ kathetv± dutiy±d²ni kathento–
157. “Yo sabbalokassa niv±tavutti, itth²pum±na½ sahad±rak±na½;
khant± durutt±namappaµik³lav±d², adhiv±sana½ sotth±na½ tad±hu.
158. “Yo n±vaj±n±ti sah±yamatte, sippena kuly±hi dhanena jacc±;
rucipañño atthak±le mat²m±, sah±yesu ve sotth±na½ tad±hu.
159. “Mitt±ni ve yassa bhavanti santo, sa½vissatth± avisa½v±dakassa;
na mittadubbh² sa½vibh±g² dhanena, mittesu ve sotth±na½ tad±hu.
160. “Yassa bhariy± tulyavay± samagg±, anubbat± dhammak±m± paj±t±;
koliniy± s²lavat² patibbat±, d±resu ve sotth±na½ tad±hu.
161. “Yassa r±j± bh³tapati yasass², j±n±ti soceyya½ parakkamañca;
advejjhat± suhadaya½ mamanti, r±j³su ve sotth±na½ tad±hu.
162. “Annañca p±nañca dad±ti saddho, m±lañca gandhañca vilepanañca;
pasannacitto anumodam±no, saggesu ve sotth±na½ tad±hu.
163. “Yamariyadhammena punanti vuddh±, ±r±dhit± samacariy±ya santo;
bahussut± isayo s²lavanto, arahantamajjhe sotth±na½ tad±h³”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha niv±tavutt²ti muducittat±ya sabbalokassa n²cavutti hoti. Khant± durutt±nanti parehi vutt±na½ duµµhavacan±na½ adhiv±sako hoti. Appaµik³lav±d²ti “akkocchi ma½, avadhi man”ti yugagg±ha½ akaronto anuk³lameva vadati. Adhiv±sananti ida½ adhiv±sana½ tassa sotth±na½ nirapar±dhamaªgala½ paº¹it± vadanti.
Sah±yamatteti sah±ye ca sah±yamatte ca. Tattha sahapa½suk²¼it± sah±y± n±ma, dasa dv±dasa vass±ni ekato vutth± sah±yamatt± n±ma, te sabbepi “aha½ sippav±, ime nisipp±”ti eva½ sippena v± “aha½ kul²no, ime na kul²n±”ti eva½ kulasampattisaªkh±t±hi kuly±hi v±, “aha½ a¹¹ho, ime duggat±”ti eva½ dhanena v±, “aha½ j±tisampanno, ime dujj±t±”ti eva½ jacc± v± n±vaj±n±ti. Rucipaññoti s±dhupañño sundarapañño Atthak±leti kassacideva atthassa k±raºassa uppannak±le. Mat²m±ti ta½ ta½ attha½ paricchinditv± vic±raºasamatthat±ya matim± hutv± te sah±ye n±vaj±n±ti. Sah±yes³ti ta½ tassa anavaj±nana½ sah±yesu sotth±na½ n±m±ti por±ºakapaº¹it± ±hu. Tena hi so nirapar±dhamaªgalena idhaloke ca paraloke ca gutto hoti. Tattha paº¹ite sah±ye niss±ya sotthibh±vo kusan±¼ij±takena (j±. 1.1.121 ±dayo) kathetabbo.
Santoti paº¹it± sappuris± yassa mitt±ni bhavanti. Sa½vissatth±ti ghara½ pavisitv± icchiticchitasseva gahaºavasena viss±sam±pann±. Avisa½v±dakass±ti avisa½v±danas²lassa. Na mittadubbh²ti yo ca mittadubbh² na hoti. Sa½vibh±g² dhanen±ti attano dhanena mitt±na½ sa½vibh±ga½ karoti. Mittes³ti mitte niss±ya laddhabba½ tassa ta½ mittesu sotth±na½ n±ma hoti. So hi evar³pehi mittehi rakkhito sotthi½ p±puº±ti. Tattha mitte niss±ya sotthibh±vo mah±-ukkusaj±tak±d²hi (j±. 1.14.44 ±dayo) kathetabbo.
Tulyavay±ti sam±navay±. Samagg±ti samaggav±s±. Anubbat±ti anuvattit±. Dhammak±m±ti tividhasucaritadhamma½ roceti. Paj±t±ti vij±yin², na vañjh±. D±res³ti etehi s²laguºehi samann±gate m±tug±me gehe vasante s±mikassa sotthi hot²ti paº¹it± kathenti. Tattha s²lavanta½ m±tug±ma½ niss±ya sotthibh±vo maºicoraj±taka- (j±. 1.2.87 ±dayo) samb³laj±taka- (j±. 1.16.297 ±dayo) khaº¹ah±laj±takehi (j±. 2.22.982 ±dayo) kathetabbo.
Soceyyanti sucibh±va½. Advejjhat±ti advejjhat±ya na esa may± saddhi½ bhijjitv± dvidh± bhavissat²ti eva½ advejjhabh±vena ya½ j±n±ti. Suhadaya½ mamanti suhado aya½ mamanti ca ya½ j±n±ti. R±j³su veti eva½ r±j³su sevak±na½ sotth±na½ n±m±ti paº¹it± kathenti. Dad±ti saddhoti kammañca phalañca saddahitv± dad±ti. Saggesu veti eva½ sagge devaloke sotth±na½ nirapar±dhamaªgalanti paº¹it± kathenti, ta½ petavatthuvim±navatth³hi vitth±retv± kathetabba½.
Punanti vuddh±ti ya½ puggala½ ñ±ºavuddh± ariyadhammena punanti parisodhenti. Samacariy±y±ti samm±paµipattiy±. Bahussut±ti paµivedhabahussut±. Isayoti esitaguº±. S²lavantoti ariyas²lena samann±gat±. Arahantamajjheti arahant±na½ majjhe paµilabhitabba½ ta½ sotth±nanti paº¹it± kathenti. Arahanto hi attan± paµividdhamagga½ ±cikkhitv± paµip±dent± ±r±dhaka½ puggala½ ariyamaggena punanti, sopi arah±va hoti.
Eva½ mah±satto arahattena desan±ya k³µa½ gaºhanto aµµhahi g±th±hi aµµha mah±maªgal±ni kathetv± tesaññeva maªgal±na½ thuti½ karonto os±nag±tham±ha–
164. “Et±ni kho sotth±n±ni loke, viññuppasatth±ni sukhudray±ni;
t±n²dha sevetha naro sapañño, na hi maªgale kiñcanamatthi saccan”ti.
Tattha na hi maªgaleti tasmi½ pana diµµhasutamutappabhede maªgale kiñcana½ ekamaªgalampi sacca½ n±ma natthi, nibb±nameva paneka½ paramatthasaccanti.
Isayo t±ni maªgal±ni sutv± sattaµµhadivasaccayena ±cariya½ ±pucchitv± tattheva agama½su. R±j± tesa½ santika½ gantv± pucchi. Te tassa ±cariyena kathitaniy±mena maªgalapañha½ kathetv± himavantameva ±gama½su. Tato paµµh±ya loke maªgala½ p±kaµa½ ahosi. Maªgalesu vattitv± matamat± saggapatha½ p³resu½. Bodhisatto catt±ro brahmavih±re bh±vetv± isigaºa½ ±d±ya brahmaloke nibbatti.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbep±ha½ maªgalapañha½ kathesin”ti vatv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± isigaºo buddhaparis± ahosi maªgalapañhapucchako jeµµhantev±siko s±riputto, ±cariyo pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Mah±maªgalaj±takavaººan± pannarasam±.