[432] 6. Padakusalam±ºavaj±takavaººan±

Bahussutanti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto eka½ d±raka½ ±rabbha kathesi. So kira s±vatthiya½ kuµumbikaputto sattavassak±leyeva padakusalo ahosi. Athassa pit± “ima½ v²ma½siss±m²”ti tassa aj±nantasseva mittaghara½ agam±si. So pitu gataµµh±na½ apucchitv±va tassa pad±nus±rena gantv± pitu santike aµµh±si. Atha na½ pit± ekadivasa½ pucchi “t±ta, tva½ mayi ta½ aj±n±petv± gatepi mama gataµµh±na½ ki½ j±n±s²”ti? “T±ta pada½ te sañj±n±mi, padakusalo ahan”ti. Athassa v²ma½sanatth±ya pit± bhuttap±tar±so ghar± nikkhamitv± anantara½ paµivissakaghara½ gantv± tato dutiya½, tato tatiya½ ghara½ pavisitv± tatiyaghar± nikkhamitv± puna attano ghara½ ±gantv± tato uttaradv±rena nikkhamitv± nagara½ v±ma½ karonto jetavana½ gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± dhamma½ suºanto nis²di. D±rako “kaha½ me pit±”ti pucchitv± “na j±n±m±”ti vutte tassa pad±nus±rena anantarapaµivissakassa ghara½ ±di½ katv± pitu gatamaggeneva jetavana½ gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± pitu santike aµµh±si. Pitar± ca “katha½ t±ta, mama idh±gatabh±va½ aññ±s²”ti puµµho “pada½ te sañj±nitv± pad±nus±rena ±gatomh²”ti ±ha. Satth± “ki½ kathesi up±sak±”ti pucchitv± “bhante, aya½ d±rako padakusalo, aha½ ima½ v²ma½santo imin± n±ma up±yena ±gato, ayampi ma½ gehe adisv± mama pad±nus±rena ±gato”ti vutte “anacchariya½, up±saka, bh³miya½ padasañj±nana½, por±ºakapaº¹it± ±k±se pada½ sañj±ni½s³”ti vatv± tena y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente tassa aggamahes² aticaritv± raññ± pucchit± “sace aha½ tumhe aticar±mi, assamukh² yakkhin² hom²”ti sapatha½ katv± tato k±la½ katv± ekasmi½ pabbatap±de assamukh² yakkhin² hutv± leºaguh±ya½ vasam±n± mah±-aµaviya½ pubbantato aparanta½ gamanamagge anusañcarante manusse gahetv± kh±dati. S± kira t²ºi vass±ni vessavaºa½ upaµµhahitv± ±y±mato ti½sayojane vitth±rato pañcayojane µh±ne manusse kh±ditu½ labhi. Athekadivasa½ eko a¹¹ho mahaddhano mah±bhogo abhir³po br±hmaºo bah³hi manussehi parivuto ta½ magga½ abhiruhi. Ta½ disv± yakkhin² tussitv± pakkhandi, ta½ disv± pariv±ramanuss± pal±yi½su. S± v±tavegena gantv± br±hmaºa½ gahetv± piµµhiy± nipajj±petv± guha½ gacchant² purisasamphassa½ paµilabhitv± kilesavasena tasmi½ sineha½ upp±detv± ta½ akh±ditv± attano s±mika½ ak±si. Te ubhopi samaggasa½v±sa½ vasi½su tato paµµh±ya yakkhin² manusse gaºhant² vatthataº¹ulatel±d²nipi gahetv± tassa n±naggarasabhojana½ upanetv± attan± manussama½sa½ kh±dati. Gamanak±le tassa pal±yanabhayena mahatiy± sil±ya guh±dv±ra½ pidahitv± gacchati. Eva½ tesu sammodam±nesu vasantesu bodhisatto nibbattaµµh±n± cavitv± br±hmaºa½ paµicca tass± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. S± dasam±saccayena putta½ vij±yitv± putte ca br±hmaºe ca balavasineh± hutv± ubhopi posesi. S± aparabh±ge putte vu¹¹hippatte puttampi pitar± saddhi½ antoguh±ya½ pavesetv± dv±ra½ pidahi.
Athekadivasa½ bodhisatto tass± gatak±la½ ñatv± sila½ apanetv± pitara½ bahi ak±si. S± ±gantv± “kena sil± apan²t±”ti vatv± “amma, may± apan²t±, andhak±re nis²ditu½ na sakkom²”ti vutte puttasinehena na kiñci avoca. Athekadivasa½ bodhisatto pitara½ pucchi “t±ta, mayha½ m±tu mukha½ aññ±disa½, tumh±ka½ mukha½ aññ±disa½, ki½ nu kho k±raºan”ti? “T±ta, tava m±t± manussama½sakh±dik± yakkhin², maya½ ubho manuss±”ti. “T±ta, yadi eva½, idha kasm± vas±ma, ehi manussapatha½ gacch±m±”ti. “T±ta, sace maya½ pal±yiss±ma, ubhopi amhe tava m±t± kh±dissat²”ti. Bodhisatto “m± bh±yi, t±ta, tava manussapathasamp±pana½ mama bh±ro”ti pitara½ samass±setv± punadivase m±tari gat±ya pitara½ gahetv± pal±yi. Yakkhin² ±gantv± te adisv± v±tavegena pakkhanditv± te gahetv± “br±hmaºa, ki½ pal±yasi, ki½ te idha natth²”ti vatv± “bhadde, m± mayha½ kujjhi, putto te ma½ gahetv± pal±yat²”ti vutte puttasinehena kiñci avatv± te ass±setv± attano vasanaµµh±naññeva te gahetv± gantv± eva½ punapi katipaye divase pal±yante ±nesi.
Bodhisatto cintesi “mayha½ m±tu paricchinnena ok±sena bhavitabba½, ya½n³n±ha½ imiss± ±º±pavattiµµh±nas²ma½ puccheyya½, atha na½ atikkamitv± pal±yiss±m±”ti. So ekadivasa½ m±tara½ gahetv± ekamanta½ nisinno “amma, m±tusantaka½ n±ma putt±na½ p±puº±ti, akkh±hi t±va me attano santak±ya bh³miy± paricchedan”ti ±ha. S± sabbadis±su pabbatanad²nimitt±d²ni kathetv± ±y±mato ti½sayojana½, vitth±rato pañcayojana½ puttassa kathetv± “ida½ ettaka½ µh±na½ sallakkhehi putt±”ti ±ha. So dve tayo divase atikkamitv± m±tu aµavigatak±le pitara½ khandha½ ±ropetv± tass± dinnasaññ±ya v±tavegena pakkhando paricchedanad²t²ra½ samp±puºi. S±pi ±gantv± te apassant² anubandhi. Bodhisatto pitara½ gahetv± nad²majjha½ agam±si. S± ±gantv± nad²t²re µhatv± attano pariccheda½ atikkantabh±va½ ñatv± tattheva µhatv± “t±ta, pitara½ gahetv± ehi, ko mayha½ doso, tumh±ka½ ma½ niss±ya ki½ n±ma na sampajjati, nivatta, s±m²”ti puttañca patiñca y±ci. Atha br±hmaºo nadi½ uttari. S± puttameva y±cant² “t±ta, m± eva½ kari, nivatt±h²”ti ±ha. “Amma, maya½ manuss±, tva½ yakkhin², na sakk± sabbak±la½ tava santike vasitun”ti. “Neva nivattissasi, t±t±”ti. “¾ma, amm±”ti. “T±ta, yadi na nivattissasi, manussaloke j²vita½ n±ma dukkha½, sippa½ aj±nant± j²vitu½ na sakkonti, aha½ eka½ cint±maºi½ n±ma vijja½ j±n±mi, tass±nubh±vena dv±dasasa½vaccharamatthake haµabhaº¹ampi pad±nupada½ gantv± sakk± j±nitu½. Aya½ te j²vik± bhavissati, uggaºha, t±ta, anaggha½ mantan”ti tath±r³pena dukkhena abhibh³t±pi puttasinehena manta½ ad±si.
Bodhisatto nadiy± µhitakova m±tara½ vanditv± atisakkacca½ suta½ katv± manta½ gahetv± m±tara½ vanditv± “gacchatha, amm±”ti ±ha. “T±ta, tumhesu anivattantesu mayha½ j²vita½ natth²”ti vatv±–
“Ehi putta nivattassu, m± an±tha½ karohi me;
ajja putta½ apassant², yakkhin² maraºa½ gat±”ti.
Yakkhin² ura½ pahari, t±vadevass± puttasokena hadaya½ phali. S± maritv± tattheva patit±. Tad± bodhisatto tass± matabh±va½ ñatv± pitara½ pakkositv± m±tu santika½ gantv± citaka½ katv± jh±petv± ±¼±hana½ nibb±petv± n±n±vaººehi pupphehi p³jetv± vanditv± roditv± paridevitv± pitara½ ±d±ya b±r±ºasi½ gantv± r±jadv±re µhatv± “padakusalo m±ºavo dv±re µhito”ti rañño paµivedetv± “tena hi ±gacchat³”ti vutte pavisitv± r±j±na½ vanditv± “t±ta, ki½ sippa½ j±n±s²”ti vutte “deva, dv±dasasa½vaccharamatthake haµabhaº¹a½ pad±nupada½ gantv± gaºhitu½ j±n±m²”ti ±ha. “Tena hi ma½ upaµµh±h²”ti. “Deva, devasika½ sahassa½ labhanto upaµµhahiss±m²”ti. “S±dhu t±ta, upaµµhah±”ti. R±j± devasika½ sahassa½ d±pesi.
Athekadivasa½ purohito r±j±na½ ±ha– “mah±r±ja, maya½ tassa m±ºavassa sipp±nubh±vena kassaci kammassa akatatt± ‘sippa½ atthi v± natthi v±’ti na j±n±ma, v²ma½siss±ma t±va nan”ti. R±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± ubhopi jan± n±n±ratanagopak±na½ sañña½ datv± ratanas±rabhaº¹ika½ gahetv± p±s±d± oruyha r±janivesanantare tikkhattu½ ±vijjhitv± nisseºi½ attharitv± p±k±ramatthakena bahi otaritv± vinicchayas±la½ pavisitv± tattha nis²ditv± puna gantv± nisseºi½ attharitv± p±k±ramatthakena otaritv± antepure pokkharaºiy± t²ra½ gantv± pokkharaºi½ tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv± otaritv± antopokkharaºiya½ bhaº¹ika½ µhapetv± p±s±da½ abhiruhi½su. Punadivase “r±janivesanato kira ratana½ hari½s³”ti ekakol±hala½ ahosi. R±j± aj±nanto viya hutv± bodhisatta½ pakkos±petv± “t±ta, r±janivesanato bahuratanabhaº¹a½ haµa½, handa na½ anuvicinitu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha “Mah±r±ja, dv±dasasa½vaccharamatthake haµabhaº¹a½ cor±na½ pad±nupada½ gantv± ±haraºasamatthassa mama anacchariya½ ajja ratti½ haµabhaº¹a½ ±haritu½, ±hariss±mi ta½, m± cintayitth±”ti. “Tena hi ±har±”ti. So “s±dhu, dev±”ti vatv± m±tara½ vanditv± manta½ parivattetv± mah±tale µhitova “mah±r±ja, dvinna½ cor±na½ pada½ paññ±yat²”ti vatv± rañño ca purohitassa ca pad±nus±rena sirigabbha½ pavisitv± tato nikkhamitv± p±s±d± oruyha r±janivesanantare tikkhattu½ parigantv± pad±nus±reneva p±k±rasam²pa½ gantv± p±k±re µhatv± “mah±r±ja, imasmi½ µh±ne p±k±rato muccitv± ±k±se pada½ paññ±yati, nisseºi½ atthar±petv± deth±”ti nisseºi½ p±k±ramatthakena otaritv± pad±nus±reneva vinicchayas±la½ gantv± puna r±janivesana½ ±gantv± nisseºi½ atthar±petv± p±k±ramatthakena oruyha pokkharaºi½ gantv± tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv± “mah±r±ja, cor± ima½ pokkharaºi½ otiºº±”ti vatv± attan± µhapita½ viya bhaº¹ika½ n²haritv± rañño datv± “mah±r±ja, ime dve cor± abhiññ±tamah±cor± imin± maggena r±janivesana½ abhiru¼h±”ti ±ha. Mah±jan± tuµµhapahaµµh± aªguliyo phoµesu½, celukkhep± pavatti½su.
R±j± cintesi– “aya½ m±ºavo pad±nus±rena gantv± corehi µhapitabhaº¹aµµh±nameva maññe j±n±ti, core pana gaºhitu½ na sakkot²”ti. Atha na½ ±ha “corehi haµabhaº¹a½ t±va no tay± ±haµa½, cor± pana na ±haµ±”ti. “Mah±r±ja, idheva cor±, na d³re”ti. “Ko ca ko c±”ti. “Yo mah±r±ja, icchati, sova coro hoti, tato tumh±ka½ bhaº¹ikassa laddhak±lato paµµh±ya corehi ko attho, m± pucchitth±”ti. “T±ta, aha½ tuyha½ devasika½ sahassa½ dammi, core me gahetv± deh²”ti. “Mah±r±ja, dhane laddhe ki½ coreh²”ti. “Dhanatopi no, t±ta, core laddhu½ vaµµat²”ti. “Tena hi, mah±r±ja, ‘ime n±ma cor±’ti tumh±ka½ na kathess±mi, at²te pavattak±raºa½ pana te ±hariss±mi, sace tumhe paññavanto, ta½ k±raºa½ j±n±th±”ti so eva½ vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasito avid³re nad²t²rag±make p±µali n±ma eko naµo vasati. So ekasmi½ ussavadivase bhariyam±d±ya b±r±ºasi½ pavisitv± naccitv± v²ºa½ v±ditv± g±yitv± dhana½ labhitv± ussavapariyos±ne bahu½ sur±bhatta½ g±h±petv± attano g±ma½ gacchanto nad²t²ra½ patv± navodaka½ ±gacchanta½ disv± bhatta½ bhuñjanto sura½ pivanto nis²ditv± matto hutv± attano bala½ aj±nanto “mah±v²ºa½ g²v±ya bandhitv± nadi½ uttaritv± gamiss±m²”ti bhariya½ hatthe gahetv± nadi½ otari. V²º±chiddehi udaka½ p±visi. Atha na½ s± v²º± udake os²d±pesi Bhariy± panassa os²danabh±va½ ñatv± ta½ vissajjetv± uttaritv± t²re aµµh±si. Naµap±µali saki½ ummujjati, saki½ nimujjati, udaka½ pavisitv± uddhum±ta-udaro ahosi. Athassa bhariy± cintesi “mayha½ s±miko id±ni marissati, eka½ na½ g²taka½ y±citv± parisamajjhe ta½ g±yant² j²vika½ kappess±m²”ti cintetv± “s±mi, tva½ udake nimujjasi, eka½ me g²taka½ dehi, tena j²vika½ kappess±m²”ti vatv± g±tham±ha–